# Questions tagged [tag-removed]

This tag is to be used only when re-tagging highly(!) off-topic questions where none of the actual tags would make sense; all actual tags the questioner has used are removed and something is needed to have some tag, which is enforced by the software, so this tag is used. However note that this tag is also used in the process of moderators deleting tags. Thus a question having this tag does most of the time not mean that somebody found it off-topic.

376 questions
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### Prove the statement using the epsilon-delta definition of a limit [on hold]

enter image description here I need some help for this to prove... please help me...
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### Is there a closed-form solution for $\frac{dy}{dx} = 1 + \frac{a}{y} + \frac{b}{x}$?

I am looking for an exact solution for the following special case of Chini Equation with $2\geq a > 1 > b > 0, x, y \in \mathbb{R}^+$, $$\frac{dy}{dx} = 1 + \frac{a}{y} + \frac{b}{x}$$ I ...
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### Trying to solve this non-linear differential equation

I have a second order differential equation given by: $x''(t) = \displaystyle\frac{\exp(-\frac{x(t)^2}{4t})}{A \sqrt{t}}$ I would like to be able to obtain an analytic solution to this equation, ...
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### Exact solution to nonlinear differential equation sought

I am looking for an exact solution to equation: $w''=aw^{-1/3}+b[f(y)]w^{-5/3}$, where $w=w(y), f(y)$ - arbitrary function (in this case $y^n$ with arbitrary $n$); $a,b$ - constants. Of course I can ...
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### Fundamental lemma: why is the transfer factor a power of q

Let $k$ be a finite field of sufficiently large characteristic, $F = k((t))$ and $\mathfrak{o} = k[[t]]$. Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group defined over $\mathfrak{o}$. Roughly stated, for sake ...
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### Equation between the two branches of the lambert w function

My question: Is there an equation connecting the two branches $W_0(y)$ and $W_{-1}(y)$ of the Lambert W function for $y \in (-\tfrac 1e,0)$? For example the two square roots $r_1(y)$ and $r_2(y)$ of ...
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### Classification of indecomposable inclusions $(H \subset G)$ with $G$ decomposable

Definition: A group $G$ is indecomposable if: $G = G_1 \times G_2 \Rightarrow \exists i \ G_i = 1$. We can generalize the notion of indecomposable from groups to inclusion of groups as ...
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### Symmetric matrices with $\rho(A)\gg\|A\|_\infty$

For a symmetric real matrix $A$, denote by $\rho(A)$ the spectral radius of $A$, and by $\sigma(A)$ the largest absolute row sum of $A$; that is, $\sigma(A)=\max_i \sum_j |a_{ij}|$, where $a_{ij}$ are ...
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### Other applications of the 'increment' approach

I would like to hear about other instances of the so-called 'increments' approach, first used by Roth to prove that a subset of $\mathbb{N}$ of positive upper density contained infinitely many ...
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### Inverse problems for an asymptotic series which depends on a parameter?

I have the series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}a_{n}(\nu)\frac{\sin[\nu\,(m-n)]}{\nu\,(m^2-n^2)}=\frac{1}{m}$, where $m$ is an integer. Is it possible to compute the coeffients $a_{n}(\nu)$? An ...
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### Krull dimension and Morley rank

Definition : A Topological space $\mathcal{D}$ is called noetherian if it satisfies the descending chain condition for closed subsets. We define the dimension of $\mathcal{D}$ to be the supremum of ...
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### Non-linear 1st order difference equation

I have been trying to solve the following difference equation for some time now : $$u^3(n+1) = a - b\cdot u^2(n) + u^3(n), \qquad a \ne 0 \ne b$$ I have tried various substitutions, simplifications ...
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### When are maps between topological spaces homotopic?

I wanted to ask if there is any known mehod to quantify 'how many' homotopy classes of maps there are between two given topological spaces $X$, $Y$ (CW-complexes, say). So far I had the following idea:...
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### How to prove Lambert's W function is not elementary?

Liouville's theorem gives such a proof for antiderivatives of functions like $e^x/x$ or $e^{x^2}$, and differential Galois thory extends that to Bessel functions, say. But what tools exist for ...
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### Question about product topology

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ is dense without interior point, and for every open interval $I,J\subset\mathbb{R}$, $I\cap S$ is homeomorphic to $J\cap S$. Is $S\times S$ homeomorphic to $S$? By Luzin ...
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### Elementary question about Isotopy (in the definition of a Teichmuller space)

Disclaimer - I don't have much experience in topology/complex geometry, so I apologize if what I'm asking is too elementary for this site. Let $S$ be some orientable surface obtained by removing ...
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### Topological characterisation for a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold

Is there a topological characterisation of what a (closed irreducible) hyperbolic 3-manifold is? I don't know any Riemannian geometry and still want to understand what an exceptional Dehn surgery is. ...
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### Fibration in the 3 torus.

