# Questions tagged [schemes]

The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1). It was finalized by Alexandre Grothendieck, during the 1950s and the 1960s.

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### Formal neighbourhood of a closed subscheme

Let $X$ be a variety and $Y \subset X$ a closed subvariety.
Edit: Assume they are both smooth.
Denote $N_{Y / X}$ the normal bundle of $Y$ in $X$. The formal neighbourhood of $Y$ in $X$ is the ...

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106 views

### Connections on vector bundles over elliptic curves - concrete computations

This is linked to my question on math.Stackexchange for which I had no answer.
I have found nowhere a historical account on connections (or rather called logarithmic connections?) that would help me ...

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62 views

### Existence of integral open subscheme with some nice properties

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring and $Spec(R):=S= \{\sigma, \eta\}$ it's affine scheme with closed point $\sigma$ and generic $\eta$. Let $f:Y \to S$ a dominant morphism of schemes of finite type. ...

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105 views

### Morphism between jet spaces smooth

In this article "Introduction to Jet Schemes and Arc Spaces" S. Ishii introduces the spaces of $m$-jets:
Let $X$ be a variety over algebraically closed field $k$. The space $X_m$ of $m$-jets ...

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235 views

### Closed points of a closed subscheme of $\mathbb{P}^n$ over the residue field and the fraction field of a valuation ring $R$

Let $(R, M)$ be a valuation ring with algebraically closed fraction field $k$. Let $L = R/M$ be the residue field of $R$; it follows that $L$ is algebraically closed. I would like to understand the ...

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### On an application of the going-down theorem of Cohen-Seidenberg in Mumford

There is a following result in Mumford's red book of schemes (Chapter II Section 8). Here $R$ is a valuation ring with algebraically closed fraction field $k$.
Let $Z \subset \mathbb{P}^n_k$ be an ...

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126 views

### Question about the statement of the going-down theorem of Cohen-Seidenberg in Mumford

In Mumford's red book the statement of the Going-Down Theorem (Chapter II Section 8) is as follows.
Let $f: X \to Y$ be a finite morphism. Assume that $Y$ is an irreducible normal scheme. Assume that ...

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391 views

### Schemes over (locally) ringed spaces: working over complex-analytic spaces, rigid-analytic spaces, formal schemes, etc

Monique Hakim developed in her doctoral thesis [1] the theory of relative schemes. These comprise, as a special case, the theory of schemes over (locally) ringed spaces. What makes the study of these ...

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204 views

### Arc space & formal loops in motivic integration

One of the most essential ingredients in the theory of motivic integration are the space of arcs of a given $k$-variety
$X$. This is a scheme, whose $k$-rational points are the $k[[t]]$-valued points ...

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156 views

### Preserved invariants by a flat family

Let $X, C$ be schemes and $f: X \to C$ be a "flat family". That is $f$ is flat morphism. For sake of simplicity we can say that $f$ is surjective and $C$ is an irreducible curve that "parametrizes" ...

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261 views

### Pullback map on global sections surjective

Let $X,Y$ be two irreducible, projective $k$-schemes. $k$ is assumed to be algeraically closed. Consider a dominant morphism $f: X \to Y$ between them which is not an isomorphism!
Let $\mathcal{L}$ ...

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178 views

### Henselization and completions of local rings & schemes

That's the second part of my coarse becoming acquainted with Henselizations of fields and local rings. (in this question we focus on local rings as it is more algebro geometric motivated). So let $(R,...

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294 views

### Field extensions in Grothendieck rings

Let $k$ be a field, and consider the Grothendieck ring of $k$-varieties, $K_0(V_k)$. Let $K/k$ and $K'/k$ be field extensions of $k$. We view $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ and $\mathrm{Spec}(K')$ as $k$-schemes ...

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218 views

### Double points in the Grothendieck ring

Let $K_0(V_k)$ be the Grothendieck ring of $k$-varieties, and consider the scheme $X = \mathrm{Spec}(k[x]/(x^2))$.
I understand that this scheme has one point, but I am missing the fact that in $K_0(...

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128 views

### Galois action on $\overline{k}$-valued points extends to action on $k$-scheme $X$

Let $X$ be $k$ variety or more genrally a $k$-scheme. Denote the algebraic closure of $k$ by $\overline{k}$. it's a fact that $X(\overline{k}):=Hom(\operatorname{Spec} \ \overline{k}, X)$ as set is ...

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787 views

### Motivation for relative schemes: why should one work with schemes over a ringed topos?

Recently I've been trying to learn more about relative schemes. These were developed in M. Hakim's thesis Topos annelés et schémas relatifs under Grothendieck's guidance and appear in many of later ...

