Questions tagged [operator-theory]

Spectrum, resolvent, numerical range, functional calculus, operator semigroups. Special classes of operators: compact, Fredholm, dissipative, differential, integral, pseudodifferential, etc.

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14
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2answers
2k views

Intuitive explanation why "shadow operator" $\frac D{e^D-1}$ connects logarithms with trigonometric functions?

Consider the operator $\frac D{e^D-1}$ which we will call "shadow": $$\frac {D}{e^D-1}f(x)=\frac1{2 \pi }\int_{-\infty }^{+\infty } e^{-iwx}\frac{-iw}{e^{-i w}-1}\int_{-\infty }^{+\infty } e^...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Dixmier's lemma as a generalisation of Schur's first lemma

I thought that this question is simple, and asked it at Stackexchange. To my surprise, no one was able to answer it there. Now have to elevate it to Overflow. What mathematicians call Schur's lemma ...
6
votes
2answers
525 views

Harmonic oscillator discrete spectrum

Let us act intentionally stupid and assume we do not know that we can solve for the spectrum of the harmonic oscillator $$-\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+x^2$$ explicitly. Is there an abstract argument why the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Comparing norms on tensor products of matrices

Given a Hilbert space $H$, let $S_1(H)$ denote the space of trace-class operators on $H$, with the trace-class norm or Schatten 1-norm. That is $$ \Vert T \Vert_1 = \sum_{j\geq 1} |s_j| $$ where $(s_1,...
10
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2answers
729 views

What's the matrix of logarithm of derivative operator ($\ln D$)? What is the role of this operator in various math fields?

Babusci and Dattoli, On the logarithm of the derivative operator, arXiv:1105.5978, gives some great results: \begin{align*} (\ln D) 1 & {}= -\ln x -\gamma \\ (\ln D) x^n & {}= x^n (\psi (n+1)-\...
4
votes
3answers
821 views

Ramanujan's Master Formula: A proof and relation to umbral calculus

The Ramanujan's master theorem states that: $$ \int_0^{\infty}x^{s-1}\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n!}a_nx^ndx=\Gamma(s)a_{-s} $$ I found a really strange proof recently on a personal blog: Define $...
29
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3answers
7k views

Is the Invariant Subspace Problem interesting?

There's an amusing comment in Peter Lax's Functional Analysis book. After a brief description of the Invariant Subspace Problem, he says (paraphrasing) "...this question is still open. It is also an ...
34
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1answer
3k views

tr(ab)=tr(ba), part 2.

This is a Banach space version of Andre Henriques' question Trace Question for Hilbert spaces. Let $a:X\to Y$ and $b:Y\to X$ be bounded linear operators between Banach spaces s.t. $ba$ and $ab$ ...
11
votes
2answers
651 views

A neat evaluation of an infinite matrix?

Let $M_n$ be an $n\times n$ matrix defined as $$M_n =\left[\frac{2i+1}{2(i+j+1)}\binom{i-1/2}i\binom{j-1/2}jx^{i+j+1}\right]_{i,j=0}^n.$$ With $I_n$ the identity matrix, consider $A_n:=I_n-M_n^2$. ...
9
votes
1answer
808 views

A problem in functional calculus

This is embarrassing, I think it must work, but I can't see how to prove it works. If anyone knows enough functional calculus of operators on a Hilbert space to tell me how to do it, I would be very ...
6
votes
1answer
677 views

An equivalence relation on the space of polynomials in one complex variable

Let $P(z)$ be a polynomial with complex variable $z$. We consider the following distribution for the roots of $P(z)=0$: the distribution is a triple $(n_{1},n_{2},n_{3})$ where these integers are ...
5
votes
1answer
543 views

Is there an operator algebraic reformulation of the invariant subspace problem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is there a non-trivial closed $T$-invariant ...
4
votes
1answer
582 views

Connections to physics, geometry, geometric probability theory of Euler's beta integral (function)

Euler"s integral for the beta function $B(s,\alpha) = $ (with $x = 1$) $$ \frac{(s-1)!(\alpha-1)!}{(s+\alpha-1)!} x^{s+\alpha-1} = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1}\; H(x-t) \; (x-t)^{\alpha-1} dt = \int_0^x ...
2
votes
1answer
602 views

Existence of a solution to an infinite dimensional Stratonovich SDE

Let $U,H$ be separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces $Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ be nonnegative and self-adjoint with finite trace $U_0:=Q^{1/2}U$ $(\Omega,\mathcal A,(\mathcal F_t)_{t\ge 0},\operatorname P)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

