# Questions tagged [schrodinger-operators]

The schrodinger-operators tag has no usage guidance.

154
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### Understanding a Bessel function gluing argument of Simon

I would like to construct a real-valued function $f$ on $(0, \infty)$ with the following properties:
$f(r)$ is $C^1$ on $(0,\infty)$ and $C^\infty$ on $(0,1) \cup (1, \infty)$,
$-f'' + \tfrac{3}{4}r^...

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### Question on a mixed-norm estimate

I am currently reading the paper Global existence and scattering for rough solutions to generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations on $\mathbb{R}$ by Colliander, Holmer, Visan, Zhang. In this article,...

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### Mathematical study of dispersive PDEs [closed]

My understanding is that there have been a lot of activities in harmonic analysis and PDEs that use sophisticated tools to study dispersive PDEs like the Schrodinger's equation. E.g. the Strichartz ...

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### Physical relevancy of two curious PDE's

My research has brought me to the following linear parabolic second order PDE:
$$ \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2}\Psi(t,x)=c(t,x)\frac{\partial}{\partial t}\Psi(t,x) $$
for $c(t,x)=-\frac{t}{x}$ and $...

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### Is there a space of smooth functions dense in the domain of Coulomb-like potentials in dimension two?

Let $V : \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be compactly supported, bounded away from the origin, and obey
$$ |V(x)| \lesssim r^{-\delta_0}, \qquad 0 < |x| \le 1, \qquad r : =|x|,$$
for some $0 < \...

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### Eigenvalues of Schrödinger operator with Robin condition on the boundary

Let $(M^2,g)$ be a compact Riemannian surface with boundary and let $L = \Delta_g + q$ be a Schrödinger operator, where $\Delta_g = -\operatorname{div} \nabla$ is the Laplacian with respect to the ...

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141
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### Spectrum near zero of $-\partial^2_x + V : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$, where $V = O(|x|^{-2 - \delta})$

Let $H = -\partial^2_x + V(x) : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$ be a one dimensional Schrödinger operator, where the potential $V$ is real-valued, belongs to $L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, and, as $|x| \...

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### Schrödinger equation with nonstandard boundary conditions

Consider the partial differential equation
$$\psi_t(t,x)=i\kappa \psi_{xx}(t,x) ~\mbox{for}~ 0<(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}$$
with boundary conditions
$$\psi(0,x)=0 ~\mbox{for}~ x>0,$$
$$\...

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126
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### Is the extension (dual restriction) operator on any smooth hypersurface a solution to some PDE?

We know that the extension operator on paraboloids $\widehat{fd\sigma}(t,x)=\int_\mathbb{R}^nf(\xi)e^{i(t|\xi|^2+x\cdot\xi)}d\xi$ is a solution to the homogeneous Schrodinger equation with initial ...

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### Counterexamples to weak dispersion for the Schrödinger group

Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator on some Hilbert space $H$, let $U(t)=e^{itA}$ be the corresponding continuous group, and let $f\in H$ be orthogonal to all eigenvectors of $A$. Are there examples ...

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214
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### Change of variables for obtaining a unitary group

Consider the following NLS:
$$i u_t + \Delta u- 2 \operatorname{Re} u = F(u),$$
where $F(u):=(u + \bar{u} + |u|^2)u.$
In Scattering for the Gross–Pitaevskii equation, the authors S. Gustafson, K. ...

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### Analyticity of solutions to Schrödinger's equation

Take Schrödinger's equation on $\mathbb{R}$, $i\partial_t\psi(x,t)=H\psi(x,t)$. Assume that $\psi(x,0)$ has compact support. Using known integral formulas for the propagators, it is fairly ...

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### regularity of ground state of Schrodinger operator

I have a probably naive question on the regularity of ground state of the Schrodinger operator: $\Delta u - Vu = Eu$, where $\lim_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}V(x) = +\infty$ and $V\in C^2$, and $E$ is the ...

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### Uniform boundedness Schrödinger operator eigenfunctions with Dirichlet conditions

I would like to ask a question with possibly a reference. If we have a Schrödinger operator $-\Delta+V$ on an interval $[0,L]$ with $V$ continous and Dirichlet conditions, can we state that the ...

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376
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### Duality argument

$\newcommand\norm[1]{\lVert#1\rVert}\newcommand\abs[1]{\lvert#1\rvert}$Throughout my studying for some papers, in particular, the proof of localized Strichartz estimates, I encountered a use of the ...

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### Potential scattering for non-decaying potential

I am reading this note on potential scattering by Siu-Hung Tang and Maciej Zworski.
Just wondering if there is a scattering theory for the Schrödinger with a non-decaying potential $- \Delta + V$ on ...

