# Questions tagged [moduli-spaces]

Given a concrete category C, with objects denoted Obj(C), and an equivalence relation ~ on Obj(C) given by morphisms in C. The moduli set for Obj(C) is the set of equivalence classes with respect to ~; denoted Iso(C). When Iso(C) is an object in the category Top, then the moduli set is called a moduli space.

46
questions

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Guises of the Stasheff polytopes, associahedra for the Coxeter $A_n$ root system?

Richard Stanley keeps a famous running compilation of different guises of the celebrated Catalan numbers. The number of vertices of the associahedron is one instantiation among the multitude, and the ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### When is a classification problem “wild”?

I hope someone can point me to a quick definition of the following terminology.
I keep coming across wild and tame in the context of classification problems, often adorned with quotes, leading me to ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Good introductory references on moduli (stacks), for arithmetic objects

I've studied some fundation of algebraic geometry, such as Hartshorne's "Algebraic Geometry", Liu's "Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves", Silverman's "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves", and ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Existence of fine moduli space for curves and elliptic curves

For the moduli problem of a curve of genus $g$ with $n$ marked points, how large an $n$ is needed to ensure the existence of a fine moduli space? For this question, terminology is that of Mumford's ...

**56**

votes

**11**answers

15k views

### What are some open problems in algebraic geometry?

What are the open big problems in algebraic geometry and vector bundles?
More specifically, I would like to know what are interesting problems related to moduli spaces of vector bundles over ...

**36**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Why is there no Brauer scheme?

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a base field $k$ (one could consider more general settings, but I am primarly interested in a "geometric" situation with $k$ being algebraically closed).
Then the ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Why is the degree:rank ratio of a vector bundle called its “slope”?

Whenever one studies moduli spaces of vector bundles on curves, one of the first things to be introduced is the "slope" of a vector bundle, i.e., its degree:rank ratio. Is there a nice (preferably ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Details for the action of the braid group B_3 on modular forms

I'm reading Terry Gannon's Moonshine Beyond the Monster, and in section 2.4.3 he hints at (but does not explicitly describe) a way to extend the action of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on modular forms to an ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Seiberg-Witten theory on 4-manifolds with boundary

What generalizations of Seiberg-Witten theory to 4-manifolds with boundary do exist?
I would be especially interested in theories which "behave good" under gluing along the boundary (comparable to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Which Riemann surfaces arise from the Riemann existence theorem?

The following was already known to Riemann. Suppose that one is given a connected Riemann surface $X$, a finite set $\Delta \subset X$ and a homomorphism $\phi: \pi_1(X \backslash \Delta) \to S_d$ ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is the Torelli map an immersion?

The Torelli map $\tau\colon M_g \to A_g$ sends a curve C to its Jacobian (along with the canonical principal polarization associated to C); see this question for a description which works for families....

**12**

votes

**0**answers

925 views

### What is $M_g$ over a finite field, really?

Let $M_{g} \to \mathbb{Z}$ be the coarse moduli scheme of non-singular genus g curves over $\mathbb{Z}$. That is, suppose that $M_{g}$ co-represents the functor $M^{\sharp}_{g} : \text{Sch} \to \text{...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

12k views

### What is “Teichmüller Theory” and its history?

What is "Teichmüller Theory"? What part has been worked out / foreseen by O. Teichmüller himself and what is further development? Is there some current work which might be considered as continuation/...

**22**

votes

**9**answers

11k views

### Teichmuller Theory introduction

What is a good introduction to Teichmuller theory, mapping class groups etc., and relation to moduli space of curves or Riemann surfaces?

**62**

votes

**7**answers

7k views

### Maryam Mirzakhani's works

Maryam Mirzakhani has made several contributions to the theory of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces.
Mirzakhani was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What is the DGLA controlling the deformation theory of a complex submanifold?

Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $Y\hookrightarrow X$ a complex compact submanifold. Let $T_{X/Y}$ denote the normal bundle of $Y$ in $X$, and $\mathcal{O}(T_{X/Y})$ its sheaf of holomorphic sections. ...

**37**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Volume of the unitary group

I saw a very remarkable asymptotic formula (or a conjecture?) for the volume of of the unitary group $ U(n)$ which is the following:
$$\log[\mathrm{Volume}(U(n))] \sim_{n\rightarrow \infty} \frac{n^...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

961 views

### Applications of derived categories to “Traditional Algebraic Geometry”

I would like to know how derived categories (in particular, derived categories of coherent sheaves) can give results about "Traditional Algebraic Geometry". I am mostly interested in classical ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Moduli space of motives vs moduli space of varieties

A (projective) abelian variety $A$ over the complex numbers is determined by $H^1(A,\mathbb{Z})$ together with its Hodge structure and polarization. This miracle means that one can parametrise ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

940 views

### Are there graph models for other moduli spaces?

Recall that a ribbon graph is a graph with a cyclic ordering at each vertex and such that each vertex has valence greater than or equal to 3. This cyclic ordering exactly gives one the information to ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Moduli space of (all) vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^1$

It is well known that, by a theorem of Grothendieck, every vector bundle (always assumed coherent in this question; and everything is over the complex numbers) splits as a direct sum of line bundles.
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

756 views

### Deformations of smooth projective hypersurfaces and the Jacobian ring

It is a well-known result of Griffiths that the pieces of Hodge filtration of a smooth hypersurface $X:= (f=0)$ of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n}$ are isomorphic to graded pieces of the Jacobian ring ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Which mapping class group representations come from algebraic geometry?

