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-2
votes
1answer
51 views

I need help with snake's position bounds based on center point(rounded) and the length of the snake problem [closed]

First of all, if it's an existing problem just tell me the name, please. To solve the problem a formula/algorythm which receivs a center point of a snake (snake game type (points on a grid connected ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Constructing an n-node DAG, with exactly k paths between node 1 and node n [closed]

Pretty straight forward, yet I didn't find how to approach such a problem. I tried constructing a solution from the reverse problem (Given a DAG count the number of paths between node 1 and node n), ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Analytical solve for this 4th order Linear PDE

I want to Solve analyticaly or numericaly a biharmonic equation with homogeneous boundary conditions homogeneous in rectangular domain [0,a]*[0,b]? I considered its solution using Fourier analysis (...
15
votes
1answer
465 views

Characterization of a sphere: every “sub-sphere” has two centers

Let me ask this question without too much formalization: Suppose a smooth surface $M$ has the property that for all spheres $S(p,R)$ (i.e. the set of all points which lie a distance $R\geq 0$ from $p ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Classifying functions up to suitable pre-composition and/or post-composition

What's a name for a general technique I've seen used many times? Given any family $\mathcal{F}$ of functions such that $f:X\to Y$ for all $f\in \mathcal{F}$ when one wishes to study in general for an ...
16
votes
2answers
956 views

Is there any published summary of Erdos's published problems in the American Mathematical Monthly journal?

As we know Erdos has proposed a considerable number of problems in the "American Mathematical Monthly" journal. Is there any published summary of Erdos's published problems in the American ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

A problem with elementary inequality involving probabilities and Brier scoring rule

I am trying to prove certain relations between certain values of the so called Brier inaccuracy measure (Brier scoring rule). Given a vector $p = (p_1, \ldots p_n)$, where $p_1 + \ldots p_n = 1$ and $...
13
votes
0answers
1k views

Identifying poisoned wines, with a twist

(This is a joint musing with Andrew Gordon and Wyatt Mackey) There is a classic, elementary riddle, discussed before on MO and math.SE: suppose you have 1000 bottles of wine, and one is poisoned. The ...
1
vote
5answers
458 views

Inequality with symmetric polynomials [closed]

How to prove the inequality $a^6+b^6 \geqslant ab^5+a^5b$ for all $a, b \in \mathbb R$?
1
vote
0answers
356 views

The derivative of an integral function with indicator and max function as integrand

I encounter the following type of problem: \begin{equation} F(x) = \int_a^b \mathbf{1}_{\{v+x-h(v)\geq 0\}}\max\{h(v)-y-x,0\}dv \end{equation} where $\mathbf{1}_{\{z\geq 0\}}=1$ if event $z\geq 0$ ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Diophantine equation $z=(ax+by+c)/(dxy)$, references? [closed]

I am looking for some sources (books or papers) which discuss the Diophantine equation $$ z=\frac{ax+by+c}{dxy} $$ where $a,b,c,d$ are given positive integers. Could anyone give some references? ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Characterize the Monotonicity of a root of a cubic equation

I have a cubic function: \begin{equation*} h(x)\triangleq \eta+x-\frac{V(\eta-x)^3}{c\eta} \end{equation*} we know that $x\in[0,\eta)$ and all letters are positive and $V>c/\eta$. Hence we know ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

the sum of fractional parts times the ordinary powers

Is there any way to compute/express $\sum\limits^m_{i=0}\{\frac{q*i}{m}\}(\frac{i}{m})^n$ ? Here $q,m,n$ are natural numbers, one can assume $gcd(q,m)=1$. Furthermore, $n$ can be treated as a ...
16
votes
0answers
364 views

Division of a square and value of a disk

[Full disclosure] I asked this question on math.stackexchange with little success : https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1866295/division-of-a-square-and-value-of-a-disk I cam across this problem ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Competitive functions: uniqueness of solution [closed]

Let $f_i(x_1, x_2, ..., x_n)$ for $i=1,...,n$, be real-valued differentiable functions with the following properties: 1) $f_i(x_1, x_2, ..., x_n)=0$ if $x_i=0$. 2) $f_i(x_1, x_2, ..., x_n)=1$ if $...
14
votes
2answers
707 views

(Non)existence of mirrors with more than two foci

Do there exist any mirrors $M$ in $d$-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^d$ for which there exist three different points $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3 \in \mathbb{R}^d$ such that if any ray of light passes ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

Strange problem about triplets of differential forms

Suppose we have the following map: $$(\Omega^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^3\longrightarrow(\Omega^2(\mathbb{R}^n))^3$$ $$(\alpha,\beta,\gamma)\longmapsto(\mathrm{d}\alpha+\beta\wedge\gamma,\mathrm{d}\beta+\...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are there so few zero-dimensional polynomial system solvers and is this because there is no real market for them?

