Questions tagged [sturm-liouville-theory]

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4
votes
0answers
43 views

Boundary conditions for singular Sturm-Liouville problem (boundary behavior of eigenfunctions)

I am not at all an expert in Sturm-Liouville theory, but I ended up on the following Singular Sturm Liouville problem: \begin{equation}\label{1} (1) \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ y''(t)+\frac{\theta'(t)}{\...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Orthogonality of Bessel function $\int_0^bxJ_a(\ell x)J_a(\ell' x)=0$ for $\ell\neq\ell'$

How do I show the above relation with Sturm-Liouville theory (assume the usual boundary conditions for the identity)? Here is what I have tried: if we start with $$ \big(xJ_a'(\ell x) \big)'+\left(\...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Can we drop this annoying integral term to restore a Sturm-Liouville problem?

On $[0,1]$, let $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ be positive and continuous, consider the equation: $w''+w+\lambda f\cdot (w-\int_0^1 w)=0$($\lambda$ is an eigenvalue) subject to $w(0)=w(1)=0$. If the integral ...
2
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0answers
72 views

Negative eigenvalue for a periodic Sturm-Liouville problem

Let $f \in C^{\infty}([0, 2\pi])$ be a smooth function and consider the following periodic Sturm-Liouville problem: $$\begin{cases} u''(x) + f(x)u(x) = - \lambda u(x) \\ u(0) = u(2\pi) \\ u'(0) = u'(2\...
2
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0answers
23 views

References on discrete Sturm-Liouville eigenvectors convergence

Let $ L : u_n \mapsto a_n u_{n + 1} + b_n u_n + a_{n - 1} u_{n -1} = \nabla ( a_n \Delta u_n ) + (b_n + a_n + a_{n - 1}) u_n $ be a discrete Sturm-Liouville operator, with $ \nabla u_n := u_{n + 1} - ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Sign of solution to (in)homogeneous linear ODE

Let $N \geq 3$ be a positive integer and $A >0, B \geq 0$ be two constants. Let $y: (0,\infty) \to \mathbf{R}$ be a solution to the following linear, inhomogeneous ODE: $y''(x) + \frac{N-1}{x} y'(x)...
1
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0answers
90 views

Sturm-Liouville Problem: When does $w y^2$ vanish at a singular boundary point?

It is well known (e.g. Courant, Hilbert - Methods of Mathematical Physics) that solutions of the Sturm-Liouville problem on an interval $J=(a,b)$ \begin{equation} \tag{1} \left(p y' \right)' - qy \; = ...
1
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0answers
103 views

Angular excitations and Schrodinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

Can someone please explain the following in mathematical language? "First of all, angular excitations only push the energy up, never down, so it is enough to analyze spherically symmetric s-waves....
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0answers
167 views

Fourier mode decomposition and eigenvalues of Schroedinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

In the study the stability of minimal hipersurfaces $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^{N+1}$ one is lead to study the Morse index of a Schroedinger operator $J := \Delta_g + |A|^2$ (usually called Jacobi ...
2
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0answers
373 views

The Node Theorem - an argument from physics

The theorem on the number of zeros of a solution to a Sturm-Liouville equation is a well-know result in quantum mechanics. It doesn't seem to have a special name in the mathematics literature, but it ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Set of eigenvalues of the boundary problem

I'm looking for the results about the set of eigenvalues of boundary problem for differential equation \begin{equation} \bigl(p(x) u'(x; \lambda) \bigr)' + q(x) u(x; \lambda) = -\lambda w(x) u(x; \...
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0answers
22 views

Proof for strict separation of the eigenvalues ​of a Jacobian matrix with its minors

Let's consider a jacobi matrix (or tridiagonal symetric matrix where adjacent diagonals coefficients are strictly positive) : \begin{equation} T_n = \begin{bmatrix} a_1 & b_1 & 0 & \...
3
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0answers
143 views

Fourier transform of Green function and its derivative

Consider a real Sturm-Liouville operator $L$ on $[0,+\infty)$ and use the following notations : https://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Titchmarsh-Weyl_m-function Assume $a = 0$, $\alpha \in [0,\...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Singular Sturm-Liouville problems: criterion for discrete spectrum for zero potential ($q=0$) and Hermite Polynomials

There are some known criteria for the Sturm-Liouville Problem \begin{equation} \tag{1} \frac {\mathrm {d} }{\mathrm {d} x}\left[p(x){\frac {\mathrm {d} y}{\mathrm {d} x}}\right]+q(x)y=-\lambda w(x)y \...
2
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1answer
108 views

Common eigenvalues for two Sturm-Liouville problem

Does exist in literature any results concerning the common eigenvalues for the two eigenvalue problems of the form $$y''(x)=\lambda^2 y(x)+\lambda a(x)y(x), \ x\in(0,1), $$$$z''(x)=\lambda^2 z(x)-\...
2
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2answers
119 views

Eigenvalue problem of Schrodinger equation with polynomial growth potential on the real line

