# Questions tagged [quadrature]

The quadrature tag has no usage guidance.

24
questions

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### Computing $\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{e^{ikt}}{|e^{it}-e^{it_0}|^m}~\text{d}t$, where $k\in\mathbb{Z}$, $t_0\in\mathbb{C}$, and $m=1,3,5,\dots$

I am working on a project on accurate numerical quadrature where I need to compute the following integral in order to find my quadrature weights,
$$
\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{{\rm e}^{{\rm i}kt}}{\,\left\...

3
votes

0
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### How well do Gauss-Legendre quadrature methods fare on "fractal" functions?

The context
I'm making your tipical Mandelbrot set viewer, and I have a function $f: ℂ → ℕ$ that counts how many iterations of
$$
z_0 = 0 \\
z_{i+1} = z_i^2 + c
$$
it takes for a particular point $c$ ...

1
vote

1
answer

605
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### Integrating a B-Spline basis function with respect to the standard normal PDF

I am looking for ways to evaluate exactly (i.e. analytically or semi-analytically) integrals of the type:
$$
\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}B_{i}^k(u)e^{-\frac{(u-\mu)^2}{2\sigma^2}}du,
$$
where $B_i^k$ is a ...

1
vote

0
answers

55
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### Explicit growth rate estimation of Gauss-Laguerre quadrature

The $n$-th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature scheme aims to approximate integral of exponentially decreassing function over $[0;+ \infty[$ by a finite sum, according to:
$ \displaystyle { \int _0 ^{+ \infty} ...

2
votes

1
answer

283
views

### Error in Gauss-Laguerre numerical quadrature scheme

The $n$-th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature scheme aims to approximate integral of exponentially decreassing function over $[0 ; \infty[$ by a finite sum, according to:
$$ \int _0
^{+ \infty}
...

0
votes

1
answer

290
views

### Gaussian quadrature, with no exact result over polynomial, but on inverse functions

Generally, a Gaussian quadrature of degree $n$ over an interval $I$ is defined so that it integrates exactly polynomials up to degree $2n - 1$. The main tool are the orthogonal polynomials.
When $I$ ...

3
votes

1
answer

804
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### Quadrature for numerical integration over infinite intervals

I am looking for book recommendations or hints on numerical integration over infinite intervals. I am particularly interested in integrals of the form
$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty} g(x) \exp(p_d(x))...

4
votes

0
answers

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### For noisy or fine-structured data, are there better quadratures than the midpoint rule?

Only the first two sections of this long question are essential. The others are just for illustration.
Background
Advanced quadratures such as higher-degree composite Newton–Cotes, Gauß–Legendre, ...

1
vote

1
answer

94
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### Proof Reference - Polynomial interpolation at quadrature points

If $\left( p_n \right)_{n=0}^{\infty}$ is a family of orthogonal polynoamials with respect to a measure $\mu$ on $[-1,1]$, and $\left( x_j, w_j \right)$ are the quadrature points and weights for the ...

0
votes

1
answer

128
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### Clenshaw-Curtis integration without Fourier

The Clenshaw-Curtis quadrature rule approximates an integral $I=\int\limits_{-1}^{1} f(x) \, dx$ by $$I\approx I_n = \sum\limits_{j=1}^N f(x_j)w_j \, ,$$
where the $x_j$'s are the roots of the $N$-th ...

3
votes

0
answers

249
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### When (if ever) are the weights from Smolyak (sparse grid) cubature positive?

Are there any $1$-dimensional quadrature rules of arbitrary accuracy, on either $[0,1]$ or $\mathbb{R}$, with any non-trivial weight function, such that the associated $N$-dimensional cubature rule ...

1
vote

2
answers

246
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### Numerical Computation of Orthogonal Polynomials Recurrence Relations

Background and notations: Given an interval $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ and a continuous finite measure $d\mu = w(x)dx$, and denote $p_n(x)$ the orthogonal polynomials with respect to $d\mu$. We have the ...

6
votes

2
answers

936
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### Recurrence of Legendre polynomial roots/ quadrature points

Consider Legendre polynomials $p_n (x)$ on $[-1,1]$. For each $n \in \mathbb{N}$ we denote the zeros of $p_n (x)$ by $\left( x_j ^{(n)} \right) _{j=1} ^n$.
We know that these roots are distinct, and ...

1
vote

1
answer

374
views

### PDF and CDF using Gauss-Legendre quadrature

Consider the unit interval $I$ with a continuous probability measure $\mu$, and consider a smooth random variable $f:I\to \mathbb{R}$. We can define its cumulative distribution function and ...

6
votes

2
answers

629
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### Symmetric matrix formula for Gauss-Legendre quadrature

While searching the web, I came across the following algorithm for the Gauss-Legendre quadrature. I wasn't able to find a reference or a proof of my own as to why it works. I'll present it, and the ...

4
votes

1
answer

673
views

### Reference for the exponential decay of Legendre coefficients

In Short: I look for a reference to the proof that the spectral coefficients in the Legendre (or Jacobi) expansion are of exponential decay rate.
Longer: If $p_n$ is the $n$-th Legendre polynomial, ...

2
votes

1
answer

137
views

### Does Gaussian Quadrature actually refer to Gauss-Legendre Quadrature？

When the term Gaussian Quadrature appears in most Literatures, does it actually refer to Gauss-Legendre Quadrature.
In other words, do they implicitly admit that they use the Legendre orthogonal ...

14
votes

2
answers

1k
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### Computing Gauss Legendre quadrature for large $N$

I've been scanning across the web, and haven't found a good method to compute the Gauss Legendre abscissas and weights $\{ x_j, w^j \} _{j=1}^N$ for large $N\in\mathbb{N}$. My question is how to do it,...

5
votes

3
answers

973
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### Quadrature formula max accuracy

I'm looking for a maximum accuracy quadrature formula:
$$
\int_{-1} ^{1} \sqrt{\frac {1-x}{1+x}} f(x)dx = A_1f(x_1)+A_2f(x_2)+R(f)
$$
I don't know exactly if it's Trapezoidal rule which has the ...

2
votes

0
answers

141
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### 2d quadrature weights for an arbitrary set of nodes

I need to estimate the value of a 2d integral
$\int_{y_{min}}^{y_{max}}dy \int_{x_{min}}^{x_{max}} dx \, f(x,y) P(x,y)$
I have the an explicit analytical form for $P(x,y)$.
I have samples of the ...

2
votes

0
answers

1k
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### Area Under Generalized Parabolas and Hyperbolas without Calculus

This is shorter and more specific version of certain questions about a rather simple quadrature method. The answers I got were great but not what I asked. The terms in the title for $y=x^p$ look ...

15
votes

5
answers

2k
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### Integrating powers without much calculus

I'll jump into the question and then back off into qualifications and context
Using the definition of a definite integral as the limit of Riemann sums, what is the best way (or the very good ways) to ...

6
votes

1
answer

726
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### Approximation of an integral of a concave function

I suspect this is a homework question somewhere, but I've not seen it elsewhere and it seems like it should be easy: let $f(x)$ be a concave function from $[0,1]$ to the reals such that $f(0) = f(1) =...

1
vote

1
answer

407
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### gaussian quadrature

Gaussian quadrature allows us to integrate polynomials up to order $2 n-1$ using only $n$ function values.
$\int_{x_0}^{x_1} ( \sum_{i=0}^{2 n-1} a_i x^i ) dx = f(a_0, \dots , a_{2 n-1}) $
thus, the ...