# Questions tagged [schrodinger-operators]

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### A question of the Schrodinger Semigroup --By B. Simon

The question comes from the paper: B. Simon, Schrodinger Semigroups, Bull. A.M.S., (1982) Vol. 7 (3).
On the Theorem C.1.2(subsolution estimate) of the paper, it says that: If $Hu=0$, where $H=-\...

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### Lower estimate of the minimal eigenvalue of a Hamiltonian

Consider a linear operator $H\colon L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)\to L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ given by
$$H(\psi)(x):=-\Delta\psi(x)+V(x)\cdot \psi(x),$$
where $V\colon \mathbb{R}^3\to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous (or ...

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### Sudden appearance of an eigenvalue of a self-adjoint operator $H = H_0 + \lambda H_1$

In doing some numerical calculation in quantum mechanics, we found something surprising to us. Let the Hamiltonian be
$$ H = H_0 + \lambda H_1 , $$
where both $H_0$ and $H_1$ are self-adjoint, and $...

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120 views

### Anderson localization for fractional Laplacians

There is a vast literature on Anderson localization, namely, the study of decay of eigenfunctions of operators on $l^2(\mathbb{Z}^d)$ such as
$$
-\Delta+\lambda V
$$
where $\Delta$ is the discrete ...

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### What are tools we need to prove scattering result for NLS when propagator is unitary?

Consider nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS)
$$i\partial_t u + \Delta u =F(u) , u(x,0)=u_0$$
where $F$ is some nonlinearity.
Assume that there exists Banach space $X$ so that $\|e^{it\Delta} f\|_{X}...

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68 views

### relative compact on nonlinear term

On the paper: Decay of Solutions to Nonlinear Schrodinger
Equations.
Let $u$ be a solution of the equation
$$Hu+|u|^2u=0,$$
where $H$ is a Schrodinger operator, i.e. $-\Delta+V$ and $V$ is a (...

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### Anderson Localization and Homogenization theory

I originally asked this on Mathematics Stack Exchange but realized it might be better to ask it here.
The question is mostly related to homogenization theory in mathematical physics.
$\textbf{...

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137 views

### Criteria for Schrödinger operator on real line to have simple spectrum

Consider a Schrödinger operator $H:=-\Delta+V$ on $\mathbb R$, where $V$ is such that $H$ has a purely discrete spectrum
$-\infty<\lambda_1\leq\lambda_2\leq\cdots$ converging to $+\infty$. Do there ...

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### Elementary quantum scattering problem on the line.

Let us consider the quantum scattering problem on the line with the Hamiltonian
$$H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+ V(x),$$
where $V(x)=1$ when $x\in (0,a)$, and $V(x)=0$ otherwise.
It is easy to see that $H$ ...

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173 views

### Fourier transform of a generalized function on the plane

Is there an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the generalized function of 2 variables
$$\frac{1}{x+y^2+i0}?$$
Remark. Equivalent question: consider the Schroedinger equation one the ...

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### Difference Between Eigenvalues of Schrödinger Operator with Different Boundary Conditions

Consider a Schrödinger operator
$$H=-\Delta+V$$
on a nice bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^d$ (say, a ball or a cube), and assume for simplicity that $V$ is smooth.
Let $\lambda_D,\lambda_N$ ...

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135 views

### Single quantum particle entropy

Consider a wave function of a single particle in free space, whose evolution is described by the (non-dimensional) linear Schrodinger equation $$i\psi _t (t,\underline{x}) + \Delta \psi=V(\underline{x}...

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### Spectrum of a Hamiltonian on the real line

Consider the following linear (Hamiltonian) operator on functions on the real line $\mathbb{R}$
$$H\psi(x)=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}\psi(x)+V(x)\psi(x).$$
Assume that $V$ is a smooth function and $V(x)\to +\...

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142 views

### Barry Simon's decay of eigenfunctions for pseudo differential operators

In his celebrated paper on Schrödinger semigroups, Barry Simon proves the following result.
Let $V_{-} \in K_\nu$, $V_{+} \in K_\nu^{\mathrm{loc}}$ and suppose that $Hu=Eu$ where $E$ is the ...

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### Discrete spectrum of Schrodinger operator

Assume $\Omega$ is a non-compact region or manifold with dimension $\geq4$. Let $H=-\Delta+V$ be Schrodinger operator. Here $V$ is a (smooth)function.
I know that if $V\geq c>0$ or $V\to c>0$,...

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### Realizing $N$-body Hamiltonian operator from $2$-body operator

Let $N\in\mathbb{N}$, and consider the formal $N$-body Schrodinger operator
$$\sum_{j=1}^{N}-\partial_{x_{j}}^{2}+2c\sum_{1\leq j_{1}<j_{2}\leq N}\delta(X_{j_{1}}-X_{j_{2}}), \tag{1}$$
where $c\in\...

