Questions tagged [schemes]

The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1). It was finalized by Alexandre Grothendieck, during the 1950s and the 1960s.

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48
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Why “open immersion” rather than “open embedding”?

When topologists speak of an "immersion", they are quite deliberately describing something that is not necessarily an "embedding." But I cannot think of any use of the word "embedding" in algebraic ...
36
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0answers
2k views

Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...
18
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0answers
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Are all formal schemes *really* Ind-schemes?

I'm trying to understand whether there's a fully faithful functor $LRS \supset FormalSch \to IndSch$ and in what sense. Here's my progress so far: Let $\mathsf{A}$ be the category of adic rings. The ...
18
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0answers
1k views

History of the functor of points

Until now, I thought the functor of points approach was introduced by Grothendieck at the 1973 Buffalo seminar. However, in this note by Lawvere the author writes: "I myself had learned the ...
9
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0answers
275 views

Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...
8
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85 views

Reference for limits of schemes with non-affine transitions?

Inverse systems of projective schemes appear in several contexts, for example: in constructing the Zariski-Riemann space of a projective variety, in studying subvarieties of a projective variety ...
8
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0answers
152 views

What are the Newton groupoids from Drinfeld's paper on the Grinberg-Kazhdan theorem?

The paper the Grinberg-Kazhdan formal arc theorem and the Newton groupoids by Drinfeld seems to contain many interesting things which are beyond me. For now, I am trying to get some intuition for the ...
8
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0answers
118 views

universally open and connected fibers

Let $A$ be a coherent ring, and consider the map: $Spec(A[[t]])\rightarrow Spec(A)$, in particular, we know that it's flat. Is it universally open? Does it have connected fibers? N.B: Easy if A is ...
8
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0answers
220 views

A Hartogs-type criterion for flatness

Let $U$ be a smooth affine connected variety over $\mathbb C$ and let $V\subset U$ be an open whose complement is of codimension at least two. Now, let $Y$ be a smooth quasi-affine connected variety ...
8
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0answers
356 views

Arithmetic zeta function and local zeta functions

For the arithmetic zeta function of (say) a nonsingular projective variety $X$, one has the following Euler product \begin{equation} \zeta_X(s) = \prod_{p\ \mbox{prime}}\zeta_{X\vert\mathbb{F}_p}(s), ...
8
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0answers
830 views

Two definitions of smoothness?

This is confusing, there appear to be possibly two definitions of smoothness in algebraic geometry for a morphism $f: X \rightarrow Y$ of schemes of finite type over an arbitrary field $k$. ...
7
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0answers
255 views

Algebraic geometry “over the function field” of the base

This is vaguely similar to, but quite different from, this question. In the above linked question the focus is on fields of large cardinality per se. Here we fix a base field $k$ (say algebraically ...
7
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0answers
229 views

Weil homotopy theory

In algebraic geometry, we have something called Weil cohomology theories, which formalize the notion of a "good" cohomology theory of smooth projective varieties. I believe that for $l$-adic ...
7
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0answers
138 views

Invariants of etale topological type that are not homotopy invariants

Artin--Mazur theory attaches etale homotopy type to reasonable schemes. Associated to this homotopy type are certain invariants of the scheme, such as etale fundamental group and higher homotopy ...
7
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0answers
133 views

Do residues commute with transverse base change?

Fix a number $n > 0$. Given a smooth $\mathbb{Z}[1/n]$-scheme $X$ (i.e., a smooth scheme such that $n$ is invertible in its ring of functions), we may consider the étale sheaf $\mu_n$ on $X$ which ...
7
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0answers
339 views

What Spec-like functors are there?

The real spectrum functor is an analog of Spec for partially ordered commutative rings and real closed fields in place of commutative reals and algebraically closed fields. I was hoping that there ...
7
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0answers
281 views

$\Bbb A^1$-Localisation of Schemes, and $\Bbb A^1$-Rigid Schemes

Question 1: Are there some publications or preprints that provide $\Bbb A^1$-fibrant replacements of certain classes of (smooth) schemes? Of course, smooth schemes that are $\Bbb A^1$-fibrant are $\...
6
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0answers
97 views

Relation between $\mathrm{Proj}(A[tI])$ and $\mathrm{Proj}(A[tJ])$ for ideals $I$ and $J$ of $A$ with $I^2 \subset J \subset I$

Let $k$ be a field and $A$ a noetherian local $k$-algebra. Let $I$ and $J$ be two ideals of $A$ with $I^2 \subset J \subset I$. Let $A[tI] = \bigoplus\limits_{i\geq 0} t^i I^i$ and $A[tJ] = \...
6
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0answers
314 views

Where is the local structure theory of étale morphisms needed?

