# Questions tagged [metric-spaces]

A metric space is a pair $(X,d)$, where $X$ is a set and $d:X \times X \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies the following conditions for all $x,y,z \in X$. (Symmetry) $d(x,y)=d(y,x)$. (Identity of Indiscernibles) $d(x,y)=0$ if and only if $x=y$. (Triangle Inequality) $d(x,y)+d(y,z) \geq d(x,z)$.

52
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

**15**

votes

**0**answers

875 views

### In ZF, when is a disjoint union of metrizable spaces metrizable?

It is easy to see that the disjoint union $\bigsqcup_i X_i$ of a collection of
metric spaces is metrizable, simply by rescaling or chopping off
the individual metrics to have diameter at most one, and ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

461 views

### How to compute the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between spheres $S_n$ and $S_m$?

There is the question, because when we consider the Gromov-Hausdorff distance, we must fix the metric, so we use the natural metric induced from the embedding $\mathbb{S}_n \to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Is ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Does this metric have an official name? Lévy metric? Ky Fan metric?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be random variables taking values in a separable metric space $(S,d)$. The metric I have in mind is
$$\rho(X,Y) = \mathbb{E}[\min\{d(X,Y),1\}]$$
if $X$ and $Y$ take values in the a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

598 views

### Two questions around the $abc$-conjecture

Let $d(a,b) = 1-\frac{2 \gcd(a,b)}{a+b}$, $d_{ABC}(a,b) = 1-\frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be two metrics on natural numbers.
The abc-conjecture can be formulated using these two metrics as:
For ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### Category of metric spaces

Is there a standard/good reference text that does category of metric spaces?
Say, it seems that by looking at this category one can recover everything about particular metric space up to scaling --- ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Universally meager spaces and large cardinals

Definition: (Todorcevic) A subset $A$ of a topological space $X$ is called universally meager if for every Baire space $Y$ and every continuous $f : Y \to X$ which is nowhere constant (not constant on ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Construct a topologically $\infty$-dimensional separable metric space.

But don't assume knowledge of any topological dimension theory. Here is a specific approach (an open problem):
Does there exist a separable metric space $X$ such that the following two conditions ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Composition of couplings as a pullback construction

A metric measure space $(X,d,\mu)$ consists of a metric space $(X,d)$ together with a Borel measure $\mu$. A coupling between metric measure spaces $(X_1,d_1,\mu_1)$ and $(X_2,d_2,\mu_2)$ consists of ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

253 views

### Homeomorphism between $L^p$-spaces on metric spaces and $L^p$-spaces on Euclidean space

Setup:
Fix $p \in [1,\infty)$.
Let $(X,d_X,x_0)$ and $(Y,d_Y,y_0)$ be complete pointed metric spaces and $\mu$ be Borel. Let $E^n,E^D$ be Euclidean spaces of respetive dimensions $n$ and $D$ and ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Results that are easier in a metric space

Are there any significant results in the theory of metric spaces that (are considerably more difficult to reproduce/have not been reproduced) in the theory of uniform spaces?
In particular, I'm ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Choice and the Baire property in non-separable complete metric spaces

It's known to be consistent with ZF+DC that every subset of $\mathbb{R}$ has the Baire property (BP). (E.g. Shelah's model). If so, then every subset of every complete separable metric space has ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### A generalization of SOCA

Roughly speaking, SOCA (Semi Open Coloring Axiom) says that for an open coloring of the unordered pairs over an uncountable separable metric space you can always find an uncountable homogeneous subset ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

870 views

### What relates to measure spaces as topological spaces relate to metric spaces ?

Has there been study of a generalization of measure spaces along the following or similar lines ?
Given a measure space $(X, \Sigma, \mu)$, define for $U\in\Sigma$ a $\mu$-ball of radius $r$ of $U$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Rough classification of Peano Curves

By Peano curve I mean a continuous map from the unit interval that fills the unit square in $\mathbb R^2$.
In the paper:
Shchepin, E. V.; Bauman, K. E., Minimal Peano curve, Proc. Steklov Inst. Math....

**5**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Fractional Hajłasz-Besov-like similar to the Korevaar-Schoen-Sobolev spaces?

