# Questions tagged [stochastic-differential-equations]

Stochastic ordinary and partial differential equations generalize the concepts of ordinary and partial differential equations to the setting where the unknown is a stochastic process.

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### Approximate an exponential martingale through its kernel

Given a deterministic function $h\in L^2([0,T]; \mathbb{R})$, we can define the associated exponential martingale
\begin{align}
M_t = \exp\left[\int_{0}^{t} h_s \,dB_s - \frac{1}{2}\int_{0}^{t} h_s^2\...

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354 views

### Does there exist a stochastic time derivative?

The Setup
Suppose I have a stochastic process $f(Z_t)$ where $Z_t$ solve the $d$-dimensional SDE
$$
dZ_t = \mu(t,Z_t)dt + \sigma(t,Z_t)dW_t
$$
and $f$ is a smooth function.
My Question
Is there a ...

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164 views

### Reflected SDE with non-Lipschitz coefficients

I have an equation of the form:
$$dX_t=\mu(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dZ_t+dL_t, \quad X_0=x_0\in (-\infty,a]$$
where, $L_t$ is the reflection function (as in Skorokhod, 1961). This reflection does not allow ...

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**1**answer

207 views

### Existence of solution for reflected SDE

I have an equation of the form:
$$dX_t=\mu(X_t)X_tdt+\sigma(X_t)X_tdZ_t+dL_t, \quad X_0=x_0\in (0,a]$$
where, $L_t$ is the reflection function (as in Skorokhod, 1961). This reflection does not allow ...

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**1**answer

431 views

### Strong solution for geometric brownian motion with varying drift and volatility

I have an equation of the form:
$$dX_{t}=\mu(X_{t})X_{t}dt+\sigma(X_{t})X_tdZ_{t}$$
I know that if I wrote it as $dX_{t}=\mu(X_{t})dt+\sigma(X_{t})dZ_{t}$, I would need strong assumptions on the ...

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149 views

### Itô Formula for Hilbert space-valued Lévy processes

I know there are Itô formulas for cylindrical Brownian motions with values in a Hilbert space and Itô formulas for Lévy processes in $\mathbb{R}^d$. My question is:
does there exist an Itô formula ...

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647 views

### On a reflecting Brownian motion and its boundary local time

I have a question about a reflecting Brownian motion and its boundary local time.
Bass and Hsu that the existence of Reflecting Brownian motion and boundary local time on a bounded Lipschitz domain ...

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**1**answer

49 views

### relationship between transition semigroup and first order spatial derivative

In my research, all the proof comes down to an estimate of the following term
$$\int_t^{t+h} E|\partial_x P_{t+h-\tau}f(X_\tau)-P_{t+h-\tau}\partial_xf(X_\tau)|^2\,d\tau,\tag{1}$$
where $t>0$ is ...

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452 views

### Existence of a solution to an infinite dimensional Stratonovich SDE

Let
$U,H$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces
$Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ be nonnegative and self-adjoint with finite trace
$U_0:=Q^{1/2}U$
$(\Omega,\mathcal A,(\mathcal F_t)_{t\ge 0},\operatorname P)$ ...

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74 views

### Hilbert-Space Values SDE in terms of Basis

Suppose:
$$
dX_t = a(t,X_t)dt + b(t,X_t)dW^H_t
$$
is an SDE with values in a separable Hilbert Space $H$, and $W^H_t$ is an $H$-valued cylindrical Wiener process. Then can we write the dynamics for $...

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528 views

### Properties of the trace term in the Itō formula

Let's consider the SDE $${\rm d}X_t=u_t(X_t){\rm d}t+\xi_t(X_t){\rm d}W_t\;\;\;\text{for all }t\ge 0\tag 1$$ where
$U,H$ are separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces
$Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ is nonnegative ...

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214 views

### Correction term in the relation between the Itō and Stratonovich integrals in Hilbert spaces

I'm reading the paper On the relation between the Itō and Stratonovich integrals in Hilbert spaces and there is something I don't understand.
In the notation of the paper, let
$H,H_1$ be separable $\...

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84 views

### Reference for convergence of Hilbert-space valued SDEs

I'm fairly familiar with the literature dealing with convergence of SDEs in $\mathbb{R}^d$ but recently I've needed to use extended results dealing with convergence of SDEs in Hilbert Spaces. However ...

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141 views

### Sufficient condition of continuity of the expected stopping time

Let $\sigma \in C(\mathbb R)$, and $X$ be a solution of
\begin{equation}\label{eq:1}
X_{t} = x + t + \int_{0}^{t} \sigma(X_{s}) dB_{s}
\end{equation}
where $B$ is 1-d Brownian motion under filtered ...

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139 views

### Second order calculus and rough paths

In Emery's book "Stochastic calculus in manifolds", he shows how to make sense of integrals of the form
$$ \int \langle\Theta_t, \mathbf{d} X_t\rangle,$$
where $X$ is a semimartingale on a manifold $M$...

