# Questions tagged [real-analytic-structures]

The real-analytic-structures tag has no usage guidance.

43
questions

**3**

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125 views

### Real analytic function: zero set of the gradient is a subset of the zero set of the function

I had this question when reading Bierstone and Milman's famous paper "Semianalytic and subanalytic sets". In their proof of the Łojasiewicz gradient inequality (Proposition 6.8 in the paper), they ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Decomposition of a real analytic variety

Is the following true? If so, I would be grateful for a reference that contains such a result and its proof.
Let $f:\mathbb{R}^d\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a real analytic function, and $V:=\{\mathbf{...

**3**

votes

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75 views

### Is $|f^{-1}f(p)|$ constant on a conull set?

Suppose $f: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ is an analytic map. Can we say that there is a conull set $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (i.e. $\mathbb{R}^n \setminus U$ has measure zero) where $|f^{-1}f(...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

274 views

### In the real analytic category, are the fibers of a proper submersion isomorphic?

Ehresmann's theorem says that a proper smooth submersion is a fiber bundle. The proofs I know rely on the existence of connections locally on the base, and this is furnished by partitions of unity.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### On a case of real-analytic interpolation

Given strictly increasing sequence $x_n$ of rational numbers with $\sup x_n = x$.
In which case (sufficient condition on $x_n$) there exists real-analytic function $f:U_\epsilon(0)\to\mathbb{R}$ ...

**1**

vote

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60 views

### Real-analytic function with given set of values [closed]

We say that a strictly increasing sequence $x_n$ of reals converges fast
to $x$, if for each $k\in\mathbb{N}$ the sequence $n^k\cdot(x_n − x)$ is
bounded. It is known that there exists a $C^\infty$-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Real analytic function of one variable with given set of values

Given two strictly increasing bounded sequences of reals $x_n$ and $y_n$. What is known about existence of real analytic function $f$ with property $f(x_{n_k})=y_{n_k}$ for some subsequence $x_{n_k}$ ?...

**3**

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58 views

### Flow lines of a real analytic vector field convergent to a point

Let $X$ be a real analytic vector field defined on an open connected subset $U$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $p \in \mathbb{R}^n \setminus U$. Let $L$ be union of the flow lines $\ell$ of $X$ such that $p$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### A special oscillatory orbit in space

Edit: According to the comment of Prof. Eremenko I revise the question.
19 years ago, I have heard the following problem from a specialist of dynamical system. During these 19 years, I was in contact ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Symplectic form on a Kähler manifold can be not real analytic?

Let $M$ be a Kähler manifold. The complex structure on it naturally gives rise to the real analytic structure. I wonder if there exist Kähler manifolds such that the associated symplectic $2$-form $\...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

576 views

### Are conformal maps between Riemannian manifolds real-analytic?

This is a cross-post.
Let $M,N$ be oriented smooth ($C^{\infty}$) $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifolds, and let $f:M \to N$ be a smooth orientation-preserving weakly* conformal map.
Do there exist ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Integrals of real analytic functions

Let $A\subset \mathbb{R}^{n+m}$ be a compact subanalytic subset. Let $F\colon A\to \mathbb{R}$ be a function which is a restriction to $A$ of a real analytic function defined in a neighborhood of $A$.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Polynomial vector field tangent to a given analytic simple closed curve

Assume that $\gamma$ is an analytic simple closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ which surrounds origin.
Is there a polynomial vector field on the plane which is tangent to $\gamma$? In the other word, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Sheaves of functions on open semi-algebraic sets

Let $U\subsetneq\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open semi-algebraic set which is not Zariski open (the case I have in mind is that of an open ball $B(0,1)$). A function $f:U\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is called
(1) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Are continuous rational functions arc-analytic?

Let $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth semi-algebraic set (for simplicity we can assume $X=B(0,r)$ is a small ball around the origin). A function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is called a continuous ...

**1**

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89 views

### characterisation of definable functions in the Lipschitz-Robinson expansion

A subset $X$ of a domain $\Omega$ in a real analytic manifold $M$ is called semi-analytic if in a neighbourhood of any point $p \in M$ it is described by finitely many equations and inequalities in ...

**7**

votes

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528 views

### Complexification of smooth manifolds

Given a $C^\infty$- smooth manifold $M$, is there a natural way to complexify it?
By this I mean finding a complex manifold $N$ and a smooth function $f:M\to N$ such that $df:T_xM\otimes \mathbb{C}\to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Identity Theorem for Real-Analytic Hypersurfaces

There's an interesting statement it seems I can prove, but I can't find any references for it, which makes me suspicious of it. So, could someone verify that the statement is correct/incorrect or ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### When do real analytic functions form a coherent sheaf?

It is known that, in general, the sheaf of real analytic functions on a real analytic manifold is not coherent. However, there are some examples, where we have coherence: for example, if $X$ is a ...

**6**

votes

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225 views

### Isomorphic copies of the real line--can these isomorphisms be made explicit?

This question has bugged me for a long time. I've asked some of my professors and they seem to believe that these objects haven't been studied. I'm prone to believe that the construction is too simple ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

656 views

### Can a Riemannian metric be analytic in non-analytically different coordinates?

Suppose I have two coordinates on the same (subset of a) Riemannian manifold.
If the metric tensor is analytic in both coordinates, is the change of variables between them necessarily analytic?
In ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### Restriction of real analytic functions to embedded submanifolds

lets assume we have a real vectorspace $V$ and functions $f_1, \dots, f_k \colon V \to \mathbb{R}$ which are real-analytic (for instance, let them be polynomial).
Furthermore we have an embedded real-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### Polynomials pulled back by momentum maps

Let $G$ be a Lie group acting Hamiltonian on some real analytic symplectic manifold $(M, \omega)$, with an $G$-equivariant momentum map $\Phi \colon M \to \mathfrak{g}^*$.
Assuming I can find ...

