Questions tagged [unique-factorization-domains]

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If $R$ is UFD , then does $R \cong R[X,Y]$ imply $R \cong R[X]$?

$R$ is isomorphic to $R[X,Y]$, but not to $R[X]$ shows that it is possible to have commutative ring $R$ with unity such that $R \cong R[X,Y]$ but $R \ncong R[X]$. My questions are: Is it possible ...
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Why is this not a non-unique factorization in the integer ring for $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{-7}]$ when 7 is a Heegner? [closed]

7 is a Heegner number. Therefore the integer ring $O_K$ corresponding to $K=\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{-7}]$ is a unique factorization domain. Now, it is easy to show that $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-7}]\subset O_K$, ...
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Expressing quartic Dirichlet characters modulo primes $p\equiv 1\bmod 4$ with Legendre symbols

Looking through some old notes of mine from two years ago I found some crude notes writing what amounted to the statement that for any prime $p\equiv 1\bmod 4$ one could express for any odd integer $p\...
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Sandwich theorem for UFD's

Let $A \subseteq A[w] \subseteq C$ be three Noetherian integral domains, over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, with $A \subseteq C$ an algebraic ring extension (in particular, $w$ algebraic over $A$...
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For which monic irreducible $f \in \mathbb{C}[x,y][T]$, $\mathbb{C}[x,y][T]/(f)$ is a UFD?

Let $f=f(T) \in \mathbb{C}[x,y][T]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial: $f=T^n+a_{n-1}T^{n-1}+\cdots+a_1T+a_0$, $a_j \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$, $0 \leq j \leq n-1$. Denote $B=\mathbb{C}[x,y,T]/(f)=\mathbb{...
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Characterizing all simple algebraic ring extensions of $\mathbb{C}[x]$ having no prime elements

Let $w$ be an algebraic element over $\mathbb{C}[x]$, with minimal polynomial $f(t)=c_mt^m+\cdots+c_1t+c_0$, $c_i \in \mathbb{C}[x]$. Is it possible to characterize (in terms of the $c_j$'s) all ...
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Factorially closed subrings

Lemma 3.2 says: Let $A$ be a UFD. Let $R \subseteq A$ be a subring of $A$ such that $R^* = A^*$. The following conditions are equivalent: (i) Every irreducible element of $R$ remains irreducible in $...
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Existence of Factor rings of UFDs which are UFDs

Suppose that $X=Spec(A)$ is an affine variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ which is normal and such that $Cl(X)=0$. I am interested in hypersurfaces of $X$ which again satisfy this condition....
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When UFD implies PID

The following result is too elementary, both to state and to prove, not to be known. Can someone give a reference? Is there any hope if you don't suppose UFD (i.e. move that from the hypothesis to ...
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Unique factorization in polynomial rings

Everybody knows that polynomial rings over fields have unique factorization, and that if $R$ has unique factorization, then so does $R[X]$. And everybody knows who proved these results first. Well, ...
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First-order UFD (factorial ring) condition / pre-Schreier rings

All rings in this post are commutative and with $1$. Everyone knows the definition of a factorial ring, a. k. a. unique factorization domain (UFD). I have been wondering about some variations ...