Questions tagged [operator-theory]

Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

416 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
46
votes
0answers
2k views

Set-theoretic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem

The invariant subspace problem (ISP) for Hilbert spaces asks whether every bounded linear operator $A$ on $l^2$ (with complex scalars) must have a closed invariant subspace other than $\{0\}$ and $l^2$...
29
votes
0answers
2k views

Do there exist infinite-dimensional Banach spaces in which every bounded linear operator attains its norm?

Let $X$ be a Banach space, $L(X)$ the space of all bounded linear operators on $X$. We say that $A ∈ L(X)$ attains its norm if there exists $x ∈ X$ such that $||x|| = 1$ and $||Ax|| = ||A||$. The ...
27
votes
0answers
1k views

Unital $C^{*}$ algebras whose all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called a "Path connected algebra" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$. What is an example of a non commutative ...
18
votes
0answers
154 views

Existence of orthonormal basis for $L^2(G)$ in $C_c(G)$

Remark: I cross-posted this question on MSE and added a bounty to it. Suppose that $G$ is a locally compact (Hausdorff) group endowed with the Haar measure. It is well-known that the compactly ...
17
votes
0answers
310 views

Tauberian Theorem for 1-parameter groups of operators

The Wiener Tauberian Theorem gives condition on an $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ such that the "induced 1-parameter family" $\{T_b(f)\}_{b\in \mathbb{R}}$ has a dense span in $L^1(\mathbb{R})$; ...
15
votes
0answers
2k views

PT Symmetry and the Riemann Hypothesis

Recently there have been articles in Quanta, in Science Alert, and at phys.org among others, on possible recent progress toward the Hilbert-Polya conjecture, which implies the Riemann Hypothesis. The ...
11
votes
0answers
461 views

Contraction semigroup on Hilbert space

I'd like to know whether a certain unbounded operator on a Hilbert space is the generator of a strongly continuous contraction semigroup. (Such operators are known as maximally dissipative operators.) ...
10
votes
0answers
195 views

Norm-attaining operators with values in a 2-dimensional Hilbert space

Is the set $N\!A(X,\ell_2^2)$ of norm-attaining operators from a Banach space $X$ onto the $2$-dimensional Hilbert space $\ell^2_2$ dense in the Banach space $L(X,\ell_2^2)$ of all linear continuous ...
10
votes
0answers
231 views

Do sufficiently large Banach spaces admit non-compact operators with not too large range?

As in the title, does there exist a cardinal number $\lambda$ such that for every Banach space $X$ of density/cardinality at least $\lambda$ there exists a non-compact bounded, linear operator $T\...
10
votes
0answers
100 views

Holomorphic natural bundles and operators

I am wondering up to what extent the classical theory of (smooth) natural bundles and natural operations extends to the holomorphic setting. After a quick thought, I've gone through the standard ...
10
votes
0answers
633 views

Functional calculus of unitary matrices and commutator norms: reference request

Suppose we have a normal matrix $A$ and a general matrix $B$. For a continuous function $f$ on the disk we can find upper-bounds on $\Vert[f(A),B]\Vert$ in terms of $\Vert[A,B]\Vert$. The more we know ...
9
votes
0answers
213 views

Von Neumann Inequality in Banach spaces

It is known that the only Banach space that satisfies the von-Neumann inequality is the Hilbert space: Theorem (see e.g. Pisier, "Similarity Problems and Completely Bounded Maps", p 27) For a Banach ...
9
votes
0answers
130 views

Comparison of the absolute value of an operator with its positive parts, II

Suppose $A,B\in M_n(\mathbb C)$ are self-adjoint. Does there exist a constant $C>0$ depending only on $n$ such that $$ |A+iB| \leq C(|A| + |B|)? $$ One can take $C=1$ if $A$ and $B$ commute. More ...
8
votes
1answer
214 views

Reference for "Every compact quasinilpotent operator is the limit of nilpotent ones"

It was mentioned on Page 916 Problem 7 of Halmos's "Ten Problems in Hilbert space" that there is a proof for "Every compact quasinilpotent operator is the limit of nilpotent ones" ...
8
votes
0answers
244 views

Struggling with a proof in the preprint 'Hermitian geometry on resolvent set'

I have been struggling for awhile with a particular argument in the paper below. I posted the question first on MathSE, but I got no answers. I understand however that MO might be an overreach for ...
8
votes
0answers
203 views

Shift on trivalent directed tree, operator and von Neumann algebra

Let $\mathcal{T}$ be the trivalent directed tree, with two parents and one child for each vertex (see below). Let $\mathcal{V}$ be the set of vertices of $\mathcal{T}$ and $H$ be the Hilbert space $\...
8
votes
0answers
236 views