**1**

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136 views

### How many real-analytic forms exist on a real-analytic manifold?

I hope my question isn't too vague:
Let $M$ be a real-analytic compact manifold (say surface for simplicity). How big is $\Omega^k(M)$ (space of global real-analytic $k$-forms)?
Let me explain ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Are definable sets in an o-minimal expansion of the real field locally analytic?

I have a strong suspicion that yes, but as I am not a specialist in o-minimal structures, I thought that I might have overlooked some corner case.
The precise statement is as follows: let $X \subset ...

**3**

votes

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169 views

### Lojasiewicz's structure theorem

The Lojasiewicz structure theorem on p. 169 in the book of Krantz/Parks A primer of real analytic functions confuses me. According to the stratification property, the zeroes of a real analytic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Complexifying a real-analytic singularity

This is probably a well-known issue, but I could not find a clear discussion in the literature, and I think others could find it useful.
Consider a real-analytic function germ $f:(\mathbb R^2,0) \...

**6**

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228 views

### Does the cohomology comparison part of GAGA hold over the reals?

If $k=\mathbb{C}$, $X$ is a projective (or even proper) scheme over $k$ and $F$ a coherent sheaf on $X$, then there is an isomorphism
$$
H^p(X,F)\rightarrow H^p(X^{an}, F^{an})
$$
(and there is also ...

**6**

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206 views

### Where do I read about semi-algebraic/analytic sets?

What's a good introduction to semi-algebraic/semi-analytic sets?
I'm coming from algebraic geometry, so ideally I'd prefer material that has a similar point of view and highlights analogies.
I've ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Can integration spoil real-analyticity?

Is there an example of a function $f:(a,b)\times(c,d)\to\mathbb{R}$, which is real analytic in its domain, integrable in the second variable, and such that the function
$$ g:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R},\qquad ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

140 views

### Does an analytic tensorial Lie structure on $S^2$ gives a fiberwise Abelian Lie algebra structure?

Motivated by the answer to this question we ask:
Is it true to say that for every real analytic tensorial Lie algebra structure $\alpha$ on $\chi^{\infty}(S^2)$, all fibers are necessarily ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Three and a half basic questions on the Weil restriction of scalars

(This is reposted from mathstackexchange, where it received no answer so far.)
I am currently trying to get familiar with the Weil Restriction functor.
For a finite field extension $L|K$ it ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is the analytic version of the Whitney Approximation Theorem true?

I initially asked this question on MSE but I haven't had any luck.
The Whitney Approximation Theorem states that any continuous map between smooth manifolds is homotopic to a smooth map. If the ...

**1**

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**0**answers

90 views

### Does real analytic imply locally contractible?

The statement is true for complex analytic spaces. I am not sure who proved this result.
I ask the same question in the real case.

**3**

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182 views

### Characterization of certain analytic vector fields on $S^{2}$

Let $X$ be a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which satisfies:
$X$ has a finite number of singularities on $S^{2}$
The equator is invariant under flow of $X$
3.$g_{*}X=\pm X$ where $g$ ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

754 views

### Analog of Newlander–Nirenberg theorem for real analytic manifolds

It is well known that one can specify a complex structure on a real $C^\infty$ manifold in two equivalent ways: an atlas with holomorphic transition functions between charts and an integrable almost ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

322 views

### analytic vector bundles

Let $E$ be a real analytic vector bundle on an analytic manifold $M$. Assume that $E$, as a smooth vector bundle, is a trivial bundle.
Is $E$ a trivial analytic vector bundle?
I need to the ...

**2**

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**0**answers

239 views

### Analytic version of the Cartan lemma

Assume that $\beta$ is a real analytic 2-form on an analytic manifold $M$ and $\alpha$ is an analytic non vanishing 1-form on $M$. Assume that $\beta \wedge \alpha=0$. Is there an analytic 1-form $\...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

300 views

### A cohomology associated to a 1- form

In this question all objects are real analytic.(manifolds, differential forms..)
Assume that $M$ is a compact manifold and $\alpha \in \Omega^{1}(M)$ is a one form.
We define a map $\phi:\Omega^{*}(...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

282 views

### Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$.
A local question
Is there an analytic vector ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

923 views

### Derivation on real analytic manifolds

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. By $C^{\omega}(M)$ we mean the algebra of all analytic functions from $M$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that $D$ is a derivation on $C^{\omega}(M)$ .
Is there a ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

611 views

### Number of disjoint simple closed geodesics

According to Jairo comment on the first version of this question I revise the question as follows;
Let $g$ be a real analytic Riemannan metric on $S^{2}$. Is it true to say that:
There are at most a ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

1k views

### Linearization of vector fields

Simply, we discuss things on $C^{2n}$ ($or R^{2n}$) but not on manifolds. Given an anayltic (or real analytic) vector field $V$ on $C^{2n}$ ($or R^{2n}$), with a zero at the origin . And $V_{0}$ is ...