Consider the operator $L=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+q(x)$, where $q(x)$ is the potential with polynomial-type growth, say $|x|^s,s>1$. The eigenvalue problem $$L\phi=\lambda\phi$$ where $\phi$ is in $L^2(\...
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0answers
84 views

Equivalence of solutions to Sturm-Liouville problem after translation of boundary conditions

My doubt is related to the equivalence between solutions of the following Sturm-Liouville problem: \begin{equation} r^{2}f''(r) + 2rf'(r) + \{\omega^{2}r^{2} - [j(j+1)-|q|^{2})]\}f(r)=0\,,\label{SL1} \...
0
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2answers
171 views

Sturm Liouville differential equation and hypergeometric functions

I'm trying to understand how to solve this differential equation: $ [z^2(1-z)\dfrac{d^2}{dz} - z^2 \dfrac{d}{dz} - \lambda] f(z) = 0 $ I know the solution is related to the hypergeometric function ...
1
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0answers
33 views

How to solve or analyse the smallest eigenvalue of 2 coupled 1st-order linear ODEs?

I am trying to solve the eigensystem of a 1st-order linear ODE system in the region $(-\infty,\infty)$ and with Dirichlet boundary condition at the infinities \begin{align} -\mathrm{i} u'(x) +f^*(x) ...
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0answers
52 views

Sturm-Liouville-like Eigenproblem

Consider the piecewise-deterministic Markov process on $\mathbf{R}$ which moves according to the vector field $\phi (x) = 1$, experiences events at rate $\lambda(x) = 1$, and at events, jumps ...
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0answers
88 views

Showing a differential operator is positive semidefinite

Let $R>\lambda>\chi$ be positive real constants and $\alpha$ be a real number. The following differential operator \begin{multline} \mathcal{L}g = -\frac{d}{d\xi}\left[(1-\xi^2)\frac{dg}{d\xi}\...
6
votes
1answer
304 views

Monotonicity of Schrödinger Eigenvalues

Let us consider the Schrödinger operator $$ H_hf(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}f(x)+h(h\sin^2(x)-\cos(x))f(x) $$ on $L^2[-\pi,\pi]$ with Neumann boundary conditions $f^\prime(\pm\pi)=0$. Here, $h\geq 0$ is a ...
2
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0answers
83 views

1D Schrödinger Equation with Measure-Valued Coefficients

I've been looking at one of the simplest systems I can think of: a one-dimensional infinite square well on $[0,1]$ with Hamiltonian given by the following: $$\hat{H}=-\frac{\hbar^2}{2m}\frac{d^2}{dx^2}...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Eigenvalues Sturm-Liouville Operator

Is the eigenvalue decomposition of the Sturm-Liouville operator $$ Lf(x)=-f''(x)+h\sin(x)f'(x),\quad h>0, $$ with Neumann boundary conditions $f'(-\pi)=f'(\pi)=0$ on the Hilbert space $L^2([-\pi,\...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Monotonicity/Scaling of Sturm-Liouville Eigenvalues

Consider the regular Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue equation $$ \frac{d}{dx}(p_t(x)f^\prime(x))=\lambda_t f(x) $$ for $p_t\in\mathcal{C}^\infty([0,1])$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions on $[0,1]$. Here $...
2
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0answers
122 views

Limit circle/point of an ODE with finite eigenvalues

Consider the following Sturm–Liouville (SL) eigenvalue problem defined in $(-\infty,0]$ or $[0,\infty)$ or $(-\infty,+\infty)$ $$(py')'-qy=-\lambda^2wy,$$ in which $p(x)=x^2$, $w(x)=1$, and $q(x)=(x/2+...
4
votes
2answers
308 views

Orthogonal Polynomials and Sturm Liouville operators

Classical Orthogonal polynomials (e.g., Hermite, Legendre) are eigenfunctions of Sturm Liouville operators. For example, define $L[u]=u''-xu'$, then the $n$-th order Hermite polynomial satisfies $...
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0answers
106 views

Sturm Liouville problem on entire line, substitution

Observe Sturm-Liouville problem on entire line $$-(p(x)y'(x))' + l(x)y(x)= \lambda r(x)y(x), \hspace{3mm} -\infty<x<\infty \tag{1} \label{1}$$ where $p(x)$ and $r(x)$ are positive on $\mathbb{R}$...
2
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0answers
61 views

One class Sturm-Liouville differential equation

Let $\phi_n(x), \psi_n(x)$ be solution Sturm-Liouville differential equation $$p(x) y''(x) - 2n p'(x)y'(x)+2n(2n+1)y(x)=0$$ $$\phi_{n}(0)=0, \hspace{3mm} \phi'_{n}(0)=1;$$ $$\psi_{n}(0)=1, \hspace{...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Completeness of the solutions to the Schrödinger Hydrogen Atom

I once did some work on using orthogonal function expansions for fitting 3D distribution functions. To ensure completeness over $L^2$ (which was considered sufficient even though technically a ...
1
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1answer
112 views

