Questions tagged [sequences-and-series]

for questions about sequences and series, e.g. convergence, closed form expressions, etc. Note that there is a different tag for spectral sequences, and also note that MathOverflow is not for homework. Please consider consulting the online encyclopedia for integer sequences, if you are trying to identify a given sequence that you have found in your research.

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On the first sequence without triple in arithmetic progression

In this Numberphile video (from 3:36 to 7:41), Neil Sloane explains an amazing sequence: It is the lexicographically first among the sequences of positive integers without triple in arithmetic ...
27
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563 views

Does this infinite primes snake-product converge?

This re-asks a question I posed on MSE: Q. Does this infinite product converge? $$ \frac{2}{3}\cdot\frac{7}{5}\cdot\frac{11}{13}\cdot\frac{19}{17}\cdot\frac{23}{29}\cdot\frac{37}{31} \cdot \cdots \...
27
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1k views

How to prove the identity $L(2,(\frac{\cdot}3))=\frac2{15}\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty\frac{48^k}{k(2k-1)\binom{4k}{2k}\binom{2k}k}$?

For the Dirichlet character $\chi(a)=(\frac a3)$ (which is the Legendre symbol), we have $$L(2,\chi)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(\frac n3)}{n^2}=0.781302412896486296867187429624\ldots.$$ Note that this ...
21
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834 views

Is A276175 integer-only?

The terms of the sequence A276123, defined by $a_0=a_1=a_2=1$ and $$a_n=\dfrac{(a_{n-1}+1)(a_{n-2}+1)}{a_{n-3}}\;,$$ are all integers (it's easy to prove that for all $n\geq2$, $a_n=\frac{9-3(-1)^n}{2}...
20
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434 views

Representations of $\zeta(3)$ as continued fractions involving cubic polynomials

$\zeta(3)$ has at least two well-known representations of the form $$\zeta(3)=\cfrac{k}{p(1) - \cfrac{1^6}{p(2)- \cfrac{2^6}{ p(3)- \cfrac{3^6}{p(4)-\ddots } }}},$$ where $k\in\mathbb Q$ and $p$ is a ...
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468 views

Does every real function have this weak derivation property?

After this question : Does every real function have this weak continuity property? Natrualy there are an other (more difficult) : Is it true that for every real function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}...
16
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371 views

Division of a square and value of a disk

[Full disclosure] I asked this question on math.stackexchange with little success : https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1866295/division-of-a-square-and-value-of-a-disk I cam across this problem ...
16
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702 views

How to explain the picturesque patterns in François Brunault's matrix?

How to explain the patterns in the matrix defined in François Brunault's answer to the question Freeness of a Z[x] module depicted below? -- Choosing colors according to the highest power of 2 which ...
16
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1k views

Regularizing the divergent sum $1^k + 2^k + \cdots$

EDIT: Under this "regularization", the harmonic series can be interpreted as $s_{-1}$ and assigned a value $$s_{-1} = \lim_{k \rightarrow 1} \zeta(k) (2-2^k) = -2 \log 2$$ I was looking at ...
11
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243 views

Does any real function have a Lipschitzian restriction on $D$?

Does any real function have a Lipschitzian restriction on $D$, where $D$ is an infinite subset of $\Bbb R$ with an accumulation point?
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262 views

About certain infinite products with the property $f(a)=f(1/a)$

In the paper "Transformations of infinite series" Bryden Cais gives the following transformations of infinite products With some modification of Cais's method using contour integration one can obtain ...
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631 views

Is there a proof that OEIS-A002387 is $[ e^{n-\gamma} ]$?

Based on the comments on OEIS-A002387: $a_{n}$ = 1, 2, 4, 11, 31, 83, 227, 616,... it is likely, that the sequence $a_{n}$ coincides with $[ e^{n-\gamma} ]$ , where $\gamma$ is the Euler-Mascheroni ...
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173 views

On the first sequence without collinear triple

Let $u_n$ be the sequence lexicographically first among the sequences of nonnegative integers with graphs without collinear three points (as for $a_n=n^2$ or $b_n=2^n$). It is a variation of that one. ...
9
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366 views

If the generating function summation and zeta regularized sum of a divergent exist, do they always coincide?

One could assign a value to divergent series by means of several summation methods. One summation method we could consider is the generating function method. Let's sum, for example, the fibonacci ...
9
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490 views

Can an infinite sum depending on the logarithms of all positive integers be rational or algebraic?

