Questions tagged [integration]

Questions related to various forms of integration including the Riemann integral, Lebesgue integral, Riemann–Stieltjes integral, double integrals, line integrals, contour integrals, surface integrals, integrals of differential forms, ...

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6
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2answers
2k views

A tricky integral

Let $\alpha>0$ and $\beta\in\mathbb{R}$. I am looking for an explicit formula for the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} (1+x^2)^{-1/2}e^{-\alpha x^2}e^{-i \beta x}dx.$$ I tried several changes ...
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1answer
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Time scale calculus vs Lebesgue–Stieltjes calculus

About the same time, it seems, as I asked this question, a new post appeared on the wikipedia discussion page for Time scale calculus which suggests the Time scale derivative (aka Hilger derivative ...
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3answers
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“Riemann–Stieltjes derivative”?

Can you define a "derivative" operator such that its antiderivative F(x) of f(x) can be used in the sense of F(b)-F(a) to calculate the Riemann–Stieltjes integral of f(x)? Perhaps it would be related ...
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0answers
495 views

Integrating the product of two functions one of which has a positive non-integer power

I'm looking to integrate several functions having the form $\int_0^T \frac{ sin(\omega \tau) }{\omega} \tau^{2H} d\tau$ where $2H \ge 0$ but may not be an integer. I'd like to know if the machinery ...
0
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1answer
727 views

Linear Mapping and integration

I have been reading the paper - "Introduction to Quantum Fisher Information". In section 1.2 the author talks about the linear map $\mathbb{J}_D$, which he defines as follows: Let $D \in M_n$ be a ...
2
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1answer
4k views

How to do integration using MCMC?

I want to evaluate $I = \int_V f(\vec{x}) d\vec{x}$. The classical Monte Carlo method is to sample uniformly from within the integration volume $V$, and then compute $I \approx V \frac{1}{N} \sum_{i=1}...
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1answer
234 views

evaluating an integral related to the volume of Hessenberg orthogonal matrices

Consider the following integral, $$ {1 \over 4\pi^{2}}\int_{0}^{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} \sqrt{\, 9 -\sin^{2}\left(\theta_{1} \over 2\right) \sin^{2}\left(\theta_{2} \over 2\right)\,} \,{\rm d}...
22
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4answers
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Integrals from a non-analytic point of view

I've mentioned before that I'm using this forum to expand my knowledge on things I know very little about. I've learnt integrals like everyone else: there is the Riemann integral, then the Lebesgue ...
7
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3answers
830 views

Expectation of a simple function of multivariate gaussians iid rvs

I would like to compute analytically the following expected value: $$ E\left( \frac{X_i^2}{\sum_j \lambda_j^2 X_j^2}\right) $$ where the $X_i \approx N(0,1)$ are iid. It seems to be an elementary ...
4
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1answer
5k views

Inverse of a function defined by an integral

Hi, I have a function defined by an integral as follows. $$ z=f(w) = \int_0^w \frac{(\zeta-a_1)^{\alpha_1}(\zeta-a_2)^{\alpha_2}...}{(\zeta-b_1)^{\beta_1}(\zeta-b_2)^{\beta_2}...}\ d\zeta $$ where $w$ ...
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2answers
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Integration involving the complete elliptic integral of the first kind K(k)?

Is there any reference showing how to do definite integrals involving the complete elliptic integral of the first kind K(k)? Something like $\int_0^1 K(k) dk $ $\int_0^1 k^nK(k) dk$ $\int_0^1 \...
7
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2answers
873 views

Contour integration problem from probability

Can integrals of the form $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}{\exp\left(-\left[x - c\right]^{2}\right) \over 1 + x^{2}}\, {\rm d}x $$ be computed in closed form using contour integration (or any other ...
0
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1answer
528 views

Surface of the cut of an ellipsoid / Marginal density of a multivariate normal over an affine space

So I'm trying to get the marginal density of a multivariate normal over an affine space if $A$ is a matrix in $\mathbb{R}^p \times \mathbb{R}^n$ for $p < n$ and $B \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $\Sigma$ is a ...
28
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3answers
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What are the obstructions for a Henstock-Kurzweil integral in more than one dimension?

I have recently come across the book The Kurzweil-Henstock Integral and its Differentials by Solomon Leader, in which, if I understand correctly, the HK integration process is modified in a way that ...
34
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3answers
4k views

What is the standard notation for a multiplicative integral?

