# Questions tagged [non-associative-algebras]

Questions about non-associative algebras other than Lie algebras.

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### Do compact inverse-property loops (or just compact Moufang loops) have bi-invariant Haar measure?

So, the overall question is in the title: Does a compact topological loop with the inverse property have a Haar measure that is simultaneously left invariant? (And we can restrict to Moufang loops if ...
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### Non-associative Clifford algebra

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional $\mathbb{R}$ vector space equipped with a symmetric, bilinear form $b : V \times V \to \mathbb{R}$. My question is if there exists an analog of a Clifford algebra in ...
54 views

### Nonassociative quaternion algebras

I'm interested in nonassociative central simple algebras; I've found Lee and Waterhouse's article 'Maximal Orders in Nonassociative Quaternion Algebras', and this cites a previous article by ...
23 views

### Is the (left or right) Bol property Isotopy-invariant?

It is well known that a loop satisfies both the left Bol property $(x(yx))z = x(y(xz))$ and the right Bol property $((zx)y)x = z((xy)x)$ if and only if it is a Moufang loop. It is also well known that ...
86 views

### Is there a characterisation of Cayley–Dickson Algebras?

The Cayley–Dickson construction takes an algebra with involution and produces another algebra with involution of twice the dimension. Starting from the reals (with trivial involution), we ...
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### Reference request: associative subalgebras of Cayley algebras are at most 4-dimensional

By a Cayley algebra I mean an 8-dimensional algebra (over an arbitrary field) formed in the Cayley-Dickson process. (They are also called octonion algebras, but I prefer to reserve the term octonion ...
106 views

### Is the average associator over a finite subloop of octonions necessarily zero?

For any three octonions $a,b,c$, their associator is defined as \begin{equation*} [a,b,c]=a(bc)-(ab)c \end{equation*} and measures their non-associativity so to speak. Now suppose that $L$ is a finite ...
101 views

### Principal ideal of a non-associative magma

The definitions of an ideal of an algebraic structure $A$ (as a substructure $I$ such that the product of $A$ and $I$ is a subset of $I$) do not involve associativity. However, the definitions of a ...
30 views

### Is there a unique way to define an Euclidean Jordan Algebra as the product of two simple Euclidean Jordan Algebras?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two simple Euclidean Jordan Algebras. It is well known that $A\times B$ can be made into a Jordan Algebra in a unique way by defining the operation component-wise. Is it true that ...
553 views

### Good reference on the algebraic geometry of non-associative rings

I am looking for a good reference about the algebraic geometry of non-associative rings. I am in particular interested in derivation algebras. Preferrably an online resource or a book that is ...
273 views

### "Non-associative" standard polynomials

I saw somewhere (I appreciate if anyone has any references to proof of this fact) that if $A$ is a finite dimensional associative algebra such that $\textrm{dim}(A)<n$, then $A$ satisfies the ...
265 views

### Non-associative deformation quantization

Several physicists consider non-Poisson bivectors but still apply Kontsevich formality in order to get deformation quantization type results: see e.g. Szabos's review An introduction to nonassociative ...
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### Is there a way to adjoin a counit to a non counital coalgebra?

Let $k$ be a field. If $A$ is a non unital $k$-algebra, there is a simple way to make it unital by taking $\tilde{A}:=A\oplus k$ and setting $$(a+\lambda)(b+\mu):=ab+\lambda b +\mu a +\lambda \mu$$ ...
131 views

### Determinants in Jordan algebras of Euclidean type

As far as I heard (I am not sure about the precise statement) there is a classification of simple Jordan algebras of Euclidean type. Each (some?) of such algebras admits a cone of positive definite ...
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### Weak associativity

Let $(V,*)$ be an algebra and denote $A_*\in \text{Hom}(V^{\otimes 3},V)$ the associator of the binary product $*\in \text{Hom}(V^{\otimes 2},V)$ defined as $A_*(a,b,c):=(a*b)*c-a*(b*c)$. The ...
3k views

### Have you ever seen this bizarre commutative algebra?

I have encountered very strange commutative nonassociative algebras without unit, over a characteristic zero field, and I cannot figure out where do they belong. Has anybody seen these animals in any ...
638 views

### What's the maximum probability of associativity for triples in a nonassociative loop?

In a finite nonabelian group, the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute cannot exceed 5/8. One easy proof also makes it easy to find the smallest groups that attain this bound, namely ...
368 views

### Non-associative module theory [closed]

I'm looking for a reference that treats basic module theory over non-associative rings, the isomorphism theorems and so on. I imagine the theory is known, but have not been able to find a reference. ...
126 views

### Language representation problem regarding non-commutative, non-associative algebras

Consider a sentence as a series of words with an associated set of labels that tell one how information is passed through the sentence - examples include combinatory categorical grammars or Lambek ...
107 views

### Multiplication on cubic hypersurfaces and partially defined groups

Let $V$ be a general smooth projective cubic hypersurface. Doing literally as in case of cubic curves we define a relation on $V\times V\times V$: $(x,y,z)$ satisfy it iff $x+y+z$ is an intersection ...
131 views

### Is there a notion of octonionic structure on a Lie algebra? In the same way as there is one for complex and quaternionic

Is there a notion of octonionic structure on a Lie group? In the same way as there is one for complex and quaternionic
583 views

### Determinants of octonionic hermitian matrices

For quaternionic hermitian matrices (i.e. quaternionic square matrices $(a_{ij})$ satisfying $a_{ji}=\bar a_{ij}$) there is a nice notion of (Moore) determinant which can be defined as follows. ...
181 views

### Does the Cayley-Dickson construction preserve isomorphism of quaternion algebras?

I posted this on math.stackexchange to no avail, so I hope it's appropriate to post here despite that it might not be research-level. I expect the answer to this is well-known to people studying non-...
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### A question about index of the commutant in a Moufang loop

Let $M$ be a non-commutative Moufang loop and $C(M)$ be its commutant. I can prove that the index of $C(M)$ in $M$, $|M:C(M)|$, is greater than or equal to 4. Also, I can show that $|M:Z(M)|\geq 4$, ...
160 views

### Is there a system of quasigroup equations implying non-associativity?

I have read that if 4 quasigroup operations, $\cdot,\circ,\star,\square$, on a set $S$ respect the following equation: $$x\cdot (y\circ z) = (x \star y) \square z$$ for all $x,y,z\in S$, then all 4 ...
341 views

### Is there a cohomology for magmas?

Is there a cohomology theory for magmas? Or cohomology theories for any class of non-associative algebras (other than Lie and maybe Jordan)?
273 views

### Homotopes of simple Lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with bracket $[x,y]$. For which $z\in \mathfrak{g}$ does the formula $$\mu(x,y)=ad (z)([x,y])=[z,[x,y]]$$ define another Lie bracket on the same ...
242 views

### Reference request: The relationship between norm and trace forms on an Albert algebra

I am interested in either a nice reference, or some clarification. Overview: I am considering $J_3(\mathbb{O})$, the Jordan algebra of $3\times 3$ self adjoint octonionic matrices. This algebra is a ...
337 views

### What is flexible about flexible algebras?

A possibly non-associative algebra is flexible if it satisfies the identity $$(xy)x=x(yx).$$ This is clearly a very weak form of associativity —and obviously an associative algebra is flexible— but it ...
We can define the algebra of quaternions $\mathbb H$ over any field $k$, and depending on the arithmetic of $k$ it is either a division algebra or a matrix algebra. We can also define the algebra of ...