# Questions tagged [quaternions]

The quaternions tag has no usage guidance.

114
questions

**13**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Why is the automorphism group of the octonions $G_2$ instead of $SO(7)$

I can calculate the derivation of the octonions and I clearly find the 14 generators that form the algebra of $G_2$. However, when I do the same calculation for the quaternions, I end up with the ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

264 views

### Generalizing contour integration to quaternions and bicomplex numbers

I am interested in the possibility of generalizing the notion of contour integration to the quaternions or bicomplex numbers. I am aware that the Frobenius theorem prevents the construction of a true ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Charaterisation of quaternion algebras

Let $k$ be a field, and $A$ an associative $k$-algebra with an identity element. Say that $A$ is quadratic if any subalgebra of $A$ generated by a single element has dimension at most two.
I am ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Diagonalizing quaternionic unitary matrices

The quaternionic unitary group $\mathrm{U}(n,\mathbb{H})$, also called the compact symplectic group $\mathrm{Sp}(n)$, consists of $n \times n$ quaternionic matrices $g$ such that $gg^\ast = 1$, where
$...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Quaternions as eigenvalues of rank 3 tensors

Let us consider a matrix $M^{(a)}$ of size $N \times N$, having $N$ eigenvalues $\lambda_i \in \mathbb{C}$.
Considering a rank-3 tensor, we can informally think of it as a sequence of $N$ matrices $M^{...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Norm of maximal order in quaternion algebra

Let $B$ be a quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ that is a division algebra over $\mathbb{R}$. The theorem of Hasse-Schilling tells us that the image of the reduced norm of $B^\times$ is $\mathbb{R}^+...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Two generalizations of the Verblunsky Theorem

I learned from this paper about the Verblunsky theorem.
My question is that: What kind of generalizations of this theorem is availlable?
In particular I am interested in the following two possible ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Sylow 2-subgroups of finite groups in which every subgroup of order 4 is cyclic

Let $G$ be a finite group. Assume that every subgroup of order 4 in $G$ is cyclic (as happens if $G$ is a cyclic group or a generalized quaternion group). It seems to me that it should follow that a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Control and observability of Clifford algebra and quaternion valued systems?

Good evening everybody, I'm asking you if there is a mathematical theory about control and observability of differential systems within the quaternionic and Clifford (geometric) algebras. And if so, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Question about the correspondence between unitary Möbius transformations and quaternions

One of the main theorems about the classification of Möbius transformations states that pure rotations of the Riemann sphere (without translation and dilatation) correspond to unitary Möbius ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### 3D similarities and quaternions?

As is well-known, in dimension 2, a linear map $f : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ is a direct similarity if, once we identify $\mathbb{R}^2$ with $\mathbb{C}$, $f$ is of the form
$$\forall z \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

235 views

### Are there algorithms for deciding or solving conjugacy in integer quaternion rings?

I am doing some research on the quaternions and their role in Non-commutative cryptography. I have found a number of articles, but it is still unclear to me if there is a known solution to the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Conjugacy in the quaternion group

Let $G$ be a non-commutative group, and suppose we are given two elements $x, y \in G$ which are conjugate, i.e. we know there exists some $z \in G$ such that $zxz^{-1} = y$. Can we find $z$ given $x$ ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

540 views

### What other lattices are obtainable from this noncommutative ring?

Here I will regard $SU(2)$ as the multiplicative group of unit quaternions.
There are just three conjugacy classes of finite subgroups $G < SU(2)$ where $[G:C] > 2$ for all cyclic subgroups $C &...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

517 views

### Principled construction of the quaternions

Is there a construction of the quaternions that doesn't proceed through generators and relations, and which makes the connection with 3D rotations clear?
I'm not happy with Clifford Algebra as an ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

579 views

### Representing a number as a sum of four squares and factorization

Rabin and Shallit have a randomized polynomial-time algorithm to express an integer $n$ as a sum of four squares $n=a^2+b^2+c^2+d^2$ (in time $\log(n)^2$ assuming the Extended Riemann Hypothesis).
I'...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Idempotent functions on Sp(1)

The quaternion group $Sp(1)\simeq S^3$ can be understood as $(z,w)\in\mathbb {C}^2$ with $|z|^2+|w|^2=1$ where multiplication is defined by $(z,w)(t,s)=(zt-\bar{s}w,zs+\bar{t}w)$.
Question: How do ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### How many distinct quaternions have a given prime norm $p$?