Lax pairs in an abstract formalism

I am reading Integrals of Nonlinear Equations of Evolution and Solitary Waves by Peter Lax and I'm having a hard time. The methods are pioneering, of course, but Lax does not bother much to provide ...
7
votes
0answers
182 views

Monotonicity of log determinant of Gaussian kernel matrix

Let \begin{equation} k({x},{y}) = \sigma \exp\left(-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2\theta^2}\right)\end{equation} be a squared-exponential (Gaussian) kernel, with $\sigma,\vartheta>0$. Consider, for a set of $N$ ...
7
votes
0answers
72 views

Analogue of Friedrichs extension for Hilbert $C^*$-modules

Suppose one has a densely defined symmetric operator $T:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow\mathcal{M}$, where $\mathcal{M}$ is a Hilbert $A$-module for a $C^*$-algebra $A$. Suppose that $T$ is non-negative, so ...
7
votes
0answers
164 views

A single vertex operator - bare bones explanation?

There is an ocean of literature (and a sea of popular texts inside) on vertex algebras, including quite a lot of Q & A here on MO, and I am trying to read some random selections from time to time. ...
7
votes
0answers
348 views

Spectra of Dirac operators

1. Suppose that $M$ is a spin manifold. The spin structure of $M$ is not uniquely defined: in other words, $M$ may have many nonequivalent spin structures. For each choice of spin structure there is ...
7
votes
0answers
171 views

Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows: Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...
7
votes
0answers
283 views

Fock Space Proof of $(g(x)\phi^4)_2$ Mass Gap?

Is there a proof that does not depend on Euclidean methods? Is this a proof? : $V(g)$ can be written as $P+R$ where $P$ is non-negative and $R$ is $N$-bounded (and hence $(H_0+\lambda P)$-bounded). $...
7
votes
0answers
161 views

Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property?

The famous example of Enflo of a Banach space without the approximation property is actually a subspace of $c_0$. Is there a quotient of $c_0$ without the approximation property? This would follow if ...
6
votes
0answers
183 views

For what kind of $C^*$ algebra $A$ every normal element $y\in A$ has a normal lift for every given surjective $C^*$ morphism $\phi:B\to A$

Is there a terminology for the following property of $C^*$ algebra $A$: For every $C^*$ algebra $B$ and surjective $C^*$ morphism $\phi: B\to A$, every normal element $y\in A$ admits a normal ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Understanding the odd-dimensional index

Given a Dirac operator $D$ on a closed odd-dimensional manifold $M$, I've sometimes heard it said that the Fredholm index of $D$ vanishes because it is an ungraded self-adjoint operator, so that $\dim\...
6
votes
0answers
150 views

Question on operator topologies convergence

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space, and let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ denote the algebra of bounded operators on $H$. It is known that the strong operator topology and the norm topology on $\mathcal{B}(H)$ ...
6
votes
0answers
164 views

Blocksum induces a unital H-space structure on the space of Fredholm operators

Fix a complex separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$. It is well known that the space of (bounded) Fredholm operators $Fred(H)$ with the norm topology is a classifying space for the ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

$L^p$ estimates for solutions of strongly elliptic equations

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a Lipschitz bounded domain. In $L_2(\Omega;{\mathbb C}^n)$, we consider a strongly elliptic second order operator $A$ with constant coefficients. Namely, it is ...
6
votes
0answers
183 views

Generalized singular numbers and the Haagerup $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a semi-finite von Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$.Let $S(M)$ be the algebra of all affiliated operators measurable with respect to $M$. The $L^p$ norm on $M$ is given by \begin{...
6
votes
0answers
497 views

Relationship between the Itō formula for a Q-Wiener process and the Itō formula for a cylindrical Wiener process. A question on the trace term

Remark: Even when this question is about stochastic PDEs, it can be answered by someone who has no knowledge about probability theory or PDEs. I'm reading Stochastic Differential Equations in ...
6
votes
0answers
57 views

Chord-arc property of n-tuples of commuting operators

Assume that we have an $n$-tuple $S^0=(S^0_1,\dots,S^0_n)$ of commuting operators in a Hilbert space $H$ and another such an $n$-tuple $S^1$. Is it possible to connect these two $n$-tuples by a ...
6
votes
0answers
224 views

Operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with operator-valued weights

Let $\Lambda_1,\dots,\Lambda_n$ be strictly positive definite operators in the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^d$. By an operator arithmetic-harmonic mean inequality with weights $\Lambda_i$ I mean the ...
6
votes
0answers
236 views

How to take this Grassmann integral?