My questions involve the quotes below from wikipedia regarding solving polynomial systems, which given the size of the market for Big Data & Predictive Analysis applications I find puzzling: "...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Problem on the digits of $n!$

let $m$ be a natural number, does always exist a $N\in \mathbb{N}$ such that $m$ or more "$0$" digits (excluding the terminal ones) appears amongs the decimal digits of $n!$ if $n\ge N$?
2
votes
3answers
523 views

Expected value of swaps

Suppose you have a list of non negative numbers of size N. Now you calculate the maximum element in the list by scanning the list linearly and constantly updating a variable which has initial value of ...
0
votes
0answers
256 views

How to simplify conditional probability of union of several events

I have an output binary scalar, $y∈B=\{0,1\}$, and an input binary vector $x=[x_1, x_2,…x_M]$ where $x_i∈B=\{0,1\}$. I know that the output $P(y)=1$ depends entirely on the input x. Thus, I want to ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

A challenging non homogenous fractional inequality

I have posted this question on Stackexchange but it has received no answer so far. It is a challenging generalization of several difficult inequalities, where none of the usual methods used in ...
5
votes
1answer
674 views

Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

When did you “meet Polya”? [closed]

I guess most of us didn't meet Polya in person (this is the answer to the title)! Perhaps, it is much easier to guess that most of us have met one of his writings (or alike) on problem solving, and ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

Is “problem solving” a subject to be taught?

I am witnessing a new curriculum change in my country (Iran). It includes the change of all the mathematics textbooks at all grades. The peoples involved has sent me the textbook for seven graders (13 ...
1
vote
2answers
236 views

Reducing system of polynomials with symbolic factors

Getting nowhere with maple using its triangularize and groebner decompositions for even moderate size systems with any symbolic factors. Any suggestions on how better to approach this would be ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

number of non-negative integer solutions for a set of equations [closed]

How to find the exact number of non-negative integer solutions of the following set of equations : $$x_1 + x_2 + x_3 + x_4 + x_5 + x_6=6 $$ $$ 2x_1 + x_2 + x_3 = 4$$ $$ x_2 + 2x_4 + x_5 = 4$$ $$ x_3 +...
0
votes
1answer
212 views

Problem solving equation of type x=a*b^x [closed]

I have the equation x = a*b^x and want to solve it for x. But every online solver I tried says that it is not possible. But when I choose a==8 and b==0.5 there is a solution for x==2 Is it not ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

First moment of a function of a normally distributed random variable

I'm trying to find the first moment of the following function: $f(x) = \frac{(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})}{\sqrt{x^2+1}}H(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})H(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})$ where $H(x)$ denotes the ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Transformation problem involving 2 random variables

Any help in this problem? Suppose U and V are independent random variables with density f(u) and g(v) respectively. The domain of U is the interval (0, 1) and the domain of V is v > 0. After the ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Help me find good math questions for my students [closed]

I am a teacher at 西铁一中。 I teach mathematics in English for students going abroad. Now this is my problem, there are few mathematics books written in English that are at the level of high school, ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Truncated Exponential Series Modulo $p$: Deeper meaning for a Putnam Question.

Apparently B6 of the Putnam this year asked: Suppose $p$ is an odd prime. Prove that for $n\in \{0,1,2...p-1\}$, at least $\frac{p+1}{2}$ of the numbers $\sum^{p-1}_{k=0} k! n^{k}$ are not divisble ...
63
votes
16answers
8k views

Contest problems with connections to deeper mathematics

I already posted this on math.stackexchange, but I'm also posting it here because I think that it might get more and better answers here! Hope this is okay. We all know that problems from, for ...
0
votes
0answers
235 views

Fast removal of weighted edges in a graph in a way such that all shortest paths are preserved

This problem is analogous to fast removal of the minimum number of edges in a weighted graph such that if the graph were to be drawn on paper with edge lengths linear in proportion to their weights, ...
15
votes
11answers
4k views

Elementary mathematical books

I understand that this is a bit of offtopic but mathoverflow is my last resort, as google did not help. I am about to publish an English translation of my Russian book for high school students. The ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Question about Banach's matchbox problem.

Hi, I've been struggling with this for awhile ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach%27s_matchbox_problem) and I put together this little bit of Python code ...
46
votes
16answers
11k views

Examples of using physical intuition to solve math problems

For the purposes of this question let a "physical intuition" be an intuition that is derived from your everyday experience of physical reality. Your intuitions about how the spin of a ball affects ...
0
votes
1answer
661 views

Math Puzzle: calculating the dimensions of variable rectangles in a fixed square

I've got the following problem, I've got a fixed size square and within there are a fixed number of rectangles to be contained within it. I want the rectangles to cover the maximum amount of space ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

List of recently solved mathematical problems

I'm looking for a news site for Mathematics which particularly covers recently solved mathematical problems together with the unsolved ones. Is there a good site MO users can suggest me or is my only ...
22
votes
19answers
29k views

Good books on problem solving / math olympiad

Hello, I would want all book tips you could think of regarding Problem solving and books in general, in elementary mathematics, with a certain flavour for "advanced problem solving". An example would ...