# Questions tagged [orbifolds]

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113
questions

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### Metropolis-Hastings sampling as a group action

Suppose that you have a topological space $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ accompanied a measure $\mu$ and you're running an iterative sampling algorithm like Metropolis-Hastings. To sample you choose a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

659 views

### Condensed / pyknotic approach to orbifolds?

Does condensed / pyknotic mathematics afford an (yet!) another approach to orbifold theory?
Let me admit up-front that I don't know much about either condensed / pyknotic mathematics or about orbifold ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

608 views

### Stable homotopy theory of orbifolds

Is there a notion of stable homotopy, spectrum, or a stable homotopy category which corresponds to orbifolds and orbispaces, in the same way that classical stable homotopy theory corresponds to ...

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44 views

### Clarification about the process of naturally endowing a space with a Riemann orbifold structure supported on a sphere

I am having some difficulties understanding an argument in a proof. Here is an excerpt from Lyubich–Peters - Classification of invariant Fatou components for dissipative Henon maps, first geometric ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Absolute and relative tilings of the hyperbolic plane

In Conway's Symmetries of Things on p. 265 I found these two tilings of the hyperbolic plane with the same vertex configuration $(3.5.3.5.3)$ (resp. vertex figure, as Conway calls it).
The ...

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32 views

### A canonical map from a Euclidean cone-manifold $M^3$ to $\mathbb{E}^3/\mathrm{Hol}(M)$

Suppose we have a 3-dimensional Euclidean cone-manifold $M$—in my book that just means $M$ is a manifold whose geometry is constructed by gluing it out of Euclidean tetrahedra, with faces paired by ...

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147 views

### Pseudoreflection groups in affine varieties

Suppose $\mathsf{k}$ is an algebraically closed field of zero characteristic. Chevalley-Shephard-Todd (C-S-T) Theorem in one of its equivalent versions is the following result:
(C-S-T): Let $G$ be a ...

**2**

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72 views

### Equivalence between integrals over a reduced space

Context: I have been trying to understand this paper from Y. Cho and K. Kim. More precisely, a specific argument in Lemma 2.2 where they say the ABBV localization formula on an integral over a ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### What is the “right” definition of the homology(cohomology) of an orbifold?

What is the "right" analog in the orbifold case of a singular homology of a topological space?
We can not just take the homology of the underlying space, because it does not contain much information.
...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What is the intuition behind the inertia orbifold (or stack)?

I am studying orbifolds with view towards Chen-Ruan cohomology. I have been struggling with inertia orbifolds but have no intuition about them at this point. I would appreciate your motivating me by ...

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47 views

### About the orientation of index formula on orbifold

Let $X$ be a closed oriented orbifold with singularity $\Sigma X$. The singularity is defined as
$$ \Sigma X=\{(x)|~x\in X,~G_x\neq1\}, $$
where $G_x$ is the isotropy group.
For $u\in K_v(TX)$, as ...

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93 views

### A fiber bundle of the Euclidean space over an orbifold

Consider a fiber bundle $p: F\hookrightarrow
E \to B$, where $E$ and $F$ are smooth manifolds and $B$ is a smooth orbifold. More precisely, each point $b \in B$ has an orbifold chart $U=\tilde U/\...

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56 views

### Quotient of Euclidean space with maximal volume growth

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete subgroup of the isometry group of $\mathbb R^n$ and $O=\mathbb R^n/\Gamma$ is the orbifold.
If there exists a point $p \in O$ such that
$$
\lim_{r \to \infty}\frac{\text{...

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123 views

### The Fock space in Costello's paper “Higher genus Gromov-Witten invariants as genus zero invariants of symmetric products”

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety. In this Annals paper, Costello expressed the descendent genus $g$ Gromov-Witten (GW) invariants of $X$ in terms of genus zero GW invariants of the symmetric ...

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124 views

### Berglund-Hübsch-Hori-Vafa mirror symmetry is a ring isomorphism?

Let $W = \sum_{i=1}^{m} a_i \prod_{j=1}^{n} x_j^{b_{ij}}$ be a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ in $n$ variables. I focus on the $m=n$ case (invertible polynomial in the Berglund-Hübsch ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

932 views

### Is a free and discrete group action on the plane a covering space action?

Let $\mathbb{R}^2$ be the plane, and let a group $G$ act on it with orientation preserving homeomorphisms, and assume that
every orbit of $G$ is a discrete subset in $\mathbb{R}^2$
$G$ acts freely: ...

