# Questions tagged [measure-concentration]

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119
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

**12**

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376 views

### Is this extension of Hoeffding's inequality known?

Question Overview:
Is it already known that, when using Hoeffding's inequality to lower bound the mean of i.i.d. random variables, you can replace the upper bound on the random variables with the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Balls and bins -- concentration bounds pertaining to the minimal load bin

Consider the standard balls and bins process, where $m$ balls are thrown uniformly at random into $n$ bins. Previous work has been done on estimating the value of the maximum load (i.e., the number of ...

**8**

votes

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141 views

### Do compact universal covers have concentration of measure phenomenon?

$\DeclareMathOperator\vol{vol}\DeclareMathOperator\diam{diam}$I have a sequence of compact Riemannian manifolds $M_n$ with $\diam (M_n) \to 0$ and finite fundamental groups $\pi_1 (M_n)$ so that their ...

**7**

votes

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612 views

### Product of two random Gaussian matrices - orthant probability

Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ and $Y \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times k} $ be two independent Gaussian random matrices, i.e., with entries independently sampled from $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$ (a normal ...

**6**

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254 views

### Question about size-biased couplings and concentration of the number of collisions

Edit/Update: I was indeed missing something quite obvious. I assumed the notion of collision used was the one I am used to (number of pairwise collisions, so if a bin received $k$ balls then this ...

**6**

votes

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484 views

### a variation on Hanson-Wright inequality

The classic Hanson-Wright inequality states that for a Gaussian random vector $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ distributed as $\mathcal{N}(\mathbf{0},\mathbf{I})$ and $\mathbf{A}\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ ...

**6**

votes

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315 views

### Chernoff bound in the not-quite-sub-exponential case

In Terry Tao's notes on Concentration of measure, Exercise 7 indicates that the Chernoff bound can be generalized to sub-exponential random variables:
http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2010/01/03/254a-...

**5**

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225 views

### Concentration inequality for max component of a multivariate Gaussian in the general case

I am looking to bound the variance of the maximum component of a vector distributed multivariate Gaussian in the general case where the Gaussian distribution has arbitrary mean and full covariance ...

**5**

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1k views

### Asymptotic behavior of row sums in 2-d array of random variables

Set-up. Let $f : \mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{N}$ be increasing. For each $m \in [0,1]$, consider an infinite two-dimensional array of random variables, where row $n$ has $f(n)$ variables:
$B^m_{1,1}$ $B^...

**5**

votes

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370 views

### Vector martingale concentration

Let $\varepsilon_1, \dots, \varepsilon_N$ be a martingale difference sequence in $R^d$ with $\|\varepsilon_n\| \le B_n, a.s.$ for each $n=1,\dots,N$. Do we have some Azuma-type concentration ...

**5**

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100 views

### Is there a concentration inequality depending on dimension for a symmetric function on product space?

I recently read an elegant paper of Bobkov
Bobkov, S.G., On concentration of measure on the cube, J. Math. Sci., New York 165, No. 1, 60-70 (2010); translation from Probl. Mat. Anal. 44, 55-64 (2010)....

**5**

votes

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150 views

### McDiarmid-like inequality for subgassian random variables

Let $X_n$ be a set of $N$ subgaussian random variables, not necessarily independent, with $E\exp(\lambda X_n) \le \exp(\lambda^2/2)$. Let $X=(X_1,\ldots, X_N)$ and $f:\mathbb R^N \rightarrow \mathbb R$...

**5**

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131 views

### Improving concentration estimates by controlling sums on subsets

Let $X_1, \dots, X_N$ be uniform random variables (r.v.) in $[-1, 1]$, and let $S_N$ be their sum $S_N = \sum_{i=1}^N X_i$.
If the r.v. are taken independent, then the CLT suggests that $S_N$ is ...

**5**

votes

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277 views

### Eigenvalues of Random Regular Bipartite Graphs

I am looking for a way of getting a good estimate of the eigenvalues of random bipartite d-regular graphs. The literature has very precise values the proofs of which are very involved and since I am ...