In Stacks 02GH it is mentioned étale morphisms are locally standard étale. This seems to be the analogue of the local form of local diffeomorphisms in the smooth category. In the latter, local ...
6
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0answers
186 views

Comparison of sheaves of modular forms

Let $\pi:E\to X$ the universal generalized elliptic curve over the compactified modular curve, with zero section $e: X\to E$. Now consider the following two sheaves on $X$: $e^*\Omega^1_{E/X}$ and $\...
6
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248 views

Is the stack of varieties with a big line bundle algebraic

In Starr's paper https://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/moduli4.pdf the folk result that the fibred category of pairs $(X\to S, L)$, where $S$ is an affine scheme, $X\to S$ is flat proper ...
6
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211 views

If $X,Y$ are regular and of finite type over $S$, can $X\times _S Y$ be embedded into a regular $S$-scheme?

It seems to be well-known (see Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?) that a general finite type $S$-scheme does not embedd into a regular $...
6
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0answers
293 views

Does one need l to be invertible in S in order to consider the l-adic cohomology of S-schemes and motives?

When Ivorra defines the $l$-adic realization of $S$-motives (i.e. of Voevodsky's motives over a scheme $S$) he demands $l$ to be invertible in $S$. Is this condition really necessary? What happens ...
6
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0answers
420 views

Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...
5
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0answers
126 views

Use of Flattening Stratification part 2 (Nitsure's construction of Hilbert and Quot schemes)

I study Nitin Nitsure's paper Construction of Hilbert and Quot Schemes (arXiv:math/0504590) and have some problems with the content of imposed universal property (F) in the section "Use of ...
5
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0answers
212 views

Algebraic spaces as quotients of schemes (Definition from wikipedia)

I think that wikipedia article on Algebraic spaces contains a serious content error in the part on the definition of Algebraic spaces as quotients of schemes and I would like to discuss if it is ...
5
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0answers
172 views

Algebraic Space: Two equivalent constructions

According to Wikipedia there are two common ways to define algebraic spaces: they can be defined as either quotients of schemes by étale equivalence relations, or as sheaves on a big étale site that ...
5
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0answers
256 views

What is the left adjoint to base change of schemes?

Restriction of Scalars and Functoriality of Presheaves. Let $\phi\colon R\longrightarrow S$ be a morphism of rings. There is associated to $\phi$ a natural functor from $\mathrm{Alg}_S$ to $\mathrm{...
5
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0answers
154 views

When do the spectra of overrings glue to a proper morphism?

This question is motivated by the construction of blowups. Let $A \subset K$ be a commutative domain and its fraction field, and let $\{A_i\}$ be some finite collection of overrings in between. Let $X ...
5
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0answers
359 views

Schemes admitting a cover by isomorphic affine opens

Let $X$ be a Noetherian integral scheme. When does $X$ have a cover by affine open subschemes that are isomorphic as abstract schemes? Does there exist an example when we have a cover by $n$ ...
5
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0answers
309 views

Compact quasi-coherent sheaves

Let $X$ be a scheme. What are the compact objects in the category of quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules? All references seem to discuss the derived category but I need the abelian category.
5
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0answers
233 views

Schemes monomorphing into affine scheme of dimension 1

Let $Y$ be an affine scheme of Krull dimension 1. Let $X\rightarrow Y$ be a monomorphism in the category of schemes. If $X$ is connected, is $X$ necessarily affine? What if we assume that $Y$ is a ...
5
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0answers
191 views

Cohomology groups on small fppf site and small etale site are not the same

Let $F$ be a quasi-coherent sheaf on a scheme $X$. Is there an example where cohomology groups of $F$ on small fppf site of $X$ and small etale site of $X$ are not isomorphic?
5
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0answers
287 views

Basic questions about crystals and Grothendieck connections

I have a few basic questions about Grothendieck connections and crystals. I know it's bad practice to ask a bunch of different questions at once, however I feel they naturally come bundled together. ...
5
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0answers
331 views

