Questions tagged [triangles]

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32 votes
16 answers
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Which theorems have Pythagoras' Theorem as a special case?

Loomis famously wrote hundreds of proofs of Pythagoras' Theorem (reference below), but these are all basically proofs "from below". Today on Twitter @panlepan mentioned Carnot's theorem ...
4 votes
1 answer
76 views

How big can a triangle be, whose sides are the perpendiculars to the sides of a triangle from the vertices of its Morley triangle?

Given any triangle $\varDelta$, the perpendiculars from the vertices of its (primary) Morley triangle to their respective (nearest) side of $\varDelta$ intersect in a triangle $\varDelta'$, which is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
92 views

The outer Nagel points and unknown central circle

Na, Nb, Nc are the outer Nagel points. A'B'C' is the contact triangle. I claim that lines A'B', A'C', B'C' always cut the sides of the triangle NaNbNc at six points corresponding to an unknown circle. ...
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11 votes
3 answers
509 views

An open triangle problem in plane geometry

Some years ago, I asked some 'famous' people in an advanced Plane Geometry forum about the following: Let $ABC$ be arbitrary triangle, how can one construct a point $P$ in the plane such that $P$ is ...
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4 votes
0 answers
242 views

Two triangles have the same centroid theorem

Let $\triangle ABC$ and $\triangle A'B'C'$ be two triangles. The line through $A$ and perpendicular to $AA'$ meets the line through $B'$ and perpendicular to $BB'$ at $A_b$; The line through $A$ and ...
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21 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are there infinitely many "generalized triangle vertices"?

Briefly, I'd like to know whether there are infinitely many "generalized triangle centers" which - like the orthocenter - are indistinguishable from a vertex of the original triangle. This ...
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7 votes
3 answers
387 views

Maximizing the area of a region involving triangles

I thought of a question while making up an exercise sheet for high school students, and posted it on MathStackExchange but did not receive an answer (the original post is here), so I thought perhaps ...
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1 vote
0 answers
71 views

Pseudo-Droz-Farny circles

I would like to present a construction of 2 circles. These 2 circles are somewhat similar in appearance to the well known Droz-Farny circles that can be drawn for every isogonal conjugate pairs of ...
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4 votes
2 answers
203 views

Vertices of hyperbolic triangle with given angles

This is probably a well-known problem in hyperbolic geometry, but here goes anyway. In the Poincar'e upper-half plane model, I am given three angles $\alpha$, $\beta$, and $\gamma$ with $\alpha+\beta+\...
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2 votes
1 answer
213 views

Constructing an equilateral triangle using Tarski's axioms for geometry

In Euclid's first geometry proposition, he constructs an equilateral triangle given an arbitrary line segment. I was wondering if it was possible to prove this straight from Tarski's axioms for ...
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3 votes
1 answer
249 views

Need help with finding all angles of 11 sided 3D object [closed]

Question: I'm an artist trying to build a hendecahedron for a project (Image below to see the shape). This object consists of 5 pentagons at the base, 1 pentagon on the bottom, then 5 quadrilaterals ...
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4 votes
2 answers
179 views

Six conelliptic points

Can you prove the following proposition: Proposition. Given an arbitrary triangle $\triangle ABC$. Let $D,E,F$ be the points on the sides $AB$,$BC$ and $AC$ respectively , such that $\frac{AB}{DA}=\...
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3 votes
1 answer
729 views

Three circles meet at a point [closed]

I am looking for the proof of the following proposition: Proposition. Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle with circumcenter $O$. Let $A',B',C'$ be a reflection points of the points $A,B,C$ ...
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  • 2,615
3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Inequality in a triangle associated with Golden ratio

Let $ABC$ be arbitrary triangle, $D$, $E$, $F$ are the midpoints of $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ respectively. Define points, segments in the figure below. I am looking for a proof that: $$DE+EF+FD \le (DG+DH+EI+...
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1 vote
1 answer
97 views

Line segment-triangle intersection algorithm [closed]

currently in my project I'm using signed tetrahedron volume to check whether a line segment intersects a triangle. Initially I've found this approach in the great answer provided by professor O'Rourke:...
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1 vote
1 answer
106 views

Generalizing Bottema's theorem

Can you provide another proof for the claim given below? Claim. In any triangle $\triangle ABC$ construct triangles $\triangle ACE$ and $\triangle BDC$ on sides $AC$ and $BC$ such that $\frac{AE}{AC}...
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  • 2,615
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Three circles intersecting at one point

