# Questions tagged [schemes]

The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1). It was finalized by Alexandre Grothendieck, during the 1950s and the 1960s.

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### extending local systems on a neighbourhood

Let $Y$ an affine finite type scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of $Y$ and $Y'$ the henselization of $Y$ along $S$.
If we have a $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$ local ...

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### l-adic local system. on hensel schemes

Let $k$ be a field, $\ell$ a prime different from the characteristic.
If I take $S$ a closed subscheme of $Y$, which is a $k$-scheme of finite type, is it true that any $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$-local ...

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### Obstructed automorphisms of schemes

Let $X$ be a smooth projective scheme over a field $\mathbf{k}$ of characteristic zero such that $\mathrm{H}^0(X, \mathrm{T}X)$ vanishes, and let $f$ be an automorphism of $X$. I would like to have an ...

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### Comparison of sheaves of modular forms

Let $\pi:E\to X$ the universal generalized elliptic curve over the compactified modular curve, with zero section $e: X\to E$. Now consider the following two sheaves on $X$:
$e^*\Omega^1_{E/X}$ and $\...

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### henselizations along closed subscheme

Where can I find some references about henselizations ablong a closed subscheme?
For example if I take a map $Y\times\mathbb{A}^{1}\rightarrow Y$ and $Z$ a closed subscheme.
Let $Y_{Z}^{h}$ the ...

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### infinitesimal lifting criterion for non-noetherian schemes

We have the "standard criterion" which says that a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is smooth if:
1/ $Y$ is locally noetherian.
2/ $f$ is locally of finite type and satisfies lifting criterion for ...

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### Mapping scheme from a proper variety

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a field $k$. Let $T$ be a scheme over $k$. Is it true that morphisms $T \times X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ are in bijection with morphisms $T \to \Gamma (X, \mathcal{O}_X)$ (...

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### Description of the equalizer of $\prod _j R/I_j \rightrightarrows \prod _{i,j}R/(I_i+I_j)$

This is a crosspost of this MSE question.
I have asked several questions in an attmept to get a general version of the Chinese remainder theorem without conditions on the ideals which will trivially ...

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### History of the functor of points

Until now, I thought the functor of points approach was introduced by Grothendieck at the 1973 Buffalo seminar.
However, in this note by Lawvere the author writes:
"I myself had learned the ...

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### Morphisms of locally ringed spaces into affine schemes

In Görtz and Wedhorn's Algebraic Geometry I, there's the following proposition:
Proposition 3.4. Let $(X,\mathcal O_X)$ be a locally ringed space. If $Y$ is an affine scheme then the natural map ...

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### An apparent equivalence of the category of affine schemes over $S$ and the category of quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_S$-algebras

I had asked something very similar before on math.se (deleted now) but unfortunately it hadn't received a lot of attention. I decided to re-ask here.
Let $S$ be a fixed scheme. Is the following true?
...

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### The SGA1 version of Riemann's Existence Theorem is about analytic spaces. How does one relate it to topological covering spaces?

In SGA1, Theoreme 5.1 (Riemann's Existence Theorem) states:
Let $X$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-scheme locally of finite type, $X^{\operatorname{an}}$ the associated analytical space. Then the functor which ...

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### Arithmetic zeta function and local zeta functions

For the arithmetic zeta function of (say) a nonsingular projective variety $X$, one has the following Euler product
\begin{equation}
\zeta_X(s) = \prod_{p\ \mbox{prime}}\zeta_{X\vert\mathbb{F}_p}(s),
...

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### Base schemes and Bayesian priors

One of Grothendieck's dicta about algebraic geometry is to consider "the relative situation", where one doesn't consider the category of schemes but of schemes over a fixed base scheme.
In Bayesian ...

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### Are there varieties with non finitely generated Picard group and vanishing irregularity?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Can it happen that $q(X) := \dim H^1(X,\mathcal O_X) =0$ and $\textrm{Pic} \,X$ is not finitely generated?
Certainly, ...

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### Reference for de Rham cohomology in positive characteristic

It is known in characteristic $0$ that (algebraic) de Rham cohomology is a Weil cohomology theory. However, in characteristic $p > 0$ it isn't, if only because it has mod $p$ coefficients, whereas ...