A property of a nonlinear ODE under periodic boundary conditions

Let $u_1,u_2 : (0,1)\to \mathbb{R}$, and given that $$u_1(0) = u_1(1),u_1'(0)= u_1'(1)$$ and $$u_2(0) = u_2(1),u_2'(0)=u_2'(1)$$ and also $$(|u_1'|u_1')' = \lambda_1|u_1|u_1$$ and $$(|u_2'|u_2')' = \...
1
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1answer
204 views

How to determine the spectrum from the diagonal Green's function

Let $L: L^2(\mathbb{R}) \supseteq Dom(L) \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be a densely defined closed operator. Assume that the resolvent admits an integral kernel (Greens function) $G$, i.e. for $z\in \...
3
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0answers
80 views

Convergence of Bessel (Sturm-Liouville) Expansions at the End Points

I have asked this question before on MSE but received no answer at all. So I assume that it is proper to ask it here. I am not a mathematician so my language may not be too precise, please correct me ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

An indefinite integral containing functions that are solutions to a 2nd order linear ODE

I am trying to evaluate an indefinite integral of the form $\int \frac{dz}{A u_1^2 + Bu_2^2 + Cu_1u_2}$ where $u_1$ and $u_2$ are two independent solutions to the ODE $u'' + F(z)u = 0$ This ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Sturm Liouville problems for non-classical orthogonal polynomials

It is known that for the classical orthogonal-polynomials there exist a set of Sturm Liouville problems. E.g. , the Hermite polynomial of order $n$ is a solution of $$y''(x) -xy'(x)+ny(x)=0 \, .$$ My ...
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0answers
125 views

References for the Sturm oscillation theorem

What is the most general form of the Sturm oscillation theorem? So far I have only seen cases that treat either unbounded intervals or weighted $L^2$ spaces. I would be especially interested in ...
6
votes
3answers
641 views

Non-self adjoint Sturm-Liouville problem

I'm new to this site, but I felt the need to post when I recently came in to an ordinary differential equation/boundary value problem with this form: $(1)- \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} + \frac{m(m+1)} {x^2(...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Error bounds for eigenvalue expansion of the Mathieu equation

The Mathieu equation is an important eigenvalue problem in Mathematical Physics that is completely understood in its properties, although there is no "direct way" of expressing eigenvalues and ...
3
votes
2answers
315 views

Schrödinger operators on a sphere

if you have a Schrödinger operator on a sphere ( $\mathbb{S}^2$) $-\Delta_{\theta,\phi} \psi(\theta,\phi) + V(\theta) \psi(\theta,\phi) = E\psi(\theta,\phi),$ where the potential does not depend on ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Zeroes of Sturm-Liouville solutions as a function of the (complex) eigenvalue

Given the Sturm-Liouville type (time independent Schroedinger) equation \begin{equation} \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} - \left(\mu + V(x)\right) y = \lambda \, y,\quad x \in \mathbb{R} \end{equation} where $V(...
5
votes
1answer
390 views

Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + \lambda\right)f}{\sqrt{(1-x^{...
0
votes
1answer
288 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( 8\,...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Eigenfunctions of fourth-order differential operator

This a question where I have thought quite long about: The eigenfunctions (or also normal modes) of an dry Euler beam subject to free-free boundary conditions are given by $$ \frac{\partial^4\psi}{\...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

A graduate course on Sturm Liouville theory?

I have some general questions on Sturm-Liouville theory. We are planning to introduce a graduate course on Sturm-Liouville theory and every one has been asked to propose topics which might be suitable ...
15
votes
6answers
3k views

Spectral theorem for self-adjoint differential operator on Hilbert space

I need a reference concerning a theorem that shows the following result, stated very roughly: Given a self-adjoint differential operator densely defined on a Hilbert space, then the given Hilbert ...
4
votes
1answer
353 views

Simplicity of eigenvalues of an elliptic operator under a symmetry assumption

A striking difference in the spectral analysis of 2nd order elliptic boundary-value problems between one and several space dimensions is the following. In one space dimension, the eigenvalues are ...
3
votes
5answers
376 views

Good reference for the construction of a Greens functions fur the Sturm-Liouville

Does anyone know a good reference for the constructions of a Greens functions fur the Sturm-Liouville Boundary Value Problem.
1
vote
2answers
519 views

Lower bound for the eigenvalue

For a given real number $c>0$ define functions $\left(\psi_{k,c}(\cdot)\right)_{k\ge0}$, as an eigenfunctions of the Sturm-Liouville operators $L_c$ defined $$ L_c(\psi)=(1-x^2)\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

$n$-th derivative of the prolate spheroidal function

For a given real number $c>0$ define functions $\left(\psi_{k,c}(\cdot)\right)_{k\ge0}$, as an eigenfunctions of the Sturm-Liouville operators $L_c$ defined $$ L_c(\psi)=(1-x^2)\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}...
2
votes
0answers
216 views

probability interpretation of Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem

For a diffusion process , Feymann Kac formula connects the second order elliptic equation. Look at the eigenvalue problem $u''-xu'=-\lambda u $, $ u(0)=0,u(1)=0 $. for some discrete eigenvalues of $ ...