# Questions tagged [spectral-radius]

In mathematics, the spectral radius of a square matrix or a bounded linear operator is the supremum among the absolute values of the elements in its spectrum.

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### How to derive the Euclidean norm of a matrix from its spectral radius [closed]

For a matrix $A\in R^{n \times n}$, if there is a positive $\rho \in (0,1)$ s.t. $\rho(A) \leq \rho$, where $\rho(A)$ represents the spectral radius of $A$.
Can we get the following conclusions:$\Vert ...

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### Strategies for bounding the spectral norm of a tensor?

Let $A$ be a symmetric $k$-tensor over a real or complex vector field $W$. We may define its spectral norm $|A|$ by
$$|A| = \sup_{v\in W} \frac{|\langle A,x^{\otimes k}\rangle|}{|x|_2^k}.$$
(...

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### Spectral norm and “operator norm” for hypergraphs

Consider a $d$-regular, $k$-uniform hypergraph: the elements $S$ of its set $E$ of edges are subsets of $V$ of size $k$, and each vertex $v\in V$ is in $d$ edges. We can then define its adjacency ...

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### Spectral properties of finite random matrices with regards to Kurtosis

Given a $N \times M$, $N\ge M$ finite random matrix where the elements are drawn from a probability distribution with Kurtosis $\gamma$.
Is there anything that can be said about the singular values (...

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### Basic question about convergence of top and penultimate eigenvalues of a sequence of operators

$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\|#1\|}$ $\newcommand{\ab}[1]{\langle #1\rangle}$ $\newcommand{\C}{\mathbf C}$
Questions
Let $I$ be the unit interval.
Let $H=L^2(I)$ and $T:H\to H$ be a compact self-adjoint ...

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### A relation between norm and spectral radius for some matrix operators on Banach spaces $\ell^{p}$

Let $A=(a_{i,j})_{i,j=1}^{\infty}$ be a semi-infinite matrix with real entries. Suppose further that $A$ and $A^{T}$ (matrix transpose) represent bounded operators on $\ell^{p}$ for $p\geq1$. Denote ...

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### Proving anti-concentration for the operator norm of a random matrix

If $X$ is a random matrix then I would like to find $\theta >0$ and $\delta \in (0,1)$ s.t I can say,
$$\mathbb{P} \Bigg [ \Big \vert \Vert X \Vert - \mathbb{E} [ \Vert X \Vert ] \Big \vert > \...

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### About concentration of eigenvalues values of a random symmetric matrix in a specific interval

Given a random symmetric matrix $M$ and two numbers $\lambda_\min$ and $\lambda_\max$ how do we calculate the expected or high probability value of the fraction of its eigenvalues which lie in the ...

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### Continuity of local spectral radius

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space and let $T \in \mathcal{B}(H)$ be a linear, bounded operator. Given $x \in H$ we define its local spectral radius as $$r_T(x) = \limsup\limits_{n\rightarrow\infty} \|...

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### Case of equality in entrywise spectral radius bound

Let $A,B$ denote square matrices such that $\lvert A_{ij}\rvert\le B_{ij}$ for all $i,j$, and denote the spectral radius by $\rho$. From the Gelfand spectral radius formula it is easy to see that
$$\...

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### Survey papers on spectral radius [closed]

Let $M$ be a $n\times n$ matrix.
Are there any survey papers which give lower and upper bounds on its spectral radius?
What are the ways to find some lower bounds and upper bounds on $\rho(M)$ ...

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### An absolute value eigenvalue question

Denote by $\circ$ the Kronecker product, let $|\cdot|$ denote the matrix/vector of absolute values, and let $e$ be the vector of all ones. Comparison is entrywise, i.e., $y \ge x$ is equivalent to $...

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### Spectral radius sum of two matrices

Let $W = S + cT$, where $|c| \le 1$ is a real constant and where $S$ and $T$ are square matrices containing real numbers from the interval $[0,1]$.
Assume moreover that the all eigenvalues $\lambda$ ...

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### Joint spectral radius of $\{M,M^T\}$

Let $F$ be a bounded subset of ${\bf M}_n({\mathbb C})$. G.-C. Rota & G. Strang defined the joint spectral radius of $F$ as follows. For $k\ge1$, denote $F_k$ the set of all products of $k$ ...

