# Questions tagged [spanning-tree]

The spanning-tree tag has no usage guidance.

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### Counting spanning trees of a planar graph

I know through Kirchoff's Theorem, one can calculate the number of spanning trees via the determinant of a Laplacian. This has complexity $O(N^{2.373}$). I was wondering if anyone was aware of a ...

**6**

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133 views

### What is known about the distribution of lengths of the cycle you get by adding an edge to a uniform spanning tree?

Let $G$ be a finite, connected graph. Let $T$ be a uniform spanning tree, and let $e$ be a uniformly random edge not in $T$. When we add $e$ to $T$, we get a subgraph with a unique cycle, $C$. I am ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Transfer-impedance matrix for edge correlations in random spanning tree

Suppose $G$ is a (weighted) connected graph and
let $T$ denote a random spanning tree of $G$,
chosen uniformly (or respecting the edge weights).
It is known that for any distinct edges $e, f$
$$\...

**0**

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14 views

### Name for Spanning Trees Containing all Edges of a Minimum Weight Perfect Matching

This question is motivated by the task of "uniformly" bicoloring the vertices of a symmetric TSP-instance graph with $2n$ vertices.
A simple heuristical requirement for such a bicoloring could be ...

**3**

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141 views

### Does the zeta regularized Laplacian determinant measure the volume of some parameter space? How many “spanning trees” on a manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, with Laplacian $\Delta$. If $\lambda_i$ are the nonzero eigenvalues of $\Delta$, we can define the zeta function $\zeta(s) = \Sigma \lambda_i^{-s}$. By analytic ...

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21 views

### Complexity of Minimum Spanning Trees with Lower Degree Bounds

It is known, that the problem of calculating Minimum Spanning Trees with an upper bound on the vertex degrees is NP complete.
Question:
what is the complexity of calculating Minimum ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

624 views

### Is there a natural relationship between OEIS A127670 and Cayley's tree formula?

I apologize in advance that this question must sound highly amateurish, but I am wondering if there is any connection between the formula https://oeis.org/A127670 , which counts the number of fixed $n$...

**5**

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**1**answer

112 views

### Minimum euclidean spanning tree in n dimensional space

I need to compute the minimum euclidean spanning tree in $R^d$ and do it with some algorithm that can do it with complexity near to $\Omega(nlogn)$ where $n$ is the size of the point set.
Right now I'...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

60 views

### How to find a minimal rooted tree with maximial sum vertex weights?

I have an undirected grid graph, nxm, where each vertex has a value (positive or negative) and I need to find the tree rooted at vertex (1,1) that maximizes the sum of these values with a minimal ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Hu-Gomory trees and Optimum Communication tree

It is known that that can be several trees in a graph that follow the conditions of "Cut-tree" (also called Hu-Gomory tree).
For example (https://stackoverflow.com/questions/25297470/igraphs-gomory-...

**5**

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**2**answers

286 views

### Spanning tree minimizing $F_T = \sum_{i = 1}^{|V| - 1|} (w(e_i) - P_T)^2$

Let $G = \langle V, E \rangle$ be an undirected, connected and weighted multigraph, with the weights given by a function $w: E \rightarrow N$. Consider any spanning tree $T$. Denote the edges of $T$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

712 views

### History of deletion-contraction formula

The following is known as deletion-contraction formula:
Assume $\Gamma$ is a connectted graph with edge $\rho$ then
$$t(\Gamma)=t(\Gamma\backslash\rho)+t(\Gamma/\rho),$$
where $\Gamma\backslash\...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Equivalence between spanning trees in random graphs

First process: Suppose you have a connected random graph, obtained using the Erdős-Rényi model. Then you take a random spanning tree.
Second process: Suppose in the graph above you assign a random ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### Spanning tree with sufficient transformation [closed]

How can I give a set of transitions sufficient to transform any spanning tree into any another spanning tree in a finite number of steps via spanning trees? I was wondering if someone help me.Thanks.

**3**

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98 views

### average probability for an edge be a in random spanning tree of a weighted graph

any cofactor of a Laplacian of a weighted graph will give the sum of all weighted spanning trees, lets denote it by $A$. The same can be calculated for spanning trees which avoid certain edge $e$, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Create a graph with a specified number of spanning trees

I read that one of the current challenging problems in mathematics is constructing a minimal graph with a specified number of spanning trees (say, $k$).
However, is there a quick way to create some ...

**0**

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89 views

### Similarity metric for labelled weighted graph/minimum spanning tree

I'm looking for a metric to measure similarity of minimum spanning trees of labelled weighted graphs. Each entity to compare has the same nodes (number of nodes and labels identical) but (unlabelled) ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

379 views

### Even parking functions and spanning trees of complete bipartite graphs

Set $\mathbb{N} := \{0,1,2,\ldots\}$. A parking function of length $n$ is a sequence $(\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n) \in \mathbb{N}^n$ whose weakly increasing rearrangement $\alpha_{i_1} \leq \alpha_{i_2} ...

