Questions tagged [schemes]

The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1). It was finalized by Alexandre Grothendieck, during the 1950s and the 1960s.

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39
votes
2answers
4k views

Ring-theoretic characterization of open affines?

Background Recall that, given two commutative rings $A$ and $B$, the set of morphisms of rings $A\to B$ is in bijection with the set of morphisms of schemes $\mathrm{Spec}(B)\to\mathrm{Spec}(A)$. ...
21
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4answers
4k views

When is an irreducible scheme quasi-compact?

The standard examples of schemes that are not quasi-compact are either non-noetherian or have an infinite number of irreducible components. It is also easy to find non-separated irreducible examples. ...
22
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4answers
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Extending vector bundles on a given open subscheme

Let $U$ be a dense open subscheme of an integral noetherian scheme $X$ and let $E$ be a vector bundle on $U$. Suppose that the complement $Y$ of $U$ has codimension $\textrm{codim}(Y,X) \geq 2$. Let $...
12
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2answers
2k views

Is there an example of a formally smooth morphism which is not smooth?

A morphism of schemes is formally smooth and locally of finite presentation iff it is smooth. What happens if we drop the finitely presented hypothesis? Of course, locally of finite presentation is ...
11
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3answers
1k views

What is the difference between Grothendieck groups K_0(X) vs K^0(X) on schemes?

More specifically, I was wondering if there are well-known conditions to put on $X$ in order to make $K_0(X)\simeq K^0(X)$. Wikipedia says they are the same if $X$ is smooth. It seems to me that you ...
3
votes
1answer
320 views

Diagonal is representable then any morphism is representable

Ariyan Javanpeykar said here in comments that, If the diagonal is representable, then isn't any morphism $S\rightarrow \mathcal{X}$ with $S$ a scheme representable? I could not find the statement (...
195
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16answers
44k views

What elementary problems can you solve with schemes?

I'm a graduate student who's been learning about schemes this year from the usual sources (e.g. Hartshorne, Eisenbud-Harris, Ravi Vakil's notes). I'm looking for some examples of elementary self-...
15
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1answer
3k views

What are the monomorphisms in the category of schemes?

Someone recently asked what the epimorphisms in the category of schemes are; the other day I had been wondering about the similar question: what are the monomorphisms in the category of schemes? I am ...
16
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2answers
1k views

Homotopy types of schemes

Let $X$ be a scheme over $\mathbb{C}$. When does the topological space $X\left(\mathbb{C}\right)$ of $\mathbb{C}$-points have the homotopy type of a finite CW-complex? When does the topological ...
2
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1answer
362 views

Noetherian stalks imply locally Noetherian

Is there an example of a non-Noetherian integral affine scheme with Noetherian space and Noetherian stalks? What if we replace "integral" with "reduced"?
163
votes
33answers
23k views

What should be learned in a first serious schemes course?

I've just finished teaching a year-long "foundations of algebraic geometry" class. It was my third time teaching it, and my notes are gradually converging. I've enjoyed it for a number of reasons (...
34
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2answers
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Commutative rings to algebraic spaces in one jump?

Typically, in the functor of points approach, one constructs the category of algebraic spaces by first constructing the category of locally representable sheaves for the global Zariski topology (...
36
votes
1answer
1k views

Useful, non-trivial general theorems about morphisms of schemes

I apologize in advance as this is not a research level question but rather one which could benefit from expert attention but is potentially useful mainly to novice mathematicians. I'm trying to ...
21
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2answers
4k views

Intuition behind generic points in a scheme

In a scheme, each point is a generic point of its closure. In particular each closed point is a generic point of itself (the set containing it only), but that's perhaps of little interest. A point ...
9
votes
5answers
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When is the push-forward of the structure sheaf locally free

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes. Under what conditions is $f_\ast \mathcal{O}_X$ a locally free $\mathcal{O}_Y$-module? Example 1. Suppose that $f$ is affine. Then $f_\...
24
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1answer
1k views

Reference for de Rham cohomology in positive characteristic

It is known in characteristic $0$ that (algebraic) de Rham cohomology is a Weil cohomology theory. However, in characteristic $p > 0$ it isn't, if only because it has mod $p$ coefficients, whereas ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?

Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?
8
votes
1answer
488 views

About the relation between the categories $\text{Sch}$, $\text{LRS}$ and $\text{RS}$

I've asked this question https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1407451/about-the-relation-between-the-categories-textsch-textlrs-and-text on math.stackexchange , however I don't think I will ...
27
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2answers
1k views

Do Grothendieck universes matter for an algebraic geometer?

I recently learned that some parts of SGA require axioms beyond ZFC. I am just a simple algebraic geometer so I am trying to understand how can this fact impact my life (you may have engaged in a ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the degree of a finite morphism stable by base change

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of schemes of degree $n$. Let $S\to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Is the degree of the finite morphism $X\times_Y S \longrightarrow S$ equal to $n$? If ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Do Disjoint Unions and Fiber Products Commute?

Do disjoint unions and fiber products commute? In other words, is the following statement true? Statement: Let $C$ be a category with (infinite) coproducts and fiber products. Let {$U_{i}$} be a ...
8
votes
1answer
425 views

Are higher etale homotopy groups topological groups in a natural way?