Can you provide a proof for the following proposition: Proposition. Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle with nine-point center $N$ and circumcenter $O$. Let $A',B',C'$ be a reflection points ...
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  • 2,615
4 votes
1 answer
197 views

Point of concurrency [closed]

I am looking for the proof of the following claim: Claim: Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle, $D$ its nine-point center and $E,F,G$ are the nine-point centers of the triangles $\triangle ...
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  • 2,615
3 votes
0 answers
60 views

Random graphs with prescibed degrees and triangles

In short: a random graph model generates (multi-)graphs with prescribed number of edges and minimal number of triangles for each vertex. Questions arise about the actual number of triangles and the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
154 views

The centroid, the first and second Napoleon points and $X(930)$ lie on a circle

Can you provide an elementary proof for the claim given below? Preliminary definitions: $X(110)=$ focus of Kiepert parabola. $X(137)=X(110)$ of orthic triangle . $X(930)=$ anticomplement of $X(137)$ . ...
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  • 2,615
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

Four concyclic triangle centers

Can you prove the claim given below? Inspired by Lester's theorem I have formulated the following claim: Claim. Given any scalene triangle $\triangle ABC$ . Let $D$ be the reflection of incenter in ...
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  • 2,615
1 vote
1 answer
367 views

A generalization of Napoleon's theorem

Can you provide a proof for the following proposition? Proposition. Given an arbitrary $\triangle ABC$. The $\triangle AEB$, $\triangle BFC$ and $\triangle CDA$ are constructed on the sides of the $...
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  • 2,615
2 votes
2 answers
203 views

Six concyclic points

Can you provide a proof for the following proposition: Proposition. Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle with excenters $J_A$,$J_B$ and $J_C$ . Let $G$ be the orthogonal projection of the $...
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  • 2,615
14 votes
4 answers
834 views

Six points on an ellipse

Can you prove the following proposition: Proposition. Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle with centroid $G$. Let $D,E,F$ be the points on the sides $AC$,$AB$ and $BC$ respectively , such ...
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  • 2,615
11 votes
1 answer
764 views

Intersection point of three circles

Can you provide a proof for the following proposition: Proposition. Let $\triangle ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle with orthocenter $H$. Let $D,E,F$ be a midpoints of the $AB$,$BC$ and $AC$ , ...
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  • 2,615
2 votes
1 answer
250 views

Expected triangle area of normal distributed vertices with colinear expectations

For the bounty the already answered problem was reformulated This question was already answered for random variables in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Now I am looking for the solution in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that could ...
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2 votes
2 answers
160 views

What is the minimum number of triangle centers sufficient to unambiguously describe a triangle?

I am looking for a minimal number of properties describing a triangle so that these properties are invariant to the choice of a Cartesian coordinate system as well as to the order in which the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
130 views

Perimeter points in triangle

Let $ABC$ denotes a triangle and $p(ABC)$ denotes its perimeter. We say two points $O_1$ and $O_2$ inside this triangle are perimeter points if there are points $a$, $b$ and $c$ on the sides $BC$, $AC$...
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  • 4,431
2 votes
2 answers
242 views

Property of triangle centers

$M$ is the intersection of 3 cevians in the triangle $ABC$. $$AB_1 = x,\quad CA_1 = y,\quad BC_1= z.$$ It can be easily proven that for both Nagel and Gergonne points the following equation is true: $...
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  • 51
4 votes
0 answers
86 views

Morphism of distinguished triangles where one of the arrows is a quasi-isomorphism

Let $R$ be any ring and let $A\to B\to C\to [1]$ and $A'\to B'\to C'\to [1]$ be distinguished triangles of complexes of $R$-modules. Let $f:A\to A'$, $g:B\to B'$ and $h:C\to C'$ be morphism of ...
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2 votes
0 answers
271 views

On dissecting a triangle into another triangle

It is easy to see that an equilateral triangle can be cut into 2 identical 30-60-90 degrees right triangles which can then be patched together to form a 30-30-120 degrees triangle. So, via 2 ...
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  • 3,379
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

Triangles with a given outer Soddy circle of the Malfatti circles

I did a JavaScript interactive picture of the Malfatti circles of a triangle. The user can drag the vertices of the triangle and the Malfatti circles are updated accordingly. Now, I would like to ...
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4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Distance between point inside a triangle and its vertices [closed]

How to determine the distance between an arbitrary point inside a triangle and its vertices if side lengths are given. Is there any correlation between these distances or their sum and the lengths of ...
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7 votes
4 answers
569 views

