# Questions tagged [sampling]

The sampling tag has no usage guidance.

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**1**answer

80 views

### What is the pdf of Laplace distribution conditioned on a plane? How can I sample from it?

Our goal is to sample from the Laplace distribution conditioned on a linear subspace. Here are the details of this problem.
Let
$$p(x) \propto \exp(-\|x\|_1/\sigma)$$
be the pdf of the Laplace ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Measurement theory and sample size calculation for multivariate testing

Let $\mathbf{Y}$ be a vector of independent, normally-distributed random variables. Let $S_1$, $S_2$ and $S_3$ be three non-overlapping samples of sizes $N_1$, $N_2$ and $N_3$, respectively. Let $M_A$ ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Using common samples to numerically estimate pairwise equality of three random variables

Let $X,Y,Z$ be three discrete random variables which I can numerically sample. I need to numerically estimate the probability that $X=Y$ and the probability that $X=Z$. I would like to know whether ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Can computers take uniform samples from a polytope?

For each $r \in \mathbb N $ write $\mathbb Z/ 10^r = \{a/10^r: a \in \mathbb Z\}$ and $P(r)$ for the lattice $(\mathbb Z/10^r)^N \subset \mathbb R^N$.
Suppose the plane $P \subset \mathbb R^N$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Efficiency of importance sampling in terms of the size of the the support of sampling distribution

In importance sampling, one proposes to compute an integral $I:=\mathbb E_{x \sim P}[h(x)]$ by rewritting it as
$$
I=\mathbb E_{x \sim Q}\left[w(x)h(x)\right],\text{ with }w(x):=\frac{p(x)}{q(x)},
$$
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

64 views

### Use Importance sampling for multimodal and multivariate distribution draws, how to choose proposal distribution?

I'm in trouble trying to generate samples following a particular distribution which is not numerically known perfectly. Let us consider a $R^n$ space provided with an orthonormal base $( e_{1},...,e_{...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

27 views

### Supremum of expectations over a family distributions close to a base distribution

Let $p$ be a probability distribution on a space $X$ , $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb R_+$ be a measureable function, and $0 < \alpha \le 1 \le \beta < \infty$. Define a sub-collection $\mathcal Q \...

**0**

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**0**answers

22 views

### Approximate in $W_1$ sense, an empirical distribution with restriction of true distribution on a set

Let $\mu$ be a probability distribution on a metric space $X=(X,d)$ (to avoid unnecessary complications, assume the full filtration $2^X$) and let $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_N$ be a sample of size $N$ drawn i....

**2**

votes

**2**answers

77 views

### Draw samples from distribitions in the neighborhood of a fixed distribution

Disclaimer
Sorry in advance for vagueness. I'm still trying to get my ideas right on this one.
Setup
So, let $P$ be a distribution on a Euclidean space $X$ with an $\ell_p$ metric, and let $P_\...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Expectation inequality for sampling without replacement

Is the following proposition correct?
$X_1, X_2, X_3$ are uniformly at random sampled from a finite set $\mathcal X$ without replacement.
$f : \mathcal X^2 \rightarrow \mathbb R_{\ge0}$ is symmetric:...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Minimize the variance of a Boltzmann distribution

N.B.: Sorry for cross-posting from https://stats.stackexchange.com/posts/347804/edit (I realized it was the wrong venue for the question, but couldn't find an easy way to transfer the question here).
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Uniform sampling of random connected graph with given number of vertices/edges

I am looking for algorithms for the exact uniform sampling of connected labelled graphs with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges. By "exact" I mean that every such graph should be generated with precisely (not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Sampling with non-uniform probabilities

Let $p_1,p_2,...,p_n$ are given probabilities. ($\sum_{i=1}^n p_i =1, p_i \geq 0 $). Is there any distribution, which picks $k\leq n$ distinct elements from $1,2,...,n$ such that $P(i \in S) = k p_i$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### Plancharel-Pólya inequality for functions of exponential type

If $f(z)$ is an entire function of exponential type $\tau$ and $p$ a positive number such that that $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}|f(x)|^pdx<\infty$$
then it can be proven that $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Combinatorial computational problem about 0-1 vectors and sampling algorithms

Let $M \in \{0,1\}^{m\times n}$, where $n\gg 1$ and $m\le n$. A procedure consisting of the following three steps is repeated $t\gg 1$ times:
A row $\require{amsmath} \boldsymbol{r}$ of $M$ picked in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

