The modal-logic tag has no usage guidance.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### What kind of set theory is obtained from the canonical models of K?

Consider the minimal normal modal logic $K$ (axioms = classical propositional logic + $(\Box(p\land q)\leftrightarrow\Box p\land\Box q)$ + $(\Box\top)$, nothing else).
Its canonical model with no ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

58 views

### Does being an Euclidean relation imply being a Shift-Reflexive relation? [closed]

Let me start with a few basic definitions.
Let $X$ be any set. A relation $R\subseteq X\times X$ is:
Euclidean when $$\forall x,y,z\in X: (x,y)\in R\,\wedge\,(x,z)\in R\, \rightarrow\,(y,z)\in R$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### Proving satisfiability in modal logic [closed]

So I've been doing some self study on Modal logic and I would like some external input on how to present my proofs for some of the axioms
1) say for example I am told to prove that □phi implies ♢psi ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### How to get $\omega$-regular expression from buchi automaton

Is there an algorithm or a trick on how to get $\omega$-regular expressions from Buchi automatons? If yes, is there also some way to do create minimal such regular expressions?
It is extremely ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Theories introduced by a class of forcing notions

The following notion is introduced by Mohammad Golshani. Let $V$ be a model of set theory and let $\mathcal{P}$ be a class consisting of non-trivial forcing notions in $V$. Let
$$Th(V, \mathcal{P})...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Minimum regular open set containing a given set in a T0 Alexandrov topological space

What is known about the minimum regular open set containing a given set in a T$_0$ Alexandrov topological space? I'm particularly interested in the condition for the minimum set happening to be first-...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### A question on two modal formulas

I want to find out the correspondences for the following two formulas or whether they are already derivable in the modal logic $KD4.2$, i.e. whether the formulas are valid in serial, transitive and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Is there a good list of nomenclature for modal axioms?

I would like to see what names that has been suggested for useful modal axioms. By name here I mean some abbreviation such as $T$, $K$, $4$, $.2$, $E$ and so on. In particular I am interested in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

163 views

### This modal logic semantics is not S5, but is it something else well-known?

The short form of the question is this:
Is there a model of modal propositional calculus that gives the modal operators the meanings
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

159 views

### Kripke frames as classes of partitions

Here's something I've been playing with off and on for a bit; I'm curious if anyone has seen it before.
For this question, a Kripke frame $K$ is a finite reflexive directed graph. (Reflexivity isn't ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

668 views

### A specific Model of ZFC

In his paper "Some Second Order Set Theory", Joel Hamkins asked whether there is a model of set theory $V$ that is elementary equivalent to $V[G]$, Whenever $G$ is $V$-generic for the collapse of a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### A question on Carnap's modal semantics on the basis of Cochiarelli's primary semantics

I believe I learned that Carnap's state description semantics for propositional modal logic suffered from validating $\lozenge p$ for all atomic variables p. Re-reading Nino Cochiarelli's primary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

98 views

### Interesting fragments of first-order logic induced by sorting?

In first approximation, modal logic (I'm using the term loosely)
can be understood as an interesting fragment of first-order logic
(for simplicity I ignore e.g. how modal logic relates to
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

515 views

### Is this system incomplete?

Let $\mathbf{SBM}$ be the normal modal logic system defined as $\mathbf{T}$ plus the following two axioms:
$$\mathrm{SB}: \Box(\Diamond p \rightarrow p)\rightarrow (p \rightarrow \Box p)$$
$$\mathrm{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Question on deriving $\alpha \rightarrow \Box \alpha$ in modal logic KTU

Let K and T be the usual modal logical principles $\Box (\alpha \rightarrow \beta) \rightarrow (\Box \alpha \rightarrow \Box \beta)$ and $\Box \alpha \rightarrow \alpha$. Let U be the modal logical ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### On a modal correspondence

Is there an intuitive characterization of the correspondence for the modal logical formula $\square (\alpha \rightarrow \square \alpha) \rightarrow (\square \alpha \vee \square \lnot \alpha)$?
In ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### On directedness, transitivity and ancestral directedness

Let $\textit{C}$ be the modal logical schema $(\square (\square \alpha \rightarrow \alpha) \wedge \square (\square \lnot\alpha \rightarrow \lnot \alpha))\rightarrow (\square \alpha \vee \square \lnot \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### A question on completeness for quantified temporal logics

Quantified temporal logics have the Barcan formulas and its converses for both G (it will always be the case that) and H (it has always been the case that), so that both $\forall x G \alpha \...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Is a computer program for correspondence theory available?

In the 1990s I some times used a computer program with the Max Planck Institute which helped with calculating complicated correspondences for modal logical formulas. Is some program like that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Completeness results for quantified tense logics with BF?

