# Questions tagged [square-free]

An element of an integral domain is called *square-free* if it isn’t divisible by any non-unit square. Most notable applications are square-free integers and square-free polynomials.

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### Gaussian square-free moat

Is there a sequence $\{z_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$ of distinct square-free
Gaussian integers with $$\sup_{n \geq 1} |z_{n+1} - z_n| < \infty ?$$
For the analogous problem with Gaussian primes instead, ...

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### Rank of binary matrix related to the number of positive squarefree integers less than $n$

I posted this question at the Mathematics SE, but received no response there so I am posting it here.
The following fact is stated in the comments-section of sequence A013928 in the OEIS.
Let $C$ ...

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### Growth Rate of the Square-Free Part

In the course of considering this Diophantine equation, I convinced myself that the following question is interesting:
If $n$ is large, must it be the case that the square-free part of $2^n-1$ is ...

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### “Left over factors” of Fibonacci numbers squarefree?

One fact about Fibonacci numbers is they have the Mersenne-like property that $F_{mn}$ is divisible by $F_m$ and $F_n$ (but not necessarily $F_m F_n$, $F_3^2 \nmid F_9$ is a simple counterexample). ...

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### Riemann's explicit formula for square-free numbers

We know that for $x$ being a half-integer $$\sum_{n\leq x}\Lambda(n)=x-\sum_{\rho}\frac{x^\rho}{\rho}+O(1).$$
Is there a similar formula for $\sum_{n\leq x}\mu(n)^2$ in the literature? The underlying ...

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### Squarefree Fibonacci Numbers

Let $F_n$, $n\geq 0$, be the sequence of Fibonacci numbers, where $F_0=F_1=1$ and $F_{n+1}=F_n+F_{n-1}$ for $n\geq 1$. A number is squarefree if it is is not divisible by the square of a prime number. ...

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### Can you find squares in this class?

For a problem I am working over, I would like to prove that numbers of the following type are not squares
$p(l^4+6l^2m^2-3m^4)$
where $p,l,m$ are integers an $p$ prime. I have already found various ...

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**1**answer

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### Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$.
Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...

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### Estimation of $\sum_{n \leq x} \frac{k(n)}{n}$ , with $k(n)$ the squarefree kernel

I came across a poblem where they ask you to find an estimation of $\sum_{n \leq x} \frac{k(n)}{n}$, with $k(n) = \prod_{p \mid n} p$ the squarefree kernel of $n$, with an error term of $O(\sqrt{x})$.
...

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### On the number N(x,y) of those integers n<x, with squarefree core k(n)<y

I'm asking something that may be trivial for those who are deeply into Analytic Number Theory, but unfortunately I'm still not into that set.
The core $k(n)$ of an integer $n$ is the product of all ...

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### A set with not too many integers of the form $\alpha \beta^n + r$

Consider the following (easy) lemma.
Lemma. There is a subset $Q$ of the positive integers and a fixed constant $N > 0$ such that
1)$Q$ has positive asymptotic density and
2)for each ...

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**3**answers

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### $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$

When I tested this in Mathematica, I had expected it to say it did not converge. However, I got this:
$$\prod_{n=1}^\infty n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$$
Note: this is the reciprocal of (3) zeta-...

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### are there infinitely many triples of consecutive square-free integers?

The title says it all ... Obviously, any such triple must be of the form
$(4a+1,4a+2,4a+3)$ where $a$ is an integer. Has this problem
already been studied before ? The result would follow from Dickson'...

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465 views

### Integer polynomial (of degree >1) all of whose values are square-free

Is there an integer polynomial $ A \in {\mathbb Z} [ X ]$ of degree $d\geq 2$ such that for any integer $n\in {\mathbb Z}$ , $ A(n) $ is a square-free integer?