Questions tagged [schrodinger-operators]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
34 views

References to the theory of scattering resonances in dimension 1

Does anyone know a good reference to study the theory of scattering resonances in dimension 1 ? I would also like to add that I don't know anything about this theory, so I'm starting from zero. Thanks ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How to use Fredholm alternative to check that there are only finite eigenvalues of $H$ on the imaginary axis?

On $\mathbb{R}^3$, we consider the operator \begin{equation} \mathcal{H}= \left( \begin{matrix} -\Delta +1 -2 \phi^2 & -\phi^2 \\ \phi^2 & \Delta -1 +2 \phi^2 \end{matrix} \right) , D(...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Nonlinear ODE to linear PDE?

I am interested in when and how one can trade a non-liner ODE for a linear PDE. To explain what this could look like here is a physics-inspired discussion. Consider a classical mechanical system with ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

An inequality for uniqueness proof of NLS

Setting Although this detail is not relevant to my question, let me set the problem that my question arise. We are considering an initial value problem \begin{align*} \begin{cases} u\in L^\infty(I,H^{...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Are Weyl sequences polynomially bounded?

Look at the Hilbert space $l^2( \mathbb{Z}) $ and let $A$ be a translation invariant band operator. I.e. if $\{ e_n \}_{n \in \mathbb Z} $ is the standard basis for $l^2( \mathbb{Z}) $ then it holds ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Is there a discrete Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum?

A relatively well-known example of (continuous) Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum is the complex Airy operator on the line, i.e., the operator acting on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ given by the ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Domain issues regarding the Duhamel formula for the linear Schrödinger equation

I have some questions in succession regarding the rigorous domain issues about a Duhamel expansion formula (stated near the end of my post) for the linear Schrödinger equation. Consider a linear ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

An inequality of spacetime Banach space for non-linear Schrodinger equation

I am reading a proof for the existence of a solution to the Local Cauchy problem of the non-linear Schrodinger equation $$ i\partial_t u+\Delta u +\epsilon u |u|^{2} = 0 \\ u(x,0)=u_0(x) $$ The ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Determining what happens to the spectrum of Schrödinger operator as boundary condition changes

I recently came across a problem in research, and I'm asking about it here after trying in math stack exchange with no luck. Suppose I have a metric graph $G$ (or even a closed interval, to make ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Semigroup theory for non-symmetric Markov processes / complex-valued potentials

Let $X$ be a continuous-time Markov process on a countable state space $E$, and let $V:E\mapsto\mathbb C$ be some complex function. $X$ can be characterized by its transition rates $(\lambda_{xy})_{x,...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Looking for an electronic copy of Lebeau's paper

I would like to know if anyone has an electronic copy of the paper "Gilles Lebeau - Contrôle De L'Équation De Schrödinger"? This article appeared in Journal de Mathématiques Pures et ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

When does a one-dimensional Schrödinger operator have a threshold resonance?

Consider the operator $$ L = -\partial_x^2 + V(x),$$ for some bounded, decaying potential, i.e. $V(x)\to 0$ as $x\to \pm \infty$. I'm interested in the $L^2(\mathbb R)$ spectrum of $L$. We know that $...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Angular excitations and Schrodinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

Can someone please explain the following in mathematical language? "First of all, angular excitations only push the energy up, never down, so it is enough to analyze spherically symmetric s-waves....
3
votes
0answers
153 views

How to prove the following linearized operator is positive?

In $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$, let $Q$ be the solution to \begin{equation} -\Delta Q+\alpha^2 Q = |Q|^{2\sigma} Q, \end{equation} and $Q$ satisfies that it is positive, radial, and exponentially decaying (...
2
votes
0answers
376 views

The Node Theorem - an argument from physics

The theorem on the number of zeros of a solution to a Sturm-Liouville equation is a well-know result in quantum mechanics. It doesn't seem to have a special name in the mathematics literature, but it ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Schrodinger operator with matrix potential

This question is inspired by attempts to extend in some way Shen's 1999 "On fundamental solutions of generalized Schrödinger operators" to Schrödinger operators $- \Delta + V $ with some ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Cwikel–Lieb–Rosenbljum inequality including zero resonances

The Cwikel–Lieb–Rosenbljum inequality asserts that, for any potential $V:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, we have $$(\mbox{number of eigenvalue} \leq 0\mbox{ , counted with multiplicity, of }-\Delta+V\,)\...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Resonances for Schrodinger operators with radial potentials

Let $V\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^3)$ be a radial, compactly supported potential, and consider the Schrodinger operator $H:=-\Delta + V$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$. Let $\psi$ be a resonance for $H$, i.e. a ...
7
votes
1answer
334 views

