# Questions tagged [quantum-topology]

Finite-type (Vassiliev) invariants, quantum invariants, and perturbative invariants of knotted objects and of manifolds.

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questions

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### How does the scalar TV invariant of a 3-manifold with boundary fit into the TQFT picture?

Chen and Yang have a more general version of the volume conjecture that they state for all hyperbolic $3$-manifolds (Conjecture 1.1 of [2]) including those with boundary. To do this, they have to ...

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votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Relations between quantum groups at roots of unity, modular representation theory, and physics

I understand that quantum groups at roots of unity are related to physics because they are used in the construction of Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants, conjectured by Witten. Are there other relations ...

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56 views

### Are the tangle functors based off Khovanov homology braided monoidal functors?

I was wondering if the tangle functors constructed in
"A functor-valued invariant of tangles"
https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0103190.pdf
"An invariant of tangle cobordisms via subquotients of arc rings"
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Generators and relations for the 2-dimensional unoriented cobordism category

It is very well known in the field of TQFT that the 2-dimensional oriented cobordism category is generated by the disk and the pair of pants (each going in both directions), subject to a finite set of ...

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136 views

### Applications of quantum representations of the mapping class group to quantum computers

Quantum representations of the mapping class group of a surface are certain representations constructed from the data of a TQFT and described, for example, in and 1 and 2.
The following sources 3 ...

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181 views

### Computation of \tau invariant

I am trying to understand the following inequality, $$0 \leq \tau (K_{+}) - \tau(K_{-}) \leq 1$$ from the following paper by Livingston. \ https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0311036.pdf . At page 737 , he ...

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votes

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177 views

### Does WRT invariant detect hyperelliptic involution on the genus 2 surface?

The Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariant cannot detect the hyperelliptic involution on the genus 1 surface, and that if $M_U$ is the mapping torus for a mapping class group element $U\in \mathrm{Mod}(\...

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153 views

### Are Turaev-Viro invariants holonomic?

Consider a 3-manifold $M$ with a boundary, which is a genus $g\geq 1$ surface $\Sigma$. Fix a triangulation $T$ of $\Sigma$. Then Turaev-Viro invariants $TV_q(M)$ are functions, assigning to integer ...

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**1**answer

506 views

### P-adic Volume Conjecture

Let $M$ be a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold. One can use hyperbolic structure on $M$ to define hyperbolic volume $Vol(M)$. Thanks to Mostow's rigidity theorem the volume depends only on the topology of ...

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91 views

### Quantum homology of $(S^2 \times S^2,\omega_{FS}\oplus \omega_{FS})$ and Poincare duality

I am having some issues computing Poincare duality for the quantum homology $QH(M)$ when $(M,\omega)=(S^2 \times S^2,\omega_{FS}\oplus \omega_{FS})$. I am using the simple novikov ring $\Lambda$ ...

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### IH-moves on trivalent graphs, and a complex that might be known to low-dimensional topologists

Here is a combinatorial problem which is hard to Google but seems like it might have a solution well known to people who study finite type invariants etc.
Let $G_{g,b}$ denote the set of finite ...

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176 views

### What is the “classical limit” of Khovanov homology?

Let me first explain what I mean by the "classical limit".
For quantum group invariants of links and webs (such as colored Jones polynomials), the "classical limit" means the limit $k\rightarrow +\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Framing dependence of HOMFLY polynomial

I want to understand the framing dependence of the Khovanov-Rozansky homology, and as its first step, I am trying to understand the framing dependence of the HOMFLY polynomial (i.e. quantum $sl(n)$ ...

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144 views

### Example of a non-extendable TQFT?

All 3D TQFTs I know of are of Reshetikhin-Turaev type. These are fully extended and I wondered if there are known examples of TQFTs such that there is no once-extended TQFT extending it.

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686 views

### Classification of unitary modular tensor categories (UMTCs)

Context/background:
I'm approaching this topic from the perspective of anyonic systems.
In the study of anyons, one works with fusion categories. Of course, for physicality, we demand that
i) The ...

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**2**answers

648 views

### Hyperbolic Volume and Chern-Simons

In the paper ``Analytic Continuation Of Chern-Simons Theory'' (arXiv:1001.2933) Witten postulates that hyperbolic volume of 3-dimensional manifold coincides with the value of the Chern-Simons ...

