# Questions tagged [measure-concentration]

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### Is this extension of Hoeffding's inequality known?

Question Overview: Is it already known that, when using Hoeffding's inequality to lower bound the mean of i.i.d. random variables, you can replace the upper bound on the random variables with the ...
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### Balls and bins -- concentration bounds pertaining to the minimal load bin

Consider the standard balls and bins process, where $m$ balls are thrown uniformly at random into $n$ bins. Previous work has been done on estimating the value of the maximum load (i.e., the number of ...
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### Do compact universal covers have concentration of measure phenomenon?

$\DeclareMathOperator\vol{vol}\DeclareMathOperator\diam{diam}$I have a sequence of compact Riemannian manifolds $M_n$ with $\diam (M_n) \to 0$ and finite fundamental groups $\pi_1 (M_n)$ so that their ...
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### Product of two random Gaussian matrices - orthant probability

Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ and $Y \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times k}$ be two independent Gaussian random matrices, i.e., with entries independently sampled from $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$ (a normal ...
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### Question about size-biased couplings and concentration of the number of collisions

Edit/Update: I was indeed missing something quite obvious. I assumed the notion of collision used was the one I am used to (number of pairwise collisions, so if a bin received $k$ balls then this ...
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### a variation on Hanson-Wright inequality

The classic Hanson-Wright inequality states that for a Gaussian random vector $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ distributed as $\mathcal{N}(\mathbf{0},\mathbf{I})$ and $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ ...
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### Chernoff bound in the not-quite-sub-exponential case

In Terry Tao's notes on Concentration of measure, Exercise 7 indicates that the Chernoff bound can be generalized to sub-exponential random variables: http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2010/01/03/254a-...
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### Concentration inequality for max component of a multivariate Gaussian in the general case

I am looking to bound the variance of the maximum component of a vector distributed multivariate Gaussian in the general case where the Gaussian distribution has arbitrary mean and full covariance ...
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### Concentration of weighted random chirp

I'm interested in seeing whether the following is true. Assume $u$ is uniform on $[0,1]$. For a fixed $x\in\mathbb{C}^n$ with $\|x\|_{2}=1$ we have \begin{align*} \mathbb{P}\Big\{\Big|\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}...
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### Concentration of functions of random unitary matrices

Suppose $U$ and $V$ are $n \times n$ random unitary matrices, chosen independently from the Haar measure. Is there any kind of concentration inequality which would be applicable to polynomials $p(U,V)$...
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### Concentration of $k$-th pairwise distance of random points in a unit square

For $1\leq i \leq n$, let $X_i\sim \text{Uniform}(0,1)$, $Y_i \sim \text{Uniform}(0,1)$ be $n$ points chosen uniformly in the unit square. Denote the $k$-th smallest pairwise distances across the $n$ ...
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### Upper bound $\tau_C := \int_{\|x\| \le 1}(vol(C \cap (x + C))/vol(C))dx$ for a convex body $C \subseteq \mathbb R^n$, by reducing to a ball

Let $C$ be a convex body in $\mathbb R^n$, i.e a bounded convex subset of $\mathbb R^n$ which has nonempty interior, and which is (A) open, or (B) closed (I'm not sure one makes more sense; choose the ...
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### For a martingale $f_0,f_1,\ldots$ how can we bound $P(\frac{1}{n} \|f_n\| \le 1$ for all $n \ge N)$?

Suppose $f_0,f_1, \ldots$ is a martingale (or i.i.d sequence) in $\mathbb R^d$ with $f_0=0$ and all $\|f_n - f_{n-1}\| \le L$ say. There are many concentration results for the initial segment of the ...
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### $\ell_p$ geodesic distance on smooth Riemannian manifold and Logarithmic Sobolev Inequalities

Bear with me, I'm not a professional geometer. Recently, I've been studying Logarithmic Sobolev Inequalities (LSI) for probability distributions on manifolds (e.g as done in works of Bobkvo et al. ...
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### On symmetry and measure concentration rate for convex bodies

The concentration of measure on the cube $[0, 1]^n$ equipped with uniform probability measure $\mu_{\infty}$, states that for any $A \subset [0, 1]^n$ with $\mu_{\infty}(A) \geq \frac{1}{2}$, we ...
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### Concentration of sum of independent random variables

Let $X_1, ..., X_n$ be i.i.d. sub-Gaussian random variables with mean $0$ and variance $1$. That is, we have $\Pr[|X_i| > t] \leq \exp(1-t^2/K^2)$ for all $t>0$ and a parameter $K$. Then we can ...
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### Ornstein-Ulhenbeck like semigroup for the orthogonal group with a hypercontractive inequality

I am looking for an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck like semigroup $P_t$ and associated generator $\mathcal{L}$ on $G = \operatorname{SO}(n)$ or $\operatorname{O}(n)$ that has a hypercontractive inequality with a ...
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### Matrix Chernoff sampling with out replacement

I am interested to know if the matrix Chernoff bound (see Theorem 5.1.1 in https://arxiv.org/pdf/1501.01571.pdf) holds if one samples without replacement. For example, the Bernstein inequality is ...
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### Are sums extremal for subgaussian concentration?

