Questions tagged [mathematical-modeling]

This tag is used to refer to mathematical/probabilistic/statistical modeling questions, usually this tag is used to ask about questions that are related with the mathematical formalism of the model instead of the correctness of a specific model in practice.

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0answers
77 views

Discrete-time model for spread of information when the probability of information transfer between each pair is known

[This question is cross-posted from MSE.] I'm interested in the behaviour of the following sort of system. We are given: a finite set $X$, a subset $A_0 \subset X$, and a function $f : X \times X \to [...
6
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1answer
380 views

Graphs resembling the math genealogy graph must have concentration in a small number of families?

I was talking with a non-mathematician the other week at a workshop about the fact that many mathematicians, like myself, are indexed in the math genealogy database. We talked a little about how many ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Introductory literature on the Voter Model

I am looking for a good introduction to the voter model appropriate for the Bachelor-Maths level (Europe). I need something that introduces the model on a low level, as a Glauber dynamics or similar. ...
1
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1answer
81 views

Logistic sequence convergence

1) How can we prove that the logistic sequence $$x_{n+1}=rx_n(1-x_n),\ x_1=a\in (0,1)$$ converges to $\frac{r-1}{r}$, for $r\in [1,3]$? 2) Also I wonder how can we prove that the sequence $(x_n)_{n\in\...
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1answer
115 views

What is the ideal form of an h-curve?

This question concerns mathematical modelling of the citation curve, well-known in the sciencemetry. The citation curve (or else the $h$-curve) of an individual researcher is the vector $(c_1,c_2,\...
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119 views

Notions of "completeness" and "sufficiency" of a mathematical model

I'm modelling a real-world problem as having instances $i$ in a set $P$. As a very simple artificial example, consider the problem of choosing a meeting room given a certain number of people. Then $i =...
5
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1answer
405 views

Generalized linear models: What's the benefit of the underlying theory?

I was recently trying to understand generalized linear models (GLMs) and after investing quite a few days, it still hasn't dawned on me what the fundamental benefit of the framework is. Normally, I am ...
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0answers
87 views

Next-generation matrix of infectious disease

If the population is classified into $\mathbf{S}$, $\mathbf{E}$, $\mathbf{I}$ and $\mathbf{R}$ compartments such that \begin{equation} \label{eq4} \begin{aligned} \mathbf{S} &=\dfrac{S_{1}N_{1}+...
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2answers
271 views

Searching for an early, highly theoretical, even philosophical, math paper on models or small-world networks

All I can remember is that it was very high-level / abstact and kind of philosophical, explaining (the discovery or interdependence of) small world networks. I assume that it was +50 years old and '...
6
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1answer
199 views

Time of peak of an SIR epidemic

I've learned some classical results on the peak and the attack rate of an idealized epidemic which evolves according to a SIR model $\dot{s} = -\beta\cdot i \cdot s$ $\dot{i} = +\beta\cdot i \cdot s -...
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1answer
440 views

How to mathematically characterize a feedback loop in ODEs?

I have a biological system that exhibits a feedback type of behavior. The diagram is a schematic of the system of ODEs. In this system, the total amount of $x_1, x_2, x_3$ is conserved; however, there ...
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2answers
201 views

Approximated solutions of SEIR models

Numerical solutions of the SEIR equations (describing the spreading of an epidemic disease) – or variations thereof – $\dot{S} = - N$ $\dot{E} = + N - E/\lambda$ $\dot{I} = + E/\lambda - I/\delta$ ...
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0answers
101 views

Image restoration quality general lower bounds

A typical image restoration model posits that, starting from a true image $f = f(x,y)$, we observe $$ \tilde f = f \star h + n $$ where $\star$ is convolution, $h$ is the point spread function (caused,...
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0answers
56 views

SIR model constraint [closed]

During these past months, I've heard a lot about some pandemic modelling techniques, specially the so-called SIR model. Before I begin, I'd like to stress that my interest and question are just a ...
2
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1answer
252 views

How many persons pass your 1.5 meter neighbourhood during 1 week ? If the distribution is power law what is the exponent?

Consider a graph with vertices being people (in some region), and make an edge if one person pass another closer than say 1.5 meter during say one week. (Such a graph might be thought a kind of ...
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6answers
1k views

Suggestions for reducing the transmission rate?