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### Chevalley devissage

Let $G$ be an algebraic group over a perfect field $k$. Then it is know that it can be written as an extension of an affine algebraic group and a proper algebraic group.
Is there a similar result for ...

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### Higher-dimensional Artin L-functions

I begin by clarifying that the "higher-dimensional" in my question refers to analogues of Artin L-functions over higher dimensional base schemes than $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbb{Z})$.
Now for the set-up. ...

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### Why would one “attempt” to define points of a motive as $\operatorname{Ext}^1(\mathbb{Q}(0),M)$?

I'm a novice when it comes to motives. (I've read multiple introductory texts.)
I'm attempting to read Galois Theory and Diophantine geometry by Minhyong Kim. In it, he says that "One might attempt, ...

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### Blow up along a section of a smooth morphism

Let $C$ be a ground locally notherian and quasiprojective scheme. Let $\pi:S\to B$ be a $C$-morphism of finite type $C$-schemes. We call $\pi$ a $C$-smooth morphism if the morphisms $S\to C$ and $B\to ...

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### Parahoric Group Scheme

I am looking for the definition of a parahoric group scheme in the sense of Bruhat and Tits? I couldn't find a reference for that? at least a "clear" reference!
thanks

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### Homotopy types of schemes

Let $X$ be a scheme over $\mathbb{C}$.
When does the topological space $X\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$ of $\mathbb{C}$-points have the homotopy type of a finite CW-complex?
When does the topological ...

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### About the relation between the categories $\text{Sch}$, $\text{LRS}$ and $\text{RS}$

I've asked this question https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1407451/about-the-relation-between-the-categories-textsch-textlrs-and-text on math.stackexchange , however I don't think I will ...

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### In how many ways can one extend the zero section of the affine line with a double origin

Let $X$ be the affine line with a double origin over $\mathrm{Spec}\,\mathbb Z$. Let $X_\eta$ be its generic fibre, the affine line with a double origin over $\mathrm{Spec}\,\mathbb Q$.
Let $0$ be ...

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### Is the stack of varieties with a big line bundle algebraic

In Starr's paper https://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/moduli4.pdf the folk result that the fibred category of pairs $(X\to S, L)$, where $S$ is an affine scheme, $X\to S$ is flat proper ...

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### Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...

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### Irreducible component of a scheme over a dvr

Let $\mathcal M$ be a (reduced) quasi-projective scheme over a dvr (of mixed caracteristics), $R$. Suppose that the generic fiber $\mathcal M_{\eta_R}$ is (nonempty) smooth and irreducible of ...

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### The scheme $y^n = x^{2n}$ for $n$ a rational number [closed]

Let $n\geq 1$ be an integer. If $A$ is a ring, then the spectrum of $A[x,y]/(y^n - x^{2n})$ is a well-defined (affine) scheme, say $X_n$. This scheme describes the "variety" given by the equation $y^...

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### Torsors trivializing over a fixed finite etale cover

Let $S$ be an integral regular scheme and let $T\to S$ be a finite etale morphism. Let $G$ be a smooth affine finite type group scheme over $S$.
Is the set of $S$-isomorphism classes of $G$-torsors ...

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### Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers.
Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...

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### Geometric generic fibre

This is a pretty elementary question about schemes, but it came up in the course of research, so let's try it here rather than MSE.
Question 1: Are the fibres of a family of complex varieties ...

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### The stack of group algebraic spaces

The fibred category $\mathcal A$ of algebraic spaces over a scheme $S$ is a stack (over the category of affine schemes with the etale topology). This is proved in Laumon and Moret-Bailly's book (see (...

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### Stacks with a small coarse moduli space

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero.
Let $X$ be a finite type algebraic stack over $k$ with a coarse (or good) moduli space $M$.
Suppose that $M$ is isomorphic to a point, i.e., $M = Spec k$.
...

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### Properties of schemes determined by field valued points [closed]

Are there any interesting cases (interesting here is interpreted rather loosely here) where you can show $X$ has property $P$ whenever all $X(K)$ have property $P$ where $K$ runs through all fields?
...

