# Questions tagged [unique-factorization-domains]

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15
questions

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### For which $c$ is $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{c}]$ a unique factorization domain? a Euclidean domain?

Let $c$ be an integer, not necessarily positive and $|c|$ not a square. Let $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{c}]$ be the set of complex numbers $$a+b\sqrt{c}, \quad a, b\in \mathbb{Z},$$
which form a subring of the ...

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**0**answers

928 views

### When UFD implies PID

The following result is too elementary, both to state and to prove, not to be known. Can someone give a reference? Is there any hope if you don't suppose UFD (i.e. move that from the hypothesis to ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

963 views

### First-order UFD (factorial ring) condition / pre-Schreier rings

All rings in this post are commutative and with $1$.
Everyone knows the definition of a factorial ring, a. k. a. unique factorization domain (UFD). I have been wondering about some variations ...

**7**

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**0**answers

249 views

### Expressing quartic Dirichlet characters modulo primes $p\equiv 1\bmod 4$ with Legendre symbols

Looking through some old notes of mine from two years ago I found some crude notes writing what amounted to the statement that for any prime $p\equiv 1\bmod 4$ one could express for any odd integer $p\...

**6**

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**1**answer

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### local UFD with dimension less than or equal 3 is catenary

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. Then $R$ is $\textit{catenary}$ if for each pair of prime ideal $p \subsetneq q$, all maximal chains of prime ideals $p = p_0 \subsetneq p_1 \subsetneq \...

**6**

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**2**answers

368 views

### Zermelo's proof for unique factorisation

In Peter Bundschuh's "Einführung in die Zahlentheorie" I came across a possibly well-known but to me rather peculiar proof of unique factorisation, which is attributed to Ernst Zermelo. The proof ...

**4**

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**1**answer

145 views

### Existence of Factor rings of UFDs which are UFDs

Suppose that $X=Spec(A)$ is an affine variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ which is normal and such that $Cl(X)=0$.
I am interested in hypersurfaces of $X$ which again satisfy this condition....

**2**

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**1**answer

401 views

### Sandwich theorem for UFD's

Let $A \subseteq A[w] \subseteq C$ be three Noetherian integral domains, over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, with $A \subseteq C$ an algebraic ring extension (in particular, $w$ algebraic over $A$...

**2**

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**0**answers

87 views

### Characterizing all simple algebraic ring extensions of $\mathbb{C}[x]$ having no prime elements

Let $w$ be an algebraic element over $\mathbb{C}[x]$, with minimal polynomial $f(t)=c_mt^m+\cdots+c_1t+c_0$, $c_i \in \mathbb{C}[x]$.
Is it possible to characterize (in terms of the $c_j$'s) all ...

**2**

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### Factorially closed subrings

Lemma 3.2 says: Let $A$ be a UFD. Let $R \subseteq A$ be a subring of $A$ such that
$R^* = A^*$.
The following conditions are equivalent:
(i) Every irreducible element of $R$ remains irreducible in $...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

989 views

### Unique factorization in polynomial rings

Everybody knows that polynomial rings over fields have unique factorization, and that if $R$ has unique factorization, then so does $R[X]$. And everybody knows who proved these results first.
Well, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Why is this not a non-unique factorization in the integer ring for $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{-7}]$ when 7 is a Heegner? [closed]

7 is a Heegner number. Therefore the integer ring $O_K$ corresponding to $K=\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{-7}]$ is a unique factorization domain. Now, it is easy to show that $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-7}]\subset O_K$, ...

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73 views

### If R is UFD , then does R≅R[X,Y] imply R≅R[X]?

0
R is isomorphic to R[X,Y], but not to R[X] shows that it is possible to have commutative ring R with unity such that R≅R[X,Y] but R≆R[X].
My questions are: Is it possible to have an example of a ...

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182 views

### If $R$ is UFD , then does $R \cong R[X,Y]$ imply $R \cong R[X]$?

$R$ is isomorphic to $R[X,Y]$, but not to $R[X]$ shows that it is possible to have commutative ring $R$ with unity such that $R \cong R[X,Y]$ but $R \ncong R[X]$.
My questions are: Is it possible ...

**0**

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174 views

### For which monic irreducible $f \in \mathbb{C}[x,y][T]$, $\mathbb{C}[x,y][T]/(f)$ is a UFD?

Let $f=f(T) \in \mathbb{C}[x,y][T]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial:
$f=T^n+a_{n-1}T^{n-1}+\cdots+a_1T+a_0$,
$a_j \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$, $0 \leq j \leq n-1$.
Denote $B=\mathbb{C}[x,y,T]/(f)=\mathbb{C}...