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**0**answers

141 views

### Smooth sub-orbifolds in the language of stacks

In most geometric categories, "monomorphism" is too general to describe useful notions of "embedding". This is the case e.g. for schemes, complex manifolds, and differentiable manifolds.
So "embedding"...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### What are orbifolds with corners?

What is the geometric definition of orbifolds with corners? Here “geometric" means that there is a definition in chapter 8 of the draft of Dominic Joyce's book D-manifolds and d-orbifolds: a theory of ...

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votes

**3**answers

740 views

### What is the official definition of $\mathcal{M}_g$ as an orbifold, and how much can I ignore it?

There is a well-known description of $\mathcal{M}_g$ as $\mathcal{T}_g/\Gamma$ where $\mathcal{T}_g$ is the Teichmuller space and $\Gamma$ is the mapping class group. Teichmuller space is homeomorphic ...

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363 views

### Geometry of the irrational torus

One of the motivations of diffeology is to study singular spaces such as the irrational torus. The irrational torus $T_α$ of slope $α∈R∖Q $ as a diffeological space is given by the quotient space $ R/(...

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votes

**2**answers

634 views

### Why study orbifolds? [closed]

Question is as in the title.
Why study orbifolds?
I study orbifolds as locally compact Hausdorff spaces $X$ having an orbifold structure, i.e., there exists an orbifold groupoid (proper foliatio. ...

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116 views

### How does the $C^\ast$ algebra of an orbifold grupoid relate to the corresponding orbifold?

My question is in nature a bit vague but let me try to make it concrete. Given a Lie grupoid $G$ that is étale and proper (called an orbifold grupoid) we have an associated orbifold $X$; this is ...

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**1**answer

255 views

### Proper and etale groupoid is locally a translation groupoid

I am reading Orbifolds as Groupoids: an Introduction by Ieke Moerdijk.
In page $8$ when explaining local charts, it says the following :
Let $\mathcal{G}$ be a Lie groupoid. For an open set $U\...

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votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Geodesic representatives in the orbifold fundamental group

Does every element in the orbifold fundamental group $\pi_1^{orb}(X,x)$ of a closed hyperbolic 2-orbifold $X$ admit a unique geodesic arc representing it?
Does every free homotopy class in $X$ admit ...

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144 views

### Flat spherical orbifolds

What is known about existence and classification of flat spherical orbifolds?.
Here I mean orbifolds that admit a flat Riemannian metric (Euclidean orbifolds) and whose underlying topological space (...

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votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Global symplectic reduction

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold equipped with a hamiltonian action of a compact Lie group $G$ with moment map $\mu\colon M\to \mathfrak g^*$. Assume $c\in \mathfrak g^*$. Then the symplectic ...

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votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Does geometrization of Alexandrov 3-spaces follow from that of 3-orbifolds?

Galaz-Garcia and Guijarro proved the geometrization of closed (compact, boundaryless) Alexandrov 3-spaces. Part of the strategy was to use the so-called ramified double cover $\tilde{X}$ of the space $...

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224 views

### If two group actions lead to the same orbifold, are they conjugate?

In The Geometry and Topology of Three-Manifolds, Thurston says: "In these examples, it was not hard to construct the quotient space from the group action. In order to go in the opposite direction, we ...

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311 views

### Equivariant De Rham theorem for orbifolds

Recall that the "classical" equivariant De Rham theorem states that, for a compact Lie group $G$ acting on a compact smooth manifold $M$,
$$H_G^*(M,\mathbb{R})\cong H^*(\Omega_G(M)),$$
where $H_G^*(M,\...

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votes

**2**answers

243 views

### Necessity/Motivation for generalised homomorpisms

I am reading Ieke Moerdijk's article "Orbifolds as Groupoids : an Introduction".
In that notes author defines a notion of generalized map between Lie groupoids.
Let $\mathcal{G}$ and $\mathcal{H}$...

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138 views

### Idea behind definition of classifying space over an orbifold

Today I was explaining to some one the notion of $\mathcal{G}$ spaces, covering spaces over orbifolds from Orbifolds as Groupoids: an Introduction.
Definition : Let $X$ be a locally compact ...

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**1**answer

231 views

### Do regular points of an orbifold form a connected set?

First, a bit of background on orbifolds:
Let $X$ be a connected (effective) orbifold. To every point $x \in X$, we associated a group $G_x$ called the isotropy group. The singular locus $\Sigma X$ is ...

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**2**answers

163 views

### Orbifold singularities over a smooth map

I recently starded studying the book "Orbifolds and Stringy Topology" by Adem, Leida and Ruan and I'm trying to see if there is a relation between the singularites of two orbifolds when there is a ...