Consider $$ C = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{f_1(n)} f_2(n) \log{n} + f_3(n)}{f_4(n)}$$ The sum converges. $f_1$ is either $0$ or $n-1$, $f_2,f_3,f_4$ are polynomials with integer coefficients and $ ...
8
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322 views

Generalizing Ramanujan's and the Chudnovskys' 1/pi formula (Part 1)

Some years ago, I asked in MSE a question about the Chudnovsky brothers pi formula. Later, I asked in MO a related question. The former was unanswered until a few days ago when L. Miller gave me a ...
8
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175 views

The condition on $\alpha$ that $\alpha^n$ is convergent modulo 1

We consider numbers $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}$ with $|\alpha|>1$. Is there any result about a characterization of those $\alpha$ so that $\{\alpha^n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ is convergent modulo 1? I ...
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151 views

Infinite series identities in search of a proof

This comes in relation to the Fishburn numbers. I stumbled on the following relation for which I ask a proof if true. Let $Q_i(z):=1-(1-t)^{i-1}(1-zt)$. Then $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(n+1)zt}{...
8
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418 views

Evaluating $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \binom{2z}{z-kn}$

Can we turn this sum into a simpler form ? $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \binom{2z}{z-kn}=\Gamma(2z+1)\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(z-kn+1)\Gamma(z+kn+1)} \qquad;\qquad (z;n)\in \mathbb C \times \mathbb ...
8
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669 views

Is this 2x2 determinant sequence positive and increasing?

Let $X_1,X_2,X_3$ be three discrete (integer and non-negative valued) random variables with local probabilities $a_k:=\mathbb{P}(X_1=k)$, $b_k:=\mathbb{P}(X_2=k)$, $c_k:=\mathbb{P}(X_3=k)$ and $s_k:=\...
8
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800 views

On the sum of consecutive primes and product of first and last

Lets consider the sequence of consecutive prime numbers $p_1=2 , p_2=3 ,p_4=5 , \cdots$ . $(p_n,p_{j})$ is to be called good prime pair if $$\sum_{i =n }^{j}p_i= p_n p_{j}$$ Meaning the sum of set of ...
7
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167 views

“Taylor series” is to “Volterra series” as “Padé approximant” is to _________?

Padé approximants are often better than Taylor series at representing a function. Given a Taylor series, one can use Wynn's epsilon algorithm to easily produce the Padé approximants to it. Volterra ...
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118 views

Minimum length of sequence such that every integer from 1 to n can be achieved as the sum of some contiguous subsequence

This question literally came to me in a fever dream last night, and it's frustrating me to no end. I'll try to explain it as best I can, but there may not be a satisfying answer; the best outcome ...
7
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182 views

How to prove the identity $\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{3H_{k-1}^2+4H_{k-1}/k}{k^2\binom{2k}k}=\frac{\pi^4}{360}$?

For each $n=0,1,2,\ldots$, the harmonic number $H_n$ is given by $$H_n:=\sum_{0<k\le n}\frac1k.$$ In 2016 I conjectured that $$\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{3H_{k-1}^2+4H_{k-1}/k}{k^2\binom{2k}k}=\frac{...
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255 views

Alternative approaches to Zudilin's proof of Apéry's theorem

The article Wadim Zudilin, Apéry's theorem. Thirty years after, Int. J. Math. Comput. Sci. 4 (2009), no. 1 pp 9–19. (arXiv:math/0202159, with the title An elementary proof of Apéry's theorem) ...
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162 views

Has this self-similar sequence the ratio $(\sqrt2+1)^2$?

This is inspired by a math.SE question, where an infinite sequence of pairwise distinct natural numbers $a_1=1, a_2, a_3, ...$ has been defined as follows: $a_n$ is the smallest number such that $s_n:=...
7
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229 views

Why does a polynomial with discriminant $d=-163$ appear in this sequence?

Fact 1: Given the eta quotient, $$x_d= e^{2\pi\rm{i}/48}\,\frac{\eta(\tau)}{\eta(2\tau)}$$ where $\tau=\frac{1+\sqrt{-d}}2$, then $x_d$ for $d=11,19,43,67,163$ are the roots of the simple cubics, $$...
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110 views

in search of intepretations and connections for $k$-central binomials

Fix a positive integer $k$. Then, the sequences $$c(n,k)=\frac{k^n}{n!}\prod_{m=1}^{n-1}(1+km)=[x^n]\left(\frac1{1-k^2x}\right)^{1/k}$$ are referred to as "$k$-central binomial coefficients", and ...
7
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209 views

An integral for the tribonacci constant and the general case

When I asked for integrals involving the tribonacci constant $T$, user @nospoon gave the nice answer, $$\int_0^{\infty} \eta( i \, x)\,\eta(i \,11 x) \,dx = \frac{ \ln T}{\sqrt{11}} $$ However, the ...
7
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343 views

Analytic expression for the Tsirelson bound of the I3322 inequality?

Finding Tsirelson bounds for Bell inequalities is a well-loved problem in quantum information theory. A famous case where it is still open is for the I3322 inequality. In this paper Pál and Vértesi ...
7
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246 views

Asymptotic behavior of a sequence of functions

For $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $q\in(0,1)$, define $$f_{n}(q):=\sum_{i_{1},i_{2},\dots,i_{n}=1}^{\infty}\frac{q^{i_1+i_2+\dots+i_n}}{(1-q^{i_1+i_2})(1-q^{i_2+i_3})\dots(1-q^{i_{n-1}+i_n})(1-q^{i_n+i_1})}.$$ ...
7
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0answers
175 views

How to assess the influence of a specific term in this telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$?