If $f: [a,b] \to V$ is a (nice) function taking values in a vector space, one can define the definite integral $\int_a^b f(t)\ dt \in V$ as the limit of Riemann sums $\sum_{i=1}^n f(t_i^*) dt_i$, or ...
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5answers
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The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus in Lebesgue Theory

I am interested to what extent the famous identity $$ \int_a^b f'(x) \ dx=f(b)-f(a) $$ is true for a function $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb C$ continuous on $[a,b]$ and differentiable on $(a,b)$. One famous ...
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2answers
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Modified Dirichlet function Darboux integrable on $[0,2]$? [closed]

Given this modified Dirichlet function: $f(x) = 0$ if $x$ is in $\mathbb{Q}$, else $f(x) = x$. I am wondering if this function is Darboux integrable on the interval $[0, 2]$. I managed to show that ...
14
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7answers
5k views

Numerical integration over 2D disk

I have a real-valued function $f$ on the unit disk $D$ that is fairly well behaved (real-analytic everywhere) and would like to find the integral $\int_D f(x,y)dxdy$ numerically. After much searching, ...
5
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3answers
894 views

An Integral and derived double integral

Suppose that $f\left(x\right)\geq0$ is continuous on $\left[-\infty,\infty\right]$ and $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f\left(x\right)dx=1$. Is it true that $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\left|x\right|f\left(x\...
4
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1answer
873 views

Intersection volume of two tori (Quantitating the orientational freedom of catenane rings?)

At the risk of posting too low-level a question... Please consider two tori, with tube radii $r_1$ and $r_2$, and center-of-the-hole to center-of-the-tube radii $c_1$ and $c_2$. I'd like to find an ...
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2answers
4k views

Area enclosed by x^4 + y^4 = 1 [closed]

Trying to solve for the area enclosed by $x^4+y^4=1$. A friend posed this question to me today, but I have no clue what to do to solve this. Keep in mind, we don't even know if there is a ...
75
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8answers
12k views

Why is Lebesgue integration taught using positive and negative parts of functions?

Background: When I first took measure theory/integration, I was bothered by the idea that the integral of a real-valued function w.r.t. a measure was defined first for nonnegative functions and only ...
30
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2answers
2k views

What theorem constructs an initial object for this category? (Formerly “Integrability by abstract nonsense”)

Tom Leinster has a note here about how you can realize L^1[0,1] as the initial object of a certain category. You should really read his note because it is only 2.5 pages and is much more charming than ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a notion of integration over the algebraic numbers?

For reasons which are hard to articulate (due to they not being very clear in my mind), but having to do with the eprint From Matrix Models and quantum fields to Hurwitz space and the absolute Galois ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Approximating a multiple sum with an integral

Hi, I want to approximate a multiple sum of the form $$\sum_{x_1+x_2+\cdots+x_m \leq n}e^{g(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_m)},$$ where each $x_i$ is an integer between $0$ and $n$, by an integral $$\int_{x_1+x_2+\...
24
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4answers
12k views

About the Riemann integrability of composite functions

When I was teaching calculus recently, a freshman asked me the conditions of the Riemann integrability of composite functions. For the composite function $f \circ g$, He presented three cases: 1) ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Fourier transforms via Kurzweil-Henstock integral on locally compact commutative groups

Is it possible to define Fourier transforms on locally compact commutative groups using the Kurzweil-Henstock integral instead of the Lebesgue integral?
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2answers
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Defined Almost Everywhere [closed]

How can one prove that the convolution of $f \in L^1$ and $g \in L^p$ is defined almost everywhere? Here $f$ and $g$ are measurable functions in $R^n$. In general what techniques are there for ...
7
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1answer
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Kullback-Leibler divergence of scaled non-central Student's T distribution

What is the Kullback-Leibler divergence of two Student's T distributions that have been shifted and scaled? That is, $\textrm{D}_{\textrm{KL}}(k_aA + t_a; k_bB + t_b)$ where $A$ and $B$ are Student's ...
17
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5answers
13k views

Visualization of Riemann–Stieltjes Integrals

The Riemann–Stieltjes integral $\int_a^b f(x)\,dg(x)$ is a generalization of the Riemann integral. It is e.g. heavily used as a starting point for stochastic integration. The approximating Riemann–...
8
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4answers
2k views

An integral that somehow equals pi^2/6 and involves dilogarithms?

I am attempting to show that $$ \sum_{k \ge 1}^\infty {k^2 x^k \over (1+x^k)^2} \sim (1-x)^{-3} {\pi^2 \over 6} $$ as $x$ approaches 1 from below. The sum can be approximated by the integral $$ \...

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