Questions tagged [ising-model]

The Ising Model, introduced by the physicist Wilhelm Lenz (1920), is one of the most well-known models of Statistical Mechanics, used to explain the behavior of ferromagnets, but later found to have connections with many other models. Example of topics in the area include existence of phase transitions, asymptotic behavior of correlation functions, critical exponents, graphical representations, and properties of the pressure/free-energy function.

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What are the coefficients of this partition function in the following Ising model?

Investigating further questions around this question: Example of sequence of graphs which satisfy the Riemann hypothesis? leads to the partition function $Z$ of the Ising model of the graph defined ...
9 votes
0 answers
583 views

Example of sequence of graphs which satisfy the Riemann hypothesis or the prime number theorem?

Let us look at the sequence of bipartite graphs $G_n = (V_n, E_n)$ where $V_n = A_n \cup B_n$ defined in this quesiton: Why is this bipartite graph a partial cube, if it is? . The shortest path ...
38 votes
4 answers
3k views

Interesting and surprising applications of the Ising Model

One of the most famous models in physics is the Ising model, invented by Wilhelm Lenz as a PhD problem to his student Ernst Ising. The one-dimensional version of it was solved in Ising's thesis in ...
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8 votes
0 answers
138 views

Roots of a family of polynomials forming shapes

Let $f$ be a smooth and strictly concave function on $[0,1]$, where $f(0)=f(1)=0$. Let $F_n(x)=\underset{k=0}{\overset{n} \sum } \exp(nf(\frac kn))x^k$. The roots of $F_n$ seems to form "shapes&...
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3 votes
0 answers
121 views

Bounds on the entropy of the 2D Ising model

I am interested in good estimators of (or analytical bounds on) the entropy $\mathsf{H}_\beta:=-\sum_{\mathbf{x}} P(\mathbf{x})\log_2(P(\mathbf{x}))$ of the two-dimensional Ising model (with no ...
0 votes
0 answers
92 views

Generalized Ising Model

I am in very trouble with a particular expression. I leave the original pages in order to have everything available and what I am goin to leave are the first pages of nine chapter of Non Perturbative ...
1 vote
0 answers
65 views

Approximating a Distribution with an Ising Model/pairwise MRF

I want to know if there are any results on approximating a distribution with an Ising model/pairwise Markov Random Fields (MRFs). Formally, let $\mathcal{I}$ be the set of all Ising models/pairwise ...
1 vote
1 answer
134 views

A combinatorial identity on even spanning subgraphs in the Erdös-Renyi random graph with relations to the Ising model

Let $x \in \lbrack 0,1 \rbrack$. Then for any finite graph $G$ consider the Erdös-Renyi random graph where we independently keep each of the edges with probability $x$. Denote the corresponding ...
1 vote
0 answers
135 views

An integral involving many exponential terms with quadratic exponents in the denominator

Given $k$ points $\{p_1,\cdots, p_k\}$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and positive constants $r_1, ..., r_k$ and another positive constant $\alpha>0$. Is there a way to compute/approximate the following (...
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2 votes
2 answers
192 views

Ising model with zero external field - marginalization

The pmf of Ising model is considered as $p(\boldsymbol{x})=\frac{1}{Z(\theta)} exp\left\{ \underset{\left(s,t\right)\in E}{\sum\theta_{st}}x_{s}x_{t}\right\},\quad \boldsymbol{x}\in \{-1,1\}^n$, where ...
2 votes
0 answers
138 views

A proof for this equivalent version of the Infrared Bound/Gaussian Domination

I have recently asked this question in Physics Stackexchange, but as there was no success there, a friend pointed out that I might have a better shot here. Consider the Ising Model in the $d$-...
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4 votes
1 answer
364 views

Ising model, phase transition

What is the temperature for the phase transition in the triangular-lattice Ising model? and in the hexagonal-lattice Ising model?
5 votes
1 answer
142 views

a matrix of Onsager-Kaufman vs Schwarz-Wu

In my earlier MO question, I was seeking for a proof for $\det A_{\infty}:=\det(I_{\infty}-M_{\infty}^2) =\sqrt[4]{1-x^2}$ where $M_n$ is the $n\times n$ matrix: $$M_n =\left[\frac{2i+1}{2(i+j+1)}\...
6 votes
1 answer
801 views