What are suggestions for reducing the transmission rate of the current epidemics? In summary, my best one so far is (once we are down to the stay home rule) to discretize time, i.e., to introduce the ...
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4answers
1k views

Virus community spread mathematical modeling [closed]

What is the basic math behind the Virus community spread mathematical modeling,and how the time variable;(in these models),interacts with knowledge (data)?. I am not asking about how the virus is ...
0
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1answer
133 views

Reflecting Boundary conditions for advection-diffusion equations

I am trying to model the dynamics of phytoplankton in a water column using one-dimensional advection-diffusion partial differential equations. $$\frac{\partial P}{\partial t}= D\frac{\partial^2 P}{\...
30
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7answers
5k views

Applications of mathematics in clinical setting

What are some examples of successful mathematical attempts in clinical setting, specifically at the patient-disease-drug level? To clarify, by patient-disease-drug level, I mean the mathematical work ...
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15answers
4k views

Unconventional examples of mathematical modelling

I'll soon be teaching a (basic) course on mathematical control theory. The first part of the course will focus on mathematical modelling of dynamical systems. More precisely, I will present examples ...
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0answers
68 views

A mathematical area capable of describing nonstationary game-like problem [closed]

Here is my definition of the problem that I am trying to model: Let's have two agents and an environment. Each agent can do two types of actions. They are either supporting the environment or don't. ...
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0answers
74 views

Global stability question for system with a unique locally-asymptotically-stable steady state

I have an ordinary differential system of dimension 3 that contains a locally-asymptotically-stable unique fixed point. Additionally, the system is strictly-positively invariant and bounded. Now, ...
7
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1answer
317 views

How to study the global stability for this 3D system?

I am studying a biological system (HIV) and arrived at this simplified dynamical system: \begin{align} x_1' &= a_1 + a_2x_2 - a_1x_2 - a_4x_1 - a_5\frac{1+a_6x_3}{1+a_7x_3}x_1\\ x_2' &= a_5\...
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0answers
34 views

Mathematical modeling of multi-site reaction-diffusion

(I asked a similar question on Mathematics SE, but based on the Help section it might be better suited for this site, as it is focused on research-level mathematical modeling.) I am wondering if ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Finding a queuing model for waste accumulation

I've been tasked with modeling the accumulation of solid waste in an urban setting. In particular, the objective is to find the steady state distribution describing the amount of waste in a given ...
3
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1answer
76 views

How to value the extent of separation or mixing of point sets in plane?

As the image presented below, the reddish point set is totally separated from the blueish one and the greenish one, while the blueish point set is quite mixed with the greenish one. A number of ...
2
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0answers
261 views

How to promote a blog?

Math behind might be interesting. Quite recent bloggingg activity might have interesting math model. The point is that bloggers compete for subscribers and at the same time cooperate gaining ...
5
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3answers
203 views

Removing outliers from circular average data

I'm trying to find the average from a set of circular data and am using the following which is doing what I'm expecting. $$a = \arctan\left(\frac{\sum\limits_{i=1}^N \sin(a_i)}{\sum\limits_{i=1}^N\...
2
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1answer
118 views

Simulating Fisher Equation (FKPP)

I'm researching about microbial growth (on 2D). I think that a microbial population can be modeled by the Fisher equation (any other suggestion is welcomed). My doubt is about how can I solve ...
1
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1answer
295 views

Math behind climate modeling.

Let me start with a purely mathematical question. What are the partial differential equations used in modeling our climate? I do mean the exact mathematical description. What are the initial ...
2
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0answers
149 views

Solve 4th order ODE with variable coefficients

I am trying to solve a 4th order boundary value problem with variable coefficients, namely the problem of a rotating cantilever beam: $u'''' - \frac{((1-x^2)u')'}{2\eta} - \frac{\alpha}{\eta}((1-x)u')...
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0answers
67 views

Ratio dependent predator prey model

In the article on Global qualitative analysis of a ratio-dependent predator–prey system- Kuang, 1998 The system is where a, K, c, m, f, d are positive constants that stand for prey intrinsic ...
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0answers
37 views

Latent Dirichlet Allocation on Contrived Data

I am doing a project that seems like it might be susceptible to Latent Dirichlet Allocation. However, my data is highly contrived (both in test cases and use cases) and my "words" don't come close to ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Purpose of using a saturable logistic like term

