Topological quantum field theory.

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### Twists, balances, and ribbons in pivotal braided tensor categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a pivotal tensor category. Feel free to assume finiteness, semisimplicity, fusion, sphericality, unitarity or whatever makes things interesting. Which of the following structures ...

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170 views

### Is there a definition of an $\infty$-groupoid in HoTT whose terms are $n$-manifolds and whose higher morphisms are diffeomorphisms/isotopies/etc?

Suppose you want to work with TQFTs in homotopy type theory (HoTT). Working with $(\infty,n)$-categories, or even $(\infty,1)$-categories, is something that I gather is too difficult for HoTT at the ...

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**1**answer

100 views

### How can I understand the braiding terms introduced in the plaquette operator of the Walker-Wang TQFT

Walker-Wang models as introduced in (3+1)-TQFTS and Topological Insulators are an example of 3+1D lattice TQFTS. In analogy with the Levin-Wen models in 2+1D the authors define an exactly solvable ...

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155 views

### 6j symbols with Majorana indices

The Levin-Wen model is a Hamiltonian formulation of Turaev-Viro (2 + 1)d TQFTs. It can be constructed from a unitary fusion category $\mathcal{C}$, which can be equivalently defined using $6j$ ...

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**1**answer

521 views

### Segal's 1999 Stanford lecture notes on TQFT, where to find them?

I am trying to track down a copy of Graeme Segal's 1999 lecture notes on topological field theory. These are sometimes referred to as the "Stanford lectures" or something similar.
For many years ...

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77 views

### Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360).
There, it was mentioned, the ...

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**2**answers

192 views

### Gauss-Milgram formula for fermionic topological order?

For Bosonic topological order, a very useful formula was proved to be true:
$\sum_a d_a^2 \theta_a=\mathcal{D} \exp(\frac{c_-}{8}2\pi i) $
(for more detail: $d_a$ is the quantum dimension of anyon ...

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197 views

### TQFT characterization of braiding statistics

In the TQFT language, quasiparticles correspond to Wilson loop operators. It is well-known that quasiparticles can have non-trivial braiding statistics.
Take $2+1$ dimensional Abelian Chern-Simons ...

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169 views

### Is there a classification of 2d extended TQFTs with defects?

Chris Schommer-Pries has classified 2d extended TQFTs (topological quantum field theories) in his PhD thesis. The result is a (not necessarily abelian) separable symmetric Frobenius algebra (possibly ...

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197 views

### Is there a higher, “orientalish” version of geometric realisation?

Geometric realisation of simplicial sets can be roughly thought of like this:
In some category $\mathcal{C}$, we choose an object for every abstract $n$-simplex. In topological spaces, we would ...

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257 views

### Loop defects in Walker-Wang model

My question is about the description of general defects (specially loop defects) in the Walker-Wang (WW) model.
Elementary excitations in the WW model can be point particles, loop defects and more ...

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149 views

### Is there a quotient or exact sequence of symmetric, premodular (ribbon fusion) and modular categories?

In Walker and Wang's article about (3+1)-TQFTs from premodular categories, they say on page 14 that you can take a quotient of a premodular category $\mathcal{C}$ by its symmetric fusion subcategory ...

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376 views

### How are the Walker-Wang TQFT and the Crane-Yetter TQFT related?

Mathematical physicists in solid state physics and topological insulators talk a lot about Walker-Wang models, which are a family of Hamiltonians defined on a 3d lattice. Unfortunately, the original ...

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247 views

### Reference Request for TQFTs

I had originally asked this question on Math StackExchange but have not obtained any answers, so I decided to post this here. (I have flagged the MSE post to be moved to MathOverflow, for the ...

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119 views

### translation invariance of the Laughlin wave function

This is a translation into math of the following question, posted on PhysicsOverflow.
Let $H:=L^2(\mathbb C)$.
For every $N$, let $\psi_N\in\Lambda^N H\cong (L^2(\mathbb C^N))^{S_N}$ be the function
...

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500 views

### High dimensional topological field theory

In the article Topological Field Theories in 2 dimension, Constantin Teleman has the following commentary " By constrast, in higher dimension, there seem to be no interesting theories: all examples ...

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304 views

### What are TQFTs that are multiplicative under connected sums? Do bordisms with connected sum as monoidal product exist?

In general, one extracts a manifold invariant from a TQFT by interpreting the closed manifold as a bordism from the empty set to the empty set. The TQFT sends this bordism to a homomorphism of the ...