Triangle angle bisectors, trisectors, quadrisectors, …

With the triangle angle bisector theorem and Morley's trisector theorem as background , are there any pretty theorems known for triangle $n$-sectors, $n > 3$? For example, angle quadrisectors? The ...
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3 votes
1 answer
186 views

Please identify this triangle septic

Let $ABC$ a triangle in the plane, but $D$ a point in (R3) space, such that the angles $\phi=ADB=BDC=CDA$ are equal. Let $E$ be the footpoint of $D$ in $ABC$. $E(\phi)$ describes a (irreducible) ...
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2 votes
1 answer
402 views

On 4 random points in a rectangle [closed]

Given a bounded rectangular area, I generate 4 random points. What is the probability that the fourth point lie within a triangle formed the first 3? How would I attack this problem? The goal is to ...
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  • 123
7 votes
3 answers
501 views

Two queries on triangles, the sides of which have rational lengths

Let us define a "rational triangle" as one in the Euclidean plane, with lengths of all sides rational. We are aware that a positive integer is called "congruent" only if it is the area of a right ...
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4 votes
0 answers
200 views

Hyperbolic Intercept (Thales) Theorem

Is there an Intercept theorem (from Thales, but don't mistake it with the Thales theorem in a circle) in hyperbolic geometry? Euclidean Intercept Theorem: Let S,A,B,C,D be 5 points, such that SA, SC, ...
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  • 315
0 votes
0 answers
153 views

Infinity new equilateral triangles in one configuration of triangle plane

An equilateral triangle constructed from a reference triangle is a topic which is intersested by plane geometry lovers. See Napoleon equilateral triangle, Morley equilateral triangle....In this topic ...
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1 vote
0 answers
165 views

Some Problems On Apollonian Gasket

Since 2013, I found Some problems on Apollonian Gasket as following. These problem also is higher level of Eppstein Point. I am looking for a proof of one of these problems: Let three $(A)$, $(B)$, $(...
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3 votes
1 answer
430 views

An new equilateral triangle related to the Morley triangle

Morley equilateral triangle is the nice theorem in Eulidean Geometry. I found an equilateral triangle and a group circle related to the Morley triangle and angle trisectors: Let $ABC$ be a triangle ...
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3 votes
0 answers
222 views

Are these points known? [closed]

Let $ABC$ be a triangle and $P$ be a point on the plane, $PA$, $PB$, $PC$ meet $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ at $A'$, $B'$, $C'$ respectively. From my construction by GeoGebra, I found two special points as ...
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17 votes
2 answers
669 views

Why are the medians of a triangle concurrent? In absolute geometry

This fact holds true in absolute geometry, and I would like to see an elementary synthetic proof not using the classification of absolute planes (Euclidean and hyperbolic planes) and specific models. ...
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10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Do two new special points in any triangle exist?

There are some special points in any triangle, as Fermat point, symmedian point, incenter, Morley center, et cetera. Let $P$ be a point on the plane, $PA$, $PB$, $PC$ meet $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ at $...
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2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Triangle Center from Weighted Perfect Matchings

let $\Delta$ be the triangle whose corners $A$, $B$, $C$ points in general position in Euclidean plane and, let $D$ be a fourth point inside $\Delta$. Question: what is known about the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
656 views

A generalization of the Sawayama-Thebault theorem

1. Introduction The Sawayama-Thebault theorem is one of the best nice theorem in plane geometry. The theorem has a long history. It was published in AMM in 1938 the first solution appeared in 1973 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
315 views

Yiu's equilateral triangle-triplet points

In more than 2300 years since Euclid's Elements appear, there were only two equilateral triangles become famous: The Morely equilateral triangle and the Napoleon equilateral triangle. In more than ...
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3 votes
3 answers
167 views

Cutting a square into an infinite number of triangles constrained by two rules

Can a square be cut into an infinite number of triangles so that a) all of them are non-similar and b) only a finite number of them can have a common vertex?
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  • 513
0 votes
0 answers
105 views

Efficient Algorithm for finding area of triangle

Suppose a segment is divided into $n$ smaller segments, with each segment length determined by a breaking point chosen randomly and independently. Now take the lengths and divide them into triplets. ...
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1 vote
0 answers
109 views

Expected Area of Randomly Made Triangle [closed]

Say we have a piece of length one, and then we draw twice from a bin of sticks in which there are an infinite amount of sticks with lengths evenly distributed on $[0,1]$. In cases where a triangle can ...
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