Questions tagged [theta-functions]

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8
votes
0answers
236 views

Positive integer solutions of $ab+ac+ad+bc+bd+cd=n$

Consider a quadratic form $Q(a,b,c,d)=ab+ac+ad+bc+bd+cd$ on $\mathbb Z^4$. For some reason I am interested in the number of solutions $(a,b,c,d)\in\mathbb Z_{> 0}^4$ of $Q(a,b,c,d)=n$ as a function ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

From a factor of automorphy on an abelian variety to a divisor

Given a complex abelian variety $A = V/\Gamma$ (for $\Gamma$ being a lattice in the complex vector space $V$), one knows how to describe a holomorphic line bundle in terms of factors of automorphy: By ...
4
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0answers
122 views

Computing theta functions of lattices in practice

I am motivated by a problem in 2d CFT to compute "generalized theta functions," expressions of the form \begin{equation} \vartheta_{L,u}(\tau) := \sum_{\alpha \in L} u(\alpha) q^{{\langle\...
0
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0answers
72 views

The loss of double periodicity (ellipticity)

Consider a meromorphic function $f(\mathfrak{a}_1, \mathfrak{a}_2)$, such that $$ \begin{align} f(\mathfrak{a}_1, \mathfrak{a}_2) = f (\mathfrak{a}_1 + 1, \mathfrak{a}_2) = f(\mathfrak{a}_1 + \tau, \...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Obtain a series expansion of $a^2(q)a^2(q^4)$

Let $a(q)$ denote the Borwein function $$a(q)=\sum_{m,n=-\infty}^\infty q^{n^2+nm+m^2}.$$ In this research paper the author has obtained the series expansion for $a(q)a(q^4)$. I want the series ...
5
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0answers
201 views

Validity of $\ln z=\frac{\pi}{\operatorname{AGP}(\theta_2^2(1/z),\theta_3^2(1/z))}$

Definitions For the definitions of $\operatorname{AGP}$ and $\operatorname{AGO}$, see here or here. $\theta_2(z)$ and $\theta_3(z)$ are defined as follows: $$\theta_2(z)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty z^{(n+...
10
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0answers
290 views

When exactly is the principal AGM equal to the optimal AGM?

Definitions Following the terminology of SageMath, let the principal arithmetic-geometric mean, $\operatorname{AGP}$, of $(a,b)\in\mathbb{C}^2$ for $a\ne 0$, $b\ne 0$, $a\ne\pm b$ be defined as ...
12
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0answers
275 views

Work of Atkin on the 26th power of eta

The 26th power of the Dedekind $\eta$ function has been mentioned several times here on MO: A 14th and 26th-power Dedekind eta function identity? What's the status of the following relationship ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Can the following sum be counted or expressed in terms of special functions?

Let us define this sum as a function of $z \in \mathbb{C}$ with some positive parameter $a$ $$ f(z; a) = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^{\infty}\frac{|z|^{2n}}{n!}e^{-ian^2}. $$ Probably, it can be expressed (or ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Jacobi forms and Kato's modular units

this is pretty much just a silly literature question; apologies in advance. Kato uses the following theta function (or slight variants thereof) in his construction of his Euler system: $$\Theta(\tau, ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Proving the Immersion part of an Embedding

Trying to see the proof of embedding the Jacobian of a Compact Riemann Surface $X$ using Theta functions. So, using the Theta divisor we have the corresponding line bundle say $L$, we want to prove ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Semidirect product of metaplectic group and Heisenberg group

I know that Symplectic group has an action on Heisenberg group. I am wondering how to extend this to non-trivial two fold metaplectic covering? Thanks in advance!
1
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0answers
67 views

Construct a doubly periodic function on $\mathbb{C}$ using Jacobi elliptic functions with anti-holomorphic involution

I would like to find explicit examples of non-constant meromorphic doubly periodic $f(z)$ on $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. a meromorphic function on $\mathbb{C} / \Gamma$ for some lattice $\Gamma$, such that ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

