# Questions tagged [nt.number-theory]

Prime numbers, diophantine equations, diophantine approximations, analytic or algebraic number theory, arithmetic geometry, Galois theory, transcendental number theory, continued fractions

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### Between Fermat's primes and the twin primes

Let me start with a curiosity. The integers $11,13,17,19$ are prime numbers, and $101,103,107,109$ are prime as well. One might wonder whether there is another occurrence where $10^m+1,10^m+3,10^m+7$ ...
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### Automorphic factorization of Dedekind zeta functions

It is well known that for abelian number fields, the factorization of its Dedekind zeta function goes like this: $$\zeta_K(s)=\zeta(s)\prod_{\chi \neq 1} L(s,\chi)$$ with the Dirichlet characters ...
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### The zeta function and classical mechanics

In this paper, Guilherme França and André LeClair show that $$\gamma_{y}\sim 2 \pi \left(y-11/8\right)/W\left((y-11/8)e^{-1}\right)$$ where $W$ is the Lambert W function, and $\gamma_{y}$ is the ...
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### Linear algebra of elliptic curves over p-adic fields

Unfortunately, the following question is somewhat ill-posed. However, I hope to make what I'm looking for sufficiently clear. Given two elliptic curves (or Abelian varieties) over $\mathbb{C}$, one ...
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### Points of bounded height in a number field

Let $K$ be a number field of absolute degree $d$, let $B$ be a positive real number, and write $S(K, B) = \{x \in K : H(x) \leq B\}$. Here $H$ is the absolute multiplicative height of an algebraic ...
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### What are the endomorphisms of Drinfeld's “special formal O_D-modules”?

Let $F$ be a nonarchimedean local field, and let $D/F$ be the central division algebra of invariant $1/d$. Let $k$ be the algebraic closure of the residue field of $F$ and let $\pi$ be a uniformizer. ...
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### Why are Goldbach laggards biased towards $2 \mod 6$?

For even $n$,let $g(n)$ be the number of ways to write $n$ as a sum of two primes $n=p+q$ with $p \le q$. Define $a_k$ to be the largest $n$ with $g(n)=k$. I would bet money that no-one will disprove (...
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### What's known about the mod 2 reduction of the level l Jacobi modular equation?

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. Let $A$ in ${\mathbb Z}/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+x^{49}+...$, and $B=A(x^\ell)$. One can use the level $\ell$ Jacobi modular equation to get a polynomial ...
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### On the relation of special values of motivic L functions and partial zetas

Let $K$ be a number field, $L$ a finite abelian extension and $\chi \in \widehat{Gal(L/K)}$ a (non-trivial) character. If we multiply out the associated Artin L-function $L(\chi,s)$ we can write this ...
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### Do the Standard Conjectures imply parts of the “Weil II” Riemann Hypothesis?

It is known that Grothendieck's Standard Conjectures on algebraic cycles imply the Riemann Hypothesis of the original Weil Conjectures. However, do they also say something about the version of the ...
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### Adeles of Holomorphic Functions

In number theory, an adele is a restricted product of elements of the completion at each prime. For function fields, we take (a kind of) product of the completion at each point, and at non-singular ...
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### Reverse Mathematics of Euclid's theorem

Euclid's theorem that there are infinitely many prime numbers has multiple proofs, ranging from Euclid's original theorem that constructs a new prime from a finite list of such, to Euler's proof that ...
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### Published reference on the automorphism group of modular curves $X_1(N)$?

I wish to cite that the automorphism groups of $X_1(N)$ have already been completely calculated, and what they are, but I am having difficulty finding this calculation in the literature. I have ...
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### Recognizing the Galois group from the field discriminant

Along the lines of the general question "How much does the discriminant of a number field reveal about the field?", I was wondering how often it happens that the discriminant of some number field ...
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### The trace formula over function fields

There are many examples in number theory where an "arithmetic" problem (i.e. for number fields) has an easier analogue for function fields over finite fields. This is also true for questions ...
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### Is every integer a difference of two powers?

True or false? (I don't know.) Every positive integer is the difference of two powers. Examples: $1 = 3^2 - 2^3$ $2 = 3^3 - 5^2$ $3 = 2^7-5^3$ $4 = 2^3-2^2 = 5^3-11^2$ $5 = 2^5 - 3^3$ ...
Prompted by this MO question, I have the following question about modular forms which do not vanish on the upper-half plane. Q1. Let $N \geq 1$ be an integer and let $\Gamma(N)$ be the principal ...