# Questions tagged [operator-theory]

Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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### Set-theoretic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem

The invariant subspace problem (ISP) for Hilbert spaces asks whether every bounded linear operator $A$ on $l^2$ (with complex scalars) must have a closed invariant subspace other than $\{0\}$ and $l^2$...
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### Do there exist infinite-dimensional Banach spaces in which every bounded linear operator attains its norm?

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $L(X)$ the space of all bounded linear operators on $X$. We say that $A ∈ L(X)$ attains its norm if there exists $x ∈ X$ such that $||x|| = 1$ and $||Ax|| = ||A||$. The ...
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### Unital $C^{*}$ algebras whose all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called a "Path connected algebra" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$. What is an example of a non commutative ...
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### Existence of orthonormal basis for $L^2(G)$ in $C_c(G)$

Remark: I cross-posted this question on MSE and added a bounty to it. Suppose that $G$ is a locally compact (Hausdorff) group endowed with the Haar measure. It is well-known that the compactly ...
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### Tauberian Theorem for 1-parameter groups of operators

The Wiener Tauberian Theorem gives condition on an $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ such that the "induced 1-parameter family" $\{T_b(f)\}_{b\in \mathbb{R}}$ has a dense span in $L^1(\mathbb{R})$; ...
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### PT Symmetry and the Riemann Hypothesis

Recently there have been articles in Quanta, in Science Alert, and at phys.org among others, on possible recent progress toward the Hilbert-Polya conjecture, which implies the Riemann Hypothesis. The ...
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### Contraction semigroup on Hilbert space

I'd like to know whether a certain unbounded operator on a Hilbert space is the generator of a strongly continuous contraction semigroup. (Such operators are known as maximally dissipative operators.) ...
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### Norm-attaining operators with values in a 2-dimensional Hilbert space

Is the set $N\!A(X,\ell_2^2)$ of norm-attaining operators from a Banach space $X$ onto the $2$-dimensional Hilbert space $\ell^2_2$ dense in the Banach space $L(X,\ell_2^2)$ of all linear continuous ...
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### Lax pairs in an abstract formalism

I am reading Integrals of Nonlinear Equations of Evolution and Solitary Waves by Peter Lax and I'm having a hard time. The methods are pioneering, of course, but Lax does not bother much to provide ...
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### Monotonicity of log determinant of Gaussian kernel matrix

Let \begin{equation} k({x},{y}) = \sigma \exp\left(-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2\theta^2}\right)\end{equation} be a squared-exponential (Gaussian) kernel, with $\sigma,\vartheta>0$. Consider, for a set of $N$ ...
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### Analogue of Friedrichs extension for Hilbert $C^*$-modules

Suppose one has a densely defined symmetric operator $T:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow\mathcal{M}$, where $\mathcal{M}$ is a Hilbert $A$-module for a $C^*$-algebra $A$. Suppose that $T$ is non-negative, so ...
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### A single vertex operator - bare bones explanation?

There is an ocean of literature (and a sea of popular texts inside) on vertex algebras, including quite a lot of Q & A here on MO, and I am trying to read some random selections from time to time. ...
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### Spectra of Dirac operators

1. Suppose that $M$ is a spin manifold. The spin structure of $M$ is not uniquely defined: in other words, $M$ may have many nonequivalent spin structures. For each choice of spin structure there is ...
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### Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows: Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...
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### Question on operator topologies convergence

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space, and let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on $H$. It is known that the strong operator topology and the norm topology on $\mathcal{B}(H)$ ...
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### Blocksum induces a unital H-space structure on the space of Fredholm operators

Fix a complex separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. It is well known that the space of (bounded) Fredholm operators $Fred(H)$ with the norm topology is a classifying space for the ...
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### $L^p$ estimates for solutions of strongly elliptic equations

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a Lipschitz bounded domain. In $L_2(\Omega;{\mathbb C}^n)$, we consider a strongly elliptic second order operator $A$ with constant coefficients. Namely, it is ...
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### Generalized singular numbers and the Haagerup $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a semi-finite von Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$.Let $S(M)$ be the algebra of all affiliated operators measurable with respect to $M$. The $L^p$ norm on $M$ is given by \begin{...
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### Relationship between the Itō formula for a Q-Wiener process and the Itō formula for a cylindrical Wiener process. A question on the trace term

Remark: Even when this question is about stochastic PDEs, it can be answered by someone who has no knowledge about probability theory or PDEs. I'm reading Stochastic Differential Equations in ...
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### Chord-arc property of n-tuples of commuting operators

Assume that we have an $n$-tuple $S^0=(S^0_1,\dots,S^0_n)$ of commuting operators in a Hilbert space $H$ and another such an $n$-tuple $S^1$. Is it possible to connect these two $n$-tuples by a ...
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### Operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with operator-valued weights

Let $\Lambda_1,\dots,\Lambda_n$ be strictly positive definite operators in the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^d$. By an operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with weights $\Lambda_i$ I mean the ...
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### How to take this Grassmann integral?

I'm trying to reconstruct and understand what is explained in a paragraph of this paper. I am trying to check if the method they describe actually gives us the Laughlin state. The integral I'm facing ...
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Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
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### Is there a discrete Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum?

A relatively well-known example of (continuous) Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum is the complex Airy operator on the line, i.e., the operator acting on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ given by the ...
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### Wightman reconstruction theorem-details of the proof

First of all forgive me if this question is not well suited for this forum: it is motivated by physics however after all my concerns are mathematical so I hope it would be appropriate to post it here. ...
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### Reference request: a survey of (linear) Krein-Rutman theory

I'm looking for a survey article or book chapter where a rather exhaustive treatment of the Krein-Rutman theory of positive linear operators an ordered Banach spaces is given. Motivation. Some ...
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### The Riemann zeta function and differential operators

I've revisited an old post of mine--Dirac's Delta Functions and Riemann's Jump Function J(x) for the Primes--dealing with Riemann's "jump" or "staircase" function (aka, Π(x)) that ...
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### Constructing a noncommutative algebra from a commutative algebra

I was told at a conference that one way to construct a noncommutative algebra from a commutative one is to "replace the product of finite spaces (which on the level of continuous functions corresponds ...
Let $X,Y$ be Banach spaces. We denote by $\mathcal{L}(X,Y)$ the space of all operators from $X$ into $Y$, $\mathcal{K}(X,Y)$ by the space of all the compact operators from $X$ into $Y$, $S(X,Y)$ by ...