" Laurent expansion" of quasi-periodic complex complex function

Suppose a complex function $f(z)$ depends only on $z$, and satisfies the quasi-periodicity in both directions: $$f(z+ a_x)= e^{i \theta_{a_x}} f(z)$$ $$f(z+ i a_y)= e^{i \theta_{a_y}} f(z)$$ where $\...
10
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1answer
2k views

Reference request: proof of Ramanujan's Cos/Cosh Identity

The Ramanujan Cos/Cosh Identity, as stated here, is $$\left[1+2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\cos n\theta}{\cosh n\pi}\right]^{-2}+ \left[1+2\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\cosh n\theta}{\cosh n\pi}\right]^{-2}=...
16
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0answers
477 views

Finite version special case Jacobi triple product formula

In this paper, Shanks uses the following formula: $$ \sum_{s=0}^{n-1}q^{s(2n+1)} \times \left( \prod_{k=s+1}^{n} \dfrac{1-q^{2k}}{1-q^{2k-1}}\right) = \sum_{s=1}^{2n} q^{\frac{s(s-1)}{2}}$$ to get a ...
2
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0answers
146 views

Rationality of Eisenstein series g2 and g3 for elliptic curves defined over numberfields

Let $K$ be a number field and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve. (Fix an embedding of $K$ into the complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$). Let $\eta$ be the invariant differential of $E/K$. Let $\omega_1$ and $\...
1
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0answers
71 views

Decomposing functions on the fundamental domain of the torus into cusp forms, eisenstein series

I am trying to do some elementary calculations to understand the properties of the following spectral resolution on $H/SL(2,\mathbf{Z})$. (Half plane mod modular group; fundamental domain of the torus)...
3
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0answers
95 views

An elliptic function built from a log-theta-function integral?

I'm studying the apparent ellipticity of $$\Theta(z,a):=\frac{\exp(\tfrac2a\int_0^a\ln\vartheta(x+z)\,dx)}{\vartheta(z)\vartheta(z+a)},\tag1$$with $a$ is a free parameter and \begin{align}\vartheta(z)&...
2
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0answers
108 views

theta function with a low bound in the sum

I encounter a sum similar to the Jacobi Theta function except there is a lower bound $-J$ with $J\geq 0$: \begin{equation} f(q,x)=\sum_{n=-J}^\infty q^{n^2}x^n. \end{equation} My question is whether ...
5
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1answer
206 views

"One half of a theta-function" - is there something in the literature about it?

In an answer to my question Enumeration of lattice paths of a specific type (which was in turn caused by an older one, "Special" meanders) I encountered the series $$ F(t,q):=\sum_{n=1}^\...
7
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129 views

Random walk on $\mathbf{Z}_d$ with Jacobi $\theta$ transition probabilities

In the context of a finite-dimensional quantum mechanical problem, I was led to study the random walk on $\mathbf{Z}_d$ (i.e the integers modulo $d$), $d$ odd with transition probabilities given by: $...
2
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0answers
104 views

Algebraic theta-functions of level $2$ on an elliptic curve

Consider an elliptic curve $E\!: y^2 = x(x-1)(x-\lambda)$, where $\lambda \in k \setminus \{0, 1\}$ for some field $k$ of $\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$. Also consider the ample divisor $D = 2P_0$, where $...
2
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0answers
99 views

Understanding proof of q-theta function expression

In arXiv:math/0309252v4 at the bottom of page 11, the following result is proposed $$ b_1 \theta(b_0 b_1^{\pm};p) \frac{z^{-1}\theta(z^2;p)}{\theta(b_0 z^{\pm};p)\theta(b_1 z^{\pm};p)} = (p;p)^{-2}\...
3
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0answers
93 views

Evaluating a Fermi gas problem for a SO(2N+1) matrix integral

I have the following multiple integral derived from a random matrix calculation I wish to evaluate $$\int_0^{\pi} dx_1 dx_2 \cdots dx_n \rho(x_1,x_2)\cdots \rho(x_n,x_1)$$ where the $\rho$ functions ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Weight, Index, and Congruence Subgroup of Classical Jacobi Theta Functions

