# Questions tagged [metric-spaces]

A metric space is a pair $(X,d)$, where $X$ is a set and $d:X \times X \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies the following conditions for all $x,y,z \in X$. (Symmetry) $d(x,y)=d(y,x)$. (Identity of Indiscernibles) $d(x,y)=0$ if and only if $x=y$. (Triangle Inequality) $d(x,y)+d(y,z) \geq d(x,z)$.

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### If all balls at $x$ and $y$ are isometric is there an isometry sending $x$ to $y$?

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $x,y \in X$. Assume that for all $r > 0$ the balls $B_r(x)$ and $B_r(y)$ are isometric.
Is it true that there exists an isometry of $X$ sending $x$ to $y$?

**7**

votes

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### Hausdorff distance and Cauchy sequences

This is a generalization of an older question.
Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and let $(A_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}\subseteq X$ be a sequence of non-empty closed subsets such that for all $\varepsilon > ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Is $\ell_p$ $(1<p<\infty)$ finitely isometrically distortable?

Let $Y$ be a Banach space isomorphic to $\ell_p$, $1<p<\infty$. Is it true that any finite subset of $\ell_p$ is isometric to some finite subset of $Y$?
It seems to me that it is an interesting ...

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votes

**1**answer

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### does there always exists a path $g:[0,1] \rightarrow X$ from $f(0)$ to $f(1)$ that has the same image as $f$ and ..?

Suppose $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $f:[0,1] \rightarrow X$ is a path in $X$ with no-zero finite length $L$. Then, does there always exists a path $g:[0,1] \rightarrow X$ from $f(0)$ to $f(1)$ that ...

**12**

votes

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### A metric for Grassmannians

I'm reading an article by Ricardo Mañé, Hausdorff dimension is diffeomorphism. I'm having a technical problem. Sorry for my ignorance, but I would like a reference which explains how to equip the ...

**30**

votes

**5**answers

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### Trigonometry / Euclidean Geometry for natural numbers?

Let $d(a,b) = 1 - \frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be a metric on natural numbers without $0$.
The metric space $X = \{x_0,x_1,\cdots,x_n\},n>2$ is isometric embeddable in $\mathbb{R}^n$ if and only ...

**22**

votes

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### A reinterpretation of the $abc$ - conjecture in terms of metric spaces?

I hope it is appropriate to ask this question here:
One formulation of the abc-conjecture is
$$ c < \text{rad}(abc)^2$$
where $\gcd(a,b)=1$ and $c=a+b$. This is equivalent to ($a,b$ being ...

**21**

votes

**8**answers

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### When does a metric space have “infinite metric dimension”? (Definition of metric dimension)

Definition 1 A subset $B$ of a metric space $(M,d)$ is called a metric basis for $M$ if and only if $$[\forall b \in B,\,d(x,b)=d(y,b)] \implies x = y \,.$$
Definition 2 A metric space $(M,d)$ ...

**15**

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**1**answer

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### If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin.
Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if:
there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...

**10**

votes

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3k views

### Quotient of metric spaces

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space and $\sim$ an equivalence relation on $X$ such that the quotient space $X/\sim$ is Hausdorff. It is well known that in this case the quotient is metrizable. My ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

374 views

### Euclidean tangent cone implies Riemannian manifold

It is known that given a Riemannian manifold, then the tangent cone (as a metric space) at any point $p$ is isometric to the tangent space at $p$, with the metric given by the metric tensor.
Is ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

738 views

### Baire Category Theorem for complete uniform spaces

The version of the Baire Category Theorem I have in mind is the statement that a countable intersection of dense open subsets of a complete metric space is dense. The question is: is it likewise ...

**8**

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### End point compactification for metric spaces

Freundenthal introduced ends of topological spaces and the end point compactification of locally compact topological spaces adding one point for each end of the topological space (see here).
For ...

**10**

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**0**answers

597 views

### Two questions around the $abc$-conjecture

Let $d(a,b) = 1-\frac{2 \gcd(a,b)}{a+b}$, $d_{ABC}(a,b) = 1-\frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be two metrics on natural numbers.
The abc-conjecture can be formulated using these two metrics as:
For ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

475 views

### Differentiability of Distance to a Closed Convex Set [closed]

Let $( \mathbb{R}^d, \| \mathbf{x}\|_2 )$ be a Euclidean Space. For any closed convex set $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$, we define
\begin{align}
d(\mathbf{x}, A) = \inf \{ \| \mathbf{x} - \mathbf{y} \|_2, ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

762 views

### Converse to Banach’s fixed point theorem for ordered fields?

Suppose $R$ is an ordered field. Call a continuous map $f: R \rightarrow R$ a contraction if there exists $r < 1$ (in $R$) such that $|f(x)-f(y)| \leq r |x-y|$ for all $x,y \in R$ (where $|x| := \...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### Probability that a random distance function is metric

Take a random $n \times n$ nonnegative symmetric matrix $D$ with zero diagonal. What is the probability that it is an abstract distance matrix, i.e. satisfies $D_{xy}+D_{yz} \geq D_{xz}$ for all index ...

