# Questions tagged [kk-theory]

KK-theory is a common generalization both of K-homology and K-theory as an additive bivariant functor on separable C*-algebras.

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### How to define a family of Hilbert $A-B$-bimodules $ \pi \ : \ M \to X $, parametrized by a $C^*$-algebra $X$?

Let $A$ and $B$ two $ C^* $ - algebras.
I would like to define a functor $ X \to \mathrm{Bimod}_{A,B} (X) $ which associate to any object $X$, the set of isomorphism classes of a family of Hilbert $A-...

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### Is there a $ H_* H^* $-theory which is naturally a common generalization both of singular homology and de Rham (or singular) cohomology?

It is known that $K_* K^* $-theory is a common generalization both of $K$-homology and $K$-theory as an additive bivariant functor on separable C*-algebras.
Is it possible to construct a $ H_* H^* $-...

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### How to define explicitly the Kasparov product $ x \otimes_B y \in KK_{i+j}^G (A,C) $ of $x \in KK_i^G (A,B)$ and, $y \in KK_j^G (B,C)$?

Let $A,B,C$ be separable $G-C^*$ - algebras. Then there is a biadditive pairing for $i,j \in \mathbb{Z}_2$,
$$ KK_i^G (A,B) \times KK_j^G (B,C) \to KK_{i+j}^G (A,C) $$
If $x \in KK_i^G (A,B)$ and, $y \...

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### Maps in the Künneth theorem for K-theory of C*-algebras

The following is named the Künneth theorem for tensor products in the book by Blackadar on K-theory for operator algebras: If $A$ and $B$ are C*-algebras and $A$ is in the bootstrap class, then there ...

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### Formula for the KK-theory groups $KK(A, C(S))$

I am studying $C^*$-algebras and their KK-theory. Let $A$ be a (unital if you wish) $C^*$-algebra and $S$ be a compact Hausdorff space. I am interested in computing the KK-theory groups $KK(A, C(S))$, ...

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### Why are projectionless $C^*$-algebras important (Kadison's conjecture)

It was considered an important result for a long time to show that the reduced $C^*$-algebra of the free group $C^*_r(F_2)$ has no nontrivial projections. I believe this is also known as Kadison's ...

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### C^*-algebra theory with all the Koszul signs

I was wondering if someone knows of a reference in which $\mathbb{Z}_2$-graded $C^*$-algebra theory is developed using the sign convention $(ab)^* = (-1)^{|a||b|}b^* a^*$. I would be most enthusiastic ...

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### Comments and reference-request on books for KK-theory

I am looking for a good reference to learn Kasparov's KK-theory, where my motivation is to understand (and hopefully can do something about) the Atiyah-Singer index theorem in terms of KK-theory.
I ...

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### About the algebraic structure of the $G$-equivariant $KK$-theory

Let $ G $ be a second countable locally compact group.
Let $ A $ and $ B $ be two $G$-$C^*$-algebras.
Let $ KK^G (A, B) $ be the $G$-equivariant $KK$-theory of the pair $ (A, B) $.
Could you tell me ...

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### Is there a categorical version of the splitting principle?

One of many places we see a "splitting principle" at work is in the category $\mathsf{Vect}(X)$ of complex vector bundles over a compact connected Hausdorff space $X$. For any object $E$ ...

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### Solution without using any k-theory tools

Let $A$ be the UHF-algebra of type $2^{\infty}$. Suppose that $p$ and $q$ are two projections in $A$ and $\tau(p) = \tau(q)$, where $\tau$ is the unique normalized trace. Then there is a partail ...

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### Representation of $C^{*} (S_{\infty})$

I was wondering what is the group $C^{*}$-algebra of infinite symmetric group?
Mainly, I was trying to calculate the k-theory of $C^{*}$-algebra of infinite symmetric group and I found K-Theory of $C^{...

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### K-Theory of $C^{*}(X)$

I'm new to K-Theory for $C^{*}$-algebra and $C^{*}$-algebra of groups.
If $X$ is the group of finite support bijections of natural numbers then what is the K-Theory of $C^{*}(X)$?
I was planning to ...

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### How to define an equivariant Kasparov's KK-theory map?