I like to expand on this (unanswered) MSE question. Take the following, nicely symmetrical, telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(1+\sum _{n=1}^{\...
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320 views

About the first decimal of $\sqrt {n!}$

Do we have : $$\sup\{\sqrt {n!} - E(\sqrt {n!}); n\in I\!\!N\}=1?$$ Where $E(\cdot)$ is the integer part function, and $n!=1\times 2...\times n$.
7
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182 views

Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$ Now ...
7
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481 views

Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$. The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$. Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...
7
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457 views

Composition of two formal series

There are two formal semi-infinite Laurent series $$ f_+(z)=z+\sum_{k=2}^{\infty} a_k z^k $$ and $$ f_-(z)=z+\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} b_k z^{-k} $$ Their composition (we assume that this composition ...
6
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0answers
191 views

Convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty x_n^k$

I thought that this question is more suitable for MSE, and asked it there. (Link to the MSE question) However, it does not get any answer despite the upvotes. It appears that I might have ...
6
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0answers
103 views

On a certain $(-1)$-Eulerian polynomials of type $B$

Let $(q)_n=(1-q)(1-q^2)\cdots(1-q^n)$ with $(q)_0:=1$. Define a $q$-exponential by $$e_q(z)=\sum_{n\geq0}\frac{z^n}{(q)_n}.$$ There is a notion of $q$-Eulerian polynomials of type $A$, see the ...
6
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214 views

Closed form for 2D lattice sum

I am wondering if a closed form exists to the lattice sum $$S(a)= \sum_{m=-\infty}^{\infty} \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} \frac 1 {(a^2+m^2+n^2)^{3/2}}$$ I am also interested in replacing $m^2+n^2$ with a ...
6
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0answers
246 views

a question about Tsirelson's space

NOTE: I asked this question over at math.stackexchange.com but got no answer or comments after 3 days, probably because it's a bit specialized. Hopefully it is interesting enough to ask over here. ...
6
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0answers
275 views

Irrationality of the sum of the reciprocal of perfect powers

A couple of days ago I was trying to remember a classical exercise (which I now find out goes by the name of Goldbach-Euler theorem). Eventually I figured out that it asked to prove that $$\sum_{p\in\...
6
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0answers
532 views

Number of Configurations in the optimal Hanoi tower

There is a unique strategy how to move $n$ disks from the first rod to the second optimally and it takes $2^n-1$ steps, solution is obtained by simple recursion. I am interested into the following ...
5
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164 views

On rational Ramanujan-type series for $1/\pi$

A Ramanujan-type series for $1/\pi$ is a series of the following form $$ \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{(\frac12)_n(\frac{1}{s})_n(1-\frac{1}{s})_n}{(1)_n^3} (bn+a) z^n=\frac{1}{\pi}, $$ where $(c)_n=c(c+1)...
5
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169 views

Is there a practical application of natural integral or differintegral?

The following formulas give natural differintegral (that is one with naturally fixed integration constant): $$f^{(s)}(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {s}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$ $$...
5
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0answers
74 views

Counterexamples or reasonings about the transcendence of series involving the Möbius function, and polynomials in the denominator

This afternoon I tried to read and understand some sections of the paper Some Applications of Diophantine Approximation by R. Tijdeman procedding from Number Theory for the Millenium III, A K Peters (...
5
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0answers
102 views

Extension of Valdivia-Vogt isomorphism from $\mathscr{D}(K)$ to $\mathscr{E}'(K)$

Let $M$ be a $d$-dimensional (say, Hausdorff, paracompact, connected and oriented) smooth manifold, and $K\subset M$ compact with $\mathring{K}\neq\varnothing$. M. Valdivia has shown (based on ...
5
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124 views

A relation concerning the “sum of squares” counting function $r_2(n)$

This is a re-post from MSE as I did not get any response there. Let $r_2(n)$ denote the number of ways in which a positive integer $n$ can be expressed as the sum of squares of two integers. Here ...
5
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0answers
219 views

A problem of Erdős on convergence of $\sum (-1)^nn/p_n$ and equidistribution of $\pi(n)$ modulo 2

Erdős asked1 whether the series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n n}{p_n}$$ converges. Here, $p_n$ denotes the n-th prime. I can show that this series converges simultaneously with the series $\sum_{...
5
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0answers
256 views

Telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$, question about the basic ideas and a specific series

There are many known telescoping series that enable analytic continuation of $\sum _n \frac {1}{n^{s}}$ into a variety of domains, however they seem to all be derived from two basic ideas: 1) The ...
5
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1answer
160 views

Inverse problems for an asymptotic series which depends on a parameter?

I have the series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}a_{n}(\nu)\frac{\sin[\nu\,(m-n)]}{\nu\,(m^2-n^2)}=\frac{1}{m}$, where $m$ is an integer. Is it possible to compute the coeffients $a_{n}(\nu)$? An ...