Modal tense logics or temporal logics are important in that they correspond with partial orders and their extensions.
Are there completeness results for quantified temporal logics with the Barcan ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### A question on the incompleteness of quantified K.2 and S4.2 with the Barcan formula

I have been attempting to come to grips with Max Cresswell's account of this in Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (4):379 - 403 (1995) where he presents proofs of the incompleteness of QK.2BF as well ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### A question on the modal logic S4.2

The modal logic S4.2 with the characteristic axioms
4: $\square \alpha \rightarrow \square \square \alpha$
and
.2: $\lozenge \square \alpha \rightarrow \square \lozenge \alpha$
and
T: $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### Is this system identical to S4.4?

Consider the normal modal logic system $\mathbf{TAR1}$ given by $\mathbf{T}$ plus the following axiom:
$$\mathrm{AR1}: \lozenge \square p \rightarrow (\square p \lor \square (p \rightarrow \square p))...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Soundness of modal logics which contain the reflection rule

Let $ML$ be a modal logic which contains the Reflection Rule (from $\vdash\Box F$ infer $\vdash F$). For a modal formula $F$, let $H(F)=\{\ \Box G\rightarrow G~|~\Box G$ is a subformula of $F\}$. A ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### Non-iterative modal logics

Let S be a propositional modal logic system (extension of K, or even E) with a single unary modal operator and defined by a single non-iterative axiom (i.e. of modal degree 1).
Is it true that for ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### Validity in Kripke frames whose points are finite or infinite sequences

Suppose $D$ is a non-empty set and $\{ R_i : i \in \mathbb{N} \}$ is a family of binary relations on sequences over $D$ so that $R_i \subseteq D^i \times D^i$. Let $R_\omega \subseteq D^\omega \times ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### On the Combinatorial Classification of Modal Kripke Frames

We have that S5 modal logic is characterized by the modal axioms $K$, $M$ (reflexive), $4$ (transitive), and $B$ (symmetric). That is, an equivalence relation on a set of possible world (which can be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Adjoint of Pushout as Modal Operators in Internal Logic

Regarding the internalization of mathematics to a particular category as in the nLab article: Internal Logic, there is a peculiar table mentioned in the section on Categorical Semantics in which there ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How are Modal Logic and Graph Theory related?

I am currently taking a graduate logic course on Modal Logic and I can't help notice that there are a certain class of graphs characterized by the modal axioms such as (4) $\Box p \rightarrow \Box \...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

360 views

### Why the preimage rather than image in Stone-type dualities.

I am seeking a deeper understanding of the representation of set-based objects in terms of Boolean algebras.
Let $\wp(A)$ be the set of subsets of a set $A$. A relation $R \subseteq A \times B$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

312 views

### Why are possibility and necessity dual?

Hello,
Recently, I'm studying modal logic for my master's thesis, and my research background is category theory.
So, I naturally have a question that why it is said that necessity (box) and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

824 views

### Non-trivial consequences of Lob's theorem

Informally, Löb's theorem (Wikipedia, PlanetMath) shows that:
a mathematical system cannot assert its own soundness without becoming inconsistent [Yudkowsky]
In symbols:
if $PA\vdash$ $Bew$(#...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

493 views

### A necessary condition for S4-completeness?

It is well-known that the modal logic S4 is complete with respect to the class of all finite quasi-trees (where we interpret the $\Box$ modality as topological interior, and topologize a quasi-tree ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### Is it possible to define a closure operator in terms of partial ordering?

For boolean algebra, let's take Roman Sikorski's Boolean Algebras as our reference. After giving a set of axioms, he proves (p.9) that the join of A and B is the least element of the algebra such that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### how to determine the condition on frame if some axiom schema is given together with K axiom?

In semantics for modal logic, if a new axiom schema is given together with K in question then how can one find out that what conditions the frame for the new system need to satisfy i.e reflexive, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Looking for papers and articles on the Tarskian Möglichkeit

Some background: Łukasiewicz many-valued logics were intended as modal logics, and Łukasiewicz gave an extensional definition of the modal operator: $\Diamond A =_{def} \neg A \to A$ (which he ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

516 views

### How many models are there, for a particular propositional modal logic?

Background/motivation: A model for the classical propositional calculus is a boolean function b(S) which assigns 1 or 0 to each (modal-free) sentence S according to the usual rules. I'm looking at ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Modal logic - box rules

Hi guys,
In modal logic i.e. propositional logic with box and diamond, are then any laws to get a box or a diamond from outside a bracket to inside?
I.e. $\Box (x \rightarrow \Box x)$
I want the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

594 views

### Modal logic - satisfiability

Hi there,
Assuming X and Y are modal formulae and diamond X is satisfiable and diamond Y is satisfiable, how would one show that they X AND Y is satisfiable?
I don't think it requires much effort?
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

547 views

### Applications of propositional dynamic logic

Propositional dynamic logic (PDL) is an example of a (multi)modal logic with a structure on the set of modalities. In particular, the set of its modalities is indexed by "programs" and one can use ...