CTRW: solve a renewal equation

Let X(t) be a continuous time random walk, with exponentially distributed waiting times of pdf $f_T(t)= k e^{-k t}\; t\geq 0$ and a jump sizes pdf $f_J(x)$. Suppose the initial distribution $\rho_{X(0)...
1
vote
1answer
575 views

Properties of the trace term in the Itō formula

Let's consider the SDE $${\rm d}X_t=u_t(X_t){\rm d}t+\xi_t(X_t){\rm d}W_t\;\;\;\text{for all }t\ge 0\tag 1$$ where $U,H$ are separable $\mathbb R$-Hilbert spaces $Q\in\mathfrak L(U)$ is nonnegative ...
10
votes
2answers
772 views

Continuity of the product map

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. Is it possible to characterize $A$ for which the product map defined by $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i\otimes b_i \mapsto \sum\limits_{i=1}^n a_i b_i$$ is continuous with ...
5
votes
2answers
264 views

Backward heat equation and forward perturbed heat equation well posed?

I consider the following scenario. Let $I$ be a compact interval in space and $f$ a nice function in the space $C^{\infty}(I)$. In the following we consider a self-adjoint realization of our operators ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Mapping properties of backward and forward heat equation

In a previous question on mathoverflow, I asked about the following: Let $\Delta$ be the Laplacian on some compact interval $I$ of the real line with let's say Dirichlet boundary conditions. The ...
29
votes
3answers
4k views

When is an integral transform trace class?

Given a measure space $(X, \mu)$ and a measurable integral kernel $k : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$, the operator $$ K f(\xi) =\int_{X} f(x) k(x,\xi) d \mu(x),$$ the operator $K$ is Hilbert ...
15
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0answers
2k views

PT Symmetry and the Riemann Hypothesis

Recently there have been articles in Quanta, in Science Alert, and at phys.org among others, on possible recent progress toward the Hilbert-Polya conjecture, which implies the Riemann Hypothesis. The ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
12
votes
1answer
991 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
12
votes
1answer
764 views

Is there a proof that the $C^{*}$-algebras don't see the invariant subspace problem?

This post is an appendix of this one. Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators. Invariant subspace problem: Let $T \in B(H)$. Is ...
11
votes
2answers
313 views

Exponential decay of voltage potential difference

Consider the following adjacency matrix of a complete graph: $$A=(e^{-|i-j|})_{1\leq i\neq j\leq n}$$ with 0 on the diagonal. Let $D=diag\{d_1,...,d_n\}$ be the degree matrix where $d_i=\sum_{j\neq i}...
27
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0answers
1k views

Unital $C^{*}$ algebras whose all elements have path connected spectrum

A unital $C^{*}$ algebra is called a "Path connected algebra" if the spectrum of all its elements is a path connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$. What is an example of a non commutative ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

How much does the absolute value of an operator behave like an absolute value?

Recall that the absolute value of a bounded operator $T$ on a Hilbert space $H$ is the unique positive operator $|T|$ such that $$\||T|x\|=\|Tx\|$$ for all $x\in H$. It can be defined using the ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Homotopy groups of Fredholm operators

If $X$ is separable complex Hilbert space and $\mathcal{F}$ the topological space of Fredholm operators on $X$, then it is well-known, that $$ \pi_0(\mathcal{F}) = \mathbb{Z}\, , $$ i.e. the connected ...
12
votes
3answers
626 views

Is the set of separable quantum states closed?

Let $\mathcal H,\mathcal H'$ be Hilbert spaces (not necessarily separable). A "separable state" is a trace-class operator of the form $\sum_i \rho_i\otimes\rho_i'$ where $\rho_i,\rho_i'$ are positive ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Non-empty resolvent set, then operator closed?

On Hilbert spaces, the following is true: Let $T$ be a densely-defined linear operator with non-empty resolvent set, then $T$ is closed. The obvious proof I see to show this uses explicitly the ...
10
votes
1answer
361 views

Comparison of the absolute value of an operator with its positive parts

It is well known that the absolute value on operators does not satisfy the triangle inequality. My question is whether for all positive operators $P,Q \in B(\mathcal H)$ is there a universal ...
5
votes
1answer
629 views

Strongly convergent operator sequence

Let $T_j$ be a sequence of compact operators on a Hilbert space $H$ which converges strongly to the identity, i.e., for each $v\in H$ the sequence $$ \parallel T_jv-v\parallel $$ tends to zero. Is it ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Commuting with self-adjoint operator

Let $T$ be an (unbounded) self-adjoint operator. Assume that there is a bounded operator $S$ such that $TS=ST.$ For which kind of $f$ do we have that $f(T)S=Sf(T)?$ My thought was that using a ...
4
votes
1answer
722 views

comparing norms of tensor product of two Hilbert spaces

Suppose $H_1$ and $H_2$ are two Hilbert spaces with dimension $n$ and $m$, for $ x \in H_1 \otimes H_2$ consider $$\|x\|_\pi = \inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \|a_i\| \|b_i\| : x = \sum_{i} a_i \otimes b_i ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

The letters of the word "ART"

Edit: According to the Gelfand duality between topological spaces and commutative $C^{*}$algebras, I add some new tags. So the question is that what is the structure of $ Ext (A,A)$ where $A$ is $...
11
votes
2answers
522 views

Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by $(zf)(g):...
11
votes
3answers
403 views

Does the generator of a 1-parameter group of Banach space isometries know which elements are entire?