108 views

### Sampling set: relatively dense and uniformly discrete

The Paley-Wiener space of a domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ is the set $$PW_\Omega:=\{f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^d):\text{supp}\widehat{f}\subset\Omega\}.$$
We say that a discrete set $\Lambda\subset\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

414 views

### Randomly covering a sphere

Let $S$ be the $n$-dimensional unit sphere in the Euclidean space. Further,
let $X_1,\ldots,X_k$ and $Y_1,\ldots,Y_m$ be iid $S$-valued random variables with common (unknown) distribution $\mu$. With $...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### How to measure distribution of high-dimensional data

I have to methods of projecting random samples in $\mathbb{R}^n$ onto a manifold defined by $C(q)=0$, which is a lower-dimensional subset. Now, samples in $\mathbb{R}^n$ are uniformly distributed. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### RMHMC sampling in non-parametric setup

The aim is to sample distributions using Fisher information (as mass matrix in Hamiltonian MCMC sampling). Details can be found in http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.190.580&...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Expected value of parametrized Gibbs distribution w.r.t another probability distribution

Let $\mu$ be a compactly supported probability measure on a finite-dimensional euclidean space (for simplicity) $\mathbb E$, and suppose $\mu$ has density. For a random point $x \sim \mu$,
consider ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### How to sample a path between 2 states in a Markov chain

Given an ergodic Markov chain and 2 states $x$ and $y$, how may one algorithmically sample a path (of finite length) $x =: s_0 \rightarrow s_1 \rightarrow \ldots \rightarrow s_T = y$ between $x$ and $...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

97 views

### Bounding function by random sampling

Let $f(x): \mathbf{C} \to \mathbf{C}$ be a complex valued polynomial of degree $n$, and suppose that for a random point $z$ sampled uniformly from the unit disk $|z|\leq 1$ we have
$$\mathbf{P}_{z}( |...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Efficiently Sampling of Multivariate Distributions in the Vicinity of a Manifold

I am given a multivariate distribution, that maps each point of $\mathbb{R}^n$ to its probability of being drawn as sample and, the convolution $\mathcal{S_r}\times\mathcal{M}$ of a manifold $\mathcal{...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

431 views

### Sampling from a particular multivariate probability distribution

Given $3$ real variables $x_1, x_2, x_3 \equiv \bf{x}$, consider their probability density function (PDF)
\begin{equation}
P({\bf x}) = C \, p(x_1) \cdots p(x_3) \exp[f({\bf x})],
\end{equation}
where ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### What distributions fit this strange experimental model?

Suppose you have a set $\mathcal T$ of cardinlity $T$. An experiment is designed in such a way that sampling probabilities are governed by following rules. In each sampling with replacement you can ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### 2-step sampling from a conditional density

The setting is as follows:
We are given two random variables $X : \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ and $\Theta : \Omega \to T$ for some 'parameter space' $T \subset \mathbb{R}$, and
1) we know the density of $...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Sampling Theorem for non-bandlimited Functions

The classical Shannon sampling theorem states that
a bandlimited function with $\mbox{supp } \hat f\subset [-1/2,1/2]$ can be uniquely determined by its samples $(f(i))_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}$ (The symbol $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### Simulate a graph from a certain distribution

I am wondering if anyone can indicate whether the following is a solved problem. I don't care about time of the algorithm currently.
Consider a general probability distribution F on simple graphs ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Sample integer points of cross-polytope uniformly

For $r,d\in\mathbb{N}$, let
$$C_{r,d}=\{x\in\mathbb{Z}^d: \|x\|_1\le r\}\subset\mathbb{Z}^d$$
be the set of integer points of the $d$-dimensional cross-polytope with radius $r$.
What is (...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Efficient sampling from a polytope with large number of contraints [duplicate]

As far as I know, the most popular way to sample from a polytope (in H-representation)
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{P} := \{z \in \mathbb{R}^n | (Az)_j \le b_j\; \forall j=1,2,\ldots,m\}
\end{equation}
...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

197 views

### Uniform Sampling Subject to Linear Equalities and Non-Negativity Constraint

I'm trying to sample uniformly on the intersections of faces of several simplicies, with all coordinates being non-negative. That is, given constraints
$$A\vec{w}=\vec{b} \ \ and \ \ \vec{w} \geq \vec{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