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### schemes having same reduced underlying space and same cotangent sheaf are isomorphic?

Let $X,Y$ be two closed subschemes of $\mathbb{A}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ for some fixed $n$. Assume that I have an isomorphism of the underlying reduced spaces:
$$f : X_\text{red} \stackrel{\sim}\...

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164 views

### property of rational functions on projective curves

I have a couple of question about the proof of Lemma 1.20.5 from Janos Kolloar's Lecture on Resolution of Singularities (page 19):
Lemma 1.20.5 Let $C$ be a reduced, irreducible projective curve (=1D ...

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492 views

### Picard group and reduced schemes

If $A$ is a ring, then we know that $Pic(A)=Pic(A_{red})$, but for a scheme $X$ it is false in general.
On the other hand, we have that $Pic(X)=H^{1}_{et}(X,\mathbb{G}_m)$ and étale cohomology doesn'...

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130 views

### Galois action on morphism between $\overline{k}$ schemes

I have a question on a certain property of morphisms between schemes endowed with Galois action. The motivation arises from a comment by Phil Tosteson on this question.
Phil wrote: "If the map ...

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191 views

### When do generizations (“generalizations”) lift uniquely?

If $f : X \to Y$ is proper, then specializations lift along $f$, and uniquely.
(This means, if $R$ is a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and I choose a factorization $\text{Spec}K \to ...

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129 views

### Application of Galois descent

I not understand an assumption done at the beginning of the proof of Rigidity lemma in Moonens and van der Geers book about Abelian variaties (page 12). Here is it:
Question: Why the assumption $k= \...

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### Road map for moduli space/moduli problem/moduli stack

I am familiar with (most of the) contents of Angelo Vistoli's notes on Descent theory (Stacks). I am also comfortable with basics of Schemes, their Cohomology (Cech), from Hartshorne's Algebraic ...

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### Finiteness results in the category of schemes up to $\mathbb{A}^1$-homotopy

In algebraic geometry, we know that there exist geometrical conditions on a scheme $X/k$ for having finitely many rational points when $k$ is a number field. Namely for curves there is the Mordell ...

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230 views

### Regular morphisms and formal power series

Let $A$ be a local noetherian ring. When (besides when $A$ is excellent) do we have that $\operatorname{Spec}(A[[t]])\rightarrow \operatorname{Spec}(A[t])$ is regular?

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### Artin's “On Isolated Rational Singularities of Surfaces”

My question refers to M. Artin's paper "On Isolated Rational Singularities of Surfaces"; more precisely the proof of Thm 4 on page 133. Here the relevant excerpt:
The Setting: Let $\bar{V}=Spec(A)$ ...

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### What is the left adjoint to base change of schemes?

Restriction of Scalars and Functoriality of Presheaves.
Let $\phi\colon R\longrightarrow S$ be a morphism of rings. There is associated to $\phi$ a natural functor from $\mathrm{Alg}_S$ to $\mathrm{...

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### An application of Grothendieck's version of Hensel's Lemma

Assume $R$ is a Henselian local ring with $k=R/m_R$ ($m_R$ is the unique maximal ideal of $R$) and $G$ a finite flat group scheme over $R$. We denote by $G_k= G \otimes_R k$ the closed fiber.
There ...

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### Simple examples of colimits of affine schemes (evaluated in the presheaf category) which are not affine schemes

Notation and Setting: let $\operatorname{Aff}$ denote the category of affine schemes whose objects are covariant representable functors $\operatorname{X}:\operatorname{Ring}\rightarrow\operatorname{...

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### Symmetric schemes/symmetric spaces in the category $\mathsf{Sch}_k$

From nlab, a symmetric space is a quandle object in the category of smooth manifolds. My questions are then the following:
Is there a meaningful way to define symmetric spaces in the category of ...

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### Representable diagonal map $\Delta: \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{X} \times \mathcal{X}$ for DM-Stacks/algebraic spaces

Following the standard definitions of a algebraic space or Deligne–Mumford stack one imposed condition is that the diagonal morphism $\Delta: \mathcal{X} \to \mathcal{X} \times \mathcal{X}$
has to be ...

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### Bass theorem on non-affine scheme

A famous theorem of Bass tells that over a noetherian ring $A$, with $\operatorname{Spec}(A)$ connected, every projective module of infinite type is free.
Now, consider a connected noetherian scheme $...

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### The Idea of Kroneckerian geometry

Let $X$ be a complex, projective algebraic variety and assume that $X$ has a model $X_0$ over $\mathbb Z$ i.e. $X\cong X_0\times_{\operatorname{Spec }\mathbb Z}\operatorname{Spec }\mathbb C$.
Let's ...

