Questions tagged [sturm-liouville-theory]

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Must solutions to the time-independent Schrodinger equation that have discrete or negative eigenvalues be square-integrable?

This is a very straightforward question (although the answer may not be!) about a ubiquitous textbook physics situation. I assume that the answer is probably well-known, but I asked it on both Math ...
tparker's user avatar
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1 answer
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Orthogonality to a one parameter family of eigenfunctions

Let $\rho>0$ be a smooth realvalued function such that $\rho=1$ outside the unit interval $(-1,1)$. For each $t>0$, let us denote by $\{\lambda_n(t)\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$ and $\{\phi_n(t;x)\}_{n=1}^{...
Ali's user avatar
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1 answer
133 views

Existence for a singular Sturm-Liouville "eigenvalue" problem with non-homogeneous boundary condition

Consider the following singular Sturm-Liouville problem: $$ -(r^{N - 1}h')' - r^{N - 1}c(r)h = \lambda r^{N - 3} h \text{ in } (0, 1), \qquad h(1) = \alpha $$ where $N \in \mathbb N$, $N \geq 3$; $c(...
Danilo Gregorin Afonso's user avatar
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39 views

Identity principle of solutions of SL-problems with matching values on open set

Situation (cut short): Corresponding solutions (by eigenvalue) of two given regular Sturm-Liouville problems with homogeneous Neumann BC, same spectrum but possibly distinct coefficient functions, &...
stewori's user avatar
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1 answer
441 views

Eigenvalues of Sturm–Liouville operator

Can we calculate the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the following operator in $W^{1,2}(\mathbb{R})$? $$-\left(\frac{1}{\cosh^2x}\right)y''-\frac{2}{\cosh^4x}y=\lambda y.$$
hyh's user avatar
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How does boundary perturbation affect the eigenvalues of differential equations?

There is a well-known procedure (at least to me) to compute how a small perturbation will affect the eigenvalues of a differential equation. However, the method deals only with perturbing the ...
FusRoDah's user avatar
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4 votes
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156 views

Techniques for showing non-degeneracy results (PDE)

Motivation: Consider the equation, $$-\Delta u = u^p$$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ for $n\geq 3$ and $p=2^*-1.$ Then we know that this equation has unique positive solutions given by functions of the form $U_{a,...
Student's user avatar
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4 answers
362 views

Joint boundedness of solutions of a family of Sturm-Liouville ODE

Let us fix $0 \neq \lambda \in \mathbb{R}$. Let us consider the following ODE, on $[0,\infty)$: $$ y^{\prime \prime} (x) + \frac{r e^{-x}}{(1+e^{-x})^2} y(x) = -\lambda^2 y(x).$$ Here $r \ge 1$ is a ...
Sasha's user avatar
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123 views

Boundary conditions for singular Sturm-Liouville problem (boundary behavior of eigenfunctions)

I am not at all an expert in Sturm-Liouville theory, but I ended up on the following Singular Sturm Liouville problem: \begin{equation}\label{1} (1) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ y''(t)+\frac{\theta'(t)}{\...
L. Proz's user avatar
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Orthogonality of Bessel function $\int_0^bxJ_a(\ell x)J_a(\ell' x)=0$ for $\ell\neq\ell'$

How do I show the above relation with Sturm-Liouville theory (assume the usual boundary conditions for the identity)? Here is what I have tried: if we start with $$ \big(xJ_a'(\ell x) \big)'+\left(\...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Can we drop this annoying integral term to restore a Sturm-Liouville problem?