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### Perturbation of Elliptic operator

Let $\Omega$ be an open region or a non-compact complete manifold, $L$ be an elliptic operator with possibly non vanishing zero-order term, e.g. $-\Delta+q$. Suppose $W$ is an operator such that $W(...

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### Zero energy resonances for scaling critical Schrodinger operators

Given a real valued potential $V\in L^1(\mathbb{R}^3)$, we say that the Schrodinger operator $-\Delta + V$ has a zero-energy resonance if there exists $\psi\in L^2_{loc}(\mathbb{R}^3)\setminus L^2(\...

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### Lower bound of the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator on a bounded domain

I am trying to look for references on estimate of the lower bound of the spectrum of a Schrodinger operator $-\Delta + V$ on a bounded domain in three-dimensional space. For simplicity, we can take ...

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### Spectrum of magnetic Laplacian

Consider the discrete magnetic Laplacian on $\mathbb Z^2.$
$$(\Delta_{\alpha,\lambda}\psi)(n_1,n_2) = e^{-i \pi \alpha n_2} \psi(n_1+1,n_2) + e^{i\pi \alpha n_2} \psi(n_1-1,n_2) + \lambda \left(e^{i ...

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### Limit (at infinity) for the lowest eigenvalue of a perturbed harmonic oscillator

Let $\epsilon \in [0, \infty[$. Consider the following operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$:
\begin{equation}
H(\epsilon) = -\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + x^2 + \epsilon |x|.
\end{equation}
How does one show that the ...

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### the asymptotic behaviour of function as $\lambda \to -\infty$

Let's consider the following differential equation on $\mathbb{R}$:
$$-u''(x)+u(x)-V(x)u(x)=\lambda u(x),$$ where $\lambda<1$ and $V$ is a bounded.
We consider only that solution $u(x) \in C^1$ ...

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146 views

### Ground state has always constant sign?

Question: What hypothesis on the potential $V$ are required such that the ground state $\phi_0$ has constant sign?
Consider the Schrödinger operator in 1 dimension with potential $V$:
$$\mathcal{H}=-...

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### Pseudo-polynomial potentials for Schrödinger operators

Consider the one dimensional Schrödinger hamiltonian $\mathcal{H}=-\frac{\hbar^2}{2} \frac{d^2}{dx^2} + V(x)$.
Suppose that $V:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^+$ is a continuous and confining ...

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### Why does it hold: the “observation” from Error Bounds for Exponential Operator Splittings by Jahnke & Lubich

In the paper, Tobias Jahnke and Christian Lubich (2000), "Error bounds for exponential operator splittings." BIT Numerical Mathematics,
(Here is the link for the paper: http://www.math.kit.edu/ianm3/~...

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### Time dependent Hamiltonians

I'm studying time dependent perturbation theory on Reed-Simon book "Method of modern mathematical physics, II". If one considers an Hamiltonian of the form
$$H(t)=H_0+V(t)$$
the corresponding formal ...

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### Ground state for a double well potential (Schrödinger)

Consider $V(x)$ a one dimensional polynomial, confining, symmetric double well potential i.e.
$V(x)=V(-x)$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}$
$\displaystyle \lim_{x\to\pm\infty} V(x)=+\infty$
$V(x)\in \mathbb{...

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### When Schroedinger propagator commutes other operators?

Let $f\in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb R^d)$ (Schwartz Space).
We know that $\widehat{\nabla f}(\xi)= 2 \pi i \xi \hat{f} (\xi). $ We define $$\widehat{|\nabla| f^{s}} (\xi) = (2 \pi |\xi|)^s \hat{f} (\xi), ...

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### Schrödinger eigenfunctions are bounded

Let $V:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{+ *}$ a real positive function such that $\displaystyle \lim_{ x \to \pm\infty} V(x)= +\infty $.
Then the Schrödinger operator $H=-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+V(x)$ has ...

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### Existence of solutions to time-dependent Schrödinger equations

I would like to know what is known about evolution equations of the form
$$iy'(t)=H_0y(x,t)+u(t)V(x)y(x,t)$$
and $y(0)=y_0 \in D(H_0)$
where
$V$ is not a bounded operator, but an unbounded one, $u \...

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206 views

### Minimum eigenvalue of One-dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Consider the One dimensional Schrodinger Operator
$$
-\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + V(x)
$$
Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = x^4 - a^2x^2$ , $a \in \mathbb{R} $.
Now of course,the ...

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### Spectral growth of One dimensional Schrodinger Operator

Conside the One dimentional Schrodinger Operator
$$
-\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + ( V(x) + E )
$$
Where the Potential Function $V$ is of the form $V(x) = ax^2 + b^2x^4$ , $a,b \in \mathbb{R} $.
What is known ...