Suppose that $(X,\mu,d)$ and $(Y,\nu,\rho)$ are doubling metric measure spaces. Fix $\alpha>0$ and define the space, analogously to this paper, as the collection of all measurable functions $f:X\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

466 views

### Limit of metric spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a collection of T2 topological spaces, with maps $f_n\colon X_n \to X_{n+1}$. These maps are continuous and open. Let $X$ be the direct limit of this system.
Assume ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### universal 0-dimensional separable metric subspaces

Let $\ \mathscr U:=(U\ \delta)\ $ be a separable metric space which is universal for all finite metric spaces, i.e. for every finite metric space $ \mathscr X:=(X\ d)\ $ there
exists an isometric ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

722 views

### Does rate of convergence in probability come from a metric?

In general, when we talk about convergence of a sequence, we need a topological space. If we want to talk about a rate of convergence, we need to quantify how far away one element of the sequence is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

329 views

### Graph contained in a metric space

I have a metric space $X$ and a graph $G=(V,E)$ whose set of vertices is a subset $V\subset X$ (and $E$ is the set of edges, which is a symmetric subset of $V\times V$). For each $v\in V$, the set of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### “monotone” homotopy?

This is a question about a concept that I call "monotone homotopy" which arises in a natural way in some topological situations.
Let $X$ be a (bounded) metric space, $Y$ be a topological space and $A\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Reference request: Projection operators in metric spaces

Given a metric space $(X,d)$ and a subset $S\subset X$, the projection $P_S$ onto $S$ is well-defined as a set valued function. I am interested in learning more about properties of these projections ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Does uniform continuity of bounded continuous functions implies the same for all continuous functions on a uniform space?

Recently I came to know about Atsuji space from the paper. A metric space $X$ is called an Atsuji space if every real-valued continuous function on $X$ is uniformly continuous. Strikingly I have found ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### A characterization of Cauchy filters on countable metric spaces?

Given a filter $\mathcal F$ on a countable set $X$, consider the family
$$\mathcal F^+:=\{A\subset X:\forall F\in\mathcal F\;(A\cap F\ne\emptyset)\}.$$
The following characterization is well-known.
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Metric space has a basis countably locally finite

it is know that all metric space has a basis countably locally finite and this result is proved by using axiom of choice. Then, the natural question is: is possible to prove this result without using ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

274 views

### For METRIZABLE spaces, do the Banach classes and Baire classes coincide?

In this paper: 'Borel structures for Function spaces' by Robert Aumann,
http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1255631584
Aumann claims that when X and Y are metric spaces (among other things), the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Existence and uniqueness of fixed point in generalized condition of triangular norm

Definition 1) A Menger space is defined as a triple $\left( S,F,T \right)$ where $S$ is a set , $F$ is a collection of distribution functions and $T$ is a triangular norm function
$T:[ 0,1 ]\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Exponential Map for non-smooth Finsler manifolds

Context
If I'm interested in studying reversible Finsler manifolds which do not have the strong convexity of the Hessian property (that is the Finsler function is a regular norm on every tangent ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### When will the upper regularization of a bounded function not defined?

Suppose $E$ is a compact metric space.
A function $f :E \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is upper semicontinous if for all $c \in \mathbb{R}$, $f^{-1}(-\infty, c)$ is open in $E.$
For any real-valued ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Equicontinuity of $\{f_{2n}\circ f_{2n-1}\}$

Let $(X,D)$ be a compact metric space and $\{f_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be a sequence of homeomorphisms of $(X,d)$. It is easy to see that if $\{f_n\}$ is uniformly convergent then $\{g_n\}$ defined by $...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Nearly injective Banach spaces

There was a problem about nearly injective metric spaces posed by Aronszajn and Panitchpakdi which I actually solved in the past but it still remains open (as long as I know) for the Banach spaces--so ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Cover a set with balls centered at smooth functions (Ascoli theorem)

Assume $M$ to be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold, endowed with a complete metric.
Let us consider the space $C^\infty(M)$ endowed with the standard $C^\infty$ topology, i.e. generated by the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### First-countable topological monoids without local absorbing elements whose topology is induced by a semimetric

This is a follow up of Question 163246. For the reader's convenience, let me first copy&paste some basic definitions.
We let a semimetric on a set $X$ be a function $d: X \times X \to [0,\infty]$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### A construction with Hyperspace of continums

Let $X$ be a compact connected metric space. Its hyperspace is denoted by $2^{X}.$ $X$ is considered as a subset of $2^{X}$ via the embedding $x\mapsto \{x\}$. Assume that $f:X\to X$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### A Hölder version of the Johnson-Lindenstrauss Lemma on essentially bounded functions