On the very first page in the Introduction of Eichler and Zagier's text on Jacobi forms, they mention that the theta function $$\Theta_{x_{0}}(\tau, z) = \sum_{x \in \mathbb{Z}^{N}} q^{Q(x)} y^{B(x, ...
0
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0answers
74 views

Deriving "quasi-theta" functions from theta functions' zeros

I've been trying to sift the zeros of \begin{align}\vartheta(z)&=e^{-\pi z^2}\prod_{k\ge1}(1+e^{-(2k-1)\pi+2\pi z})(1+e^{-(2k-1)\pi-2\pi z})\\ &=\prod_{k\ge1}(1+e^{-(2k-1)\pi+2i\pi z})(1+e^{-(...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

$q$-analog of an integral from quantum field theory?

This question has been completely reformulated and a new property for the function $f_q$ has been added due to a series of helpful comments by fedja. Consider the integral from quantum field theory ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

How does $\prod_{\zeta}\varphi(q^{1/5}\zeta) = \varphi^6(q)/\varphi(q^5) $ hold?

While I check the proof for entry 10(vii) in Chapter 19 in Ramanujan's notebook, I couldn't understand one equality. It is \begin{equation} \prod_{\zeta}\varphi(q^{1/5}\zeta) = \varphi^6(q)/\varphi(q^...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

"Sparse" Theta Series

The number of integer points with a given norm in the integer grid $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z}$ may be calculated via the generating function $$\theta_3(q)^2= \left(\sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} q^{n^2}\...
4
votes
0answers
172 views

A statement in Siegel's paper on Riemann-Siegel Formula

Siegel left the following comment in the last paragraph of his famous "Über Riemanns Nachlaß zur analytischen Zahlentheorie", Section 1: Das Integral $\Phi(u)$ ist ein Spezialfall des Integrales $$\...
1
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0answers
122 views

Basic properties of prime forms

The prime form of a Riemann surface of genus $g$ can be defined in terms of multi-dimensional $\vartheta$-functions as follows: $$E(z,w) = \frac{\vartheta\Big[\genfrac{}{}{0pt}{}{\vec{a}}{\vec{b}} \...
4
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0answers
278 views

modularity of Theta functions attached to Hecke characters

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a quadratic imaginary field, and let $\chi$ be a Hecke character on $K$. Using Poisson summation, one can show that the theta function $$ \theta(z):=\sum_{I\subseteq \mathcal{O}...
6
votes
3answers
546 views

Alternating power series $\sum_{k\geq 0}(-1)^k z^{(2k+1)^2}$

Suppose that $f(x):=\sum_{k\geq 0}(-1)^ke^{-(2k+1)^2x}$ has a holomorphic continuation to a neighborhood of $0$, that is, $f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 0}a_n x^n$ for $x> 0$ small. I want to know the value of $...
1
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0answers
145 views

Theta functions, a natural basis.

Let $L$ be the principal polarization of an abelian variety $A$. Some people say that the theta functions with characteristics form a natural basis of the global section $\Gamma(A,L^{\otimes n})$ for $...
4
votes
0answers
212 views

Expansion of Jacobi theta function at $p$-torsion

I am aware of the formula $$\Theta(z,q)=z\exp\left( -2\sum_{k\geq 1} \frac{z^{2k}}{(2k)!}E_{2k}(q)\right)$$ for the Jacobi theta function at the origin $z=0$. The definition I am using for the theta ...
17
votes
1answer
946 views

Theta functions, re-expressed

Recall the classical $\theta(q):=\prod_{k=1}^{\infty}(1-q^k)$ and define the sequences $a_n$ and $b_n$ by $$\frac{\theta^3(q)}{\theta(q^3)}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_nq^n \qquad \text{and} \qquad F(q):=\...
3
votes
1answer
569 views