On $[0,1]$, let $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ be positive and continuous, consider the equation: $w''+w+\lambda f\cdot (w-\int_0^1 w)=0$($\lambda$ is an eigenvalue) subject to $w(0)=w(1)=0$. If the integral ...
stephenkk's user avatar
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Negative eigenvalue for a periodic Sturm-Liouville problem

Let $f \in C^{\infty}([0, 2\pi])$ be a smooth function and consider the following periodic Sturm-Liouville problem: $$\begin{cases} u''(x) + f(x)u(x) = - \lambda u(x) \\ u(0) = u(2\pi) \\ u'(0) = u'(2\...
Eduardo Longa's user avatar
2 votes
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39 views

References on discrete Sturm-Liouville eigenvectors convergence

Let $ L : u_n \mapsto a_n u_{n + 1} + b_n u_n + a_{n - 1} u_{n -1} = \nabla ( a_n \Delta u_n ) + (b_n + a_n + a_{n - 1}) u_n $ be a discrete Sturm-Liouville operator, with $ \nabla u_n := u_{n + 1} - ...
Synia's user avatar
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1 answer
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Sign of solution to (in)homogeneous linear ODE

Let $N \geq 3$ be a positive integer and $A >0, B \geq 0$ be two constants. Let $y: (0,\infty) \to \mathbf{R}$ be a solution to the following linear, inhomogeneous ODE: $y''(x) + \frac{N-1}{x} y'(x)...
Leo Moos's user avatar
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0 answers
103 views

Sturm-Liouville Problem: When does $w y^2$ vanish at a singular boundary point?

It is well known (e.g. Courant, Hilbert - Methods of Mathematical Physics) that solutions of the Sturm-Liouville problem on an interval $J=(a,b)$ \begin{equation} \tag{1} \left(p y' \right)' - qy \; = ...
stewori's user avatar
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Angular excitations and Schrodinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

Can someone please explain the following in mathematical language? "First of all, angular excitations only push the energy up, never down, so it is enough to analyze spherically symmetric s-waves....
user2002's user avatar
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202 views

Fourier mode decomposition and eigenvalues of Schroedinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

In the study the stability of minimal hipersurfaces $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^{N+1}$ one is lead to study the Morse index of a Schroedinger operator $J := - \Delta_g + |A|^2$ (usually called Jacobi ...
user2002's user avatar
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The Node Theorem - an argument from physics

The theorem on the number of zeros of a solution to a Sturm-Liouville equation is a well-know result in quantum mechanics. It doesn't seem to have a special name in the mathematics literature, but it ...
Benjamin T's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
58 views

Set of eigenvalues of the boundary problem

I'm looking for the results about the set of eigenvalues of boundary problem for differential equation \begin{equation} \bigl(p(x) u'(x; \lambda) \bigr)' + q(x) u(x; \lambda) = -\lambda w(x) u(x; \...
StaTik's user avatar
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0 answers
168 views

Fourier transform of Green function and its derivative

Consider a real Sturm-Liouville operator $L$ on $[0,+\infty)$ and use the following notations : https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Titchmarsh-Weyl_m-function Assume $a = 0$, $\alpha \in [0,\...
Desura's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
555 views

Singular Sturm-Liouville problems: criterion for discrete spectrum for zero potential ($q=0$) and Hermite Polynomials

There are some known criteria for the Sturm-Liouville Problem \begin{equation} \tag{1} \frac {\mathrm {d} }{\mathrm {d} x}\left[p(x){\frac {\mathrm {d} y}{\mathrm {d} x}}\right]+q(x)y=-\lambda w(x)y \...
stewori's user avatar
  • 183
2 votes
1 answer
130 views

Common eigenvalues for two Sturm-Liouville problem

Does exist in literature any results concerning the common eigenvalues for the two eigenvalue problems of the form $$y''(x)=\lambda^2 y(x)+\lambda a(x)y(x), \ x\in(0,1), $$$$z''(x)=\lambda^2 z(x)-\...
Gustave's user avatar
  • 525
2 votes
2 answers
167 views

Eigenvalue problem of Schrodinger equation with polynomial growth potential on the real line

Consider the operator $L=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+q(x)$, where $q(x)$ is the potential with polynomial-type growth, say $|x|^s,s>1$. The eigenvalue problem $$L\phi=\lambda\phi$$ where $\phi$ is in $L^2(\...
DuFong's user avatar
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Equivalence of solutions to Sturm-Liouville problem after translation of boundary conditions

My doubt is related to the equivalence between solutions of the following Sturm-Liouville problem: \begin{equation} r^{2}f''(r) + 2rf'(r) + \{\omega^{2}r^{2} - [j(j+1)-|q|^{2})]\}f(r)=0\,,\label{SL1} \...
MLPhysics's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
419 views

Sturm Liouville differential equation and hypergeometric functions

I'm trying to understand how to solve this differential equation: $ [z^2(1-z)\dfrac{d^2}{dz} - z^2 \dfrac{d}{dz} - \lambda] f(z) = 0 $ I know the solution is related to the hypergeometric function ...
Thoughtful's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

How to solve or analyse the smallest eigenvalue of 2 coupled 1st-order linear ODEs?