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### Is there a difference between the inertia stack and the universal automorphism group

Let $\mathcal M$ be a stack representing some moduli problem. Let $\mathcal X\to \mathcal M$ be the corresponding universal family.
What is the difference between the inertia stack $I\to \mathcal M$ ...

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### On functors which are generically representable

Let $F$ be a set-valued (contravariant) functor on the category of schemes. Let $F_{\mathbb Q}$ be the associated functor on the category of schemes over $\mathbb Q$.
Suppose that $F_{\mathbb Q}$ is ...

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### Sections of morphisms up to fppf covering

Let $f:X\to S$ be a finite type affine morphism of schemes where $S$ is an integral noetherian affine regular scheme whose function field is of characteristic zero.
Assume that all geometric fibers ...

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### Locally free sheaves of algebras vs. algebra bundles

It is well known that there is a bijective correspondence between locally free sheaves of modules and vector bundles (cf. https://rigtriv.wordpress.com/2008/04/09/locally-free-sheaves-and-vector-...

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### constructibility for pushforward

Let consider a quasicompact open $j:U\rightarrow\mathbb{A}^{\mathbb{N}}$ over a field $k$, Is there an example where $Rj_{*}\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ is not constructible, where $n$ is prime to the ...

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### If the quotient of an algebraic space $X$ by a finite group is a scheme, is $X$ a scheme?

If the quotient of an algebraic space $X$ by a finite group $G$ is a scheme, is $X$ already a scheme? Here $G$ is just a finite group, but I'd like to know the answer when $X$ is defined over Spec(Z)....

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### Finiteness of the connected components of a stack

Let $X$ be an algebaic stack over a scheme $S$, for any $S$-scheme $Y$ we can consider the groupoid $X(Y)$ of $Y$-points. Denote by $\pi_0(X(Y))$ the set of isomorphism classes of the groupoid.
Are ...

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### On Q-Cartier Divisors

I have my question on Q-Cartier Weil divisor.
People say $D$ is Q-Cartier divisor if $nD$ is Cartier for some $n \geq 1$. Especially for $n > 1$, I have never seen the `rigorous' definition of $...

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### Evaluation maps for moduli of stable maps

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}(\mathbb{P}^N,d)$ be the moduli space of stable maps of degree $d$ from curves of genus zero with $n$-marked points to $\mathbb{P}^N$.
Consider the product of the evaluation ...

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### completion of non-finitely generated ideal

Let consider $A=k[x_{1},x_{2}...]$, the polynomial ring with countably many indeterminates.
Then we can consider the completion $\hat{A}=\varprojlim_{r,l}k[x_{1},x_{2},..]/(x_{1}^{r},..x_{l}^{r},x_{l+...

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### going down theorem

Typical maps that satisfy "going down theorem" are flat morphisms and integral extensions of normal rings that are integral.
Let $Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$ be a finite type morphism of k-noetherian ...

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### Are the fibers of this morphism geometrically regular?

Let $A\rightarrow B$ be a local morphism of complete noetherian rings making $B$ a formally smooth $A$-algebra. Does the induced morphism $\textrm{Spec}(B)\to\textrm{Spec}(A)$ have geometrically ...

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### Pro-constructible subset of scheme intersects very dense subsets?

Let $X$ be a scheme, let $D$ be a very dense subset of $X$ and let $Y$ be a pro-constructible subset of $X$. Is it true that $Y \cap D \neq \emptyset$?
If $Y$ is just constructible, this is true.
...

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### Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...

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### Artin approximation of a diagram

Let consider $f:(X,x)\to (Z,z)$ and $g:(Y,y)\to (Z,z)$ morphisms of pointed $k$-schemes of finite type ($k$ is a field). Suppose that there exists a map on the level of formal neighborhoods $\phi:X_{x}...

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### What if the base change of an algebraic space is representable

Let $k\subset L$ be an extension of fields of characteristic zero.
Suppose that $X/k$ is an algebraic space such that $X\otimes_k L$ is representable by a finite type $L$-scheme.
I am sure there are ...