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space. Let $(\sigma_t)_{t \in \mathbb{R}}$ be a 1-parameter group of linear isometries of $X$ which is strongly continuous i.e. $t \mapsto \sigma_t(x)$ is continuous for ...
9
votes
2answers
631 views

$\zeta$-function regularized determinants

In (mathematical) physics in order to compute path integrals one often makes an infinite dimensional change of variables and uses infinite Jacobian as a purely formal expression. This step is done in ...
8
votes
2answers
393 views

If the cardinality of $B(X)$, the space of operators on $X$, is continuum, must $X$ be separable?

Does there exits any non-separable Banach space $X$ such that the size (cardinal number) of $B(X)$, bdd linear operators on $X$, is just of the continuum?
7
votes
2answers
335 views

Differentiation of functions over graphs

In short: There are various ways to define differentiation over a graph. I am trying to get the big picture, like a more complete and structured bestiary. Definitions. Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed ...
6
votes
2answers
428 views

Hölder continuity for operators

Let $x,y$ be positive real numbers then $$|\sqrt{x}-\sqrt{y}|=\dfrac{|x-y|}{\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}}=\sqrt{|x-y|}\cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{|x-y|}}{\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}}\leq 1\cdot |x-y|^{\frac{1}{2}}$$ we obtain $1/...
4
votes
1answer
404 views

Commuting with an unbounded operator

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Let $A$ be a closed unbounded operator, and let $B\in B(H)$ be a bounded operator. Definition:   $A$ and $B$ strong-commute if the partial isometry in the polar ...
3
votes
2answers
904 views

Can one hear the shape of a drum for operators?

M. Kac in his famous paper "Can one hear the shape of a drum?" asked whether one can "hear" the area of the ambient domain by looking at the spectral picture. Although he was not the first who came up ...
2
votes
1answer
861 views

Existence of a projection operator onto subspace of Hilbert space

Let $V \subset H$ be Hilbert spaces with a continuous, compact and dense imbedding. Let $\{w_j\}_j \subset V$ be a basis of $V$ and of $H$ (so finite linear combinitions are dense) which is not ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Feynman-Kac formula for lattice heat equation with non-diagonal potential

Suppose that $X$ is the continuous-time simple symmetric random walk on the lattice $\mathbb Z^d$ (i.e., a simple symmetric random walk with i.i.d. exponential jump times), and let $$u(t,x):=\mathbf E\...
18
votes
1answer
518 views

Is the space of Hankel operators complemented in B(H)?

Let $H$ be $\ell^2({\mathbb N})$ and let $S:H\to H$ be the unilateral forward shift, so that $S^*S=I\neq SS^*$. Then a bounded operator $T:H\to H$ is Hankel if and only if it satisfies $TS=S^*T$. Let ...
9
votes
1answer
486 views

strong measurability question

Let $X$ be a separable Banach space and $\mathcal L$ the collection of bounded linear operators on $X$. The strong operator topology has the sub-basis $\{B_{x,y,\epsilon}\colon x,y\in X,\epsilon>0\}...
7
votes
1answer
497 views

An equivalent condition for separability of $X^*$

Let $X$ be a Banach space. By the weak operator topology on $B(X)$, we mean the locally convex topology implemented by the following semi-norms: $$B(X)\to[0,\infty) : T\to|\langle Tx,x^*\rangle|$$ ...
6
votes
1answer
322 views

Absolutely 2-summable operator on a Hilbert space

An bouneded linear operator $A \in L(X, Y)$ (here $X$, $Y$ are Banach spaces) is called absolutely $2$-summable if there exists a $C>0$ such that $$ \left( \sum_{j=1}^N \| A x_j\|_X^2 \right)^{1/2} ...
5
votes
2answers
851 views

Projections in a W*-algebra as a continuous lattice?

A continuous lattice is a complete lattice $L$ in which every element $y$ is equal to $\bigvee${$x \in L \mid x \ll y$} where $x \ll y$ ("x approximates y" or "x is way below y") if for any directed ...