# Questions tagged [intersection-theory]

The intersection-theory tag has no usage guidance.

297
questions

**36**

votes

**3**answers

5k views

### What do higher Chow groups mean?

Let $z^i(X, m)$ be the free abelian group generated by all codimension $i$ subvarieties on $X \times \Delta^m$ which intersect all faces $X \times \Delta^j$ properly for all j < m. Then, for each i,...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

933 views

### Is there a functor of points approach to algebraic cycles and intersection theory?

Motivation
Most of the algebraic geometry I have done so far was concerned with group schemes (e.g., abelian schemes, tori, unipotent groups). In that part of the field the "functor of points POV" is ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

831 views

### $8$-ary operation $(\mathbb{P}^2)^8 \text{ }-\to \mathbb{P}^2$, can we say anything about what this formula would look like?

My friend, who is currently taking an algebraic geometry course from an unnamed prolific poster on MO, told me about the following bonus question on one of his problem sets a few weeks ago.
...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

5k views

### Survey article on Intersection Theory

Does anybody knows about good overview on intersection theory.
The book of Fulton has very hard language. Does there exist simple overview on this topic with many examples?

**16**

votes

**1**answer

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### Geometric examples of the Serre intersection formula

The Serre intersection formula, as an alternating sum of contributions from Tor-groups, is something that combines a lot of ingredients that I'm interested in, but I've never really felt that I have a ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Deformation to the normal cone

Deformation to the normal cone appears in several places including Intersection theory and Verdier specialisation of construtible sheaves or D-modules. I'd like to understand what happens when we ...

**15**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Curves with negative self intersection in the product of two curves

I wonder if the following is known: Are there two compact curves C1 and C2 of genus>1 defined over complex numbers, such that their product contains infinite number of irreducible curves of negative ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Can a curve intersect a given curve only at given points?

Clearly the question in the title has a positive answer for analytic (or smooth, or continuous ...) curves, but what about the algebraic category? More specifically, given an irreducible polynomial ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

830 views

### Link: Serre's intersection formula <-> Bloch-Quillen Thm / When only intersecting divisors, is there 'shorter' approach of proof known?

In very short:
When proving the equivalence of intersection theory constructed through (Milnor) K-sheaves and their product vs. defining the product via Serre's local multiplicity formula + moving, I ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is there a Serre Tor formula for nonproper intersections?

Background: Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective algebraic variety, and let $V$ and $W$ be closed subvarieties. For simplicity, let's assume that $\dim V+\dim W=\dim X$.
Now Serre's famous Tor ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Bezout's Theorem for weighted homogeneous polynomials

Bezout's Theorem states that for two homogeneous polynomials $f(x,y,z), g(x,y,z)$ over an algebraically closed field of degrees $m,n$ respectively, such that the two polynomials do not share a common ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

836 views

### What does taking the graded algebra do to the Grothendieck group, and its relation to the Chow ring?

Let $X$ be a nonsingular variety. (Perhaps some/all of this works over more general smooth schemes, but let's stick to the simple case.)
In, e.g., Fulton's Intersection Theory chapter 15, and Soule's ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

925 views

### Are Chow groups generated by local complete intersections?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field. The Chow group $\mathbb Q\mathrm{CH}^d(X)$ is $\mathbb Q$--linearly generated by irreducible subvarieties $Z \subseteq X$ of ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Intersection of subvarieties versus ranks of Chow groups modulo numerical equivalences

A nice property of $\mathbb P^n$ is:
Property 1: Two subvarieties $U,V$ such that $\operatorname{dim} U +\operatorname{dim} V \geq n$ always intersect.
(for example, any 2 curves in $\mathbb P^2$ ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Context for intersection theory

This is a pretty basic question. Hartshorne defines "intersection multiplicity" for any two divisors on a surface. Fulton has an impressive framework of generalizing this in his book (my understanding ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### A nontrivial surface on which any two curves intersect

One interesting property of the projective plane is that any two plane curves intersect. (More generally, if $V$ and $W$ are subvarieties of any projective space, and codim $V$ + codim $W \geq 0$, ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Question on Kähler/ample cone, cone of curves…

Assume $X$ is smooth "simply connected" complex projective variety and $Y\subset X$ a smooth hyperplane section. ( $Y= X\cap H$, $H\subset \mathbb{P}^n$).
Let's $NE(X)$ be the cone of effective 1-...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