I seem to recall that the answer is $p + 1$, but I'm not quite sure.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### The name of special 16-dimensional hypercomplex number

Let's consider the following number:
$n = n_0 + n_1\textbf{i} + n_2\textbf{j} + n_3\textbf{k}$
Where $\{1,\textbf{i},\textbf{j},\textbf{k}\}\subset\mathbb{H}$ and in turn each component can be written ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Flag variety over quaternions and its Hecke algebra

Consider cell decomposition of flag variety of $\mathbb{H}^{n}$ into orbits under the action of $B(\mathbb{H})$ - group of upper triangular matrices with coefficients in $\mathbb{H}$. I think cells ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

465 views

### The Hilbert symbols of quaternion algebras over a totally real field

Let $k$ be a totally real number field. Every quaternion algebra $B$ over $k$ can be written as
$$B = \left(\frac{a,b}{k}\right), $$
for some constants $a,b \in k^\times$. My question is, can I always ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Dimension of hermitian rank at most $k$ matrices over quaternions

In a (right) finite dimensional quaternionic Hilbert space there is an analogue of the spectral theorem (see theorem 4.6 in Farenick and Pidkowich) for normal matrices in $\mathbb{H}^{m\times m}$, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Conductor of quaternionic representation

Classical work by Casselman shows that for an irreducible admissible representation $\rho$ of $GL_2$ over a non-archimedean field $k$, there is a minimal power $n\geq 0$ of the prime ideal $\mathfrak{...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Quaternion holomorphic maps via certain elliptic operator instead of immediate generalization of complex differentiability

We identify $\mathbb{R}^4$ with the quaternions $\mathbb{H}=\{t=x+yi+zj+wk\mid x,y,z,w\in \mathbb{R}\}$. We define the differential operator $D$ on $C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^4)$, the space of smooth ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Existence of certain endomorphism of supersingular elliptic curve

Let $E$ be a supersingular elliptic curve over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic $p$. Let $R = \operatorname{End}(E)$ be its ring of endomorphisms. Then, it is known $R \otimes_{\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Is it possible to prevent gimbal lock on a 2 axis gimble by adding a 3rd axis treating it as an “2d” quaternion? [closed]

If I have a 2 axis gimbal, that functions similar to a theodolite, that rotates the pitch and yaw axis. If I were to add an axis to make it a traditional gimbal, would I be able to prevent the gimbal-...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

529 views

### Solutions to the Diophantine equation $x^2+3y^2+3z^2=n$

For a fixed positive integer $n$, the Diophantine equation
$$x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = n$$
was studied by Gauss in Disquisitiones Arithmeticae. As is known, this equation is intimately connected to the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Name and Properties of Quaternions Related to 3D Differential Geometry

In 3D differential geometry there are canonical local coordinate systems associated with each point of sufficiently smooth curves and surfaces:
in the case of curves there are the Frenet frames $$\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

369 views

### Symplectic group over finite field and quaternions

Symplectic group over finite field is defined as group preserving non-degenerate antisymmetric bilinear form on $\mathbb F_q^{2n}$. How could we define this group using quaternions ? This should be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Computing Tamagawa number of torus in Quaternion algebra

Consider a rational Quaternion algebra $M$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ that does not split at $\infty$. For example take the rational Hamilton quaternions $M=\mathbb{Q}(-1,-1)$.
For the adele ring $\mathbb{A}$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Automorphic quotient for quaternion algebras

Are automorphic quotient for quaternion algebras always compact (safe the totally split case)?
Is there any good reference for proof of this fact, or easy arguments to say do?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Why is this mapping surjective?

It is mentioned in wikipedia that every single orthogonal $3 \times 3$ rational matrix is of the form
$$\dfrac{1}{m^2+n^2+p^2+q^2}\begin{pmatrix} m^2+n^2-p^2-q^2 & 2np-2mq & 2mp+2nq \\ 2mq+...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Inner forms of $GL(2)$

I know that inner forms of $GL(2)$ are quaternion algebras. However, I cannot find the proof myself.
First, since quaternion algebras are forms of $GL(2)$ by the usual embedding in matrices, they ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

470 views

### English translation of M.-F. Vigneras “Arithmétique des algèbres de quaternions”

I am looking to understand a citation about the connection of quaternion algebra over number fields which when embedded into $\mathbb{C}$, leads to a discrete subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{C})$ which ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

176 views

### Do these definitions of integrable quaternionic structure agree?

I have found two different definitions for integrable quaternionic structure in the literature, and I need to know if they agree with one another.
One definition that I have found (from Differential ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Which hyperkaehler manifolds admit an atlas with affine overlap maps?