541 views

### Sampling point uniformly at random satisfying equality constraints

First of all, I apologize in advance if the question has already been asked in some way on this site and/or if there is a widely known solution to this problem.
The description of my problem is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Probabilities involving Beurling density

I am interested in calculating probabilities involving Beurling densities. Since it's likely probabilists are not familiar with the definitions, I give them below.
Definitions.
A metric space is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Estimating mean and variance of a distribution based on error-prone estimates of its cdf

Suppose I have some random variable $X$ taking values in $[a, b]$ with unknown distribution (I am happy to assume the distribution is smooth, though it would be nice to not have to).
I have a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Exactly sampling from a distribution with access to the probabilities only

There is a discrete distribution where integers, $k$, from $1$ to $n$ occur with probability $p_{k}$, all $p_{k}$ are unknown.
Rather than having access to the distribution we have access to $n$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Monte Carlo estimator with autocorrelated samples

Given an integration problem $I=\int{f(x)dx}$, we can construct an ordinary Monte Carlo estimator as
$E[I]=\sum\limits_i\frac{f(x_i)}{p(x_i)}$
where the samples $x_i$ are usually i.i.d. and drawn ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Approximating Probability Distribution by Sampling

Consider a discrete probability distribution over $n$ events. Assume that the probabilistic kernel is a black box, that is, we can only sample from it without knowing anything about the type or ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Sampling from a Convex Body with Many Extremal Points

Let $p_{1}, \ldots, p_{N}$ be a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. I would like to sample uniformly from the convex hull of these $N$ points in an `efficienct' way. In my setting, I have $n$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

177 views

### Sampling uniformly from all possible line segments of a given length that fit inside a container

Consider that task of randomly placing a line segment of some length $L$ near a plane s.t. a point $p$ at the center of the line segment is at most a distance $H$ from the plane and intersections ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Stochastic process inference from partial observations

Consider a set $U$. My signal is a piece-wise constant "function"
$Sig: t \mapsto s$, i.e. the signal at time $t$ equals to some subset
$s \subset U$. One can see $Sig(t)$ as a stochastic process.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

338 views

### Discretizing a cosine function?

I'd like to start by noting that for some fixed natural $N$ basis functions for my system will be generated by $f(k,x)$ as defined and explained here or in numerous other sources:
$$f(k,x) = \sqrt2 \...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

295 views

### A sampling and learning question

Suppose there is an oracle that returns a number $b \in \mathbb{Z}_{n}$ whenever I press the button.
We have $b = a + e$, where $a \in \mathbb{Z}_n$ is a fixed number and $e$ is sampled according to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

523 views

### transform a polynomial into another one upto a constant

I have a polynomial $p(x)=a_Nx^N+a_{N-1}x^{N-1}+\dots+a_0$. I want to convert this into another polynomial of same order, say $b_Ny^N+b_{N-1}y^{N-1}+\dots+b_0$. Is it possible to find a transformation ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Sampling without replacement until hitting a subset

I randomly sample uniformly from $ \{1,..,N \}$ without replacement until drawing a number $ \leq k$. Denote the expected number of draws by $R(N,k)$. I want a good approximation for $\sum_{k=1}^N R(...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### When can you describe a population and its component subpopulations with the same parametric family of distributions?

I believe that it is often the case that you are trying to select the best probability distribution to use to describe some phenomenon you are studying, and you have data not only for a population, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Uniform sampling hemisphere and project in a specific direction [closed]

Hi,
I need to generate a 'uniform sample' over an hemisphere and once done project it in a specific vector direction.
I have try the following, but it produce some errors... maybe you have an idea ?
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

387 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Sampling uniformly from a sphere

Let $B^{n} _p= ${$ (x_1, \dots, x_n) : |x_1|^p + \dots |x_n|^p = 1 $} be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ in the $\ell^p$ norm.
If $X_1,\dots,X_n$ are iid $\exp(1)$ -distributed random variables, then ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

444 views

### Estimating a sum

Sorry for the vague title but I couldn't find a better one.
I want to compute the sum $S = \frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N c_i x_i$ where $c_i$s are known positive constants. The problem is that computing ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Random Sampling a linearly constrained region in n-dimensions…

Hi,
So here is my problem:
Given a nonlinear, discontinous, cost function $f(x_1,x_2,..,x_N)$ along with linear constraints $x_n \ge 0, \forall n$
$x_n \le c_n$
and $\sum_{n=1}^N x_n = 1$ find an ...