Lagrangian formulation of the Ising model as a conformal field theory

An important example of conformal field theory is the 2d Ising model, more precisely its scaling limit when the size of the lattice goes to zero. I am not an expert in the field, but this is the only ...
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2 votes
0 answers
59 views

TAP expression for entropy [closed]

This paper by Barton and Cocco: http://www.phys.ens.fr/~cocco/Art/articlejstat.pdf claims on page 17 (Formula (30)) an expression for the "high-temperature" entropy of an Ising model, given its ...
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3 votes
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196 views

Hamiltonian on the torus

In discrete models like Ising we have Hamiltonians of the form $$H(\sigma)=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^{N}J_{ij}\sigma_{i}\sigma_{j},$$ where $\sigma_{i}=\pm 1$ , $J_{ij}$ interaction coefficients and N ...
1 vote
0 answers
189 views

Random Cluster Model only for bond percolation?

Can someone please tell me which of the following statements I make are true of the current state of the art: The Random Cluster Model is a generalization of bond percolation (with possibly different ...
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6 votes
1 answer
228 views

What's the relation between spin model for subfactors theory and physics?

In the sense of subfactor theory, a spin model is a commuting square of the form $$\begin{matrix} \Delta &\subset & M_n(\mathbb{C})\cr \cup &\ &\cup\cr \mathbb{C} &\subset &w\...
3 votes
1 answer
154 views

Ising model: probability of a long path of minus under plus boundary conditions

Consider for example the Ising model on a square lattice. Fix zero magnetic field and plus boundary conditions. Low temperature, one minus spin. With a Peierls argument one can prove that, given a ...
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22 votes
2 answers
3k views

2d Ising model in conformal fields theory and statistical mechanics

I am not completely sure that this question is appropriate for this mathematical site. But since in the past I did get on MO couple of times nice answers to rather physical questions, I will try. ...
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7 votes
0 answers
542 views

Elementary proof of lack of phase transition in Ising models with external fields

I have a question about the phase transitions in the Ising model in the presence of a (constant) external magnetic field. I will state the question on $\mathbb Z^2$ for simplicity. A definition of the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
697 views

Uniqueness of Gibbs Measure on Ising model

If I understood this correctly, the Gibbs Specification for the Ising model on $ℤ^d$ dos not have a unique Gibbs Measure for β above the critical level. But what about the Ising model on a finite ...
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5 votes
0 answers
2k views

Hubbard-Stratonovich Transformation

Hello, The Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation $\exp(x^2) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{4 \pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} du \exp(-\frac{u^2}{4} - xu)$ allows one to wirte the exponential of a the square of a ...
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14 votes
1 answer
508 views

Ising model - phase transition vs rapid mixing

Consider a graph $G=(V,E)$ and Ising model on that graph, i.e. configuration space is $\Omega=${$-1,+1$}$^V$ and energy of a configuration $s \in \Omega$ is given by: $H(s) = -\beta \sum_{u \sim v}s(u)...
8 votes
1 answer
395 views

Ising model on a cycle

The Ising model on $\mathbb{Z} / 2d\mathbb{Z}$ gives to the configuration $x=(x_0, \ldots, x_{2d-1}) \in \{-1,+1\}^{2d}$ a probability proportional to $\exp\\big(\beta \sum_i x_ix_{i+1} \\big)$. The ...
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3 votes
1 answer
261 views

Ising entropy of a finite L_1 x L_2 lattice

We know the entropy per site of the 2-d Ising model from Onsager's solution. Has anybody also calculated the entropy for a finite rectangle of size L_1 x L_2 with periodic boundary conditions (i.e. on ...
8 votes
1 answer
4k views

Entropy of the Ising model

Consider the standard Ising model on $[0,N]^2$ for $N$ large. By that I mean the square-lattice Ising model without external field, inside an $N$-by-$N$ square. What is its entropy for $N$ large? It ...
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