511 views

### Chow ring of Hilbert scheme of 4 points in $\mathbb{P}^2$

What is known about the Chow ring of the Hilbert scheme of length 4 subschemes of $\mathbb{P}^2$?
I know there is work on cycles on Hilbert schemes in the literature, but I don't know what can be ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Examples of excess intersection theory?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $m$ and $\pi:E\rightarrow M$ a vector bundle of rank $e$. Given a section $s$ of the bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow M$, we expect that the zero locus $Z(s)$ of $s$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

677 views

### Schemes with no nonconstant maps to lower dimensional schemes

Fix an algebraically closed field $k$ (arbitrary characteristic), all schemes will be of finite type over $k$.
(Property *): I'm interested in (classes of) examples of schemes $X$ (irreducible, of ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Chern classes of a blow-up at a point

Let $X$ be a nonsingular projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\widetilde{X}$ be the blow-up of X at a point $p\in X$.
What relationships exist between the degrees of the Chern classes of $X$...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### Self-intersection and the normal bundle

Let $X/k$ be a surface nonsingular and proper over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $C \subset X$ be a nonsingular curve. Then it is clear that the self-intersection $(C \cdot C)_X$ is $\textrm{...

**10**

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**0**answers

366 views

### The virtual fundamental class as derived intersection

Say $X$ is a smooth projective variety and $\beta\in H_2(X)$ is a class. Then there is a finite-type proper scheme (or in general, stack) $SM : = \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}(X,\beta)$ of stable maps ...

**10**

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300 views

### Smooth, complete varieties on which “zero is effective”

I will say zero is effective on a complete, smooth variety $X$ if some positive linear combination of irreducible varieties is rationally equivalent to zero. In other words, zero is effective if there ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

462 views

### Commutativity of the Chow ring in positive characteristic

I was looking in Ravi Vakil's notes on Intersection Theory, Class 20, where he introduces the bivariant intersection theory, in particular the Chow ring $A^\ast (X)$.
On p. 2, he writes the following ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Reference for the Hodge Bundle

For the purposes of this question, let the Hodge bundle $\lambda$ be the bundle on a fibration of abelian varieties $X\to B$ with fiber over $b\in B$ the space of 1-forms on $X_b$, or the pullback to $...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

630 views

### What is the main failure in using Naive Chow group in Artin Stack

I'm reading Andrew Kresch's paper, Cycle groups in Artin Stacks.
The author defined Chow groups of Artin stacks by very technical way, instead of ordinary ways which he called 'naive chow group', ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the relation between Lefschetz fixed point theorem and Poincare-Hopf theorem on vector fields?

In Dubrovin/Fomenko/Novikov Modern geometry--Methods and applications, Part II, the (Poincare-)Hopf theorem is treated in section 15.2 (see theorem 15.2.7 on page 129), while the Lefschetz theorem on ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

349 views

### Linear sections of Segre varieties and rational normal scrolls

In a projective space $\mathbb{P}^{k+2}$ consider two complementary subspaces $\mathbb{P}^1,\mathbb{P}^k$, and let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^k$ be a degree $k$ rational normal curve. Fixed an isomorphism $\...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

514 views

### Push-forward of nef divisors via finite morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism between smooth projective varieties, and let $D$ be an effective nef but not ample divisor on $X$.
Consider the divisor $f_{*}D$ on $Y$. Is $f_{*}D$ nef ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Interpretation of “27” lines for cubic surface with rational double points

It is well known that a smooth cubic surface has $27$ distinct lines. Explicitly, if we choose a planar representation, i.e., blowup $\mathbb P^2$ at $6$ general points $p_1,...,p_6$, the $27$ lines ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

601 views

### Flat morphisms whose fibers are affine spaces

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat morphism, such that each fiber is isomorphic to the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$. Then is is true that $f$ is a Zariski affine bundle? If not, is it at least an ètale affine ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### About Riemann-Roch without denominators

The Riemann-Roch without denominators can be expressed as follows:
Let $f: X\rightarrow Y$ be a closed embedding of quasi-projective smooth $k$-varieties of codimension $d$ for some field $k$. Let $E$ ...