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600 views

### Classifying TQFTs with 1d vector spaces

To what extent have people classified $n$-dimensional TQFTs that assign a 1-dimensional vector space to every compact oriented $(n-1)$-manifold?
I have some vague reasons to suspect that the ...

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**1**answer

801 views

### Learning roadmap to TQFT from a mathematics perspective

I had asked a question on math.stackexchange but did not receive any answers. I hope that this question is appropriate for this website as it is about an advanced subject. Hence I am posting it below.
...

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236 views

### How do we handle the symmetry condition in nCob and TQFTs?

A $(n+1)$-topological quantum field theory $\mathcal{T}$ is a rigid symmetric monoidal functor from the category $(n+1)$-Cob of $n$-manifolds and $(n+1)$-cobordisms to FdVect.
My question is about the ...

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**1**answer

354 views

### Comparison of Different Types of QFT

As far as I can tell, there are a number of major types of quantum field theory. For example,
Constructive QFT, which has two major branches (Algebraic/Axiomatic QFT and Functorial QFT).
Topological ...

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190 views

### Geometric Intuition of $P^+$ in Modular Tensor Categories

I'm currently reading through Bakalov and Kirillov's "Lectures on Tensor Categories and Modular Functors," and I am having some difficulty understanding the definition of $p^\pm$ given on page 49. ...

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219 views

### Does the notion of a “coherent state” exist in TQFTs? (ETQFTs?)

In the quantum harmonic oscillator, there exists a family of states called coherent states which form an overcomplete set of states. They are regarded as "the states most resembling classical states", ...

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617 views

### Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...

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149 views

### How to obtain $Z(\Sigma_f)=\text{Trace}\ \Sigma(f)$ in TQFT?

I am studying TQFT and have a question on one standard property.
A remark in Wikipedia (see the link above) says:
If for a closed manifold $M$ we view $Z(M)$ as a numerical invariant, then for a ...

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**1**answer

174 views

### Mapping class group vs automorphism group in cobordism category

Let $3Cob$ be the category whose objects are closed surfaces and whose morphisms are diffeomorphism classes of cobordisms.
By sending a diffeomorphism $\phi$ of a surface $X$ to its associated ...

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**0**answers

113 views

### Where is there a treatment of double field theory other than in local coordinates?

The n-lab seems to lack a treatment of double field theory. Where is there a treatment other than in local coordinates? Or at least one which identifies the coordinates as local coordinates for a ...

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265 views

### Is there a reasonable definition of TQFTs for n-cobordisms with connected inputs/outputs?

A question that's been on my mind for a while is whether any precise statement to the effect of "Heegaard Floer homology is a TQFT," for some reasonable definition of TQFT, can be made.
Of course, a ...

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252 views

### Provide a citation for the “spine lemma”?

I'm looking for a citable reference for the following (perhaps folkloric?) result on topological field theories.
(There are obviously generalizations to other dimensions; I'm happy with just the ...

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**1**answer

326 views

### Kauffman's state model for the Alexander polynomial, via representation theory

I've been reading Oleg Viro's paper on "quantum relatives of the Alexander polynomial" (arXiv:math/0204290), which, among other more general things, derives state-sum formulas for the Alexander ...

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240 views

### How to compute the abelianization of the representation theory of a Hopf algebra?

I will ask two versions of my question, which probably aren't precisely the same, and I am also interested in hearing about nuances between the two.
Version 1:
Let $(C,\otimes)$ be any monoidal ...

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384 views

### Anomalies in the definition of Turaev's TQFT

In his book Quantum invariants of knots and 3-manifolds page 124, Turaev defined a TQFT $\tau$ axiomatically.
For a cobordism $(M, \partial_{-}M, \partial_{+}M)$, a TQFT assignes a $k$-homomorhism ...

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385 views

### How unique are extensions of TQFTs to lower dimension?

Say I have an "ordinary" TQFT $F$ of dimension $n$, assigning groups or vector spaces to closed $(n-1)$-manifolds and linear maps to cobordisms. Consider the different ways $F$ can be obtained from a ...

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516 views

### Morita equivalence for *-algebras

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a definition of Morita equivalence of *-algebras, as described below. If anyone thinks that this is not the right way to define Morita equivalence of ...

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319 views

### Is there a version of the 2d cobordism hypothesis for surfaces with non-empty incoming and outgoing boundary?

Question: Is there a condition on an object $x$ of an $(\infty,2)$-category $\mathcal C$ which is equivalent to $x = Z(pt_+)$ for a unique TFT $Z$ from the $(\infty,2)$-category of framed bordisms ...