I am trying to solve the eigensystem of a 1st-order linear ODE system in the region $(-\infty,\infty)$ and with Dirichlet boundary condition at the infinities \begin{align} -\mathrm{i} u'(x) +f^*(x) ...
xiaohuamao's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Sturm-Liouville-like Eigenproblem

Consider the piecewise-deterministic Markov process on $\mathbf{R}$ which moves according to the vector field $\phi (x) = 1$, experiences events at rate $\lambda(x) = 1$, and at events, jumps ...
πr8's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
247 views

Showing a differential operator is positive semidefinite

Let $R>\lambda>\chi$ be positive real constants and $\alpha$ be a real number. The following differential operator \begin{multline} \mathcal{L}g = -\frac{d}{d\xi}\left[(1-\xi^2)\frac{dg}{d\xi}\...
eyeballfrog's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
364 views

Monotonicity of Schrödinger Eigenvalues

Let us consider the Schrödinger operator $$ H_hf(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}f(x)+h(h\sin^2(x)-\cos(x))f(x) $$ on $L^2[-\pi,\pi]$ with Neumann boundary conditions $f^\prime(\pm\pi)=0$. Here, $h\geq 0$ is a ...
julian's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
96 views

1D Schrödinger Equation with Measure-Valued Coefficients

I've been looking at one of the simplest systems I can think of: a one-dimensional infinite square well on $[0,1]$ with Hamiltonian given by the following: $$\hat{H}=-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\frac{d^2}{dx^2}...
S. Thornton's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Eigenvalues Sturm-Liouville Operator

Is the eigenvalue decomposition of the Sturm-Liouville operator $$ Lf(x)=-f''(x)+h\sin(x)f'(x),\quad h>0, $$ with Neumann boundary conditions $f'(-\pi)=f'(\pi)=0$ on the Hilbert space $L^2([-\pi,\...
julian's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
138 views

Monotonicity/Scaling of Sturm-Liouville Eigenvalues

Consider the regular Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue equation $$ \frac{d}{dx}(p_t(x)f^\prime(x))=\lambda_t f(x) $$ for $p_t\in\mathcal{C}^\infty([0,1])$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions on $[0,1]$. Here $...
julian's user avatar
  • 93
2 votes
0 answers
148 views

Limit circle/point of an ODE with finite eigenvalues

Consider the following Sturm–Liouville (SL) eigenvalue problem defined in $(-\infty,0]$ or $[0,\infty)$ or $(-\infty,+\infty)$ $$(py')'-qy=-\lambda^2wy,$$ in which $p(x)=x^2$, $w(x)=1$, and $q(x)=(x/2+...
xiaohuamao's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
504 views

Orthogonal Polynomials and Sturm Liouville operators

Classical Orthogonal polynomials (e.g., Hermite, Legendre) are eigenfunctions of Sturm Liouville operators. For example, define $L[u]=u''-xu'$, then the $n$-th order Hermite polynomial satisfies $...
Amir Sagiv's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Sturm Liouville problem on entire line, substitution

Observe Sturm-Liouville problem on entire line $$-(p(x)y'(x))' + l(x)y(x)= \lambda r(x)y(x), \hspace{3mm} -\infty<x<\infty \tag{1} \label{1}$$ where $p(x)$ and $r(x)$ are positive on $\mathbb{R}$...
Nebojša Đurić's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
68 views

