# Questions tagged [periods]

A period is a number that can be expressed as an integral of an algebraic function over an algebraic domain.

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### Vanishing periodizations $\sum_{k \in \mathbb Z} f(t+ak)$ of a function $f$ for different values of $a$ implies $f=0$?

Consider a continuous function $f : \mathbb R \to \mathbb C$ with rapid decay (e.g. $|f(t)| < e^{-t^2}$). For a constant $a>0$ let $$F_a(t) = \sum_{k \in \mathbb Z} f(t+ak)$$ be the ...
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### Evaluation of mock modular forms at elliptic points

The holomorphic function $$F(\tau)=-\frac{1}{\vartheta_4(\tau)}\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}\frac{(-1)^nq^{\frac{n^2}{2}-\frac 18}}{1-q^{n-\frac12}}=2q^{\frac38}(1+3q^{\frac12}+7q+14q^{\frac32}+\dots),$$ is a ...
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### Can we make a hierarchy of complex numbers by repeatedly iterating the construction that produces periods?

Given a set $S$, which is a subset of the complex numbers, we can form the smallest field which contains $S$, which we will denote by $S_F$ by taking the intersection of all complex fields which ...
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### What is the rank of the period lattice of modular forms?

Let $f$ be a weight $2$ cusp form for the group $\Gamma_0(N)$. I was experimenting with integrals of the form $$\int_r^s f(z) \, dz$$ where $r, s \in \mathbf{P}^1(\mathbf{Q})$ and the integral above ...
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### Automorphisms of the ring of periods

The set of periods $\mathcal{P}$ introduced by Kontsevich and Zagier forms a ring, see for example https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Period_(algebraic_geometry). Moreover J. Wan introduced in 2011 in ...
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### Showing that $\int_0^\pi\frac{x\ln(1-\sin x)}{\sin x}dx=3\int_0^\frac{\pi}{2}\frac{x\ln(1-\sin x)}{\sin x}dx$

Prove, without evaluating the integrals that: $$\int_0^\pi\frac{x\ln(1-\sin x)}{\sin x}dx=3\int_0^\frac{\pi}{2}\frac{x\ln(1-\sin x)}{\sin x}dx$$ Originally I posted this here on MSE, however it's ...
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### Is there a closed form of $\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$?

For naturals $n\ge m$, define $$I(n,m):=\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$ with $\text{arcsinh}\ x=\ln(x+\sqrt{1+x^2} )$, so $\text{arcsinh} \frac12=\ln \frac{\sqrt{5}+1}2$. Is it ...
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### Is special value of Epstein zeta function in 3 variables a period?

Kontsevich-Zagier's article "Periods" contains the following question Is $\displaystyle \sum_{x,y,z \in \mathbb{Z}}' \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^2}$ an extended period? ($\sum'$ means we do not sum ...
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### What are reasons to believe that e is not a period?

In their 2001 paper defining periods, Kontsevich and Zagier (pdf) without further comment state that $e$ is conjecturally not a period while many other numbers showing up naturally (conjecturally) are....
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### What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from set of c.e.number is period(number)?

What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of c.e.numbers is period(number)? What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of computable numbers is ...
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The motivation for this question is to understand a recent theorem of Francis Brown which implies that all periods of mixed Tate motives over $\mathbb{Z}$ lie in $\mathcal{Z}[\frac{1}{2\pi i}]$, where ...