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499 views

### A proof of the gluing axiom of a TQFT

I posted the following question on math stackexchange but I have not received any answer.
So I hope people here can help me.
In the book Lectures on tensor categories and modular functors by Bakalov ...

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**1**answer

454 views

### Trace of a functor (or dimension of a category) in extended 2d TQFTs

In an extended 2d TQFT $Z$, a point (with orientation + or -) is assigned a category $Z(+)$ or $Z(-)$. This category should be as close to a vector space as possible: $\mathbb{C}$-linear, monoidal, ...

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275 views

### Does the following “symmetric” 2nd cohomology group of a finite group with coefficients in $Z_2$ always vanish?

Let $G$ be a finite group. Usually, a 2-cocycle on $G$ with values in $\mathbb{Z}\_2 = \{+1, -1\}$ is a collection of signs $\epsilon_{g,h} \in \{+1, -1\}$, $g,h \in G$, satisfying the cocycle ...

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1k views

### Motivation and unsolved problems of TQFT

I have been studying topological quantum field theory by mainly reading the Turaev's book.
I'd like to know if there are unsolved problems that motivate mathematicians to study TQFT, like Riemann's ...

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**4**answers

582 views

### Understand Witten's “QFT and Jones Polynomials” - how does he get to the twisted Dirac operator L_{-}?

Hi,
this is my first post here, so I hope I am asking the question the right way.
I am trying to understand to following piece of algebra:
In his paper, Witten claims that $\int_M Tr(B \wedge DB) + ...

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**1**answer

318 views

### S-matrix for the HOMFLY/Hecke category

This question concerns the HOMFLY-PT category, closely related to Hecke algebras. (See here for example.)
The minimal idempotents of this category are indexed by pairs $(\lambda_+, \lambda_-)$ of ...

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155 views

### S-matrix for the BMW category

This question concerns the Birman-Murakami-Wenzl category, or equivalently the tangle category associated to the 2-variable Kauffman polynomial. (See here for example.)
The minimal idempotents of ...

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**1**answer

399 views

### Examples of calculations of Turaev-Reshetikhin TQFT of cobordisms with boundaries have genera greater than 1

I am studying Turaev-Reshetikhin TQFT. I describe the definition of the invariant $\tau(M)$ of a cobordism $(M, \partial_{-}M, \partial_{+}M)$ in the previous question breifly. Framings in the ...

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**1**answer

369 views

### Framings in the definition of Reshetikhin-Turaev TQFT

I posted the following question at Mathe Stack Exchange.link text But it has not yet answered. I am sorry if you check both sites but I also want people here to look at this problem.
I am studying ...

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**1**answer

286 views

### Set of physical states of FQHE on closed Riemann surface = ?

Disclaimer. One might argue that my question is off topic as it is clearly a question about physics... But I'd like a mathematically phrased answer,
and I expect that only a mathematician can offer an ...

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298 views

### Why does the index of the Dirac operator on a manifold with boundary live inside the Pfaffian line of the boundary Dirac operator?

I am trying to understand a statement from page 72 of What is an elliptic object? by Stolz and Teichner.
They have a spin Riemannian 2-manifold $\Sigma$, with boundary 1-manifold $Y$. The Dirac ...

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161 views

### Finding a ribbon graph for a mapping class group action

Turaev defines TQFT $(T, \tau)$ in his book "Quantum invariants of knots and 3-manifolds". He uses it to define an action of a mapping class group of a d-surface $\Sigma$.
This action $\epsilon$ is ...

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870 views

### Reference request for TQFT, functoriality

I am reading Turaev's blue book Quantum Invariants of Knots and 3-manifolds.
It is difficult for me to understand the proof of Theorem 1.9 in chapter 4, which says;
The function $(M, \partial_{-}M, ...

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290 views

### Isomorphism of cobordisms

Let $(M, \partial_{-}M, \partial_{+}M)$ be a decorated 3-cobordism, where $M$ be a (topological) 3-manifold and $\partial M=-\partial_{-}M \cup \partial_{+}M$.
(decorated in a sense of Turaev, Quantum ...

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**1**answer

290 views

### A special ribbon graph presents a cylinder.

I am reading "Quantum Invariants of Knots and 3-Manifolds" by Turaev. I have a dificulty to understand the proof of Lemma 2.6 on page 172.
The lemma says that a special ribbon graph drawn on page 167 ...