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### Green's function for elliptic PDE with potential

$\newcommand{\div}{\operatorname{div}}$Suppose I have an elliptic operator $\mathcal{L} u = -\div (A \nabla u) $ on some open set $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$ where here $A$ is uniformly elliptic ...

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39
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### Time evolution of Wigner transform

I am studying the Hartree equation for N-particles for the first time and things are not clear to me. Given the density matrix
$$\gamma_{N, t}^{(n)} (x_1,..,n_n; y_1,...,y_n) =
\begin{cases}
\int \...

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84
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### Integration of Wigner transform

I am a mathematician studying the dynamics of the $N$-Body density matrix $\rho_{N}(x;y)$ for $n$ particles, defined by
$$\rho_{N, t}^{(n)} (x_1,..,n_n; y_1,...,y_n) =
\begin{cases}
\int \rho_{N,t}(...

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### Maximal Lyapunov exponent of Schrödinger-Newton equation

I am trying to determine the sign of the maximal Lyapunov exponent of the Schrödinger-Newton equation
$$
\partial_t \psi(t,\vec{x}) = i\left(a\nabla^2 + \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} \frac{|\psi(t,\vec{y})|^2}{|...

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### When are nodal lines on a sphere geodesics?

Let $(S^2, g)$ be a Riemannian sphere and let $L := \Delta_{S^2} + q$ be a Schrödinger operator on $S^2$. Suppose that $L$ has index equal to one and that $u \in C^{\infty}(S^2)$ ($u \neq 0$) lies in ...

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### Reference for global theory of Schrödinger operators

Question. What is a good reference to learn about the spectral properties of Schrödinger operators in $\mathbf{R}^n$? I am specifically interested in references that discuss examples where the ...

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### Positive semidefinite fundamental solution to Schrodinger operator

Lets say $V : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{M}_d (\mathbb{R})$ is a $d \times d$ symmetric, positive semidefinite matrix function on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and consider the Schrodinger operator $- \Delta + ...

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107
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### Intuition/references for understanding bound states/discrete spectrum relationship

I am trying to form intuition for the following `well-known' facts about spectrum of unbounded operators (Schrodinger/wave etc.) $L$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Let $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}$ satisfy
$Lf=\lambda f$...

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90
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### Convergence of Schrödinger ground states in $L^p$ for $p\neq 2$

Suppose that $H=-\Delta+V$ is a Schrödinger operator with a unique ground state $\psi$. Suppose that $H_n=-\Delta+V_n$ is a sequence of operators such that $V_n\to V$ in some sense as $n\to\infty$ (...

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238
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### Even and odd solutions for the Schrödinger equation

We consider $2a$ - periodic smooth solutions for
\begin{eqnarray*}
-\Delta u+V(x)\,u=0\qquad\hbox{in}\:[-a,a]
\end{eqnarray*}
We assume that $V$ is smooth and even (i.e. $V(-x)=V(x)$). We also assume ...

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162
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### Fractional derivative notation in wave turbulence

This is my first question in MathOverflow and I will do my best to format it correctly and make it clear.
I am reading a paper on dispersive wave turbulence which introduces the following family of ...

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234
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### Recovering the nonlinear Schrödinger equation from its Lax pair

My question is less concerned with the physical aspects of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation and more with the mathematical mechanics of using a Lax pair.
I am considering how to recover the ...

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### How to use Fredholm alternative to check that there are only finite eigenvalues of $H$ on the imaginary axis?

On $\mathbb{R}^3$, we consider the operator
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{H}= \left( \begin{matrix}
-\Delta +1 -2 \phi^2 & -\phi^2 \\
\phi^2 & \Delta -1 +2 \phi^2
\end{matrix} \right) , D(...

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161
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### Nonlinear ODE to linear PDE?

I am interested in when and how one can trade a non-liner ODE for a linear PDE. To explain what this could look like here is a physics-inspired discussion.
Consider a classical mechanical system with ...

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93
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### An inequality for uniqueness proof of NLS

Setting
Although this detail is not relevant to my question, let me set the problem that my question arise.
We are considering an initial value problem
\begin{align*}
\begin{cases}
u\in L^\infty(I,H^{...

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### Are Weyl sequences polynomially bounded?

Look at the Hilbert space $l^2( \mathbb{Z}) $ and let $A$ be a translation invariant band operator. I.e. if $\{ e_n \}_{n \in \mathbb Z} $ is the standard basis for $l^2( \mathbb{Z}) $ then it holds ...

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### Is there a discrete Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum?

A relatively well-known example of (continuous) Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum is the complex Airy operator on the line, i.e., the operator acting on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ given by the ...