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**1**answer

381 views

### How singular is the metric on an orbifold

I am reading some stuff on orbifolds. I am particularly interested in the metrics on orbifolds. The famous example of one orbifold is the "American football", which is $\mathbb{S}^2$ quotient by the ...

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124 views

### Can we perturb a surface away from an orbifold point?

Let $X$ be a smooth, compact, orbifold of dimension $4$, where the stabilisers are only allowed to be cyclic groups. Let $p \in X$ be an isolated orbifold point (i.e. the orbifold chart about $p$ ...

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51 views

### Orbifolds with maximal diameter

Orbifolds with positive curvature and maximal diameter are investigated in this article, by J. Borzellino. Theorem 1 of the article states:
Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a complete $n$-dimensional ...

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42 views

### Minimization of the volume of the image of space-filling convex polytopes under similarities

Suppose $A:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ is a similarity, given by $A(x) = \lambda Ox$, where $\lambda > 1$ and $O$ is an orthogonal matrix (i.e., $A$ is a particular loxodromic repelling ...

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**1**answer

337 views

### Homotopy groups of smooth part of moduli space

Let $M_g$ be the moduli space of Riemann surfaces, as described for example in the book of Harris and Morrison - Moduli of curves. As a topological space, or better as orbifold, it has smooth points ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### Is there a pair of pants decomposition analogue for orbifolds?

The pair of pants decomposition is a useful tool is surface theory. Is there an analogous decomposition for orbifolds?
Thanks

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54 views

### Integer valued signature of $4n$ dimensional orbifolds

Let $M^{4n}$ be a smooth oriented $4n$-dimensional manifold without boundary. Then we have an intersection form in $H^{2n}(M^{4n},\mathbb R)$ and such a form has signature $(n_+, n_-)$.
Question. I ...

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**1**answer

264 views

### Maps to the universal punctured elliptic curve

I have just started reading Hain's paper On the Universal Elliptic KZB Connection. I am a bit confused about a comment made there about base points on orbifolds. I am still very new to the idea of ...

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**1**answer

504 views

### Smoothing of a Kähler orbifold metric on a complex surface

Let $S$ be a smooth complex projective surface and $D\subset S$ be a smooth complex curve. Fix an integer $m>1$ and consider $(S,D,m)$ as an orbifold with orbi-locus $D$ with stabilizer $\mathbb ...

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**1**answer

163 views

### Cobordism/bordism group based on orbifolds with corners

We define a geometric homology group of a topological space $X$ as follows: the chain complex $C_{\bullet}$is freely generated by the maps $f$ from a compact oriented orbifold with corners $P$ to $X$, ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### Is every rational realized as the Euler characteristic of some manifold or orbifold?

Let me first ask the question for two-dimensional compact, connected manifolds and orbifolds.
Then, if the answer is No, one can remove various conditions on the dimension,
and allow non-compact ...

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**0**answers

92 views

### Does any smooth oriented closed orbifold have a fundamental class

This thread:triangulation of orbifolds
has shown that any smooth closed orbifold has a triangulation. My further question is: if the difference of any two triangulations $P$ and $Q$ is a boundary of a ...

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**1**answer

340 views

### Does the torus $T^d$ 2-fold cover an orbifold $Q^d$ with underlying space $S^d$?

I asked the same question on math.stackexchange recently (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2134978/is-it-possible-to-orbifold-torus-td-into-a-sphere-sd-using-mathbbz-2), but it didn't receive ...

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200 views

### What is a proper n-etale morphism?

Let $Y$ be a complex algebraic variety, and let $n\in \mathbb Z_{\geq 1}\cup \{\infty\}$. How do I think about a proper $n$-etale morphism $X\to Y$?
If $n=1$, I think this should be a finite etale ...

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303 views

### Symplectic orbifolds

I will start by saying that I am not a symplectic topology. However, in my research I now have on my hands a symplectic 4-orbifold, which I would like to understand better. Certain results for ...

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**2**answers

350 views

### Orbifold of the three-sphere (and lens spaces)

Think of the three-sphere as given by $\lbrace|z|^2+|w|^2=1, \;z,w\in \mathbb{C}^2\rbrace$. We can regard it in terms of Hopf coordinates
\begin{align*}
z&= \cos(\theta/2)e^{i(\phi+\psi)}\\
w&=...

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1k views

### Is the Čech cohomology of an orbifold isomorphic to its singular cohomology?

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a finite-dimensional, paracompact, Hausdorff, smooth (and compact, if it helps) orbifold. Is there an isomorphism between the real Čech cohomology and singular cohomology of the ...