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### Why do people study representations of 3-manifold groups into $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$?

Varieties of representations and characters of $3$-manifold groups in $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ have been intensively studied. They have provided tools to identify geometric structures on manifolds, and are ...

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321 views

### Brauer-Picard for a fusion category coming from a quantum group

In Fusion Categories and Homotopy Theory, ENO attatch a 3-groupoid to a fusion category. In the case of A graded vector spaces they further compute it's truncation as an orthogonal group $O(A \...

**15**

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**1**answer

402 views

### Examples of n+1D TQFT with 1 dimensional Hilbert spaces on n-torus and n-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces on other n-manifolds

Are there simple examples of $n+1$D TQFT that assign 1-dimensional Hilbert spaces to both $n$-torus and $n$-sphere but higher dimensional Hilbert spaces to some other $n$-manifolds? Here I am assuming ...

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votes

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469 views

### Polynomial invariants for unoriented links

I have seen that usually one finds polynomial invariants for oriented links (for example the Jones polynomial, the Hompfly polynomial). Does anyone know what polynomial invariants exist for non-...

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619 views

### Jones polynomial of tangles using Temperley-Lieb algbra?

The definition of the Jones polynomial of tangles (a la Reshetikhin and Turaev) uses the space of invariants for $U_q sl_2$ and R-matrices. It seems to me the same thing cane be done in terms of the ...

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votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Mutant pairs distinguished by [2,1]-colored HOMFLY polynomials

Morton and Cromwell showed that the famous mutant pair, Kinoshita-Terasaka and Conway knots, can be distinguished by HOMFLY polynomials colored by [2,1] Young diagram. Are there any other mutant pairs ...

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347 views

### Does the limit in the Volume conjecture converge?

The Volume conjecture says that if $J_n(q)$ are the colored Jones polynomials of a knot $K \subset S^3$, then
$$\lim_{N \to \infty} \frac{ 2 \pi}N \left\vert J_N(e^{2\pi i / N})\right\vert = vol(K)$$
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

576 views

### Proving that the Jones polynomial is q-holonomic

The Jones polynomial is known to have many different interpretations or definitions, by now. There are connections with QFT, quantum groups, Hilbert schemes, Cherednik algebras, etc.
My question is ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Why are Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants expected to be integral?

A Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev (WRT) Invariant $\tau_{M,L}^G(\xi)\in\mathbb{C}$ is an invariant of closed oriented 3-manifold $M$ containing a framed link $L$, where $G$ is a simple Lie group, and $\xi$ ...

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1k views

### The Jones polynomial at specific values of $t$

I've been calculating some Jones polynomials lately and I was just curious if there was a "physical" (or, rather, geometric) meaning to evaluating the Jones polynomial at a particular value of $t$.
...

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votes

**2**answers

249 views

### On trivalent spines of surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a surface with non-empty boundary labelled by finitely many points $x_i$.
For our purposes a spine $s$ for $\Sigma$ is a uni-trivalent graph embedded in $\Sigma$ whose 1-vertices are ...

**6**

votes

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299 views

### Construction of 3D Topological Quantum Field Theory from a 2D Modular Functor

I have been reading Bakalov and Kirillov's Lectures on Tensor Categories and Modular Functors in which the authors state that a direct construction of a $C$-extended 3D TQFT from a $C$-extended 2D ...

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611 views

### Quantization of symplectic vector space and choice of lagrangian subspaces

My question is related to Geometric Quantization.
I don't undrestand the philosophy of following assertion
If $(V,\omega)$ be a symplectic vector space then the quantizations of
$V$ corresponds ...

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votes

**1**answer

236 views

### The Maslov triple product is alternating in its entries

Let $(V,\omega)$ be a $2g$-dimensional symplectic vector space. I'm trying to understand the Maslov triple product. I know that it can be defined in a variety of ways, but for the applications I'm ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Kontsevich integral : state of the art

The Kontsevich integral is known to be a universal Vassiliev invariant.
It is still an open question whether it is a complete knot invariant, i.e. whether it distinguishes a given knot from all other ...

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315 views

### Provide a citation for the “spine lemma”?

I'm looking for a citable reference for the following (perhaps folkloric?) result on topological field theories.
(There are obviously generalizations to other dimensions; I'm happy with just the 2-...