On $x^k+y^k=1$ and the Dixonian elliptic functions

This solves this post and is also related to this MO post by involving $\tfrac12,\tfrac13,\tfrac14,\tfrac16$. $p=2$ The singly-periodic trigonometric functions and the doubly-periodic Jacobi ...
3
votes
2answers
517 views

Inverse Laplace transform of $sech(\sqrt{2\lambda})$ and Brownian motion occupation time

In dimension 3 we have that for $T=\int_{[0,\infty)}1_{B_{t}\in B(0,1)}dt$ has the Laplace transform $$E[e^{-\lambda T}]=sech(\sqrt{2\lambda}).$$ And in dimension 1 we have the same for $\tau=\min\{t:...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Finding order of vanishing for Jacobi Theta function

From Rademacher's book (Topics in Analytic Number Theory) I'm using the functional equation of $\vartheta_2(0|\tau) = 2\sum_{m=0}^\infty q^{\left(m+\frac12\right)^2} = \vartheta_2(\tau)$ and the fact ...
13
votes
2answers
668 views

A conjecture about algebraic values of $(-q;\,-q)_\infty/(q;\,q)_\infty$

Recall that $(a;\,q)_\infty$ is the $q$-Pochhammer symbol: $$(a;\,q)_\infty=\prod_{n=0}^\infty(1-a \, q^n).\tag1$$ Its important special case $(q;\,q)_\infty=\prod_{n=1}^\infty(1-q^n)$ is sometimes ...
4
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0answers
96 views

Triple Petersson Inner Products With Theta Functions

Our current work requires us to bound triple products of the form $$\langle \Im(*)^{\frac{3}{2}}|\theta^3|^2,\mu_j \rangle,$$ where $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle$ is the Petersson inner product, ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

Modularity of certain theta series associated to hyperbolic lattice

Let $L$ be an even hyperbolic lattice, i.e. a free $\mathbb{Z}$-module with a non-degenerate inner product $\cdot$ valued in $\mathbb{Z}$ of signature $(1,n)$ such that the norm of every vector is ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Modular S transformation on higher order $\vartheta$-functions using Poisson summation

I am trying to understand the action of a modular S transformation on a $\vartheta$-function. To do this for the problem I'm considering I first need to understand the following. Given a $\vartheta$-...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Developing a functional equation for log-integral of theta function

I'm studying $u(z,q):=\exp(\left[\tfrac{\pi q}{12}-\ln2-\sum_{k\ge1}\ln(1-e^{-2k\pi q})\right]z+\int_1^z\ln\varphi(x,q)\,dx)$ , with $$\varphi(z,q)=2e^{-\pi qz^2-\pi q/4}\sinh \pi qz\prod_{k\ge1}(1-e^{...
2
votes
2answers
489 views

Lower bound for the number of representations of integers as sum of squares

Let $k\geq 4$. As usual, let $r_k(n)$ denote the number of ways to represent $n$ as the sum of $k$ squares. Is this true that for every $\varepsilon>0$, one has $r_k(n) \gg n^{\frac{k}{2}-1-\...
7
votes
2answers
438 views

How to estimate a specific infinite matrix sum

Let $M$ be an $n$ by $n$ matrix with each diagonal element equal to $k$ and each non-diagonal element equal to $k-1$ where $n$ and $k$ are positive integers. Let $k < n$ and we can assume both $k$ ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Log-concavity of difference of theta functions

My knowledge on theta functions is limited, but I suspect that this is a quite challenging question. The 3rd Jacobian Theta function is given by \begin{equation} \theta_3(z,q)\,=\,\sum\limits_{n=-\...
3
votes
0answers
167 views

Siegel's article “The volume of the fundamental domain for some infinite groups”: trouble with understanding computations

This is the article I mentioned. While the idea of what Siegel is doing in order to compute the volume of the fundamental domain described in the article (the very first one, for there are discussed ...
5
votes
1answer
454 views

Summation of an infinite q-series

When calculating a Partition function, I encounter the following summation $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} x^n q^{n^2}.$$ I know that the sum $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} x^n q^{n^2}$ is a Theta function, but I ...