Since etale fundamental group of a scheme $X$ is the group of natural automorphisms of the fibre functor of the category of finite etale covers of $X$, it comes with structure of a topological group. ...
7
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0answers
217 views

Weil homotopy theory

In algebraic geometry, we have something called Weil cohomology theories, which formalize the notion of a "good" cohomology theory of smooth projective varieties. I believe that for $l$-adic ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Is a scheme Noetherian if its topological space and its stalks are?

Is a scheme being Noetherian equivalent to the underlying topological space being Noetherian and all its stalks being Noetherian?
9
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2answers
492 views

Is the category of schemes wellpowered? regularly wellpowered?

Wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the subobject lattice of monormophisms $Y \to X$ is essentially small; regularly wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the regular subobject lattice ...
8
votes
1answer
194 views

When are free modules on sheaves of sets quasicoherent?

This question was previously asked over at math.SE. Let $X$ be a scheme. Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a sheaf of sets on $X$. Then we can define $\mathcal{O}_X\langle\mathcal{E}\rangle$, the free module over ...
8
votes
1answer
292 views

Spin structures on schemes

This is a very naive question, but I have been wondering about the role of spin geometry and spinor structures in the context of algebraic geometry. I know the definition of spin structures and ...
6
votes
2answers
694 views

The underlying space of a scheme remembers its affineness?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes. We know that if $Y$ is affine and $f$ induces homeomorphism on the underlying spaces then $X$ is affine. Is it true that if $X$ is affine and $f$ ...
4
votes
2answers
419 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers. Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...
3
votes
1answer
356 views

Affine hulls and base change

Let $S$ be a scheme. We consider the functor, called affine hull, from the category of quasicompact and quasiseparated $S$-schemes to the category of affine $S$-schemes, defined as a left adjoint to ...
3
votes
0answers
810 views

Given a morphism of schemes, when does bijective + isomorphic tangent spaces = isomorphism?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$ such that $f$ induces (1) a bijection between their closed points, and (2) an isomorphism of their Zariski tangent spaces. Under these ...
3
votes
2answers
475 views

Quasi-compactifying schemes

Let $X$ be a scheme. Does there exist an open immersion $X\rightarrow Y$ with $Y$ quasi-compact?
2
votes
0answers
122 views

Size of the ring of functions on open subschemes

This question consists of two related sub-questions. Let $X$ be a Noetherian integral affine scheme. Under what assumptions on $X$ does every open subscheme of $X$ have a Noetherian ring of global ...
6
votes
1answer
253 views

Irreducible of finite Krull dimension implies quasi-compact?

Let $X$ be the underlying space of a scheme. If $X$ is irreducible of finite Krull dimension, is it necessarily quasi-compact? Is it necessarily Noetherian? What if we assume not only that Krull ...
5
votes
0answers
131 views

Henselian Schemes

I have a question about properties of Henselian ring/schemes exploited in M. Artin's article "On Isolated Rational Singularities of Surfaces": Here the relevant excerpt: In the excerpt we start with ...
4
votes
0answers
419 views

A slightly canonical way to associate a scheme to a Noetherian spectral space

Let $C$ be the category whose objects are Noetherian spectral topological spaces and whose morphisms are homeomorphisms. Let $\mathrm{AffSch}$ be the category of Noetherian affine schemes (morphisms ...
3
votes
1answer
329 views

Krull dimension of the ring of global sections

Let $X$ be an irreducible scheme. Can the Krull dimension of $\mathcal{O}_X(X)$ exceed that of $X$?
3
votes
0answers
149 views

Topological properties of Noetherian affine schemes that do not hold for general Noetherian spectral spaces

I used to think that the only reason why an affine scheme with a Noetherian space can fail to be Noetherian is nilpotents. It turns out that this is not true. This leads me to the following question:...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms

I am wondering what subspaces of modular varieties defined as the zero locus of modular forms have been studied in the literature. To be more clear let me explain the example I have in mind. Let $N\...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

Minimal fields of isomorphism for varieties

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety over a field $K$. Is there a constant $d = d(V) \in \mathbb{N}$ such that for any variety $W$ defined over $K$ and isomorphic to $V$ over the algebraic closure of $K$, ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Quasi-compactification of locally spectral spaces

Let $X$ be a locally spectral topological space (i.e. a space admitting an open cover by spectral spaces). Does there necessarily exist a quasi-compact locally spectral space $Y$ and an injective ...
2
votes
0answers
221 views

infinite dimensional germs of schemes and tangent spaces

(The question of the type "how to define?") Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local ring over a field $k$ of zero characteristic. Consider the matrices over this ring, $Mat(m,R)$. I think of $Mat(m,R)$ as ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Non-flat locus for smooth schemes

Let $X$, $Y$ be connected smooth schemes of finite type over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a non-birational morphism surjective on the underlying ...
1
vote
1answer
322 views

Finiteness of surjective etale morphisms

Is every surjective etale morphism from a connected separated scheme to $A^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ of finite type? Is it finite? We use Stacks project's definitions. EDIT: From Jason Starr's answer, we ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

curve through a point avoiding an hypersurface

Let $H$ be a closed hypersurface in $\mathbb{A}^{n}$, $n$ big enough over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $U$ be the complementary open subset. Let $x\in H$, Is it possible to find an curve $C\subset\mathbb{A}^{...