Spectrum of “classical” operators

Lately, I've been reading a couple of papers from different one-dimensional PDE contexts on which operators like $\mathcal{L}:=-\partial_x^2+c_*+\Phi$ repeatedly appear. Usually, on these contexts $\...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Proving that $(f,g)$ are Cauchy data for the Schrödinger equation iff $(f,g)$ satisfies an equation

I have to prove that if $f\in H^{1/2}(\partial\Omega)$ then $(f,g)$ are Cauchy data for the Schrödinger equation if and only if $$g=\gamma^{-1/2} \Lambda_{\gamma}(\gamma^{-1/2} f)+1/2 \gamma^{-1}\...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

What's the essential definition of resonance of Schrodinger operator?

Rencently, I am reading some articles about time decay estimates or Strichartz estimates for Schrodinger equations with potential. When considering Strichartz estimates for potential $V$ with decay $|...
4
votes
0answers
139 views

Schrodinger operator with magnetic field: eigenvalues

Consider the self-adjoint operator on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$, $$H=-\frac{1}{2}(\nabla-iA)^{2}+V,$$ where $A\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{N}, \mathbb{R}^{N} )$, $V\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$, $V\...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Logarithmic Sobolev growth of time-space-periodic Schrödinger solutions

Consider the following Schrödinger equation $$i\partial_t \psi (t,x) + \Delta \psi - V(t,x) \psi = 0 \, ,$$ where $x\in \mathbb{T}^d$ and $V(t,\cdot)$ is real, smooth, and periodic (with a diophantine ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Lippmann-Schwinger equation for the Coulomb potential

Let $H=H_0+V$ be a Hamiltonian on $\mathbb{R}^3$ where $H_0=-\frac{\Delta}{2m}$ is the free Hamiltonian and $V$ is a potential. Let us assume first that $V$ decays sufficiently fast at infinity and ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

On a interpolation inequality for the Schrödinger unitary group (NLS)

I'm trying to understand scattering for the classical nonlinear Schrödinger equation and for that i'm studying a scattering criterion on Tao's paper. At Lema 3.1 he states that $$\left\|e^{it\Delta}f\...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Anderson localization for Bernoulli potentials on half-line

Anderson localisation for (discrete) Schrödinger operators with Bernoulli potentials on $l^2(\mathbb{Z})$ was proven in https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01210702 I am wondering if there ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Uniform boundedness for Strichartz constants in Tao's book

This is a question from Tao's book "Nonlinear Dispersive Equations". We define the space $S^0(I\times R^d)$ as the closure of the Schwartz functions under the norm $$\|u\|_{S^0}=\sup_{(q,r)\text{ ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

The ill-posedness of $L^2$-super critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation

For nonlinear Schrodinger equation$$\begin{cases}iu_t+\Delta u+|u|^\alpha u=0\\u(0)=\phi\in H^1(\mathbb R^d)\end{cases}$$ where $\alpha>\frac 4d$. In Christ, Colliander, Tao's paper Ill-posedness ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Schrodinger and Laplace operators with infinitely many common eigenvalues

Let $V>0$ be a non-constant polynomial and consider the one dimensional Schrodinger operator $H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V$ on $[0 ,L]$ with Neumann boundary condition. Can $H$ and $T=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

An optimization problem for one- dimensional Schrodinger operator

For a potential of the form $V(x)=ax^4+bx^2$, where $a,b>0$, let us consider the one dimensional Schrodinger operator $D=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V$ with Dirichlet B.C on $[-L,L]$ and denote its first ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Estimate of a solution of Schroedinger equation for a free particle

Let $\psi(x,t)$ be a solution of the Schroedinger on the line $$i\frac{\partial \psi}{\partial t}=-\frac{1}{2m}\frac{\partial^2 \psi}{\partial x^2}.$$ One assumes that $\psi(x,0)$ "behaves well" as $...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

Explicit form of S-matrix on the line

Consider the Hamiltonian $H$ on functions on the line with \begin{eqnarray} H=H_0+V,\\ H_0=-\frac{1}{2m}\frac{d^2}{dx^2} \end{eqnarray} where $V$ is a potential vanishing outside of a bounded interval ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Partial well-posedness results on Schrödinger operators?