I'm looking for some references about how to construct an equivariant Kasparov's KK-theory map $$ \psi \ : \ KK^{G_{1}} ( A,B ) \to KK^{G_{2}} ( C,D ) $$, where, $ G_1 $ and $ G_2 $ are two distinct ...

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### A map from a $ G_1 $ - equivariant KK-theory of Kasparov, to a $ G_2 $ - equivariant KK-theory of Kasparov

Let $ G $ be a locally compact group.
Let $ H $ and $ K $ be two normal subgroups of $ G $.
In order to construct a map, $$ \psi \ : \ \ F(G/H,G/K) \to F(G/K,G/H) $$
where, $$ F(G/H,G/K) = KK^{G/H} ( ...

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### Another way for defining $K_1$ group for a C*-algebra

Thank you for answering my question.
I have another question about the $K_1$ group. As you may know, some books define the $K_1$ group like below:
Also, it defines the $K_0$ group for an arbitrary C*-...

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### Relative de Rham Cohomology groups of k-algebra

Let $A$ be a commutative unital $k$-algebra. Then we have de Rham complex given as:
$C_{\ast}(A)$ : $ 0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow \Omega_{A \lvert k}^{1} \rightarrow \Omega_{A \lvert k}^{2} \...

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### Producing $K$-homology cycles from $KK$-cycles

For two unital (separable) $C^*$-algebras $A$ and $B$, let $(H,\rho,F)$ be a $KK$-cycle in the sense of Kasparov, or in the sense of Wikipedia :)
I wonder if there us a natural way to "forget" the ...

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### Morita equivalence of the invariant uniform Roe algebra and the reduced group C*-algebra

In his paper "Comparing analytic assemby maps", J. Roe considers a proper and cocompact action of a countable group $\Gamma$ on a metric space $X$. He constructs the Hilbert $C^*_r(\Gamma)$-module $L^...

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### $*$-algebras, completions, and $K$-theory

What is an example of a $*$-algebra $\cal{A}$, which admits two non-equivalent norms $\| \cdot \|_1$ and $\| \cdot \|_2$, with respect to which we can complete $\cal{A}$ to give two $C^*$-algebras $...

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### example of a non-amenable l.c. group such that $C_r^*(G)$ satisfies the UCT

Are there known any examples of non-amenable locally compact (or more restrictive, non-amenable discrete) groups $G$ for which the reduced group $C^*$-algebra $C_r^*(G)$ satisfies the universal ...

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### KK-theoretical proof of Atiyah-Singer index theorem

Does anyone know of any detailed proof of the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem using KK-theory/ Kasparov products? References to any papers and textbooks are greatly appreciated. Thanks!

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### Functional calculus for the Dolbeault operator over Hilbert C*-modules

$\newcommand{\odd}{\mathrm{odd}}\newcommand{\even}{\mathrm{even}}$Let $X$ be a complex manifold, you can assume it's compact, if necessary. We have the Dolbeault complex $$0 \rightarrow \mathcal{A}^{0,...

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### Role of the UCT problem in classification theory for C*-algebras

Elliott's program for nuclear C*-algebras deals with the problem of classifying nuclear C*-algebras by K-theoretical invariants. A major open question in this context is the UCT problem.
A separable ...

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### description of a map in KK-theory

The following situation is given: Let $A$ be a unital, separable, nuclear $C^*$-Algebra, $i:\mathbb{C}\to A$ the unital embedding. All $C^*$-algebras are considered as trivially graded. Consider the ...

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### Bass and Quillen K-theory

What is the difference of Bass and Quillen K-theory groups of a ring $R$.
More concretely, what is $K^{Bass}_{i}(R)$? does it equal to $K^{Quillen}_{i}(R)$ if $R$ is a regular ring ?
Does it make ...

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### Künneth formula for $C^*$ algebras, equivalent condition for full generality

I'm crrently reading the paper about the Künneth-theorem for $C^*$-algebras: http://msp.org/pjm/1982/98-2/pjm-v98-n2-p15-s.pdf and I'm trying to understand remark 4.9. I henceforth asumme that $A$ is ...

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### Différences between KKO and KKR in Kasparov theory

In Kasparov article : The operator K functor and extensions of $C^*$algebras there is the definition of the two bifunctors $KKO : ralg^{op} \times ralg \to Ab$ and $KKR : Ralg^{op}_r \times Ralg_r \to ...