**2**

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**0**answers

78 views

### Is there a name for this variant of the MST and the TSP?

Suppose I am given a weighted graph $G$ that contains a "start vertex" $v_0$, and my goal is to construct a set of paths that all originate at $v_0$ and touch all of the vertices of $G$, with as ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### on counting the number of trees on Kn (case)

During my reasearch I have stumbled across a problem that can be presented in such way:
"How many are there spanning trees on Kn such that every tree contains v: deg(v) = k, for a given k"
The ...

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126 views

### Expected length of minimum spanning trees

For a simple, finite, connected and complete graph $K_n = (V(K_n), E(K_n))$ with vertex set $V(K_n)$ and edge set $E(K_n)$, we assign a non-negative independent and identical distributed random weight ...

**0**

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299 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure between minimum spanning trees

I am trying to compare minimum spanning trees through time. I have two questions:
1-Is it possible to measure the similarity between two minimum spanning trees with Gromov-Hausdorff distance measure ...

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183 views

### Euclidean Minimum Spanning Trees Restricted to One Vertex Per Grid Cell

Given an $n \times n$ grid with unit grid cells, and one point from the interior
of each cell, what is are best possible lower and upper bounds for lengths of minimum spanning trees? The lower bound ...

**3**

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**0**answers

220 views

### Characterizing graphs with $k$ edge-disjoint minimum diameter spanning trees

Henneberg [1] and Laman [2] characterized graphs which have, after adding any edge, 2 edge-disjoint spanning trees. This was generalized to $k$ edge-disjoint spanning trees by Frank and Szegõ [3]. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

370 views

### Maximum number of hyperedges on a hypergraph without a spanning tree

Although every connected graph has a spanning tree, the same is not true for hypergraphs: consider the hypergraph on 4 vertices with all possible edges of size 3. You need to pick at least two edges ...

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319 views

### On some special spanning trees of grid graphs

I would like to know if there are existing results on the following objects:
spanning trees of a grid graph, with no corridor
where a corridor is a vertex having exactly two neighbors, on opposite ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

751 views

### Minimum Spanning Tree of Graph with Unknown Weights

I have a fully connected graph $G=(V,E)$ with $n$ vertices. The edge weights $w(e)$ with $e\in E$ are non-negative and form a metric space (e.g. Hamming distance), thus for vertices $v,u,y \in V$, we ...

**12**

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**4**answers

1k views

### Graphs in which every spanning tree is an independency tree

It follows from this question
and the corresponding answers, that the complete graphs and the cycles are precisely the graphs
$G$ having the property that, for every spanning tree $T$ of $G$, the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

396 views

### Random path in a graph

Consider a finite graph $G$. I would like to define a random path between two vertices $s$ and $t$ of the graph $G$ by looking at a measure $\mu$ on all spanning trees. Then the probability of a given ...

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252 views

### Matrix-tree for matrices with constant diagonal

I've got a symmetric matrix $A$ whose entries are in $\{0,-1,1\}$, with the diagonal entries all equal to $1$. I'm interested in finding a combinatorial description of the entries of the inverse of $A$...

**3**

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**1**answer

252 views

### rainbow spanning tree

In graph G, every edge has a color. Rainbow spanning tree is a spanning tree where all edges have different colors.
I want a polynomial algorithm to find such tree if exists any
Anyone can help?

**2**

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**0**answers

613 views

### Incremental minimum spanning tree

Given a connected graph $G=(V,E)$ with a weight function $w:E\to\mathbb{R}$ and a subset $E_0\subseteq E$ such that the subgraph $(V,E_0)$ is connected, I am looking for a sequence $E_0\subseteq E_1\...

**0**

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**3**answers

831 views

### Minimize diameter of a tree

Hi! I have an acyclic undirected unweighted connected graph (a tree :) ), and I have to disconnect an edge and create a new one to minimize the diameter.
For now, I do a bfs on a arbitrary node, find ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Divisibility Relation for Spanning Trees of a Graph

Let $A = \big[{1\ 1\atop 1\ 0}\big]$, and let $G_n$ be the graph whose adjacency matrix is
$A^{\otimes n}$. Also let $\kappa(G)$ denote the number of spanning trees of $G$. From a significant amount ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

731 views

### Minimum spanning subgraph with at least one incoming and one outgoing edge

Given a single-component, directed acyclic graph with one source (vertex with only outgoing edges) and one sink (vertex with only incoming edges), I'd like to find a minimum spanning subgraph which ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How random are random spanning trees?

Suppose you take a $G(n,p)$ random graph for a fixed probability $p$ and find a spanning tree using Kruskal's algorithm. If you now repeat this process indefinitely, will every tree on $n$ vertices ...

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498 views

### Minimum spanning tree of a random graph

Consider $n$ points arbitrarily located on the plane. Consider a random graph $G$ drawn from $G(n, \frac12)$ on these points (i.e. the Erdos-Renyi random graph where every edge is selected with ...

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**1**answer

2k views

### 3D Delaunay Triangulation -> Euclidean Minimum Spanning Tree

I read that the Euclidean Minimum Spanning Tree (EMST) of a set of points is a subgraph of any Delaunay triangulation. Apparently the easiest/fastest way to obtain the EMST is to find the Deluanay ...