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237 views

### vector bundles over projective line over an affine line

Let $k$ be a field and $E$ be a vector bundle over $\mathbb{P}_{k}^{1}\times\mathbb{A}_{k}^{1}$, does it extend to
$\mathbb{P}_{k}^{1}\times\mathbb{P}_{k}^{1}$?

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### What should be learned in a first serious schemes course?

I've just finished teaching a year-long "foundations of algebraic
geometry" class. It
was my third time teaching it, and my notes are gradually converging.
I've enjoyed it for a number of reasons (...

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**0**answers

101 views

### Pullback of ideal sheaf under base change by completion of base ring

Assume $R$ is a discrete valuation ring with uniformizing parameter $t$, i.e. $\mathfrak{m}_R=(t)$. We denote $\widehat{R}$ the completion of $R$ with respect to $(t)$. Let $Y$ be a flat locally ...

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### Formula for fibre square (from Fulton's Intersection Theory)

I have a question about argumentation used in the proof of Proposition 1.7 in Fulton's book on Intersection Theory on page 18:
Proposition 1.7 Let
$\require{AMScd}$
\begin{CD}
X' @>{g'}>> ...

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**0**answers

170 views

### Finite Flat Group Scheme over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$ is always Etale

I have a question about a claim about classification of finite flat group schemes: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_scheme#Finite_flat_group_schemes
A fin flat group scheme $G$ is of type $(a,b)$...

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### Formal Schemes Methods: Applications

Possibly this question is bit too broad but up to now I was not able to find a satisfying answer.
Let $X$ be a locally
Noetherian scheme and $X' \subset X$ be a closed subscheme of $X$ which is ...

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### Existence of an open dense of a connected scheme such that the preimage under a surjective finite etale map is connected

Let $K$ be a field, $G$ a smooth finite linear algebraic group over $K$, $X$ a proper reduced connected separated scheme of finite type over $K$, $g: Y \to X$ a connected etale $G$-torsor over $X$ (so ...

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### Reference for de Rham cohomology in positive characteristic

It is known in characteristic $0$ that (algebraic) de Rham cohomology is a Weil cohomology theory. However, in characteristic $p > 0$ it isn't, if only because it has mod $p$ coefficients, whereas ...

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### Applications of schemes to mathematical physics

Could anyone cite some applications or developments in mathematical physics or string theory that use schemes?
I find curious the fact that while things like derived algebraic geometry and stacks ...

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### Gluing two points in an affine algebraic variety

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $A$ a finitely generated $k$-algebra. Let $x,y$ be two distinct closed points of $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$. Is there an affine $k$-scheme of finite type obtained ...

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447 views

### Extension of morphism of quasiprojective varieties

I am trying to understand when a morphism defined in an open dense subset of a variety can be extended to the whole variety.
For curves, it is known that if $f:C \to C’$ is a rational morphism from ...

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### Application of Stein factorisation: rigidity lemma

Let $X,Y$ Noetherian schemes and $f:X \to Y$ proper map. The Stein factorisation factorizes $f$ as $X \xrightarrow{g} Spec \text{ } f_* \mathcal{O}_X \xrightarrow{h} Y$ with $h$ finite and $g$ has ...

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### Abelian varieties by Moonen and van der Geer: proof of rigidity lemma

I try to understand a reduction step in the proof of rigidity lemma as proved in Moonen's and van der Geer's Abelian varieties (Lemma 1.11 on page 12- if the link not work the draft version is online ...

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### Geometric interpretation of sections $H^0(\Theta_X, X)$ of the Tangent sheaf over curve

I'm reading Mumford's & Oda's Algebraic Geometry II and I'm confused about explanations on geometric intuition of sections $H^0(\Theta_X, X)$ of the tangent sheaf on page 287:
Let $X$ a ...

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92 views

### Formally smooth maps of schemes and factorization systems

I am thinking about how formally smooth maps of schemes relate to factorization systems.
Let $C$ be the category of schemes. Let $E$ be the class of morphisms of schemes consisting of closed ...

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### Spreading out a morphism of the generic fibers

Let $X$ and $Y$ be finite type schemes over $\mathrm{Spec} \mathbb{Z}$ and let $f_\xi : X_\xi \rightarrow Y_\xi$ be a morphism between the generic fibers. Then $f_\xi$ spreads out to a morphism $g_U : ...

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### Zero section of quasi-coherent bundle

Let $S$ be a scheme and let $\mathcal{E}$ be a quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_S$-module. Then we can construct a graded quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_S$-algebra $\mathscr{A}:= Sym(\mathcal{E})$ and define ...