**5**

votes

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2k views

### Locally compact space that is not topologically complete

It is know that for a metric space, it is locally compact and separable iff exist an equivalent metric where a set is compact iff it is closed and limited. So, locally compact and seperable metric ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

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### How is the notion of a Lipschitz structure on a manifold defined?

According to wikipedia, there is such a definition. $\:$ The candidate that I can come up with is
"an equivalence class of metrics that induce the topology and make the space locally bi-Lipschitz
to ...

**3**

votes

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998 views

### Isometric embeddings of metric spaces in Hilbert spaces

There are plenty of isometric embeddings of metric spaces in Banach spaces. Nevertheless, I have been unable to find any significant result on isometric embeddings into Hilbert spaces. My question is: ...

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### When is “metric dimension” well defined?

A subset $B$ of a metric space $(M,d)$ is called a metric generating set if and only if $$[\forall b \in B, d(x,b)=d(y,b)] \implies x = y \,. $$ A metric generating set $B$ is called a metric basis ...

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### Is the hyperspace of the Hilbert cube homeomorphic to the Hilbert cube

Question: Is the hyperspace of the Hilbert cube $H=[0,1]^\mathbb {N}$ homeomorphic to $H$?
Remarks and definitions:
1) The Hilbert cube $H$ is a compact metric space, where the metric is given by ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

311 views

### Space of curves

I am reading Burago, Burago & Ivanov's book where they distinguish the notion of a curve and a path in the following way:
a path in a topological space $X$ is simply a (continuous) map from a ...

**4**

votes

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255 views

### Finitely isometrically persistent metric spaces

The goal of this question is to develop further the discussion
initiated in Under which conditions is it possible to find points with same distances under bi-Lipschitz map. The mentioned question was ...

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217 views

### If $(\mathbb M, \tau)$ is a topological monoid, is $\tau$ always induced by a [left] subinvariant semimetric?

Let me start by recalling some basic definitions (just for the sake of avoiding misunderstandings due to the vocabulary of the post).
Basically following some ideas of W. Lawvere (but not his ...

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**0**answers

113 views

### First-countable topological monoids without local absorbing elements whose topology is induced by a semimetric

This is a follow up of Question 163246. For the reader's convenience, let me first copy&paste some basic definitions.
We let a semimetric on a set $X$ be a function $d: X \times X \to [0,\infty]$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Spatial dimension of a finite graph

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space, we associate with it a simple, undirected graph, called its proximity graph $G(X,d)$ given by $V(G(X,d)) = X$ and $$E(G(X,d)) = \big\{\{x,y\}:x\neq y\in X \text{ and } d(...

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**1**answer

184 views

### Open set of geodesics implies the set of starting points is open

Let $X$ be a complete and separable metric space, let $G(X) \subset C([0,1],X)$ be the space of continuous curves from $[0,1]$ to $X$ with constant speed, i.e.
$$ d(f(t),f(s)) = |t-s| d(f(0), f(1)). $$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

92 views

### Continuous inclusion of metric spaces of smaller capacity

If $(X,d_X)$ is a compact metric space, and $(Y,d)$ is another metric space. Moreover, suppose that the metric capacity of $(Y,d)$ is at-least that of $(X,d_X)$, that is
$$
\kappa_X(\epsilon)\leq \...

**1**

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**0**answers

48 views

### Continuous injection of metric ball into Euclidean ball

This is a follow-up to this post.
Suppose that $(X,d_X)$ is a compact metric space with (finite) metric-capacity, defined by
$$
\kappa_X(\epsilon)\triangleq\sup\left\{
k : \exists x_0,\dots,x_k \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### Does there exist a class of real-valued upper semicontinuos functions on $X$ such that $\mathcal{F}$ is countable?

Ian Morris quoted the following:
For any upper semi-continuous function $f \colon X \to [-\infty,+\infty)$ defined on a nonempty topological space $X$ there exists a nonempty set $\mathcal{F}\...