Bobkov and Houdre https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bj/1178291721 showed that among all $f:R^n\to R$ that are $1$-Lipschitz with respect to the $\ell_1$ metric, the variance is maximized by sums. ...
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### A concentration problem of product of matrices

Let $A$ be an $n \times m$ matrix with non-negative entries and $B \in \mathbb{R^{n\times n}_{\geq 0}}, C \in \mathbb{R^{m\times m}_{\geq 0}}$ be random matrices where B and C are both symmetric and ...
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### Concentration of sums of random matrices around the mean, in the Loewner order

Recently, I have found myself interested in concentration properties of random matrices. Specifically I would like to answer questions of the following sort Let $\{X_i\}_{i=1}^n$ be i.i.d. copies ...
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### On the precise concentration of permanent of $\pm1$ matrices

Obtain $M\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$ by unbiased coin flipping. What is known about the distribution of permanent $\mathsf{Perm}(M)$? It seems to be bimodal. Given a function $g(n)$ what is the ...
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### concentration bounds on weighted multinomial sum

Consider i.i.d random vectors $Y_{1},..,Y_{n}$ and they are chosen uniformly at random from $\{e_{1},..,e_{L}\}$ where $e_{i}$ is a $L\times 1$ vector with $i$th component be 1 and the others be 0. ...
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### Concentration of the quotient of random variables

Let $X_1, X_2, \cdots, X_n$ be n i.i.d. standard Gaussian random variables. It is clear that we can describe the concentration of $\sum_{i=1}^n \alpha_i X_i$, and $\sum_{i=1}^n \alpha_i X_i^2$ (sub-...
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### A generalization of coupon collector problem - $\geq1$ pick per experiment

Mix $T\geq1$ coupons numbered $1$ to $T$ with a set of $S\geq0$ number of dummy coupons with no numbers. Select $N\geq1$ coupons at each trial at random and put them back. $N=1$ is standard coupon ...
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### Hamming weight probability of projections

Given $s,t\in(0,1)$, $c>1$, $n\in\Bbb N$, pick $2^{n^t}$ random vectors $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^{2^{n^t}}$ such that each $v_i\in\{x\in\{0,1\}^{2^n}:|x|_{hamming}={2^{n-n^s}}\}$. If $v_i^\perp$ is ...
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### Bounding expected value of maximum of dot product with random chirp

Let $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{C}^n$ with $\|\mathbf{x}\|=1$ with $n<\frac{N}{2}$. I am interested in a bound of the form \begin{equation*} \mathbb{E}\Big\{\max_{k\in\{1,2,\ldots,n\}}\Big|\sum_{a=1}^ne^{...
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### Concentration of very dependent Markov chains

Consider the following simple Markov chain $X_1\to X_2\to\cdots\to X_n$ where each $X_i$ is $\{-1,1\}$-valued and $X_1\sim\mathrm{Unif}(\{-1,1\})$ (such that the chain is stationary). The flip ...
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Let $X \in \mathbb R^{n \times d}$ be a random matrix with iid rows from $N(0,\Sigma_d)$ where $\Sigma_d$ is a $d \times d$ psd matrix verifying w.h.p, $\mbox{trace}(\Sigma_d/d)= 1$. $\|\Sigma_d\|_{... 0answers 51 views ### Asymptotic lower and upper bounds for the eigenvalues of hadamard product$W \circ W$, where$W$is a large Wishart matrix Let$n$and$d$be large positive integers with$n,d \to \infty$such that$n/d \to \gamma \in (0,\infty)$. Let$X$be a random$n \times d$random matrix with iid copies of log-concave isotropic ... 0answers 72 views ### Concentration inequalities for sets Assume that we have a random set$B$which is constructed by selecting elements from$U = \{ X_1, \dots, X_n \}$where$X_i$are independent samples from Gaussians with means$\mu_i$and variances$\...
Define the piecewise-linear function $\psi(t):=\max(t,0)$ for all $t \in \mathbb R$. Let $d,n,k \to \infty$ at the same rate (i.e $n \asymp k \asymp d$). Let $y_1,\ldots,y_n \in \{-1,1\}$ uniformly ...