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199 views

### Existence of solution to SDE with perscribed initial and terminal conditions

The SDEs \begin{equation}
dZ_t = \mu(t,Z_t)dt + \sigma(t,Z_t)dW_t
\end{equation} with prescribed initial conditions are well studied. My question came up in my research and I have not found much on ...

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77 views

### Continuity of solution map to Stratonovich Integral

For paths $x:[0, T] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, the Stratonovich integral along a one form $\omega$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ can be defined by
$$ S_\omega(x) := \int_0^T \omega(x(t)) \mathrm{d}x(t) := \lim_{|\...

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210 views

### Asymptotic behavior of an integral of OU process

Let $X=(X_t)_{t\ge 0}$ be a stochastic process (Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process) determined by
$$dX_t=-aX_tdt+\sigma dW_t,$$
where $X_0=0$, $a>0$ and $\sigma>0$ are constants, and $W=(W_t)_{t\ge 0}$...

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95 views

### Derive a SPDE of evolutionary type for $u$ from ${\rm d}X(t)=u(t,X(t)){\rm d}t+\xi(t,X(t)){\rm d}W(t)$

Let
$U$ and $V$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces
$\iota:U\to V$ be a Hilbert-Schmidt embedding
$Q:=\iota\iota^\ast$
$(e_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ be an orthonormal basis of $U$
$(\Omega,\mathcal A,\...

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79 views

### Recast a finite-dimensional multiparameter SDE as an infinite dimensional SDE

In another question, I've asked how we can derive a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories.
More concretely, I want to obtain a SDE of type as ...

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391 views

### Calculate Moments of SDE

I have posted a similar question on math.stackexchange (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1848492/calculate-mean-of-sde), but didn't find anyone who could help.
I'm interested in the one-...

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304 views

### Given $\mathbb Q$ and $X_t$ is $\mathbb Q$-Brownian, find $\frac{d\mathbb Q}{d\mathbb P}$ / Uniqueness of Brownian or Radon-Nikodym derivative

The problem:
Let $T >0$, and let $(\Omega, \mathscr F, \{ \mathscr F_t \}_{t \in [0,T]}, \mathbb P)$ be a filtered probability space where $\mathscr F_t = \mathscr F_t^W$ where $W = \{W_t\}_{t \...

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137 views

### Boundary behavior for Ito diffusions

The classification of boundary behavior for a time-homogeneous diffusion satisfying an Ito stochastic differential equation (SDE) is well known. According to the Feller classification, there are four ...

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138 views

### Differentiability of a simple value function driven by a diffusion

Consider a diffusion given by,
$d X_t = \mu(X_t) dt + \sigma(X_t) dB_t$
$X_0 = x$.
Suppose the functions $\mu$ and $\sigma$ are as follows -
$f(x) = \mu(x) = \sigma(x) = \begin{cases} 2 & \...

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245 views

### Stochastic process with discontinuous drift

While studying a portfolio optimization problem, I came across the process
$$dX(t) = X(t)\,\Big(\,\big(\mu - \alpha\,1_{\{X(t)\,\geq\,C\}}\big)\,dt + \sigma\,dW(t) \Big)$$
which has a discountinuous ...

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207 views

### Adiabatic elimination of a variable in a system of nonlinear stochastic ODEs?

If this is too basic for MathOverflow... say the word and I shall move it to Math.SE
First consider this system of ODEs. Say I have two variables $u$ and $a$, following
$$
\dot u = -u + f(a)
$$
$$
\...

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**1**answer

67 views

### Nonparametric estimation in diffusion

Fan and Wang
In the above paper, the Authors provide estimators for the squared spot volatility process $\left(\sigma^{2}_{t}\right)_{t\geq 0}$.
My question is how to find estimators for the process ...

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133 views

### Feynman–Kac formula terminal condition [closed]

Hi I am trying to calculate $E(\phi(X(1))$ with $X(t)$ satisfies the following
$$d(X(t))=\sigma(X(t))dW(t)$$
$$X(0)=x_0$$
where $\phi$ and $\sigma$ are arbitrary functions and $W(t)$ is Brownian ...

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305 views

### Relationship between the Itō formula for a Q-Wiener process and the Itō formula for a cylindrical Wiener process. A question on the trace term

Remark: Even when this question is about stochastic PDEs, it can be answered by someone who has no knowledge about probability theory or PDEs.
I'm reading Stochastic Differential Equations in ...

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**1**answer

122 views

### The (infinite) invariant measure of an SPDE

Consider a 1-dimensional stochastic heat equation on $[0, 1]$, with boundary conditions of Neumann's type:
\begin{equation}\left\{
\begin{aligned}
&\partial_t u(t, x) = \frac{1}{2}\partial_x^2 u(...

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346 views

### Girsanov theorem and the density of a process

I am coming across a paper ( Proposition $1.1$ from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304414987901840 ) that claims the following fact which I don't understand why:
On a probability ...

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370 views

### Limit of first passage time

I have a conjecture that seems rather obvious but the proof seems elusive.
Consider a diffusion given by,
$dX_t = \mu(X_t) dt + \sigma(X_t) db_t$
where $b_t$ is a standard Brownian motion.
$\mu,\...

