# Questions tagged [metric-spaces]

A metric space is a pair $(X,d)$, where $X$ is a set and $d:X \times X \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies the following conditions for all $x,y,z \in X$. (Symmetry) $d(x,y)=d(y,x)$. (Identity of Indiscernibles) $d(x,y)=0$ if and only if $x=y$. (Triangle Inequality) $d(x,y)+d(y,z) \geq d(x,z)$.

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### In ZF, when is a disjoint union of metrizable spaces metrizable?

It is easy to see that the disjoint union $\bigsqcup_i X_i$ of a collection of metric spaces is metrizable, simply by rescaling or chopping off the individual metrics to have diameter at most one, and ...
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### How to compute the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between spheres $S_n$ and $S_m$?

There is the question, because when we consider the Gromov-Hausdorff distance, we must fix the metric, so we use the natural metric induced from the embedding $\mathbb{S}_n \to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Is ...
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### Does this metric have an official name? Lévy metric? Ky Fan metric?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be random variables taking values in a separable metric space $(S,d)$. The metric I have in mind is $$\rho(X,Y) = \mathbb{E}[\min\{d(X,Y),1\}]$$ if $X$ and $Y$ take values in the a ...
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### Two questions around the $abc$-conjecture

Let $d(a,b) = 1-\frac{2 \gcd(a,b)}{a+b}$, $d_{ABC}(a,b) = 1-\frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be two metrics on natural numbers. The abc-conjecture can be formulated using these two metrics as: For ...
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### Category of metric spaces

Is there a standard/good reference text that does category of metric spaces? Say, it seems that by looking at this category one can recover everything about particular metric space up to scaling --- ...
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### Universally meager spaces and large cardinals

Definition: (Todorcevic) A subset $A$ of a topological space $X$ is called universally meager if for every Baire space $Y$ and every continuous $f : Y \to X$ which is nowhere constant (not constant on ...
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### Construct a topologically $\infty$-dimensional separable metric space.

But don't assume knowledge of any topological dimension theory. Here is a specific approach (an open problem): Does there exist a separable metric space $X$ such that the following two conditions ...
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### Composition of couplings as a pullback construction

A metric measure space $(X,d,\mu)$ consists of a metric space $(X,d)$ together with a Borel measure $\mu$. A coupling between metric measure spaces $(X_1,d_1,\mu_1)$ and $(X_2,d_2,\mu_2)$ consists of ...
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### Homeomorphism between $L^p$-spaces on metric spaces and $L^p$-spaces on Euclidean space

Setup: Fix $p \in [1,\infty)$. Let $(X,d_X,x_0)$ and $(Y,d_Y,y_0)$ be complete pointed metric spaces and $\mu$ be Borel. Let $E^n,E^D$ be Euclidean spaces of respetive dimensions $n$ and $D$ and ...
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### Results that are easier in a metric space

Are there any significant results in the theory of metric spaces that (are considerably more difficult to reproduce/have not been reproduced) in the theory of uniform spaces? In particular, I'm ...
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### Choice and the Baire property in non-separable complete metric spaces

It's known to be consistent with ZF+DC that every subset of $\mathbb{R}$ has the Baire property (BP). (E.g. Shelah's model). If so, then every subset of every complete separable metric space has ...
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### A generalization of SOCA

Roughly speaking, SOCA (Semi Open Coloring Axiom) says that for an open coloring of the unordered pairs over an uncountable separable metric space you can always find an uncountable homogeneous subset ...
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### What relates to measure spaces as topological spaces relate to metric spaces ?

Has there been study of a generalization of measure spaces along the following or similar lines ? Given a measure space $(X, \Sigma, \mu)$, define for $U\in\Sigma$ a $\mu$-ball of radius $r$ of $U$ ...
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### Rough classification of Peano Curves

By Peano curve I mean a continuous map from the unit interval that fills the unit square in $\mathbb R^2$. In the paper: Shchepin, E. V.; Bauman, K. E., Minimal Peano curve, Proc. Steklov Inst. Math....
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### Reference request: Projection operators in metric spaces

Given a metric space $(X,d)$ and a subset $S\subset X$, the projection $P_S$ onto $S$ is well-defined as a set valued function. I am interested in learning more about properties of these projections ...
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### Does uniform continuity of bounded continuous functions implies the same for all continuous functions on a uniform space?

Recently I came to know about Atsuji space from the paper. A metric space $X$ is called an Atsuji space if every real-valued continuous function on $X$ is uniformly continuous. Strikingly I have found ...
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### A characterization of Cauchy filters on countable metric spaces?

Given a filter $\mathcal F$ on a countable set $X$, consider the family $$\mathcal F^+:=\{A\subset X:\forall F\in\mathcal F\;(A\cap F\ne\emptyset)\}.$$ The following characterization is well-known. ...
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### Metric space has a basis countably locally finite

it is know that all metric space has a basis countably locally finite and this result is proved by using axiom of choice. Then, the natural question is: is possible to prove this result without using ...
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### For METRIZABLE spaces, do the Banach classes and Baire classes coincide?