**5**

votes

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130 views

### Large Deviations: Exponential decay in normed spaces

Let $(X_1,X_2,\cdots)$ be a sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables taking values in some general normed space $(V,||\cdot||)$. Denote $\mu=E[X_1]$ and $S_n=\frac{1}{n}[...

**5**

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111 views

### Concentration of weighted random chirp

I'm interested in seeing whether the following is true. Assume $u$ is uniform on $[0,1]$. For a fixed $x\in\mathbb{C}^n$ with $\|x\|_{2}=1$ we have
\begin{align*}
\mathbb{P}\Big\{\Big|\sum_{k=0}^{n-1}...

**5**

votes

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303 views

### Concentration of functions of random unitary matrices

Suppose $U$ and $V$ are $n \times n$ random unitary matrices, chosen independently from the Haar measure. Is there any kind of concentration inequality which would be applicable to polynomials $p(U,V)$...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Concentration of $k$-th pairwise distance of random points in a unit square

For $1\leq i \leq n$, let $X_i\sim \text{Uniform}(0,1)$, $Y_i \sim \text{Uniform}(0,1)$ be $n$ points chosen uniformly in the unit square. Denote the $k$-th smallest pairwise distances across the $n$ ...

**4**

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93 views

### Upper bound $\tau_C := \int_{\|x\| \le 1}(vol(C \cap (x + C))/vol(C))dx$ for a convex body $C \subseteq \mathbb R^n$, by reducing to a ball

Let $C$ be a convex body in $\mathbb R^n$, i.e a bounded convex subset of $\mathbb R^n$ which has nonempty interior, and which is (A) open, or (B) closed (I'm not sure one makes more sense; choose the ...

**4**

votes

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122 views

### For a martingale $f_0,f_1,\ldots $ how can we bound $P(\frac{1}{n} \|f_n\| \le 1$ for all $ n \ge N)$?

Suppose $f_0,f_1, \ldots$ is a martingale (or i.i.d sequence) in $\mathbb R^d$ with $f_0=0$ and all $\|f_n - f_{n-1}\| \le L$ say. There are many concentration results for the initial segment of the ...

**4**

votes

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110 views

### $\ell_p$ geodesic distance on smooth Riemannian manifold and Logarithmic Sobolev Inequalities

Bear with me, I'm not a professional geometer. Recently, I've been studying Logarithmic Sobolev Inequalities (LSI) for probability distributions on manifolds (e.g as done in works of Bobkvo et al. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### On symmetry and measure concentration rate for convex bodies

The concentration of measure on the cube $ [0, 1]^n $ equipped with uniform probability measure $\mu_{\infty}$,
states that for any $A \subset [0, 1]^n $ with $ \mu_{\infty}(A) \geq \frac{1}{2} $,
we ...

**4**

votes

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99 views

### Is there an example that both Berry-Essen bound and DKW bound are attained?

The Berry-Essen bound stated that
$$\sup _{{x\in {\mathbb R}}}\left|\widehat{F_{n}(x)}-\Phi (x)\right|\leq C_{0}\cdot \psi _{0}$$
where $\psi _{0}(n)={\Big (}{\textstyle \sum \limits _{{i=1}}^{n}\...

**4**

votes

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118 views

### Concentration Inequality for Score Functions of Exponential Familty

Let $p$ be the density of a continuous one-parameter exponential family distribution on $\mathbb{R}$. We assume that
$$p(x) = c(x)\cdot \exp\bigl [ x \cdot \theta - b(\theta ) \bigr ], $$
where $\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### How well does an estimator perform on another dataset?

Suppose $X \sim N(0, \Sigma)$ is a $d$-dimensional Gaussian random vector. And we have $2n$ $i.i.d$ sample $X_1, \ldots, X_{n}, \ldots, X_{2n}$.
Let $\hat{\Sigma}_1 = \frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^nX_i X_i^\...