**8**

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197 views

### Integrality of primary genus $0$ Gromov-Witten invariants of a Fano manifold

Suppose $(X,\omega)$ is a positively monotone compact symplectic manifold, i.e., after a positive scaling of the symplectic form, we have $c_1(T_X) = [\omega]$ in de Rham cohomology ($T_X$ has well-...

**8**

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385 views

### Bloch Ogus spectral sequence

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbf{C}$, and $p : X_{\rm an}\to X_{\rm Zar}$ the obvious map of sites.
The Leray spectral sequence
$$H^r(X_{\rm Zar}, R^sp_*\mathbf{C})\Rightarrow H^{...

**8**

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**0**answers

189 views

### Chow ring of extended tropicalizations

In Allermann-Rau '09, the authors define the Chow groups of an arbitrary abstract tropical cycle. In particular, one may take the tropical cycle to be the tropicalization of a subvariety of a torus. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Self-intersection of exceptional divisor

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth threefold, and $C \subset X$ a smooth curve. Let $Y$ be the blowup of $X$ along $C$, with exceptional divisor $E$. What is the intersection number $E^3$ on $Y$? (in ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

370 views

### Intersection theory in analytic geometry

This might be a weird/stupid question, but it came to me a couple of times, and I would like to get an answer for that.
In some papers I read, constantly the authors define some analytic subspaces, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### Example of a smooth family of projective surfaces with non-vanishing integrals of Todd classes

Motivation:
Let $\pi\colon S \rightarrow B$ be smooth projective morphism of relative dimension 2 over a smooth projective scheme $B$. If the stucture sheaves of the fibres do not have higher ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Simple description of a Chow ring of blow-ups.

Is there a simple description of a Chow ring of a blow-up of a point on a smooth projective variety? Or at least of successive blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^n$?
Maybe something like $A(\tilde{X})=f^*(A(...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Local model of virtual fundamental cycle

The following baby version of virtual fundamental cycle is well known:
Let $M\subset V$ be the zero locus of a section $s$ of a vector bandle $E \to V$, in general $s$ is not transversal to the zero ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

375 views

### Why Green functions and not Neron functions?

Arakelov constructed a nice intersection theory on arithmetic surfaces. A key point is the notion of Green function for a Riemann surface, which will be involved in the ''part at infinity'' of the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Family of zero dimensional subschemes

While reading Fulton's Intersection theory, I came across the following comment.
Let $X$ be a projective scheme over an algebraically closed field. Assume we have been given a map $g : \mathbb{P}^1 \...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Higher Chow groups for complete smooth intersections?

Let $F$ be a smooth complete intersection of $r$ hypersurfaces of degree $d_{1},\dots,d_{r}$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+r}$ over an algebraic closed field. A classical result of A. Roitman says that the group ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Intersection numbers via residue formula

$\newcommand{\sslash}{\mathbin{/\mkern-7mu/}}$With a friend we are trying to understand residue formulas in the article "Cohomology pairings on singular quotients in geometric invariant theory&...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

496 views

### intersection theory on proper algebraic spaces

I have a question about the second example in Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry, Appendix B, section 3 (given by Hironaka?). It is an example of a compact complex Moishezon 3-fold $X$ which is not an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

205 views

### Action of an isomorphism in cohomology as the intersection with the class of the graph

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex manifolds of dimension 2 and let $\varphi:X\rightarrow Y$ be an isomorphism.
I have read that the action of $\varphi^*:H^2(Y,\mathbb{Z})\rightarrow H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

294 views

### Nonempty intersection in Grassmannian

Where can I find a proof of the following fact:
If $X_1$ and $X_2$ are subvarieties of $\mathbb{G}(k,n)$ of codimension $c_1$ and $c_2$ satisfying $c_1+c_2<n+1-2k$, then the intersection $X_1\cap ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

580 views

### Graphs of maps between manifolds as cycles and intersection theory

I'm guessing that the answer to this question is well-known, but I'm struggling to find anything to help me.
Let $X,Y$ be compact manifolds of dimension $n,m$ respectively. Let $f:X \to Y$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

701 views

### Higher Chow groups revisited

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over a field $k$.
Bloch defines the "algebraic singular complex" using the algebraic simplices
$$\Delta^n = \text{Spec}(k[x_0,\dots,x_n]/(x_0+x_1+\dots+x_n=1) \subset ...