# Questions tagged [polyhedra]

The polyhedra tag has no usage guidance.

37
questions

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### 3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?

There are (apparently) 261 distinct unfoldings of the 4D hypercube, a.k.a., the
tesseract, into 3D.1
These unfoldings (or "nets") are analogous to the 11 unfoldings of
the 3D cube into the plane.2
...

**36**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Can the unsolvability of quintics be seen in the geometry of the icosahedron?

Q1. Is it possible to somehow "see" the unsolvability of quintic polynomials
in the $A_5$ symmetries of the icosahedron (or dodecahedron)?
Perhaps this is too vague a question.
Q2. Are there ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### On maximal regular polyhedra inscribed in a regular polyhedron

Let T, C, O, D, or I be regular tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron, respectively. Suppose that the outer polyhedron have edge-length 1.
For example, it's easy to prove that ...

**89**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### A curious relation between angles and lengths of edges of a tetrahedron

Consider a Euclidean tetrahedron with lengths of edges
$$
l_{12}, l_{13}, l_{14}, l_{23}, l_{24}, l_{34}
$$
and dihedral angles
$$
\alpha_{12}, \alpha_{13}, \alpha_{14},
\alpha_{23}, \alpha_{24}, \...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

827 views

### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose faces all have rational areas?

Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose faces all have rational areas?
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose edges ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is the tensor product of polyhedra a polyhedron?

Conventions: A polytope in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector space $V$ is defined to be a convex hull of finitely many points in $V$. A polyhedron in a finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

794 views

### “Derived” polyhedra and polytopes

The notion of derived polygon is natural and leads to remarkable convergence.
Start with a polygon, and replace it by locating a point on every edge
a fraction $\alpha$ between the two endpoints. For ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Building a genus-$n$ torus from cubes

I wonder if this has been studied:
What is the fewest number of unit cubes
from which one can build an $n$-toroid?
The cubes must be glued face-to-face,
and the boundary of the resulting object ...

**26**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Visibility of vertices in polyhedra

Suppose $P$ is a closed polyhedron in space (i.e. a union of polygons which is homeomorphic to $S^2$) and $X$ is an interior point of $P$. Is it true that $X$ can see at least one vertex of $P$? More ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

519 views

### Higher dimensional generalization of: Any quadrilateral tiles the plane?

Any (non-self-intersecting) quadrilateral tiles the plane.
(MathWorld image.)
Q. What is the strongest known generalization of this statement to higher dimensions?
I.e., $\mathbb{R}^d$ ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### How to correctly state Cauchy's rigidity theorem?

Cauchy's rigidity theorem is usually cites briefly as
Any two (convex, 3-dimensional) polyhedra with pairwise congruent faces are themselves congruent.
As a more formal generalization to general ...

**34**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### About the ratio of the areas of a convex pentagon and the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals

Question : Letting $S{^\prime}$ be the area of the inner pentagon made by the five diagonals of a convex pentagon whose area is $S$, then find the max of $\frac{S^\prime}{S}$.
...

**41**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Pach's “Animals”: What if the genus is positive?

Janos Pach asked a deep question 23 years ago (1988) that remains unsolved today:
Can every animal—a topological ball in $\mathbb{R^3}$ composed of unit cubes glued face-to-face—be ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

773 views

### The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$,
replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$.
Continuing this process, we obtain a ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

468 views

### Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between edges are rational multiples of $\pi$?

After reading these very interesting questions, I came up with another one:
Does every convex polyhedron have a combinatorially isomorphic counterpart whose angles between all pairs of edges meeting ...

**24**

votes

**4**answers

648 views

### Why do some uniform polyhedra have a “conjugate” partner?

While browsing through a list of uniform polynohedra, I noticed that the square of the circumradius $R_m$ of the small snub icosicosidodecahedron ($U_{32}$) with unit edge lengths is,
$$R_{32}^2 =\...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

525 views

### Alexandrov's generalization of Cauchy's rigidity theorem

Wikipedia states that A. D. Alexandrov generalized Cauchy's rigidity theorem for polyhedra to higher dimensions.
The relevant statement in the article is not linked to any source. The sources at the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### The $32$-deg polynomial for the tetrahedron inscribed in the icosahedron?