**4**

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287 views

### concentration of functions of Gaussian processes

Let $\mathcal{C}\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be a subset of the unit ball. Also let $\mathbf{a}_1,\mathbf{a}_2,\ldots,\mathbf{a}_m\in\mathbb{R}^n$ be i.i.d. random Gaussian vectors $\mathcal{N}(\mathbf{0},\mathbf{...

**4**

votes

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1k views

### Concentration of sum of independent random variables

Let $X_1, ..., X_n$ be i.i.d. sub-Gaussian random variables with mean $0$ and variance $1$. That is, we have $\Pr[|X_i| > t] \leq \exp(1-t^2/K^2)$ for all $t>0$ and a parameter $K$.
Then we can ...

**3**

votes

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67 views

### Ornstein-Ulhenbeck like semigroup for the orthogonal group with a hypercontractive inequality

I am looking for an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck like semigroup $P_t$ and associated generator $\mathcal{L}$ on $G = \operatorname{SO}(n)$ or $\operatorname{O}(n)$ that has a hypercontractive inequality with a ...

**3**

votes

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89 views

### Eigenvalues of Hadamard product of two Wishart-type matrices

Given two independent Gaussian matrices with i.i.d. entries: $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times p}$ and $B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times q}$, where and $A_{i,j},B_{i,j}\sim\mathcal{N}(0,1)$. Assume that $\max(p,q)<n....

**3**

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230 views

### Upper-bound for eigenvalues of $E [UU^T]$, where $U$ is uniformly distributed on the unit $n$-sphere

Let $X$ be a $\sigma$-subGaussian random vector on $\mathbb R^n$ (for large $n \ge 3$), meaning that the random variable $X^Tv$ is $\sigma$-subGaussian for every unit vector $v \in \mathbb R^n$. ...

**3**

votes

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113 views

### Concentration Inequalities for the Exponential of Weighted Bernoulli Sums

I want a concentration inequality for the exponential of a weighted sum of independent Bernoulli random variables around its mean, for one of my research works. I was wondering if there is a well ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Does there exist a compactly supported integrable function with infinite Coulomb energy?

The title of the question pretty much says it all. I am looking for a function $f\in L^1(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ is a bounded domain, such that
$$
E[f] = \iint\limits_{\Omega\...

**3**

votes

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118 views

### Regularity of optimal transport of Gaussian mixtures

In one of the problems that I am working on, I came across the topic of smoothness of optimal transport for Gaussian mixtures. In particular, let $P=P_\theta=\sum_{i=1}^k \frac{1}{k}\mathcal{N}(x| \...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Matrix Chernoff sampling with out replacement

I am interested to know if the matrix Chernoff bound (see Theorem 5.1.1 in https://arxiv.org/pdf/1501.01571.pdf) holds if one samples without replacement.
For example, the Bernstein inequality is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Are sums extremal for subgaussian concentration?

Bobkov and Houdre https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.bj/1178291721
showed that among all $f:R^n\to R$ that are $1$-Lipschitz
with respect to the $\ell_1$ metric,
the variance is maximized by sums. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### A concentration problem of product of matrices

Let $A$ be an $n \times m$ matrix with non-negative entries and $B \in \mathbb{R^{n\times n}_{\geq 0}}, C \in \mathbb{R^{m\times m}_{\geq 0}}$ be random matrices where B and C are both symmetric and ...

**3**

votes

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90 views

### Concentration of sums of random matrices around the mean, in the Loewner order

Recently, I have found myself interested in concentration properties of random matrices.
Specifically I would like to answer questions of the following sort
Let $\{X_i\}_{i=1}^n$ be i.i.d. copies ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

321 views

### On the precise concentration of permanent of $\pm1$ matrices

Obtain $M\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$ by unbiased coin flipping.
What is known about the distribution of permanent $\mathsf{Perm}(M)$? It seems to be bimodal.
Given a function $g(n)$ what is the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

332 views

### concentration bounds on weighted multinomial sum

Consider i.i.d random vectors $Y_{1},..,Y_{n}$ and they are chosen uniformly at random from $\{e_{1},..,e_{L}\}$ where $e_{i}$ is a $L\times 1$ vector with $i$th component be 1 and the others be 0. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Concentration of the quotient of random variables

Let $X_1, X_2, \cdots, X_n$ be n i.i.d. standard Gaussian random variables. It is clear that we can describe the concentration of $\sum_{i=1}^n \alpha_i X_i$, and $\sum_{i=1}^n \alpha_i X_i^2$ (sub-...

