Questions tagged [quadrature]

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2 votes
0 answers
85 views

Computing $\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{e^{ikt}}{|e^{it}-e^{it_0}|^m}~\text{d}t$, where $k\in\mathbb{Z}$, $t_0\in\mathbb{C}$, and $m=1,3,5,\dots$

I am working on a project on accurate numerical quadrature where I need to compute the following integral in order to find my quadrature weights, $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{{\rm e}^{{\rm i}kt}}{\,\left\...
  • 21
3 votes
0 answers
46 views

How well do Gauss-Legendre quadrature methods fare on "fractal" functions?

The context I'm making your tipical Mandelbrot set viewer, and I have a function $f: ℂ → ℕ$ that counts how many iterations of $$ z_0 = 0 \\ z_{i+1} = z_i^2 + c $$ it takes for a particular point $c$ ...
1 vote
1 answer
605 views

Integrating a B-Spline basis function with respect to the standard normal PDF

I am looking for ways to evaluate exactly (i.e. analytically or semi-analytically) integrals of the type: $$ \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}B_{i}^k(u)e^{-\frac{(u-\mu)^2}{2\sigma^2}}du, $$ where $B_i^k$ is a ...
  • 13
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Explicit growth rate estimation of Gauss-Laguerre quadrature

The $n$-th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature scheme aims to approximate integral of exponentially decreassing function over $[0;+ \infty[$ by a finite sum, according to: $ \displaystyle { \int _0 ^{+ \infty} ...
2 votes
1 answer
283 views

Error in Gauss-Laguerre numerical quadrature scheme

The $n$-th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature scheme aims to approximate integral of exponentially decreassing function over $[0 ; \infty[$ by a finite sum, according to: $$ \int _0 ^{+ \infty} ...
0 votes
1 answer
290 views

Gaussian quadrature, with no exact result over polynomial, but on inverse functions

Generally, a Gaussian quadrature of degree $n$ over an interval $I$ is defined so that it integrates exactly polynomials up to degree $2n - 1$. The main tool are the orthogonal polynomials. When $I$ ...
3 votes
1 answer
804 views

Quadrature for numerical integration over infinite intervals

I am looking for book recommendations or hints on numerical integration over infinite intervals. I am particularly interested in integrals of the form $\int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty} g(x) \exp(p_d(x))...
  • 131
4 votes
0 answers
224 views

For noisy or fine-structured data, are there better quadratures than the midpoint rule?

Only the first two sections of this long question are essential. The others are just for illustration. Background Advanced quadratures such as higher-degree composite Newton–Cotes, Gauß–Legendre, ...
  • 202
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Proof Reference - Polynomial interpolation at quadrature points

If $\left( p_n \right)_{n=0}^{\infty}$ is a family of orthogonal polynoamials with respect to a measure $\mu$ on $[-1,1]$, and $\left( x_j, w_j \right)$ are the quadrature points and weights for the ...
  • 3,240
0 votes
1 answer
128 views

Clenshaw-Curtis integration without Fourier

The Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature rule approximates an integral $I=\int\limits_{-1}^{1} f(x) \, dx$ by $$I\approx I_n = \sum\limits_{j=1}^N f(x_j)w_j \, ,$$ where the $x_j$'s are the roots of the $N$-th ...
  • 3,240
3 votes
0 answers
249 views

When (if ever) are the weights from Smolyak (sparse grid) cubature positive?

Are there any $1$-dimensional quadrature rules of arbitrary accuracy, on either $[0,1]$ or $\mathbb{R}$, with any non-trivial weight function, such that the associated $N$-dimensional cubature rule ...
  • 163
1 vote
2 answers
246 views

Numerical Computation of Orthogonal Polynomials Recurrence Relations

Background and notations: Given an interval $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ and a continuous finite measure $d\mu = w(x)dx$, and denote $p_n(x)$ the orthogonal polynomials with respect to $d\mu$. We have the ...
  • 3,240
6 votes
2 answers
936 views

Recurrence of Legendre polynomial roots/ quadrature points

Consider Legendre polynomials $p_n (x)$ on $[-1,1]$. For each $n \in \mathbb{N}$ we denote the zeros of $p_n (x)$ by $\left( x_j ^{(n)} \right) _{j=1} ^n$. We know that these roots are distinct, and ...
  • 3,240
1 vote
1 answer
374 views

PDF and CDF using Gauss-Legendre quadrature

Consider the unit interval $I$ with a continuous probability measure $\mu$, and consider a smooth random variable $f:I\to \mathbb{R}$. We can define its cumulative distribution function and ...
  • 3,240
6 votes
2 answers
629 views

Symmetric matrix formula for Gauss-Legendre quadrature

While searching the web, I came across the following algorithm for the Gauss-Legendre quadrature. I wasn't able to find a reference or a proof of my own as to why it works. I'll present it, and the ...
  • 3,240
4 votes
1 answer
673 views

Reference for the exponential decay of Legendre coefficients

In Short: I look for a reference to the proof that the spectral coefficients in the Legendre (or Jacobi) expansion are of exponential decay rate. Longer: If $p_n$ is the $n$-th Legendre polynomial, ...
  • 3,240
2 votes
1 answer
137 views

Does Gaussian Quadrature actually refer to Gauss-Legendre Quadrature?

When the term Gaussian Quadrature appears in most Literatures, does it actually refer to Gauss-Legendre Quadrature. In other words, do they implicitly admit that they use the Legendre orthogonal ...
  • 133
14 votes
2 answers
1k views

Computing Gauss Legendre quadrature for large $N$

I've been scanning across the web, and haven't found a good method to compute the Gauss Legendre abscissas and weights $\{ x_j, w^j \} _{j=1}^N$ for large $N\in\mathbb{N}$. My question is how to do it,...
  • 3,240
5 votes
3 answers
973 views

Quadrature formula max accuracy

I'm looking for a maximum accuracy quadrature formula: $$ \int_{-1} ^{1} \sqrt{\frac {1-x}{1+x}} f(x)dx = A_1f(x_1)+A_2f(x_2)+R(f) $$ I don't know exactly if it's Trapezoidal rule which has the ...
  • 53
2 votes
0 answers
141 views

2d quadrature weights for an arbitrary set of nodes

I need to estimate the value of a 2d integral $\int_{y_{min}}^{y_{max}}dy \int_{x_{min}}^{x_{max}} dx \, f(x,y) P(x,y)$ I have the an explicit analytical form for $P(x,y)$. I have samples of the ...
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

Area Under Generalized Parabolas and Hyperbolas without Calculus

This is shorter and more specific version of certain questions about a rather simple quadrature method. The answers I got were great but not what I asked. The terms in the title for $y=x^p$ look ...
15 votes
5 answers
2k views

Integrating powers without much calculus

I'll jump into the question and then back off into qualifications and context Using the definition of a definite integral as the limit of Riemann sums, what is the best way (or the very good ways) to ...
6 votes
1 answer
726 views

Approximation of an integral of a concave function

I suspect this is a homework question somewhere, but I've not seen it elsewhere and it seems like it should be easy: let $f(x)$ be a concave function from $[0,1]$ to the reals such that $f(0) = f(1) =...
1 vote
1 answer
407 views

gaussian quadrature

Gaussian quadrature allows us to integrate polynomials up to order $2 n-1$ using only $n$ function values. $\int_{x_0}^{x_1} ( \sum_{i=0}^{2 n-1} a_i x^i ) dx = f(a_0, \dots , a_{2 n-1}) $ thus, the ...
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