Does there exist a Hölder (not necessarily linear) projection from $L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ to any finite-dimensional linear subspace? This is known when $L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is replaced by a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff distance between weighted tree graphs

I would like to measure the similarity between a pair of weighted tree graphs. According to this post, this can be done by regarding the trees as metric spaces and then applying the Gromov-Hausdorff ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Explicit Quasisymmetric embedding into Euclidean space

It is known that every doubling metric space admits quasisymmetric map into Euclidean space. My question is, is there a known explicit (closed-form) quasisymmetry from the Heisenberg group into a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Continuous injection of metric ball into Euclidean ball

This is a follow-up to this post.
Suppose that $(X,d_X)$ is a compact metric space with (finite) metric-capacity, defined by
$$
\kappa_X(\epsilon)\triangleq\sup\left\{
k : \exists x_0,\dots,x_k \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### Weak convexity in graphs

I asked the following question in MathStackExchange, but I did not get any answer, and I think that this might be the appropriate venue for the question.
As we know, a finite undirected graph ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

154 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff relative compactness without curvature restrictions

A famous theorem of Gromov says that the set of compact Riemannian manifolds with $Ric \geq c$ and $\text{diam} \leq D$ is relatively compact in the Gromov-Hausdorff metric. Chapter 10 of the book by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

191 views

### A Riemannian metric on the plane such that the intersection of every two discs is a disc, again

Is there a Riemannian metric on $\mathbb{R}^2$ (or a $2$ dimensional manifold) such that the intersection of every two open discs is an open disc, again?
As linear version of this question we ask:
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Generalize characterization of upper semicontinous functions

Let $X$ be a metric space and denote $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}.$
It is easy to show that the following two statements are equivalent:
$(1)$ For any real number $c$, we have $f^{-1}(-\infty,c)$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Generalize upper semicontinuous regularization using Borel Hierachy

Let $X$ be a metric space. Suppose a real-valued function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is upper semicontinuous class $2$ if for all $c \in \mathbb{R},$ its preimage $f^{-1}(-\infty,c)$ is $F_{\sigma}$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

29 views

### Turning an integer-valued semimetric into a smaller pseudometric by preserving the kernel and keeping the value at critical points

Let $X$ be a set, and let $\mathfrak d$ be a semimetric on $X$, namely, a non-negative function $X \times X \to \mathbf R$ such that $\mathfrak d(x,x) = 0$ and $\mathfrak d(x,y) = \mathfrak d(y,x)$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

208 views

### Z-sets in the Hilbert cube

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space, then we say that a closed subset $A$ of $X$ is a z-set if for each number $k\gt 0$ there is a continuous map $f_k$ from $X$ into $X-A$ such that $d(x,f_k(x))\lt k$.
I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Example of a nonconvex Chebyshev set in a metric space with continuous projection?

Question: Is there an example of a nonconvex Chebyshev set $S$ in a metric space $(X,d)$ whose projection map is continuous?
For convexity to be well-defined, we need to assume that $X$ is a vector ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Upper-bound on optimal transport distance between uniform distribution on balls in metric space

Context: I'm studying the so-called "Ollivier-Ricci curvature theory" (e.g see this ref). I'm particularly interested with how concentration of measure (in particular, in the sense of the Otto-Villani ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### A separable metric space barely metrically universal for metric compact spaces

Let $\ \mathscr U:=(U\ \delta)\ $ be an arbitrary separable metric space which is universal for all metric compact spaces, i.e. for every compact space
$\ \mathscr X:=(X\ d)\ $ there exists an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Skorohod Space with $J_1$ topology homeomorphic to Frechet Space

Is the Skorohod space $D([0,T];\mathbb{R}^d)$ equipped with the $J_1$ topology homoeomorphic to a separable Fr\'{e}chet space. In particular, is it homeomorphic to $L_{\mu}^1(\mathcal{B}([0,1])$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Contractable and Simply Connected Doubling Spaces Homeomorphic to Euclidean Space

Is there a characterization of all simply connected, contractable doubling metric spaces which are homeomorphic to a simply connected subset of Euclidean space?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Closure Wasserstein for pointmasses

Suppose that $(X,d)$ is a metric space which is (not necessarily) complete and let $W_1(X)$ denote the Wasserstein metric space on $(X,d)$. Let $\{\delta_x\}_{x \in K}$ is a collection of degenerate ...