**3**

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229 views

### A generalization of coupon collector problem - $\geq1$ pick per experiment

Mix $T\geq1$ coupons numbered $1$ to $T$ with a set of $S\geq0$ number of dummy coupons with no numbers. Select $N\geq1$ coupons at each trial at random and put them back.
$N=1$ is standard coupon ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

256 views

### Hamming weight probability of projections

Given $s,t\in(0,1)$, $c>1$, $n\in\Bbb N$, pick $2^{n^t}$ random vectors $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^{2^{n^t}}$ such that each $v_i\in\{x\in\{0,1\}^{2^n}:|x|_{hamming}={2^{n-n^s}}\}$.
If $v_i^\perp$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Bounding expected value of maximum of dot product with random chirp

Let $\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{C}^n$ with $\|\mathbf{x}\|=1$ with $n<\frac{N}{2}$. I am interested in a bound of the form
\begin{equation*}
\mathbb{E}\Big\{\max_{k\in\{1,2,\ldots,n\}}\Big|\sum_{a=1}^ne^{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Concentration of very dependent Markov chains

Consider the following simple Markov chain $ X_1\to X_2\to\cdots\to X_n $ where each $X_i$ is $\{-1,1\}$-valued and $X_1\sim\mathrm{Unif}(\{-1,1\})$ (such that the chain is stationary).
The flip ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Spectral approximation of $(XX^\top/d)\circ(X\Sigma_dX^\top/d)$ where $X$ is an $n \times d$ random matrix with iid rows from $N(0,\Sigma_d)$

Let $X \in \mathbb R^{n \times d}$ be a random matrix with iid rows from $N(0,\Sigma_d)$ where $\Sigma_d$ is a $d \times d$ psd matrix verifying w.h.p,
$\mbox{trace}(\Sigma_d/d)= 1$.
$\|\Sigma_d\|_{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Asymptotic lower and upper bounds for the eigenvalues of hadamard product $W \circ W$, where $W$ is a large Wishart matrix

Let $n$ and $d$ be large positive integers with $n,d \to \infty$ such that $n/d \to \gamma \in (0,\infty)$. Let $X$ be a random $n \times d$ random matrix with iid copies of log-concave isotropic ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Concentration inequalities for sets

Assume that we have a random set $B$ which is constructed by selecting elements from $U = \{ X_1, \dots, X_n \}$ where $X_i$ are independent samples from Gaussians with means $\mu_i$ and variances $\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Concentration inequality for norm of solution to nonlinear least-squares problem

Define the piecewise-linear function $\psi(t):=\max(t,0)$ for all $t \in \mathbb R$.
Let $d,n,k \to \infty$ at the same rate (i.e $n \asymp k \asymp d$).
Let $y_1,\ldots,y_n \in \{-1,1\}$ uniformly ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Concentration inequalities for gradient flows induced by random fields

Let $G=(G(x))_{x \in \mathbb R^m}$ be a conservative random field with values in $\mathbb R^m$, for large positive integer $m$. That is, there exists a scalar random field $g=(g(x))_{x \in \mathbb R^m}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Approximate any point of the interval $[-1/2,1/2]$ by the sum of $n$ iid uniform random variables from $[-1,1]$

Let $x \in [-1/2,1/2]$ and $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ be drawn iid from the uniform distribution on $[-1,1]$.
Question. Given $\varepsilon \ge 0$ an integer $k \in [1,n]$, what is a good lower-bound on the ...