# Questions tagged [random-functions]

The random-functions tag has no usage guidance.

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### Random solute transport equation

After reading the article Probability density functions for solute transport in random fields, by M. Shvidler, K. Karasaki, see https://pubarchive.lbl.gov/islandora/object/ir%3A116072/datastream/PDF/...

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### Can this criterion to indicate the randomness some numbers? [closed]

John Derbyshire in his book PRIME OBSESSION says on page 366:
CHAPTER 3
10.
"Here is an example of e turning up unexpectedly. Select a random number
between 0 and 1. Now select another and add ...

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### Vanishing viscosity method and random forcing

The vanishing viscosity method consists in viewing problem:
$$(A) \hspace{1cm}
u_t+g(u)_x = 0,\\[2ex]
$$
as the limit of the problem:
$$(B) \hspace{1cm}
u_t+g(u)_x+\nu \varDelta u = 0,\\[2ex]...

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### Concentration of a Gaussian function around its mean

I am interested in showing a certain function of a Gaussian random vector is concentrated around its mean. Let $\mathbf{g}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be distributed as $\mathcal{N}(\mathbf{0},\mathbf{I}_n)$. I ...

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### Can I really double my accuracy? On variance of a sum of random variables [closed]

I'm working through Fifty Challenging Problems in Probability by Frederick Mosteller. This is the problem I'm working on:
Doubling Your Accuracy
An unbiased instrument for measuring distances ...

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**1**answer

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### A question about the paper “The Condition Number of a Randomly Perturbed Matrix”

My question pertains to this paper by Terence Tao and Van Vu, https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0703307
Both my questions pertain to the argument presented in this paper in its section 6 (page 5). We are ...

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87 views

### 2D wave equation with gaussian boundary condition

Given the 2D wave equation in polar coordinates:
$$u_{\rho\rho}+\dfrac{1}{\rho}u_{\rho}+\dfrac{1}{\rho^2}u_{\theta\theta}=\dfrac{1}{a^2}u_{tt}$$
with $u=u(\rho,\theta,t),(\rho,\theta,t)\in [0,c]\times(...

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### Is it possible to check if a sequence of numbers (1 to 10) have been generated randomly or by a human? [closed]

Let's suppose to have sequence like "10 1 2 4 5 3 2 1 2 3 10 1" and so on... It is possible to understand if it has been generated randomly (by a program) or by a human? Do they correspond to a kind ...

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### Generating Random Curves with Fixed Length and Endpoint Distance

Are algorithms already known, that generate (arbitrarily good approximations of) random curves, w.l.o.g. with unit length, and joining endpoints $(0,0)$ and $(\alpha,0)$ with $\alpha \lt1$ given?
...

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### Sign-oscillations for power series with random coefficients

Let $p(x) = \sum_{k \geq 0} a_k x^k$ where the $a_k$'s are IID random variables taken from a mean-zero random variable taking finitely many values in $\mathbb{R}$; it clearly converges for $-1<x<...

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### Stochastic approximation in two dimensions

I have a question about a stochastic approximation method presented in J. R. Blum, Ann. Math. Stat. 25(4): 737 (1954).
Given a $k$-dimensional vector $\bf x$ and $k$ random variables $Y^1_{\bf x}, \...

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**1**answer

478 views

### Zeroes of a not quite holomorphic (but random if helpful) function

I’m interested in the zeroes of the complex function
$f(z,\bar{z}) = p(z) + \frac{1}{log(|z|)} q(z)$
where both $p$ and $q$ are polynomials of the complex variable $z$ (and are therefore holomorphic)...

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192 views

### The best linear approximation of a random function

Let $\mathcal{F}_n$ be the set of all boolean functions of $n$ variables and let $\xi$ be a random variable with values in the set $\mathcal{F}_n$ with the uniform distribution. We define a new random ...

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### Inequality for Conditional Variance

Let $X,Y$ be real random variables with joint density $p(x,y)$. Let the variance of $X, Y$ be $\operatorname{Var}(X) = \operatorname{Var} (Y)=\sigma^2$. The conditional variance of $X$ for a given $Y=...

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### Expected number of local minima of random polynomial in high dimensions

Consider the inner product space $P_k$ of polynomials of degree $\le k$ on the unit sphere $\mathbb S^{n-1}\subset \mathbb R^n$. Let $p\sim N(0,\sigma^2 I)$ be a randomly chosen polynomial in $P_k$, ...

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### One-sided Talagrand concentration inequality for empirical processes

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote a function class. A classic result by Talagrand states that
\begin{align*}
\mathbb{P}\bigg\{\sup_{f\in\mathcal{F}}\big|\sum_{i=1}^nf(X_i)-\mathbb{E}\big[\sum_{i=1}^nf(X_i)\...

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### concentration of functions of Gaussian processes

Let $\mathcal{C}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be a subset of the unit ball. Also let $\mathbf{a}_1,\mathbf{a}_2,\ldots,\mathbf{a}_m\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be i.i.d. random Gaussian vectors $\mathcal{N}(\mathbf{0},\mathbf{...