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261 views

### Invariance of sets under Schrödinger equations

We are considering the Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{R}^d \times [0,T]$
$$i \partial_t \psi(x,t)=-\Delta \psi(x,t) + u(t)V(x) \psi(x,t), t>0$$
$$\psi(x,0):=\psi(x_0) \in L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$$
...

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### Quantitative Approach to Existence of Minimal-Mass Blowup Solutions to NLS

Consider the mass-critical defocusing NLS in dimension $d\geq 1$:
$$iu_{t}+\Delta u = |u|^{4/d}u, \quad (t,x) \in I\times\mathbb{R}^{2}$$
Define the mass $M(u)$ and scattering size $S(u)$ of the ...

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### Eignfunctions of an elliptic operator

I am looking for a reference which makes it possible to say that one can devellop $f$ in the form of the sentence underlined by the yellow.
Thank you in advance.

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### Resolvents of Schrodinger operators

In the free case one can compute the resolvents of the Laplacian $-\Delta$ in many cases explicitly, in the sense that they are given by an integral operator. Often, one uses the Hille-Yosida theorem ...

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### Solutions to Schrödinger equation parameter dependence

This is somewhat unrelated to what I normally do in mathematics, which is why it may be obvious to some of you, but I was puzzled by this:
If we look for classical solutions on $[0,1]$ to
$$-y''(x) =...

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### Concerning the decay of the ground state of certain Schrodinger operators

Consider the Schrodinger operator in $n$ dimensions with a potential $V$, which grows rather quickly as $\mid x\mid$ tends to infinity, but with negative potential in a bounded region, for example, a ...

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### Dispersive estimates for one dimensional magnetic Schrodinger operators

I would like to know if there is any known result on dispersive estimates for Schrodinger operator with magnetic potential in one dimension.
There is a lot of literature for three dimensional magnetic ...

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### Birman-Schwinger Principle

The Birman-Schwinger principle says that if $\Delta$ is the usual Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and we consider the operator $H=-\Delta-V$ for a positive potential $V$, then, for any $\lambda>0$, the ...

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### Delta function propogation in the NLS regime

consider the $(1+1)D$ or $(2+1)D$ NLS:
$$ i\psi _t (t,{\bf x}) + \Delta \psi + |\psi|^2\psi = 0 \, ,$$
$$ \psi (t,|{\bf x}|\to \infty) =0 \, , \quad \psi(t=0,{\bf x}) = \psi_0 ({\bf x}) \, , $$
with $...

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### Operator norm of almost mathieu operator

The almost Mathieu operator has become famous since it is the central object of the ten martini problem.
In this paper here a bound on the operator norm is given. Although the bound is of course ...

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### Question about normalization factors in the direct integral of operators

So the original question I wanted to ask was this one:
I'm currently a bit puzzled about the normalization for the Gelfand transform $U$:
So if we have a periodic Schrödinger operator $H$, then we ...

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### Spectrum analytic in quasimomenta?

This is rather a reference request than a research question.
As far as I know the following statement is true:
Let $ H(k)\psi = -\psi''+V \psi$ where $V \in L^2[0,1]$ and the domain of $H(k)$ is
$$...

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### Sub-matrices with a real spectrum

This question arises from the study of PT-symmetric quantum mechanics.
Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ complex-valued matrix with a real spectrum.
If $A$ is Hermitian, then any sub-matrix corresponding to ...

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### Gap-opening perturbations of the periodic Schrödinger operator

I am trying to understand this short paper and I am getting stuck right at the end.
Let $V(x)$ be $C^\infty$ and 1-periodic (that is, $V(x)=V(x+1)$).
We are considering the operator
$$A=-\dfrac{d^2}...

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### estimate of smallest eigenvalue of Schrodinger operator

I am looking for references on estimate of first nonzero Dirichlet eigenvalue for Schrodinger operator $-\Delta + V$, if sharp bounds exist, that would be better, here for simplicity, we can assume ...

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### Bounded solutions for Schrödinger equation at the edge of the essential spectrum

Let $V:R^d\to R_+$ be with a compact support. The Schrödinger operator $H_a=-\Delta - a V$ acting in $L^2(R^d)$ has then (at most) finitely many negative eigenvalues. Denote the number of negative ...

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### Connection between solution for Schrödinger equation and solution for heat equation

It's known, that if you write imaginary unit into a heat equation you'll get time-dependent Schrödinger equation. Recently one guy discovered a connection between solutions for these two equations (...

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### When does the ground state energy continuously depend on a parameter?

Given a family of Schrödinger operators $H_\gamma=-\Delta+V_\gamma$, under which condition is the map $\gamma\mapsto\inf\sigma(H_\gamma)$ continuous?
This is surely the case for many textbook ...