I'm trying to reconstruct and understand what is explained in a paragraph of this paper. I am trying to check if the method they describe actually gives us the Laughlin state. The integral I'm facing ...
6
votes
0answers
776 views

About generator and isomorphism problems for free groups operator algebras

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. The $C^{*}$-algebras and von Neumann here unital and subalgebras of $B(H)$. Definition : Let $\mathcal{A}$ be $C^{*}$-algebra (resp. a ...
6
votes
0answers
251 views

What is the intersection of the closures of left invertible operators and right invertible operators?

From Douglas Zare's answer (see Does $X$ embed in $Y$, and $Y$ embed in $X$, always imply that $X$ isomorphic onto $Y$?), one know that $$ \overline{G_{l}(X,Y)} \bigcap \overline{G_{r}(X,Y) } = \...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

Commutator of pseudodifferential operator and multiplication operator

Cross-post from math.sx. Let $\eta:\mathbb R^n\to[0,1]$ be a smooth and compactly supported function and assume $f:\mathbb R^n \to\mathbb R$ is measurable. I want to bound the commutator of the ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Which operations commute with fractional translation?

Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a real signal (i.e., an infinitely long vector). A translation operation $T_{s}\mathbf{v}$ with integer $s$ is trivially defined by $\forall i,s:\left(T_{s}\mathbf{v}\right)_{i}=v_{...
5
votes
0answers
132 views

Standard function spaces with the approximation property

A Banach space $\mathcal{X}$ is said to have the approximation property (AP) if, for every compact set $K \subset \mathcal{X}$, there is a sequence of finite rank operators $\{U_n : \mathcal{X} \to \...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

Cyclic vectors for the translation operator

Let $b\in \mathbb{R}\neq 0$, and consider the translation operators: $$ \begin{align} T_b:C(\mathbb{R}) & \rightarrow C(\mathbb{R})\\ f &\mapsto f(\cdot + b). \end{align} $$ *Are there known ...
5
votes
0answers
108 views

Is there a discrete Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum?

A relatively well-known example of (continuous) Schrödinger operator with empty spectrum is the complex Airy operator on the line, i.e., the operator acting on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ given by the ...
5
votes
0answers
157 views

Wightman reconstruction theorem-details of the proof

First of all forgive me if this question is not well suited for this forum: it is motivated by physics however after all my concerns are mathematical so I hope it would be appropriate to post it here. ...
5
votes
0answers
62 views

Reference request: a survey of (linear) Krein-Rutman theory

I'm looking for a survey article or book chapter where a rather exhaustive treatment of the Krein-Rutman theory of positive linear operators an ordered Banach spaces is given. Motivation. Some ...
5
votes
0answers
173 views

Index of the Fredholm operator

I have two vector bundles $E_1$, $E_2$ over $M$ and an embedding of the smooth sections $\lambda : \Gamma(M, E_1) \rightarrow \Gamma(M, E_1 \oplus E_2)$. I consider a Fredholm differential operator $...
5
votes
0answers
127 views

Copies of $\ell_\infty^k$ in subspaces of the space of operators between $n$-dimensional Banach spaces

Are there a positive integer $k$ and an unbounded increasing function $d:\mathbb N\to\mathbb N$ (of growth order $\Omega(n^2)$) such that for any $n$-dimensional Banach spaces $X,Y$, the Banach space $...
5
votes
0answers
371 views

The Riemann zeta function and differential operators

I've revisited an old post of mine--Dirac's Delta Functions and Riemann's Jump Function J(x) for the Primes--dealing with Riemann's "jump" or "staircase" function (aka, Π(x)) that ...
5
votes
0answers
200 views

Constructing a noncommutative algebra from a commutative algebra

I was told at a conference that one way to construct a noncommutative algebra from a commutative one is to "replace the product of finite spaces (which on the level of continuous functions corresponds ...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

Banach space properties defined by compact operators, strictly singular operators and strictly cosingular operators

Let $X,Y$ be Banach spaces. We denote by $\mathcal{L}(X,Y)$ the space of all operators from $X$ into $Y$, $\mathcal{K}(X,Y)$ by the space of all the compact operators from $X$ into $Y$, $S(X,Y)$ by ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Characterizing Herz-Schur multipliers using coefficient functions of uniformly bounded representations

Let $G$ be a group and let $c > 1$ be a constant. We denote by $B_c(G)$ the space of all coefficients of the representations of $G$ which are uniformly bounded by $c$; more precisely, a function $f:...
5
votes
0answers
167 views

Representations of the algebra of shift-invariant operators on $\ell^\infty({\mathbb Z})$

$\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb Z}$ By an operator on $\ell^\infty(\Z)$, I mean a bounded linear map $\ell^\infty(\Z)\to\ell^\infty(\Z)$. (Note that I am not assuming weak-star continuity.) By shift-...

1
2 3 4 5
9