This MO answer discusses this table involving the maximal side lengths of the five Platonic solids $T,C,O,D,I$ inscribed in the other solids,
This table is also found in Moritz Firsching's paper. I ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### Complexity of the union of randomly rotated unit cubes

It is a remarkable fact that the union of congrent cubes
has only at most near-quadratic combinatorial complexity,
$O^*(n^2)$ for $n$ cubes, known to be almost tight.
This contrasts with the union of ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

455 views

### Which unfoldings of the hypercube tile 3-space: How to check for isometric space-fillers?

Recently Mark McClure constructed and displayed
the 261 unfoldings of the hypercube (tesseract)
in response to the question,
"3D models of the unfoldings of the hypercube?":
The first 9 unfoldings ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Embedding of flat surfaces

Let $S$ be a orientable compact surface with a flat euclidean structure with conical singularities (cf. [T] for instance). Let also $\mathcal P$ be a polyhedral euclidean decomposition of $S$ (with ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### What is the expected value of the volume of a tetrahedron inscribed in the unit sphere?

Four (non-coincident) points on the unit sphere determine a tetrahedron. What is the expected value of the volume of such a tetrahedron--the volume of the sphere itself being $\frac{4 \pi}{3} \approx ...

**11**

votes

**11**answers

832 views

### Database of integer edge lengths that can form tetrahedrons

Is there a collection of lists of six integer edge lengths that form a tetrahedron? Is there a computer program for generating such lists? I need to find approximately thirty such tetrahedral ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### The intersection of two $l_1$ balls

Let $B_1$ and $B_2$ be two balls in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with respect to the $l_1$ norm that have different radii and different centers. Is there an upper bound for the number of vertices that $B_1\cap B_2$...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

474 views

### Maximum volume convex body coverable by a unit square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you are permitted to cut it into $k$ (connected)
pieces (where $k=1$ means just the square). Your task is to construct the largest volume
convex body ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Thinnest covering of the plane by regular pentagons

Q. Is it known what is the thinnest covering of the infinite plane by regular pentagons?
By covering I mean every point of the plane is covered.
By thinnest I mean the proportion of the plane covered ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Does the Lebesgue Differentiation Theorem hold for regular polytopes?

Lebesgue's differentiation theorem states that if $x$ is a point in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is a Lebesgue integrable function, then the limit of $\frac{\int_B f d\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

398 views

### Convex polyhedron and its Gauß-curvature [closed]

I have asked this question on MathSE and no one could give me an answer. So I'll post my question here.
What I am trying to prove:
A convex polyhedron has positive Gauß-Curvature at every vertex.
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### Polyhedron not circumscribed about a sphere

Let $P$ be a polyhedron whose faces are colored black and white so that there are more black faces and no two black faces are adjacent. Show that $P$ is not circumscribed about a sphere.
My teacher ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Are there centrally-symmetric self-dual polytopes in dimension $d> 4$?

A convex polytope $P\subset\Bbb R^d$ is centrally symmetric if $-P=P$. It is self-dual (or better, self-polar?) if its polar dual $P^\circ$ is congruent to $P$, that is, there is a map $X\in\mathrm O(\...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

283 views

### Convex deltahedra in higher dimensions

There are eight convex polyhedra whose faces are equilateral triangles, so-called
deltahedra:
(Image from here)
Q. Have the equivalent higher-dimensional ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

256 views

### Average caliper diameter (mean width) of a polyhedron

Define the caliper diameter of a polyhedron as follows:
Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ be two planes both of which are parallel to the x axis such that the perpendicular distance between $P_1$ and $P_2$ is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Any visualization software for the intrinsic metric of a convex polyhedron?

I'd like to find a visual simulation of what it would be like to 'live' in a polyhedron with the intrinsic, piecewise-Euclidean length metric. Of course, to make it easier to visualize, I'd prefer to ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

324 views

### Construct polygon/polyhedron containing all points not externally visible w.r.t given polygon/polyhedron?

Is there an algorithm to construct a polyhedron containing all points in space for which there exists no ray to infinite not intersecting a given polyhedron?
In 2D, we could consider polygons. For ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### non-convex Polytope definition

I have a simple question. I read that given a vector space $N_{\mathbb{R}}$ over $\mathbb{R}$,
we can define a convex polytope in the following way:
$$P:= \Big\{ \sum_{u\in S} \mu_u u \,\Big| \, \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Constructing a Polyhedron given areas of its faces

I want to visualize a set of data as a polyhedron in 3d space. Imagine set A includes areas of such polyhedron's faces. I assume the first step is to check if there exist a polyehdron by making sure ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Vertices of polyhedra in a construction

Consider $d+1$ polytopes
$$A_1[x_{1,1},\dots,x_{1,m_1},z_{1,1},\dots,z_{1,n_1}]'\leq b_1$$
$$\vdots$$
$$A_d[x_{d,1},\dots,x_{d,m_d},z_{d,1},\dots,z_{d,n_d}]'\leq b_d$$
$$B[z_{1,1},\dots,z_{d,n_d},y_1,\...