One class Sturm-Liouville differential equation

Let $\phi_n(x), \psi_n(x)$ be solution Sturm-Liouville differential equation $$p(x) y''(x) - 2n p'(x)y'(x)+2n(2n+1)y(x)=0$$ $$\phi_{n}(0)=0, \hspace{3mm} \phi'_{n}(0)=1;$$ $$\psi_{n}(0)=1, \hspace{...
Nebojša Đurić's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
380 views

Completeness of the solutions to the Schrödinger Hydrogen Atom

I once did some work on using orthogonal function expansions for fitting 3D distribution functions. To ensure completeness over $L^2$ (which was considered sufficient even though technically a ...
eyeballfrog's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

A property of a nonlinear ODE under periodic boundary conditions

Let $u_1,u_2 : (0,1)\to \mathbb{R}$, and given that $$u_1(0) = u_1(1),u_1'(0)= u_1'(1)$$ and $$u_2(0) = u_2(1),u_2'(0)=u_2'(1)$$ and also $$(|u_1'|u_1')' = \lambda_1|u_1|u_1$$ and $$(|u_2'|u_2')' = \...
Rajesh D's user avatar
  • 704
2 votes
1 answer
275 views

How to determine the spectrum from the diagonal Green's function

Let $L: L^2(\mathbb{R}) \supseteq Dom(L) \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be a densely defined closed operator. Assume that the resolvent admits an integral kernel (Greens function) $G$, i.e. for $z\in \...
Severin Schraven's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
99 views

Convergence of Bessel (Sturm-Liouville) Expansions at the End Points

I have asked this question before on MSE but received no answer at all. So I assume that it is proper to ask it here. I am not a mathematician so my language may not be too precise, please correct me ...
Hosein Rahnama's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
153 views

An indefinite integral containing functions that are solutions to a 2nd order linear ODE

I am trying to evaluate an indefinite integral of the form $\int \frac{dz}{A u_1^2 + Bu_2^2 + Cu_1u_2}$ where $u_1$ and $u_2$ are two independent solutions to the ODE $u'' + F(z)u = 0$ This ...
Edward Lilley's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
339 views

Sturm Liouville problems for non-classical orthogonal polynomials

It is known that for the classical orthogonal-polynomials there exist a set of Sturm Liouville problems. E.g. , the Hermite polynomial of order $n$ is a solution of $$y''(x) -xy'(x)+ny(x)=0 \, .$$ My ...
Amir Sagiv's user avatar
  • 3,436
1 vote
0 answers
137 views

References for the Sturm oscillation theorem

What is the most general form of the Sturm oscillation theorem? So far I have only seen cases that treat either unbounded intervals or weighted $L^2$ spaces. I would be especially interested in ...
pwl's user avatar
  • 263
6 votes
3 answers
747 views

Non-self adjoint Sturm-Liouville problem

I'm new to this site, but I felt the need to post when I recently came in to an ordinary differential equation/boundary value problem with this form: $(1)- \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} + \frac{m(m+1)} {x^2(...
Eric Gamliel's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Error bounds for eigenvalue expansion of the Mathieu equation

The Mathieu equation is an important eigenvalue problem in Mathematical Physics that is completely understood in its properties, although there is no "direct way" of expressing eigenvalues and ...
QuantumTheory's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
378 views

Schrödinger operators on a sphere

if you have a Schrödinger operator on a sphere ( $\mathbb{S}^2$) $-\Delta_{\theta,\phi} \psi(\theta,\phi) + V(\theta) \psi(\theta,\phi) = E\psi(\theta,\phi),$ where the potential does not depend on ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
347 views

Zeroes of Sturm-Liouville solutions as a function of the (complex) eigenvalue

Given the Sturm-Liouville type (time independent Schroedinger) equation \begin{equation} \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} - \left(\mu + V(x)\right) y = \lambda \, y,\quad x \in \mathbb{R} \end{equation} where $V(...
Frits Veerman's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
466 views

Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + \lambda\right)f}{\sqrt{(1-x^{...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
345 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( 8\,...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Eigenfunctions of fourth-order differential operator

This a question where I have thought quite long about: The eigenfunctions (or also normal modes) of an dry Euler beam subject to free-free boundary conditions are given by $$ \frac{\partial^4\psi}{\...
Moritz Reinhard's user avatar