In order for the quaternionic structure on a hyperkahler manifold to take the canonical form
$$
J_1= \left[\begin{array}{cccc}
0 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\
1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### How does the concept of a hermitian metric generalize to a hyperkahler manifold?

A complex manifold admits an almost complex structure, $J$, which satisfies
$$
{J^i}_j{J^j}_k=-{\delta^i}_k,
$$
and a Hermitian metric, $g$, which satisfies
$$
g_{st}{J^s}_i{J^t}_j=g_{ij}. \tag{1}
$$...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Terminology: Almost hyper-Hermitian vs Almost hyper-Kähler vs

After non-thorough literature search, it seems to me that there is no consensus on the usage of the terminology "(almost) hyper-Hermitian" vs "almost hyper-Kähler" vs "almost quaternion-Hermitian" etc....

**2**

votes

**2**answers

136 views

### Matrix expression for elements of $\text{SO}_0(1,4)$

Denote by $\text{SO}_0(1,4)$ the identity component of the special linear isometry group $\mathrm{SO}(1,4)$ of the Lorentz-Minkowski space $\mathbb{R}_1^5$, that is, of
$$\text{SO}(1,4)=\left\{X\in\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

701 views

### Spherical Harmonics on $S^3$ [closed]

My understanding is that harmonic analysis on the circle ($S^1$) leads to Fourier Series/Integrals whereas harmonic analysis on the sphere ($S^2$) leads to Spherical Harmonics. If we take the next ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Automorphisms and isometries of the quaternions

Each automorphism of the quaternion algebra is inner and it is an orthogonal mapping with the determinant 1.
Let $f: \mathbb H \rightarrow \mathbb H$ be in $SO(4)$. Does there exists a quaternion $q$...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### About some property of automorphism of octonions

Let $f$ be an automorphism of the algebra of octonions. Is it true that $f$ preserves some quaternionic subalgebra? Has the statement an elementary proof?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Computing the Cartan1-form for $Sp(2)$

Context:
I must find the Cartan 1-form for $Sp(2)$ before I start dealing with the natural connection of the Hopf fibration $S^3 \hookrightarrow S^7 \overset{\mathcal P}\to S^4$. To do so, the idea ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

492 views

### A symmetric-like group and the quaternion group $Q_8$

It is well known that the symmetric group $S_n$ admits presentation with
$\{(ij) \mid i\neq j\}$ as the set of generators and the following list of relations
(in every formula distinct letters denote ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Exceptional symmetric spaces with quaternionic structure

Following this and this question I found following chain of exceptional symmetric spaces being quaternionic manifolds. I listed dimensions as superscripts for reader convenience.
$F_{I}^{28}\subset ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Exceptional isomorphism with Spin(6,2)?

There are all sorts of curios in low-dimensional Lie groups and Lie algebras, many of them due to the presence of the quaternions. There is, I have recently learned, an isomorphism $SO(6,2) \simeq SO(...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Left- and right-sided principal ideals of quaternions have same index?

One fact about the Lipschitz integers (quaternions of the form $a + bi + cj + dk$ where $a, b, c, d$ are integers) is that the left-sided ideal generated by any element $Q$ has the same index in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### 4-D lattices and quaternion

It is easy to prove that there are only 2 extensions $\mathbb{Q}(a)$, with $|a|=1$, of $\mathbb{Q}$ where $\mathbb{Z}[a]$ becomes a lattice(discrete free abelian subgroup of rank 2) in the complex ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### A Quaternions version of the Gauss Lucas theorem

Edit: My serious thanks to Christian, Todd and Yemon for their comments to the previous version.
The derivative is the same as Todd says: $(az^{n})'=naz^{n-1}$.
The polynomial is in the form of $\...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

550 views

### Determinants of octonionic hermitian matrices

For quaternionic hermitian matrices (i.e. quaternionic square matrices $(a_{ij})$ satisfying
$a_{ji}=\bar a_{ij}$) there is a nice notion of (Moore) determinant which can be defined as follows.
...