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### Random processes with smooth paths

Is there any prototypical example of a Random process with smooth paths?
I imagine one can simple integrate each path of a Brownian motion and get a $C^{\frac32-\epsilon}$ path.
It's easy to ...

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### Is there analogs of perlin noise algorithm?

I want to create procedure generated map, but all resources that I found talks about using of "perlin noise" algorithm. Maybe better (higher perfomance, more realistic terrain generation) analogs ...

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### Miminum distance between randomly distributed small squares?

I want to calculate the minimum distance between randomly distributed small squares as shown in the attachment. The length of the small squares is 0.016667 and the length of the total length is 1. ...

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### Probability of a random divisor of a given integer $n$ [closed]

Suppose we have a given integer $n$. We randomly pick an integer $k$, where $k\leq n$. Then What is the probability that $k$ divides $n$?

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### Decompose dependent random variables into function of dependent and independent parts

Let $X$ and $Z$ be two (possibly dependent) random variables. Is it necessarily the case that there exists a Borel function f and a random variable $Y$ that is independent of $X$ such that $Z = f(X, Y)...

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### Criterion for weak convergence of probability measures on S' or D'

Let $X_n$ in $S'$ and $\mu_n$, $\mu$ in $M(S')$. $S'$ is the space of tempered distributions. I'm looking for a reference that says if $< f, X_n >$ converges in distribution to $< f,X>$ ...

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### Rate of Convergence of Compound Poisson Laws to Infinitely Divisible Laws

It is known that every infinitely divisible random variable is the limit in law of a sequence of compound Poisson random variables (see for instance Theorem 1.2.18 of Lévy Processes and Stochastic ...

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### An inequality based on expectation of continuous random variables

I am trying to prove the following statement:
$$
E[g(X)] E[X^2g(X)]\ge E[Xg(X)] E[Xg(X)]
$$
where $X$ is a random variable, $E[\cdot]$ denotes the expectation operator with respect to $X$, and ...

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### PDF of the product of normal and Cauchy distributions

I am having trouble in finding out the resulting PDF of the product of normal and Cauchy distributions. It turns out that we have a general formula for calculating the PDF of product of two random ...

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### Measurability of solution of diffusion equation in sub sigma algebra

I want to solve the following problem:
Get $\omega \in \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}$, $x \in D \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and $0<a_i\leq a(.,.)\leq a_x<\infty$.
Let $a( x;. )$ and $f(x;.)$ be $\...

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### Reference: Bochner Integral`

What would be an easily accessible book dealing with Bochner integration as applied to probability theory (I'm looking to understand random elements and their basic related concepts in a formal yet ...

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### Strictly positive solutions of a random linear system

Suppose $B\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ is a random binary matrix with i.i.d entries and $c\in \mathbb{R}^m$ is a strictly positive vector, that is $c_i>0$ for $i=1,2,\cdots m$. Also assume $m<n$, ...

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### the 3th and 4th order statistics of Circularly Symmetric Complex Normal random vector?

Assume that ${\bf{z}} \in {\mathbb{C}}^{n \times 1}$ is a CSCG random vector denoted with $\mathcal{C} ~ (\bf{\mu} _0,\bf \Sigma _0)$ where $\mu _0$ and $\bf \Sigma _0$ are mean and contrivance matrix,...

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### A calculation involving a uniform random variable quantile

THE PROBLEM:
Let $U$ be a uniform distribution and $U_{n}$ be its nth empirical distribution. Suppose $t\in (0,1)$ and $n\in \mathbb{N}$ are constants. What's the explicit expression to
$$E\{U_{n}^{-}...

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### Link between presence of attracting random fixed points and synchronisation - is this an open question?

This is a question in the theory of random dynamical systems.
Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space, let $(I,\mathcal{I},\nu)$ be a probability space, and let $(f_\alpha)_{\alpha \in I}$ be an $I$-...

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### Random infinite sequence : Can machines generate truly random sequences. [closed]

Test : "A True Random Sequence Source and a computer producing a certain sequence of numbers are kept in separate rooms and judges try to tell them apart by conducting a series of tests on the ...

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### Random infinite sequences

An Algorithm/Turing machine
Produces a symbol from a finite alphabet, and continues doing so
infinitely.
Another algorithm gets a copy of this symbol,
...

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### Random variables related through nonlinear system of equations

I asked this question on https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/377140/random-variables-related-through-nonlinear-system-of-equations, however I received no answer for a while so I'm posting it here:...

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### How to test if two sets of random numbers might be from the same random number generator?

I have a sequence of sets of random numbers, with each set generated
by an unknown random number generator. I am assuming that in the
sequence, the random number generator is the same one for a ...

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### Scale random variables in a way they have equal probabilities of being minimal

I have several positive random variables $x_i,\ i=1,...,N$ taken from different unknown distributions (these distributions can be closely approximated by log-normal if needed). I can sample these ...

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### Characteristic polynomials of certain random symmetric matrices and the complexity of random Morse functions

Investigations concerning random Morse functions led me to the following problem. Consider the classical GOE of $m\times m$ real symmetric matrices $A$ with independent Gaussian entries with ...