In this paper: 'Borel structures for Function spaces' by Robert Aumann, http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1255631584 Aumann claims that when X and Y are metric spaces (among other things), the ...
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### Nearly injective Banach spaces

There was a problem about nearly injective metric spaces posed by Aronszajn and Panitchpakdi which I actually solved in the past but it still remains open (as long as I know) for the Banach spaces--so ...
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### Cover a set with balls centered at smooth functions (Ascoli theorem)

Assume $M$ to be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold, endowed with a complete metric. Let us consider the space $C^\infty(M)$ endowed with the standard $C^\infty$ topology, i.e. generated by the ...
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### First-countable topological monoids without local absorbing elements whose topology is induced by a semimetric

This is a follow up of Question 163246. For the reader's convenience, let me first copy&paste some basic definitions. We let a semimetric on a set $X$ be a function $d: X \times X \to [0,\infty]$ ...
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### A construction with Hyperspace of continums

Let $X$ be a compact connected metric space. Its hyperspace is denoted by $2^{X}.$ $X$ is considered as a subset of $2^{X}$ via the embedding $x\mapsto \{x\}$. Assume that $f:X\to X$ is a ...
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### A Hölder version of the Johnson-Lindenstrauss Lemma on essentially bounded functions

Does there exist a Hölder (not necessarily linear) projection from $L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ to any finite-dimensional linear subspace? This is known when $L^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is replaced by a ...
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### Gromov-Hausdorff distance between weighted tree graphs

I would like to measure the similarity between a pair of weighted tree graphs. According to this post, this can be done by regarding the trees as metric spaces and then applying the Gromov-Hausdorff ...
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### Explicit Quasisymmetric embedding into Euclidean space

It is known that every doubling metric space admits quasisymmetric map into Euclidean space. My question is, is there a known explicit (closed-form) quasisymmetry from the Heisenberg group into a ...
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### Continuous injection of metric ball into Euclidean ball

This is a follow-up to this post. Suppose that $(X,d_X)$ is a compact metric space with (finite) metric-capacity, defined by  \kappa_X(\epsilon)\triangleq\sup\left\{ k : \exists x_0,\dots,x_k \...
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### Weak convexity in graphs

I asked the following question in MathStackExchange, but I did not get any answer, and I think that this might be the appropriate venue for the question. As we know, a finite undirected graph ...
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### Gromov-Hausdorff relative compactness without curvature restrictions

A famous theorem of Gromov says that the set of compact Riemannian manifolds with $Ric \geq c$ and $\text{diam} \leq D$ is relatively compact in the Gromov-Hausdorff metric. Chapter 10 of the book by ...
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### A Riemannian metric on the plane such that the intersection of every two discs is a disc, again

Is there a Riemannian metric on $\mathbb{R}^2$ (or a $2$ dimensional manifold) such that the intersection of every two open discs is an open disc, again? As linear version of this question we ask: ...
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### Generalize characterization of upper semicontinous functions

Let $X$ be a metric space and denote $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}.$ It is easy to show that the following two statements are equivalent: $(1)$ For any real number $c$, we have $f^{-1}(-\infty,c)$ is ...
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### Generalize upper semicontinuous regularization using Borel Hierachy

Let $X$ be a metric space. Suppose a real-valued function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is upper semicontinuous class $2$ if for all $c \in \mathbb{R},$ its preimage $f^{-1}(-\infty,c)$ is $F_{\sigma}$. ...
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### Turning an integer-valued semimetric into a smaller pseudometric by preserving the kernel and keeping the value at critical points

Let $X$ be a set, and let $\mathfrak d$ be a semimetric on $X$, namely, a non-negative function $X \times X \to \mathbf R$ such that $\mathfrak d(x,x) = 0$ and $\mathfrak d(x,y) = \mathfrak d(y,x)$ ...
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### Z-sets in the Hilbert cube

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space, then we say that a closed subset $A$ of $X$ is a z-set if for each number $k\gt 0$ there is a continuous map $f_k$ from $X$ into $X-A$ such that $d(x,f_k(x))\lt k$. I ...
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### Example of a nonconvex Chebyshev set in a metric space with continuous projection?

Question: Is there an example of a nonconvex Chebyshev set $S$ in a metric space $(X,d)$ whose projection map is continuous? For convexity to be well-defined, we need to assume that $X$ is a vector ...
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### Upper-bound on optimal transport distance between uniform distribution on balls in metric space

Context: I'm studying the so-called "Ollivier-Ricci curvature theory" (e.g see this ref). I'm particularly interested with how concentration of measure (in particular, in the sense of the Otto-Villani ...
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### A separable metric space barely metrically universal for metric compact spaces

Let $\ \mathscr U:=(U\ \delta)\$ be an arbitrary separable metric space which is universal for all metric compact spaces, i.e. for every compact space $\ \mathscr X:=(X\ d)\$ there exists an ...
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### Skorohod Space with $J_1$ topology homeomorphic to Frechet Space

Is the Skorohod space $D([0,T];\mathbb{R}^d)$ equipped with the $J_1$ topology homoeomorphic to a separable Fr\'{e}chet space. In particular, is it homeomorphic to $L_{\mu}^1(\mathcal{B}([0,1])$ ...
Suppose that $(X,d)$ is a metric space which is (not necessarily) complete and let $W_1(X)$ denote the Wasserstein metric space on $(X,d)$. Let $\{\delta_x\}_{x \in K}$ is a collection of degenerate ...