Injective sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$ modules

I am trying to verify that: A sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$ modules $\mathcal{F}$ is an injective object in the category of $\mathcal{O}_X$ modules iff their local rings $\mathcal{F}_x$ are injective $\...
5
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0answers
1k views

Geometry of schemes by Eisenbud and Harris

I have some background of algebraic geometry. I am now trying to study schemes from book Geometry of schemes by Eisenbud and Harris. I was checking recommendations for books on algebraic geometry ...
5
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0answers
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A course on modern algebraic geometry from “The Stacks Project”

I hope this question is viable for this site. I'm sincerely sorry, if you think it isn't. For a lot of time, "EGA" by Alexander Grothendieck and Jean Dieudonne was "the" reference on the basics of ...
5
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0answers
290 views

Which locally ringed spaces are schemifiable?

(most of this question is re-asking Schemification (schematization?) of locally ringed spaces, which did not get answered) Given a locally ringed space $X$, say that a schemification of $X$ is a ...
5
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0answers
672 views

Equivalent definitions of the Hasse invariant

As probably many others before me, I got stuck in verifying all the nice properties of the Hasse invariant. Let me start by recalling one definition: Let $E\to S$ be an elliptic curve in ...
5
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0answers
366 views

Differential Geometry of (Non-Abelian) Gerbes in the language of Brylinski

Context In an effort to have a definition for connection on a non-abelian gerbe, in the style of Brylinski, I am reading Breen and Messing's Differential Geometry of Gerbes [BM]. It seems that there ...
5
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0answers
243 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
5
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0answers
359 views

Is the pushout of smooth varieties along a smooth closed subvariety again a variety?

The following question is motivated by a desire to find a rough analog in algebraic geometry of the usual notion of gluing of smooth bordisms. Suppose k is an algebraically closed field of ...
5
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0answers
84 views

Category of the smooth formal p-groups over a local ring

Fontaine showed in Asterisque 47-48 that the category of finite dimensional smooth formal $p$-groups over the ring $A=W(k)$ of the Witt vectors over a finite field $k$ is anti-equivalent to the ...
5
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0answers
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What is known about “singularity types” in the Murphy's Law sense?

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil gives a definition equivalent to the following: The singularity type of a pointed scheme $(X,p)$ its equivalence class, under the following equivalence relation: $...
5
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0answers
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Zariski tangent space of a scheme as the vector space of derivations

A standard lemma says that for a scheme $X$ of finite type over an algebraically closed field $k$ the set of derivations $\mathcal{O}_{X,x} \to \kappa(x)=k$, is isomorphic to the Zariski tangent ...
5
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0answers
678 views

Do all the main properties of constructible and perverse sheaves (in an 'arithmetic' situation) follow from results of Gabber?

This question is a continuation of Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases? Let $S$ (for example) be a finite type separated scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$. I would like: (1) to ...
4
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0answers
177 views

Henselization and completions of local rings & schemes

That's the second part of my coarse becoming acquainted with Henselizations of fields and local rings. (in this question we focus on local rings as it is more algebro geometric motivated). So let $(R,...
4
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0answers
263 views

Artin's “On Isolated Rational Singularities of Surfaces”

My question refers to M. Artin's paper "On Isolated Rational Singularities of Surfaces"; more precisely the proof of Thm 4 on page 133. Here the relevant excerpt: The Setting: Let $\bar{V}=Spec(A)$ ...
4
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0answers
197 views

An application of Grothendieck's version of Hensel's Lemma

Assume $R$ is a Henselian local ring with $k=R/m_R$ ($m_R$ is the unique maximal ideal of $R$) and $G$ a finite flat group scheme over $R$. We denote by $G_k= G \otimes_R k$ the closed fiber. There ...
4
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0answers
64 views

Finding a cover of the Hilbert functor, that corresponds to a cover of the Grassmannian

Let $\mathrm{Grass}_{k+1,n+1}:\mathrm{Sch}^{\circ}\rightarrow\mathrm{Set}$ be the Grassmann functor, which maps a scheme $S$ to the set: $$\left\{\mathscr{U}\subseteq\mathscr{O}_S^{n+1}:\,\,\mathscr{...

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