Set $ A_i:= -\Delta + V_i :H^2(\mathbb{R}^3) \subseteq L^2(\mathbb{R}^3) \to L^2(\mathbb{R}^3), \ i =1,2 $, where \begin{equation*} V_1 = 0, \ \ (\textrm{No interaction}) \\ V_2 = - \frac{\gamma}...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Spectrum of a Hamiltonian which is a perturbation of Laplacian

Let $\Delta =\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_1^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_2^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_3^2}$ be the Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Consider a self adjoint operator $H$ on complex ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

A generalization of scattering theory

In the quantum scattering theory one proves results of the following type. Let $H_0$ be the Laplacian $\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_1^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_2^2}+\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Monotonicity of Schrödinger Eigenvalues

Let us consider the Schrödinger operator $$ H_hf(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}f(x)+h(h\sin^2(x)-\cos(x))f(x) $$ on $L^2[-\pi,\pi]$ with Neumann boundary conditions $f^\prime(\pm\pi)=0$. Here, $h\geq 0$ is a ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Non-isolated ground state of a Schrödinger operator

Question. Does there exist a dimension $d \in \mathbb{N}$ and a measurable function $V: \mathbb{R}^d \to [0,\infty)$ such that the smallest spectral value $\lambda$ of the Schrödinger operator $-\...
1
vote
1answer
402 views

A question of the Schrodinger Semigroup --By B. Simon

The question comes from the paper: B. Simon, Schrodinger Semigroups, Bull. A.M.S., (1982) Vol. 7 (3). On the Theorem C.1.2(subsolution estimate) of the paper, it says that: If $Hu=0$, where $H=-\...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

Lower estimate of the minimal eigenvalue of a Hamiltonian

Consider a linear operator $H\colon L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)\to L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ given by $$H(\psi)(x):=-\Delta\psi(x)+V(x)\cdot \psi(x),$$ where $V\colon \mathbb{R}^3\to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous (or ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Anderson localization for fractional Laplacians

There is a vast literature on Anderson localization, namely, the study of decay of eigenfunctions of operators on $l^2(\mathbb{Z}^d)$ such as $$ -\Delta+\lambda V $$ where $\Delta$ is the discrete ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

relative compact on nonlinear term

On the paper: Decay of Solutions to Nonlinear Schrodinger Equations. Let $u$ be a solution of the equation $$Hu+|u|^2u=0,$$ where $H$ is a Schrodinger operator, i.e. $-\Delta+V$ and $V$ is a (...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Anderson Localization and Homogenization theory

I originally asked this on Mathematics Stack Exchange but realized it might be better to ask it here. The question is mostly related to homogenization theory in mathematical physics. $\textbf{...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

Criteria for Schrödinger operator on real line to have simple spectrum

Consider a Schrödinger operator $H:=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb R$, where $V$ is such that $H$ has a purely discrete spectrum $-\infty<\lambda_1\leq\lambda_2\leq\cdots$ converging to $+\infty$. Do there ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Elementary quantum scattering problem on the line.

Let us consider the quantum scattering problem on the line with the Hamiltonian $$H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+ V(x),$$ where $V(x)=1$ when $x\in (0,a)$, and $V(x)=0$ otherwise. It is easy to see that $H$ ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

Fourier transform of a generalized function on the plane

Is there an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the generalized function of 2 variables $$\frac{1}{x+y^2+i0}?$$ Remark. Equivalent question: consider the Schroedinger equation one the ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

Difference Between Eigenvalues of Schrödinger Operator with Different Boundary Conditions

Consider a Schrödinger operator $$H=-\Delta+V$$ on a nice bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^d$ (say, a ball or a cube), and assume for simplicity that $V$ is smooth. Let $\lambda_D,\lambda_N$ ...
0
votes
3answers
240 views

Single quantum particle entropy

Consider a wave function of a single particle in free space, whose evolution is described by the (non-dimensional) linear Schrodinger equation $$i\psi _t (t,\underline{x}) + \Delta \psi=V(\underline{x}...
0
votes
0answers
166 views

Spectrum of a Hamiltonian on the real line

Consider the following linear (Hamiltonian) operator on functions on the real line $\mathbb{R}$ $$H\psi(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}\psi(x)+V(x)\psi(x).$$ Assume that $V$ is a smooth function and $V(x)\to +\...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Barry Simon's decay of eigenfunctions for pseudo differential operators

In his celebrated paper on Schrödinger semigroups, Barry Simon proves the following result. Let $V_{-} \in K_\nu$, $V_{+} \in K_\nu^{\mathrm{loc}}$ and suppose that $Hu=Eu$ where $E$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Discrete spectrum of Schrodinger operator

Assume $\Omega$ is a non-compact region or manifold with dimension $\geq4$. Let $H=-\Delta+V$ be Schrodinger operator. Here $V$ is a (smooth)function. I know that if $V\geq c>0$ or $V\to c>0$,...