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202 views

### Is a generic link diagram semi-adequate?

Each crossing in a link diagram of a link $L$ has an A-resolution and a B-resolution.
Resolving all crossings gives a collection of circles in the plane, connected by dotted lines. A state of a link ...

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**1**answer

755 views

### Are Turaev--Viro invariants secretly a discretized path integral?

Turaev--Viro http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1191386 defined an invariant of three-manifolds $M$ denoted $TV(M)$, which was subsequently shown by Kevin Walker to coincide with $\left|WRT(M)\...

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847 views

### Diagrammatic proof of unique prime decomposition of knots

Consider a knot to be a diagram in a plane--- i.e. a drawing of a finite connected planar graph (loops and multiple edges allowed) whose vertices are 4-valent with cyclic ordering for the incident ...

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votes

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379 views

### Vassilliev invariants of knots and their cables

The following is perhaps a standard question, but i could not find a plain enough answer
by simply searching online.
Q: Given a knot $K$ and its $(p,q)$-cable $K_{p,q}$ what is a relation
between ...

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votes

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533 views

### Is a knotted trivalent graph determined by its set of unzips?

A knotted trivalent graph (KTG) is a framed embedding of a trivalent graph in $\mathbb{R}^3$, modulo ambient isotopy. I believe they were first considered (in the quantum topological context, at least)...

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votes

**1**answer

414 views

### Reference request: the “Kauffman bracket skein category”?

There should be a category $3\text{CobTang}$ whose
objects are some kind of surfaces with a finite set of marked points
morphisms $M : S \to T$ are some kind of $3$-dimensional cobordisms $...

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votes

**0**answers

331 views

### On finding A-polynomials

I have two questions to obtain the explicit forms of A-polynomials.
Takata used the mathematica pacage qMultisum.m to obtain the recursion relation of the colored Jones polynomials for twist knots. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### Computations and applications of Khovanov's functor valued invariant of tangles

Soon after his famous paper "A categorification of the Jones polynomial", Khovanov
introduced a "bordered" version. His theory assingns to every oriented even tangle
a complex of (H_n,H_m)-bimodules, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Skein Modules on closed 3-manifolds

Hi all! Why are skein modules 1-dimensional on closed 3-manifolds? The result seems clear on closed manifolds with vanishing first Betti number (e.g. $S^3$), but I don't see how to prove it for, say, $...

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votes

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508 views

### S-matrix for the HOMFLY/Hecke category

This question concerns the HOMFLY-PT category, closely related to Hecke algebras. (See here for example.)
The minimal idempotents of this category are indexed by pairs $(\lambda_+, \lambda_-)$ of ...

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votes

**0**answers

183 views

### S-matrix for the BMW category

This question concerns the Birman-Murakami-Wenzl category, or equivalently the tangle category associated to the 2-variable Kauffman polynomial. (See here for example.)
The minimal idempotents of ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

619 views

### Integer matrices with a strange divisibility property

Fix an integer $n$. What can you say about a (not necessarily square) matrix $A$ with integer entries that has the property that for any $k$, every $k\times k$ minor of $A$ is divisible by $n^{k-1}$? ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

903 views

### Closed formula for colored Jones polynomial of the trefoil? (reference request)

(EDIT: Powers of $q$ in the formula corrected.)
I've been doing some computations with skein modules, and I found the following formula for the N-th colored Jones polynomial of the trefoil:
$\frac{1}...

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votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How to find Colin Day's PhD Thesis

A week or so ago, I was saddened to read Jim Stasheff's post on the AlgTop mailing list, announcing the passing of Colin Day, after a long bout with cancer.
I was thinking of reading Colin Day's PhD ...

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votes

**4**answers

7k views

### Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...

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votes

**1**answer

471 views

### Why is the quantum Lorentz group not connected?

Podles and Woronowicz' construct the quantum Lorentz group, by which they mean $SL_q(2,\mathbb{C})$, as a quantum double of the compact quantum group $SU_q(2)$. More precisely, it is a bicrossed ...

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1k views

### Representations of quantum groups at roots of unity

I'm interested in the semisimplified category of representations of a quantum group at a root of unity. I've heard that simple objects in this category correspond to certain "integral" conjugacy ...

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votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Quantum coordinate ring at root of unity

Noah Snyder gave a great answer to this question about different versions of a quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ when $q$ is a root of unity. I want to ask about forms of the deformed coordinate ring $...