# Questions tagged [pcf-theory]

The pcf-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**12**

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### What are some good lower bounds on the consistency of the failure of the PCF conjecture?

Shelah's celebrated theorem states that $\aleph_\omega$ is a strong limit cardinal, then $2^{\aleph_\omega}<\aleph_{\omega_4}$.
But the conjecture is that $\omega_4$ can be provably replaced by $\...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

440 views

### Gitik's work on Shelah's weak hypothesis

It seems that Moti Gitik has recently refuted some variants of Shelah's weak hypothesis. For this see the title and abstract of his talk at the Set Theory, Model Theory and Applications conference.
I ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### PCF theory and good points in scales

If $\kappa$ is a singular cardinal, a scale for $\kappa$ consists of an increasing sequence $\langle \kappa_i : i < \mathrm{cf}(\kappa) \rangle$ converging to $\kappa$ and a sequence of functions $\...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### “Towers” on singular cardinals with countable cofinality

Let $\lambda$ be a singular cardinal of countable cofinality.
Is there necessarily a sequence $\{A_\alpha\mid\alpha<\lambda^+\}$ of countable subsets of $\lambda$, such that $\alpha<\beta$ if ...

**7**

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180 views

### Possible cofinalities of cuts of ultraproducts

Suppose $\kappa$ is a regular cardinal, $\bar{\mu}=(\mu_i: i<\kappa)$ is an increasing sequence of regular cardinals ($>\kappa$) and set
$pcut(\bar \mu)=\{ (\lambda_1, \lambda_2):$ for some ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Reference for Chang's Conjecture at $\aleph_{\omega}$

The following theorem is well known:
Theorem: $(\aleph_{\omega + 1}, \aleph_{\omega}) \not\twoheadrightarrow (\aleph_{n + 1}, \aleph_n)$ for every $n \geq 3$. Under CH, $(\aleph_{\omega + 1}, \...

**8**

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308 views

### PCF conjecture and fixed points of the $\aleph$-function

Recently Moti Gitik refuted Shelah's PCF conjecture, by producing a countable set $a$ of regular cardinals with $|\operatorname{pcf}(a)| \geq \aleph_1.$ See his papers
Short extenders forcings I and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

446 views

### A “good scale” that is not really a scale

I don't know much about singular cardinal combinatorics, so I apologize in advance if I write something that is wrong or looks funny. First let me recall some basic definitions.
Let $\lambda$ be a ...

**16**

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**0**answers

620 views

### Ideas behind Gitik's solution of PCF conjecture

Recently Moti Gitik has refuted Shelah's PCF conjecture (see Short extenders forcings II ) by proving the following theorem:
Theorem. Assuming the consistency of infinitely many strong cardinals, one ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

358 views

### Prevalent singular cardinals hypothesis

The following notion is introduced by Assaf Rinot:
Definition. A singular cardinal $\kappa$ is a prevalent singular
cardinal iff there exists a family $\mathbb{A}\subset P(\kappa)$ with $|\mathbb{A}...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

481 views

### Consistency strength of the failure of Shelah's Strong Hypothesis (SSH)

Some known facts about SSH (Shelah's Strong Hypothesis):
i) "$0^\sharp$ does not exist" implies SSH.
ii) SSH implies SCH (Singular Cardinal Hypothesis).
iii) The failure of SCH is equiconsistent ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

236 views

### Other variants of the Shelah's Weak Hypothesis

The paper
Menachem Kojman. Splitting families of sets in ZFC.
arXiv:1209.1307
presents these variants of the Shelah's Weak Hypothesis:
$$
(\textrm{SWH}_n) \textrm{ There are no infinite } \nu ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Some variants of the Shelah's Weak Hypothesis

Are equivalent (in ZFC) the following two statements, for any infinite cardinal $\mu$?
(i) For every infinite cardinal $\kappa$, $|\{ \lambda \in \kappa : \lambda \textrm{ is a singular cardinal and} ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

611 views

### “cov vs pp” problem

This is the problem $(\beta)$ of the section 14.7 in the "Analytical Guide" of the Shelah's book "Cardinal Arithmetic":
$(\beta)$ Is $\operatorname{cov} ( \lambda , \lambda, \aleph_{1} , 2) =^{+} \...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### Existence of scales with special properties

Let $\kappa$ be a singular cardinal, and let $\langle \kappa_i \mid i<\mathrm{cf}(\kappa) \rangle$ be an increasing sequence of regular cardinals cofinal in $\kappa$. Recall that a scale on $\Pi_{i&...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

221 views

### a partial order not dense iff a measurable exists

For $\kappa>0$ a regular cardinal, let $Ht_\kappa$ denote the following partial quasi-order:
(i) elements(objects) of $Ht_\kappa$ are classes X of sets of size $\kappa$
with the property that,
($&...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Generalizations of pcf theory

Does anyone know of generalizations of pcf theory where we might consider products of the form:
$$\aleph_1 \times (\aleph_2 \times \aleph_2) \times (\aleph_3 \times \aleph_3 \times \aleph_3) \dots$$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Bounds on $\max \mathrm{pcf}(A)$ if $\Pi A$ is big

For concreteness, let $A = \{\aleph_n : n < \omega\}$. We know $\max \mathrm{pcf}(A) \in [\aleph_{\omega+1},\Pi A]$. My question is, if $\Pi A$ is big (say, $\aleph_{\omega_1+1}$), then which ...

**3**

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**2**answers

450 views

### Some Pcf Theory

Let $pcf(a)$ denote the set of regular cardinals such that $J_{\leq \lambda} - J_{<\lambda} \neq \emptyset$ and let $maxpcf(a)$ denote the maximum of $pcf(a)$. The $J_{\leq \lambda}$ are the usual ...