The Hopf fibration $S^1\rightarrow S^3\rightarrow S^2$ gives a decomposition of $S^3$ into 2-tori and to circles, so that the tori are foliated by circles of slope 1. If you take the region between ...
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### Is the homeomorphism class of a connected open set of C determined by its fundamental group?

Let $U,U'\subseteq\mathbf{C}$ be two connected open sets such that $\pi_1(U)\simeq\pi_1(U')$. Q: Does this imply that $U$ is homeomorphic to $U'$? In the case where the $\pi_1$'s are trivial then ...
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### Exact solutions to nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

The nonlinear pde $$\partial_t^2\phi-\partial_x^2\phi+\lambda\phi^3=0$$ has the exact solution $$\phi(x,t)=\mu\left(\frac{2}{\lambda}\right)^\frac{1}{4}{\rm sn}(p_0t-p\cdot x+\varphi,i)$$ ...
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### Does there exist a space X whose suspension is homotopy equivalent to [0,1] rel ends but where X is not contractible?

As pointed out by David White in when mapping cone is contractible there exists an acyclic CW-complex $X$ which is not contractible but whose suspension is contractible. Namely, let $a$ and $b$ be ...
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### Finding a good ordering of $\mathbb{Q}$

Oftentimes in density arguments we let $\{x_n\}$ be a dense sequence and this is sufficient to imply the desired result. From a research question I am working on I have simplified the example/...
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### Approximating rational generating functions

Suppose we have a initial segment $x_1,\ldots,x_N$ (for reasonably large $N$) of a sequence of natural numbers $(x_i)$. We have reason to believe the generating function $\sum_{i=0}^\infty x_iX^i$ is ...
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### P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...
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### Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible? Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety? Are these contractible?
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### Name convention for the composition of the preimage of a function and the function itself

Hi, given a function $f:X \rightarrow Y$, not necessarily invertible, is there a conventional name for the function $$g_f := f^{-1} \circ f:X \rightarrow \mathcal{P}(X),$$ where $\mathcal{P}(X)$ ...
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### Identity involving Fresnel integrals

In the paper E. Mehlum, Appell and the apple (nonlinear splines in space), Technical Report No. 1676 (1981), Central institute for industrial research, Oslo (reproduced in the book Mathematical ...
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### Continuous functions on path-connected subsets

Let $X$ be a topological space, and $PX$ the space of all paths on $X$. Then let $G\subset X$ be a path-connected subset and $p\in G$ a point. Let $\sigma:G\rightarrow PX$ be a continuous function ...
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### Possible to find a set of log-concave functions with log-concave sums?

While the set of log-convex functions is closed under addition, the set of log-concave functions is not. Yet if $f$ is log-concave, $\ln(k f) = \ln(k)+\ln(f)$, with $k \in \mathbb{R}^+$ constant, is ...
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### sections of tensor product bundle ( tensor product of two vector bundles ) [closed]

Suppose we have a smooth manifold M and E--->M is a vector bundle. A connection on E is a linear map from the set of all smooth section on E into the set of smooth sections of the tensor product of E ...
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### Spectral synthesis for central functions on locally compact groups

There is a large literature on harmonic analysis on locally compact group, that I am just beginning to discover. However I have not seen so far anything that emphasizes the central functions on $G$. A ...
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### symmetry of generationg function of PDE

We know that for finding the solutions of PDE equations, one of methods is "reduction of PDE", . For nonlinear equation $v_t=(v^{-4/3}v_x)_x+\lambda v$ how can we compute the generators of Lie ...
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### Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi. Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...
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### Is there a closed form expression/series expansion for $\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$ ?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success: $$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} e^{az+b^2z^2}\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)dz$$...
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### Homotopy Equivalences and Induced Correspondences between Fibre Bundles

Suppose that $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a homotopy equivalence of manifolds. Given a manifold $F$, the pullback construction for $f$ yields a correspondence between isomorphism classes of fibre bundles ...
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### A uniformity with a countable base is a pseudometric uniformity.

I need a proof for this proposition: If a uniformity $\mathfrak U$ on $X$ has a countable fundamental system of entourages, then it can be defined by a pseudometric on $X$. which is the ...
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### Computing a point of refraction

Oddball question: say I want to travel from $(a, b)$ where $b > 0$ to $(c, d)$ where $d < 0$ using the shortest path, where I can travel at velocity $v_1$ in the upper half-plane and at velocity ...
Hi, Suppose that $E/F$ is a unramified extension of local fields of characteristic zero. Let $G = GL_n$. Then it is well-known (due to Clozel?) that base change of tempered representations from $G(F)$...
Let $\mathbf{D}$ be the unit disk, is \inf_{\begin{array}{c} v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\in\mathbf{D},\\ v_{0}\in\mbox{convexhull}\left(v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\right) \end{array}}\max_{0\le i,j,k\le4}\...