# Questions tagged [limits-and-convergence]

Convergence of series, sequences and functions and different modes of convergence.

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### Integrate Radon-Nikodým derivatives against Lebesgue measure

I am struggling for quite some time, because of a problem involving Radon-Nikodým derivatives. I will try to describe the main features and perhaps somebody has an idea how to solve it. I consider two ...
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### A limit calculation

I wonder if the limit below $$\lim_{x\rightarrow +\infty} e^{-x}\sum_{j=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{j+a}}{\Gamma(j+a+1)}$$ equals 1, for real constant $a>0$, and how shall we get this result?
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Imagine we have a sequence of finite measures $\nu_n << \mu_n$ (on the torus $\mathbb{T}^2\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$) converging weakly to some measures $\nu << \mu$. Do we automatically have ...
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### Show that $\sup_{||g||\leq \delta_n}\left| \frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}\sum_{i=1}^n g(Z_i)\right|\rightarrow_{a.s.}0.$ when $\delta_n\rightarrow 0$?

UPDATE: The result below can be understood as an almost sure stochastic equicontinuity condition. I don't know of any result establishing primitives of almost sure stochastic equicontinuity. If you ...
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### Natural candidates for sub-half-exponential which limit to half-exponential function from below

There are no closed form candidates for half-exponential functions "Closed-form" functions with half-exponential growth. However sub-half-exponentials (functions whose composition grows ...
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### Natural candidates for super-half-exponential which limit to half-exponential function from above

There are no closed form candidates for half-exponential functions "Closed-form" functions with half-exponential growth. However super-half-exponentials (functions whose composition grows ...
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### When does this limiting ratio give a real root $x$ to the equation of the form $\sum\limits_{k=0}^d \frac{x^k a_{k+1}}{k!}=0$?

By searching the Inverse Symbolic Calculator, we appear to be able to make the following conjecture about a real root to the equation: $$\sum\limits_{k=0}^d \frac{x^k a_{k+1}}{k!}=0 \tag{1}$$ Let the ...
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### The limit of the operator norm in a Hilbert space

I am not familiar with functional analysis. Could you tell me please, how to prove the following statement (if it is true)? $$\lim_\limits{M \to \infty} \|T_A - T_b \| = 0,$$ here operator norm ...
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### The weak convergence of finite dimensional distribution of Gaussian process does not imply the weak convergence in $C[0,1]$

In the study of weak convergence in $C[0,1]$, a common example is always being considered: $$X_{n}(t)=nt1_{[0,1/n]}(t)+(2-nt)1_{(1/n,2/n]}(t).$$ This example serves a counter-example to show that the ...
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### Finding the upper bound and uniform convergence

For every positive integer $m$, let $x_0^{(m)}$ < $x_1^{(m)}$ < ... < $x_m^{(m)}$ be $(m+1)$ distinct points in $[0, \pi]$ and let $p_m$ $\in$ $P_{m+2}$ be the Hermite interpolant of the ...
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### A ballot-casting problem

For any set $X$ and cardinal $\kappa$ let $[X]^\kappa$ denote the collection of subsets of $X$ with cardinality $\kappa$. If $n$ is a positive integer, let $[n]:=\{1,\ldots,n\}$. Let $V$ and $K$ be ...
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### What does the abbreviation “p.p.” mean in the context of convergence [closed]

What does the abbreviation "p.p." mean when referring to convergence? E.g. in the following paper by Harry Pollard THEOREM. If $f \in L^p$ for some $p$ in the range $\tfrac{4}{3} <p < \infty$,...
### $L^p$-convergence of truncated Legendre series approximation to inverse error function $\text{erfinv}$
Bounding the $L^p$-error for an $n$-th order Legendre series approximation I have function $f\,\colon (-1, 1) \to \mathbb{R}$ where $f \in L^q(-1, 1)$ for any $q \geq 1$. I approximate $f$ using a ...