# Questions tagged [real-analysis]

Real-valued functions of real variable, analytic properties of functions and sequences, limits, continuity, smoothness of these.

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### Bound on the ratio of harmonic and arithmetic mean

Let $a_i>0$ for $i=1,...,n$. It is well-known that $A\ge H$, where $A$ and $H$ are the arithmetic mean and harmonic mean of the vector $(a_i)$, respectively. Is any lower bound on $H/A$ known?
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### Invariance under diffeomorphisms of the Hajlasz-Sobolev spaces

In this post it was shown that if $\Omega$ and $\Omega'$ are diffeomorphic non-empty open domains in some Euclidean space then the corresponding local Sobolev spaces are diffeomorphic with ...
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### Reference request for (weak*) metrizability of a bounded space of signed Radon measures on a compact set

I know the following is true and I know how to prove it (cf. exercise 50 on page 171 in Folland, Theorem 7.18 in Folland), but per my adviser's instructions, it would be better to find a source to ...
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### The radius of an interval's image through a space-filling curve

Take $f:[0,1]\to [0,1]^n$ a continuous tour around $[0,1]^n,$ say, some iteration of a Hilbert curve. For $\varepsilon \in (0,1)$ what is the following thing called and are there any nontrivial upper ...
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### Low-degree polynomial approximation of the piecewise-linear function $x \mapsto \max(x, 0)$ on an interval $x \in [-R,R]$

For $R > 0$, consider the piecewise-linear function $\sigma_R: [-R,R] \rightarrow \mathbb R^+$, defined by $\sigma_R(x) := \max(x,0)$. Question Given $\epsilon> 0$, find a "low-degree" ...
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### Does lattice mod preserve direction?

For high enough dimension $n$ there are lattices $L_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ whose Voronoi partition's base regions encompass all but a negligible proportion of a $(1-\varepsilon)$-ball, and also is ...
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### Help in proving, that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(x)} d x=e+\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{e^{-x}}{\pi^{2}+(\ln x)^{2}} d x$ using real methods only

I hope this does not seem like a too easy question for Overflow. I would like to find an easier method than mine to prove the above statement for the Fransén-Robinson Constant. My first method was to ...
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### Generalization of Lagrange-Burmann to system of self-consistency equations

In my research, I have come across a system of probability generating functions of the following form: $$H_1(x) = x A(H_1(x))B(H_2(x)) \text{,}$$ $$H_2(x) = x C(H_1(x))D(H_2(x)) \text{,}$$ and I am ...
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### Holder inequality with respect to convex function

Given $a, T>0$, by Holder's inequality we have $$\int_T^{T+a}f(s)ds\leq \left(\int_0^{T+a}|f(s)|^2ds\right)^{1/2}\cdot\sqrt{a}.$$ Do we have similar result if we replace $|x|^2$ by some convex ...
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### Rigorous justification for this formal solution to $f(x+1)+f(x)=g(x)$

Let $g\in C(\Bbb R)$ be given, we want to find a solution $f\in C(\Bbb R)$ of the equation $$f(x+1) + f(x) = g(x).$$ We may rewrite the equation using the right-shift operator $(Tf)(x) = f(x+1)$...
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### Is a bounded sequence of $H^1(\Omega)$ tight?

Assume $\Omega$ is a bounded subset of $\Bbb R^d$ and $(u_n)_n$ is a bounded sequence of the Sobolev space $H^1(\Omega)$. Question: Can we say that $(u_n)_n$ is tight in $L^2(\Omega)$ namely: ...
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### Choosing finite subsets of natural numbers

Let $t>0$ and $\delta\in\big(0,\frac12\big)$ be fixed. For any $k\in\mathbb{N}$ let $I_k,J_k\in\mathbb{N}$ be finite subsets of natural numbers with cardinalities denoted as $|I_k|,|J_k|$, ...
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### Stronger version of Besicovitch covering theorem

I'm wondering if the following strengthening of the Besicovitch covering theorem holds: Suppose $A\subset\mathbb R^n$ is a bounded subset and suppose $x\mapsto r_x$ is a function $A\to(0,\infty)$. Is ...
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### What are the sets on which norm-closedness implies weakly closedness?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Let $C$ be a convex, and normed-closed subset of $X$. It is well-known that $C$ becomes weakly closed subset of $X$. I want to know is there any well-know class of non ...
Let $X$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$. The classical Stone-Weierstrass theorem describes dense subsets of $C(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R})$ when it is equipped with the compact-open topology. ...