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### Uniqueness of projection under spectral norm

I am considering
$$
\min_{M\in \mathcal{M}} \|X - M\|:=x \neq 0,
$$
where $X$, $M$ are $m\times n$ matrices, $\|\cdot\|$ is spectral norm and $\mathcal{M}$ is a matrix subspace. I wonder to what ...

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### When does the spectral radius strictly increase?

For bounded linear operators $A$ and $B$ on a Banach space $X$, I'm looking for results which imply that $r(A) < r(A+B)$ (note the strict inequality), where $r(A)$ denotes the spectral radius of $A$...

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### Find a condition such that the spectral radius for a special matrix is smaller than 1 (or a matrix norm smaller than 1)

We need a help to find a reasonable condition such that the spectral radius for a special matrix $\mathbf{J} \otimes\hat{\mathbf{G}}\hat{\mathbf{W}} + \mathbf{I}\otimes\mathbf{\hat{H}}$ is smaller ...

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### Computational complexity for spectral radius of symmetric matrix

What is the best known algorithmic complexity for computing the spectral radius (largest eigenvalue in magnitude, possibly with respect to some precision and confidence) of a symmetric matrix of size $...

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### Upper bounds on absolute eigenvalue of sum of two matrix

We have this iteration
$$X_{k+1}=(G\cdot Jf+H)X_k+C$$
with $G$ is symmetric and nonnegative, $H$ is nonnegative. $Jf$ is the jacobian matrix of some function $f$ and we can assume it satisfy certain ...

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406 views

### Minimize spectral norm under diagonal similarity

Let $A$ be a real square matrix of size $n \times n$. Is there an upper bound on the minimum spectral norm under diagonal similarity, i.e.,
$$
s(A) = \min_{D} \lVert D^{-1} A D\rVert_2,
$$
where $D$ ...

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### Regarding spectral radius

Let $A$ be a $C^*$ algebra. Let $a\in A$ be such that $a^*a-aa^*\geq 0$. Doe this imply that the spectral radius of $a$ is equal to $\|a\|$?

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### Expected spectral radius for a sparse Erdős-Rényi binary matrix with a certain density

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ sparse matrix generated via the Erdős-Rényi method. Here, "sparse" means that $\|A\|_F = O(n)$. I am interested in the relationship between the expectation $\mathbb E(\rho(A)...

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### The largest eigenvalue of a binary matrix with specific density

I would like to find the largest eigenvalue of an $n \times n$ binary matrix of density $p$, i.e., with $p n^{2}$ ones and $(1-p) n^{2}$ zeros. Any idea or reference is welcome.

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### Spectral radius of infinite substochastic upper triangular matrix

Let $M$ be a Markov chain on $\{0, 1, 2, \dots\} \cup \{\delta\}$, where $\Pr(i \to j) > 0$ for $i, j \in \mathbb{N}$ only if $j > i$, and $\Pr(\delta \to \delta) = 1$. This represents a birth-...

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### The spectral radius of a binary matrix - polynomial growth?

(This is a follow-up to The spectral radius of a binary matrix)
Let $\mathcal B_n$ denote the set of $n\times n$ matrices with entries in $\{0,1\}$.
QUESTION. Is there a $\delta\in\bigl(0,\frac12\...

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### The spectral radius of a binary matrix

Let $\mathcal B_n$ denote the set of $n\times n$ matrices with entries in $\{0,1\}$. It follows from the spectral radius formula that if $M\in\mathcal B_n$ is not nilpotent, then $\rho(M)$, the ...

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### best known bounds for spectral radius [closed]

There are many bounds for the spectral radius of graphs in terms of no. of vertices, maximum degree, chromatic number etc. I wish to know till date what are the best lower and upper bound for the ...

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### Spectral radius of the product of a right stochastic matrix and a block diagonal matrix

Let us define the following matrix:
$C=AB$
where $B$ is a block diagonal matrix with $N$ blocks, $B_1$, $B_2$ … $B_N$, each of dimensions $M \times M$. I know that $B_k = I_M - \mu R_k$ with $R_k$ ...

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### Operator norm vs spectral radius for positive matrices

I believe the following statement should be true but somehow I don't see an argument:
For every integer $d>1$ there exists a constant $C=C(d)>1$ such that whenever $A$ is a $d \times d$ matrix ...

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### optimize spectral radius

Hi I would like to solve the following optimization problem.
Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ nonnegative real matrix where $A^{-1}$is an M-matrix.
Let $D=\text{diag}\{d_{1}, \dots , d_{n}\}$ be a ...

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639 views

### A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...

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### spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it?
Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...