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105 views

### Existence of strong solution in SDEs and continuity in the time variable

I recently come across some literature in stochastic analysis that uses the following result:
Consider the one-dimensional SDE
$$dX_t= a(t, X_t) \, dt + b(t, X_t) \, dW_t, $$
where $a, b:...

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321 views

### A Stochastic Taylor Expansion/Asymptotics

Question:
Let $B(t)$ be the standard Brownian motion, $\mu(t,x)$ and $\sigma(t,x)$ are continuous functions, and
$$dr(t) = \mu(t,r(t))dt+\sigma(t,r(t))dB(t).$$
$(\mu,\sigma)$ obeys the linear growth ...

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142 views

### Computing transition operators for Markov processes

Is there a way to compute transition operators for Markov processes? To ask something much more tractable, suppose I have an Ito diffusion $$dX_t \ = \ \sigma(X_t) dB_t \ + \ b(X_t) dt$$
(or given by ...

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**1**answer

145 views

### Optimal control / Portoflio optimization: Maximize expected utility of total consumption

I came across a portoflio optimization problem, where I need to solve for optimal investment and consumption processes, such that the expected utility of total consumption and terminal wealth is ...

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**1**answer

326 views

### Transition semigroup of Ito diffusion on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$

I am considering the transition semigroup $P_t$ associated with the Ito diffusion process
$$dX_t=b(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dB_t,$$
where the coefficients are assumed to be Lipschitz continuous.
I hope to ...

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243 views

### Derivation of a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories

Let
$d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$
$\mathcal V_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded domain occupied by an incompressible Newtonian fluid at time $t\ge 0$
$\Phi_t:\mathcal V_0\to\mathcal V_t$ such that $\...

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215 views

### Feller property for Ito diffusion with Lipschitz coefficients

Consider the following Ito diffusion $X_t$ satisfying
$$dX_t=b(X_t)dt+\sigma(X_t)dB_t,\quad X_0=x\in \mathbb{R}^n,$$
with Lipschitz coefficients $b,\sigma$.
It can be shown that if $g$ is bounded ...

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61 views

### Smoothness of Value function for SDE with discontinuous coefficients

Let $\mu: \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$, $f: \mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$, and $r: \mathbb{R}\to [1, \infty)$ be bounded measurable functions (which may be discontinuous).
I'm interested in the function $v:\...

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76 views

### Feynman-Kac formula and time-ordering for vector bundles

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mathrm{d}\mathbb{W}^{yx;T}(\gamma)$ denote the Brownian Bridge measure, i.e. the Wiener measure on the paths that travel from $x$ to $y$ in time $T$ (...

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83 views

### What is meant by local time of BM on the boundary $\partial D$?

I'm familiar with local time $L_t^a$ at level $a$ for a 1-D Brownian motion $B$. I'm reading this paper which talks about a 2D Brownian motion $B$ in a bounded domain $D$ that gets reflected when it ...

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115 views

### Hypergeometric function

Suppose that $V$ follows the mean reverting process $$dV=η( ̅V-V)Vdt+σVdz$$
I want to find the optimal investment rule, and using Itos's lemma I get that the differential equation that $F(V)$ must ...

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220 views

### Decouple system of SDEs / handle scaling problem

Consider
$\begin{split} \newcommand{\d}{\mathrm d}
\d x &= -yx \d t + x^2 \d B\\
\d y &= -2 y^2 \d t + 2xy \d B.
\end{split}$
This is a system of two SDEs driven by the same standard ...

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340 views

### Euler Schemes in Stochastic Differential Equations

So i am trying to understand what happens in Implicit (backward) and Explicit (forward) Euler in Stochastic Differential Equations
I'll start with explicit. Say I have the following SDE known as ...

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96 views

### Stochastic calculus in $L^1$

Does there exist a more general (than Malliavin or Itô) "Stochastic calculus" defined on $L^1$ space, or some Orlicz space between $L^2$ and $L^1$?
For examples: are there:
Ito Isometry(-types)...

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160 views

### Processes with the same finite dimensional distributions as the solutions to SDEs

Consider a sequence of stochastic processes $\{\tilde{x}^n\}$, $\tilde{x}^n = \tilde{x}^n_t(\omega)$, and Brownian motions $\{\tilde{w}^n\}$. Suppose that for each $\tilde{x}^n$ solves the stochastic ...

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**1**answer

735 views

### Linking Wasserstein and total variation distances

I seek to bound the total-variation distance between two probability measures $p_1$ and $p_2$. It is extremely easy to build a parameter space where $p_1$ and $p_2$ are the marginals of some joint ...

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**1**answer

450 views

### Does a theory of stochastic differential algebras exist?

My question is motivated primarily by finance, where a non-technical student will learn how to approach SDEs using the symbolic manipulation of Itô calculus and the few basic rules of Brownian motion, ...

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187 views

### Malliavin differentiability of solutions to SDEs

In Bass's book on Diffusions and Elliptic Operators, the author gives a brief introduction into Malliavin Calculus. He calls a functional $F:C([0,1],\mathbb{R})\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ $L^p-$smooth if ...