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### Self adjoint operators in Kasparov-Modules

In Blackadars book in 17.4.2 it says that for each element $x \in KK(A,B)$ there is a Kasparov module $(E,\pi ,T)$ such that $T=T^*$. Now, the argument for that is that if $(E,\pi, T)$ is any Kasparov-...

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### Separable $\sigma$-unital sub-$C^*$-Algebras

Let $A$ be a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-graded $C^*$-Algebra. Then we can take the direct limit
$$
colim_{A_\sigma} KK_*(\mathbb{C}, A_\sigma)
$$
over all $\sigma$-unital graded $C^*$-sub-algebras $A_\sigma \...

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### Homotopy equivalence of Kasparov's $KK$-Theory

The homotopy relation of Kasparov-Cycles is definied in Blackadar's book in 17.2.2. It is an equivalence relation. However, I really don't see a good argument for transitivity and can't find any ...

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### Kasparov's descent homomorphism for higher KK groups

I am currently trying to understand equivariant $KK$-theory. I think I roughly get the idea of Kasparov's descent homomorphism
$$KK^G(A,B) \rightarrow KK(A \rtimes G,B \rtimes G).$$
but what still ...

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### The Green-Julg Theorem

I am currently trying to understand the general Green-Julg theorem, where $G$ is a compact group, $A$ and $B$ are $G$-$C^*$-algebras, and where $G$ acts trivially on $A$. The Green-Julg theorem states ...

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### Relation between the UCT and Künneth ($C^*$-algebras)

I have a (maybe dumb) question about the relation between the Künneth theorem and the Theorem-universal coefficient theorem (UCT for short) in $KK$-theory (for the setting see "The Künneth theorem and ...

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### reference for KK theory

I wanted to ask you, if you have any good references (book or pdf) to learn about the KK theroy of Kasparov. I think the presentation of Blackadar is too close from the commutative theory.
I was ...

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### Differential structures and K-homology groups

What is an example of a (compact) manifold, which has two non-equivalent differential structures such that the K-homology groups are non-isomorphic? If no such example exists, i.e. "K-homology does ...

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### The structure map of topological K-theory

This may be a silly question but I don't know the answer.
I know the construction of (equivariant) K-spectrum $KU_G$ and the periodicity of (equivariant) K-theory. But I don't know its structure maps ...

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### When is a cycle in $KK^G(A,A)$ with zero operator the identity cycle?

Given a cycle of the form $(\pi,H,0)$ in $KK^G(A,A)$, when is it equivalent to the identity cycle $1_A=(i_A,A,0)$?
The operator $T=0$, and $\pi:A \rightarrow L(H)$ may be injective.
Any criterions ...

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### Is $KK^G(\mathbb{C}^n,B)$ countably additive in $B$ and countable?

Let $G$ be a finite discrete groupoid, $A=\mathbb{C}^n$ a finite dimensional, commutative $C^*$-algebra and assume we have given a $G$-action on $A$. Note that the action of $G$ on $\mathbb{C}^n=C_0(\{...

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### Definition of homotopy between Kasparov modules

I'm trying to understand the definition of homotopy between Kasparov modules as presented in Blackadar's book on K-theory for operator algebras. $A,B$ will be C*-algebras, while $E$ will denote a ...

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### Lifting triangles in K-theory to KL-groups

Let $X$ and $Y$ be finite simplicial complexes (or $CW$-complexes) so that $Y\subseteq X$. Let $s\colon C(X)\to C(Y)$ be the map given by restriction. In particular $K_{*}(C(X))$ and $K_{*}(C(Y))$ are ...

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### KK-theory as a stable infinity-category and KU Mod

The category KK of bivariant operator K-theory (or possibly its E-theory variant) ought to be the homotopy category of something at least close to a stable infinity-category; notably in that it ...

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### KK-witnesses of Gysin maps between differentiable stacks

In 1982 Alain Connes gave the construction of a KK-element $f! \in KK(C(X), C(Y))$ that "witnesses" the fiber integration/Gysin/Umkehr/wrong-way map on topological $K$-theory along a K-orientable map ...