I would like to know what is the purpose of using the term $P\over (k+P)$ in the following. I found it when reading the article found here but it was commonly used in few other related articles . Is ...
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2answers
436 views

Need help with a model, Whatsapp data analysis

This is not actually a research question. It is more an exercise which I posed myself in mathematical/statistical modelling. I have some Whatsapp data of a chat with someone. I want to find a ...
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1answer
636 views

Efficiency of the Baum-Welch Algorithm [closed]

One of our famous mathematicians, James Simons, used an extension of the Baum-Welch algorithm to 'crack' the wall street when he started trading on the stock market. Now, as Google, all informations ...
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0answers
67 views

If $(Φ^x)_{x∈ℝ}$ is a family of real-valued stochastic processes and $B$ is a Brownian motion, then $\int_0^tΦ^x_s\:dB_s=(\int_0^t\Phi_s\:dB_s)(x)$

Let $T>0$ $(\Omega,\mathcal A,\operatorname P)$ be a probability space $(\mathcal F_t)_{t\in[0,\:T]}$ be a complete filtration on $(\Omega,\mathcal A)$ $B$ be a (standard, real-valued) $\mathcal F$...
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0answers
118 views

In search for analytical solutions for sixth order nonlinear PDE

I am modelling the nonlinear behaviour of an bubble in hot water. I am trying to explain it's rotational, vibrational and translational motion in water with impurities and subject to varying ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Application for Differential Equation of higher order [closed]

We found some interesting insights in differential equations of the form $y^{(n)}(x)+F_\lambda(y(x),y'(x),...,y^{(n-1)}(x))=0$, i.e. for ordinary differential equations of $n$-th order with $n\geq2$....
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2answers
1k views

use of akaike information criterion with nonnested models

Would anybody be able to explain to me why the likelihood function $L$ can not be used to compare nonnested models whereas the AIC, which is a simple function of $L$ ($-2\log L+2k$ where $k$ is the ...
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0answers
154 views

A mathematical biology reference request

Is there any mathematical articles that describe the differential equation modelling of locomotion of amoeba using pseduopodia? I am looking for physics based models of pressure difference modeling of ...
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0answers
577 views

Models used for the Zika virus?

I am currently teaching an ordinary differential equations course, and am thinking about doing a module on infectious disease models, e.g. SIR/SIRS. I thought, if possible, it would be nice to ...
3
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1answer
361 views

Good broad review of agent-based modeling? [closed]

Trying to find some good review of agent-based models and networks, specifically models that are defined by a graph of interacting nodes, that covers analysis of collective behavior based on model of ...
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8answers
9k views

How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some sources to learn about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...
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2answers
331 views

Suggestions for dealing with the "timed" balls-into-bins model

Definitions: Let $T$ (for "time") be a random variable $T \sim \text{Exp}(\lambda)$ and $\Delta t$ is a realization (or called an observed value) of $T$. Let $D$ (for "delay") be a random variable $D \...
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0answers
536 views

Programming workbooks in C++ and Research Math [closed]

I know the basics of C++ by taking a few courses and going through "C++ Primer" by Lippman. As a math graduate student, I would love to get my hands on some programming-math exercises geared towards ...
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3answers
2k views

Models for graphs representing real-life networks

I am interested in basic models of graphs (stochastic or deterministic) that are offered for real-life networks (like social networks, the Internet, neuron networks). I will be thankful for answers ...
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2answers
1k views

What's the name of this geometric mathematical modeling problem?

There is a right angle corner with width 1 in both directions. One wants to find the largest area shape which can pass through this corner. I know that this is a famous problem, but what is it called?
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0answers
104 views

Notions of consistency / heterogeneity in sets of vector values?

The problem Let us consider a row vector u of size $n\in\mathbb{N}$, containing only binary values (0,1): $$u=(u_1 \cdots u_n), n\in\mathbb{N}$$ $$\forall i \in \{1\ldots n\}, u_i \in\{0,1\}$$ I would ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Curves similarity metric [closed]

I am working on an optical character recognition algorithm that takes vector data (i.e. polylines) as input rather than raster picture. E.g., we have N polyline samples, and when certain polyline is ...