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### Domain issues regarding the Duhamel formula for the linear Schrödinger equation

I have some questions in succession regarding the rigorous domain issues about a Duhamel expansion formula (stated near the end of my post) for the linear Schrödinger equation.
Consider a linear ...

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114
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### An inequality of spacetime Banach space for non-linear Schrodinger equation

I am reading a proof for the existence of a solution to the Local Cauchy problem of the non-linear Schrodinger equation
$$
i\partial_t u+\Delta u +\epsilon u |u|^{2} = 0 \\
u(x,0)=u_0(x)
$$
The ...

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### Determining what happens to the spectrum of Schrödinger operator as boundary condition changes

I recently came across a problem in research, and I'm asking about it here after trying in math stack exchange with no luck.
Suppose I have a metric graph $G$ (or even a closed interval, to make ...

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### Semigroup theory for non-symmetric Markov processes / complex-valued potentials

Let $X$ be a continuous-time Markov process on a countable state space $E$, and let $V:E\mapsto\mathbb C$ be some complex function. $X$ can be characterized by its transition rates
$(\lambda_{xy})_{x,...

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### Looking for an electronic copy of Lebeau's paper

I would like to know if anyone has an electronic copy of the paper "Gilles Lebeau - Contrôle De L'Équation De Schrödinger"? This article appeared in Journal de Mathématiques Pures et ...

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### When does a one-dimensional Schrödinger operator have a threshold resonance?

Consider the operator
$$ L = -\partial_x^2 + V(x),$$
for some bounded, decaying potential, i.e. $V(x)\to 0$ as $x\to \pm \infty$. I'm interested in the $L^2(\mathbb R)$ spectrum of $L$. We know that $...

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### Angular excitations and Schrodinger operators with radial potential in N-dimensions

Can someone please explain the following in mathematical language?
"First of all, angular excitations only push the energy up, never down, so it is enough to analyze spherically symmetric s-waves....

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### How to prove the following linearized operator is positive?

In $L^2(\mathbb{R}^d)$, let $Q$ be the solution to
\begin{equation}
-\Delta Q+\alpha^2 Q = |Q|^{2\sigma} Q,
\end{equation}
and $Q$ satisfies that it is positive, radial, and exponentially decaying (...

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### The Node Theorem - an argument from physics

The theorem on the number of zeros of a solution to a Sturm-Liouville equation is a well-know result in quantum mechanics. It doesn't seem to have a special name in the mathematics literature, but it ...

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### Schrodinger operator with matrix potential

This question is inspired by attempts to extend in some way Shen's 1999 "On fundamental solutions of generalized Schrödinger operators" to Schrödinger operators $- \Delta + V $ with some ...

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### Cwikel–Lieb–Rosenbljum inequality including zero resonances

The Cwikel–Lieb–Rosenbljum inequality asserts that, for any potential $V:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, we have
$$(\mbox{number of eigenvalue} \leq 0\mbox{ , counted with multiplicity, of }-\Delta+V\,)\...

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### Resonances for Schrodinger operators with radial potentials

Let $V\in L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^3)$ be a radial, compactly supported potential, and consider the Schrodinger operator $H:=-\Delta + V$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$. Let $\psi$ be a resonance for $H$, i.e. a ...

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### Spectrum of "classical" operators

Lately, I've been reading a couple of papers from different one-dimensional PDE contexts on which operators like $\mathcal{L}:=-\partial_x^2+c_*+\Phi$ repeatedly appear. Usually, on these contexts $\...

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### Proving that $(f,g)$ are Cauchy data for the Schrödinger equation iff $(f,g)$ satisfies an equation

I have to prove that if $f\in H^{1/2}(\partial\Omega)$ then $(f,g)$ are Cauchy
data for the Schrödinger equation if and only if
$$g=\gamma^{-1/2} \Lambda_{\gamma}(\gamma^{-1/2} f)+1/2 \gamma^{-1}\...

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### What's the essential definition of resonance of Schrodinger operator?

Rencently, I am reading some articles about time decay estimates or Strichartz estimates for Schrodinger equations with potential. When considering Strichartz estimates for potential $V$ with decay $|...

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### Schrodinger operator with magnetic field: eigenvalues

Consider the self-adjoint operator on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$,
$$H=-\frac{1}{2}(\nabla-iA)^{2}+V,$$
where $A\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{N}, \mathbb{R}^{N} )$, $V\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{N})$, $V\...

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### Logarithmic Sobolev growth of time-space-periodic Schrödinger solutions

Consider the following Schrödinger equation
$$i\partial_t \psi (t,x) + \Delta \psi - V(t,x) \psi = 0 \, ,$$
where $x\in \mathbb{T}^d$ and $V(t,\cdot)$ is real, smooth, and periodic (with a diophantine ...