Let $\Gamma_g$ be the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$. There is a natural surjection $t \colon \Gamma_g \to \mathrm{Sp}(2g,\mathbf Z)$ which sends a mapping ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Betti numbers of moduli spaces of smooth Riemann surfaces

Where can I find a list of the known Betti numbers of the moduli spaces $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with $n$ marked points? I need it to cross check results by an implemented ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Stable graphs: Feynman diagrams and Deligne-Mumford space

I do not know very much about quantum field theory, but I have seen, in my reading, that stable graphs can appear in QFT in the form of, I think, Feynman diagrams. By stable graph I mean a "graph with ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Number of curves over a finite field

Let $K$ be a finite field. Is there a formula for the number of isomorphism classes of genus $g$ smooth curves over $K$?
In other words does there exists a formula for the number of rational points ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

389 views

### connectedness of moduli space of Calabi-Yau 3-folds by symplectic surgery theory

"Motto" Moduli space of Calabi-Yau varieties can be connected by using Symplectic surgery theory.
Miles Reid’s Fantasy:“There is only one Calabi-Yau space”
i.e "All CY connected through conifold ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

828 views

### Moduli space of flat connections over a torus

Let us fix a principal bundle $G\hookrightarrow P\to T^{2}$, where $T^{2}$ is a torus. Is the moduli space of flat connections on $P$ known? At least, it is known for some particular gauge groups, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

627 views

### What is the Brauer group of the moduli space of (p.p.) abelian varieties?

What is the Brauer group of the moduli space of principally polarized abelian varieties of a given dimension? I am primarily interested in the "open" moduli space, i.e. not a compactification. The ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Singularities of the moduli stack of Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $M$ be the moduli of polarized Calabi-Yau threefolds over $\mathbb C$ with fixed Euler characteristic. The coarse moduli space is singular (as usual), but what about the stack?
In many cases I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Dualizing sheaf on singular curves

I am trying to understand the stabilization map, which takes a prestable curve (a curve with some marked points, and at worst nodal singularities) and returns a stable curve (a curve with some marked ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

536 views

### Do modular forms show up in the cohomology of moduli spaces of unmarked curves?

Let $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$ be the compactified Deligne-Mumford moduli stack (although I don't think taking the coarse moduli space will make much of a difference here). If we decompose $g = 1 + ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

875 views

### Are the arithmetic genera of Cohen-Macaulay curves in a fixed homology class bounded?

Let X be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers. Recall that a Cohen-Macaulay curve is a one-dimensional closed subscheme without embedded or isolated points (fat components are allowed)....

**7**

votes

**1**answer

666 views

### Modular curve X(2)

Let $\mathfrak{M}(2)$ be the algberaic stack over $\mathbb{Z}[1/2]$ which classifies the elliptic curves with the two level structure and let $X(2)$ be the coarse moduli space of $\mathfrak{M}(2)$ ($X(...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### For all schemes w/Hilbert polynomial P, exists $m_P$ s.t. no higher cohomology, $I(k)$ generated by globally sections, multiplication is surjective

Consider the following theorem.
For every polynomial $P$, there exists an integer $m_P$ such that for all ideal subsheaves $I \subset \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}$ with Hilbert polynomial $P$ and every ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

676 views

### Questions on theorem in Deligne-Mumford's '69 Paper: $\omega_C^n$ is very ample $n\geq 3$

I'm working through the details of Deligne and Mumford's 69' paper, "The Irreducibility of the Space of Curves of Given Genus", and I had a few quick questions:
1) On p. 77, they claim that for $x$ a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Selberg Zeta Function and Fenchel-Nielsen Coordinates

According to Uniformization theorem every compact Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g\ge2$ is isomorphic to a space that can be obtained by the action of a Fuchsian group on upper half plane $\mathbb{...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

371 views

### Relationship between virtual cohomological dimension and tautological rings for moduli spaces of curves

Here's the short version of the question. For $M_{g,n}$, $M_{g,n}^{rt}$, $M_{g,n}^{ct}$ and $\overline M_{g,n}$ it seems that the virtual cohomological dimension is given by the complex dimension plus ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### Units of Endomorphism Rings of Jacobian Varieties with Real Multiplication

Let $(A,a)$ be a principally polarised (with indecomposable polarisation) Abelian variety over $\mathbb C$. Assume that End(A) contains an order $R$ of a totally real number field of degree $>1$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### spin bundle vs. hodge bundle

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ the space of $n$ pointed $r$-stable curves of genus $g$, endowed with a root of the canonical sheaf, and let $\mathcal{C} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ be ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

447 views

### Compactification of the moduli space of Kähler manifolds with negative constant scalar curvatures

Moishezon compactification is very important in the study of the moduli space of varieties which admit canonical metrics. Moishezon showed that any non-projective Moishezon manifold $X$, after a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Virtual fundamental class of Moduli space of stable maps in genus 1

What is the virtual fundamental class of $\overline{M}_{1,n}(\mathbb{P}^2,d)$? In general the virtual fundamental class is difficult to compute I guess. But if you look at Proposition 2.5 of https://...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### How do we get the quotient $Ext^1(N,M)/Hom(N,M)$?

If $0\longrightarrow M\longrightarrow E\longrightarrow N\longrightarrow 0$ is a short exact sequence of torsion free coherent sheaves on a surface. Here $M$ is a line bundle, $E$ a vector bundle of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms

I am wondering what subspaces of modular varieties defined as the zero locus of modular forms have been studied in the literature.
To be more clear let me explain the example I have in mind.
Let $N\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

344 views

### Universal moduli space of rank two vector bundles over a curve

Let $\mathcal M_C$ denote the moduli space of rank two vector bundles over a smooth proper curve $C$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero. Let $k(t)$ denote the function ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### Deformations of pointed stable maps with “curve held rigid” or “preserving the dual graph”

I am reading the "Notes on stable maps and quantum cohomology" by Fulton and Pandharipande and I got stuck in the proof of the Theorem 2, p.27. The authors consider the space $Def(\mu)$ of first order ...