# Questions tagged [integral-operators]

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98
questions

**3**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Schatten norm estimate of spatially truncated resolvent of Laplacian

Consider the operator $-\Delta$ on $L^2(\mathbb R^d)$. In my studies I stumbled upon operators of the form
$$1_{\Gamma_n} (-\Delta -z)^{-1} 1_{\Gamma_m},$$
where $1_{\Gamma_m}$ denotes multiplication ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Lower-bound for $\inf_{f \in H} \|\nabla f\|_{L^2(\tau_d)}/\|f\|_H$ for an RKHS $H$ induced by exponential kernel on sphere

Let $S_{d-1}$ be the unit-sphere in $\mathbb R^d$ and let $\tau_d$ be the uniform probability measure thereupon. Let $H_K \subseteq L^2(\tau_d)$ be an RKHS of square $\tau_d$-integrable functions, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Optimization of functionals with constraints

I have a minimization problem as follows:
$\min\left( \int_0^1\int_0^1\beta(t)\beta(s)G_1(t, s)dtds\right)^{1/2}+\left( \int_0^1\int_0^1\beta(t)\beta(s)G_2(t, s)dtds\right)^{1/2} $
$\texttt{s.t.}\;\;\;...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Calculation of an inverse Mellin transform

Let $z \in C$ and consider the following integral equation:
$$-\frac{\Gamma(a)}{\Gamma(b)}\frac{1}{ z \dfrac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}z} {_{1}F_{1}}(b,b-a;z)}= \int_{0}^{+ \infty}x^{z-1}K(x) \mathrm{d}x$$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

65 views

### Unique solution for 2$\times$2 Fredholm integral equations system

Consider the following system of Fredholm integral equations with constant kernel matrix
$$
f(x)=K(x)\int_{0}^{1}f(s)ds
$$
where $K(x)\in C([0,1];M_{2\times 2}(%
%TCIMACRO{\U{211d} }%
%BeginExpansion
\...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

44 views

### Seek help to formalize an argument to positiveness of function defined inductively by integral [closed]

I have on domain $[0,\infty)$ a known and positive function $f(x)$ and two unknown functions $g(x), h(x)$ that start positive when $x=0$.
I also know that if $h(x)$ is positive, then $g(x)$ is also ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Asking for results on critical points and similar properties of solutions of nonlinear Volterra integral equations - Physically coherent solutions

I have a system of nonlinear Volterra integral equations of form
$$x(t)=x_0+\int_0^t K(t,s)F(x(s))ds$$
and I am interested on the critical points of $x(t)$, I mean maximum, minimum, increasing and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Solution set of integral equation/ Kernel of linear operator

I am interested in understanding the solutions $\phi$ of the following integral equation: $$0=\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \phi(x,y)(x-y)\thinspace dx\thinspace dy.$$ Equivalently, I am interested in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Nonlinear system of integral equations

I have encountered a system of nonlinear integral equations in my work. They take the form
$$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{1}{g(y)}e^{f(x)/g(y)}(x+f(x)/g(y)-f(x))dy=0$$
$$\int_{0}^{1}\frac{f(x)}{g(y)^2} e^{f(x)/...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### General strategy for studying the decay of eigenvalues of kernel integral operators

Disclaimer. Please, be patient, I'm here to learn functional analysis...
Let $X$ be the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^n$ and let $\sigma$ be the uniform measure on $X$. Consider a positive definite ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Boundedness of Riesz potential on Hardy space

I encounter the following claim in one paper:
If $(-\Delta)^{\frac14}u\in L^{2,\infty}(\mathbb{R})$, then $u\in BMO(\mathbb{R})$. Equivalently in its dual version, if $u\in \mathcal{H}^1(\mathbb{R})$,...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Boundedness of Calderon-Zygmund type operator

I am trying to prove the following fact.
Suppose $\varphi\in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R}^1)$. Define
$$T(u)(x):=P.V.\int_{\mathbb{R}^1}\frac{\varphi(x)-\varphi(y)}{|x-y|^{\frac32}}u(y)dy$$
where P.V. means ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Unique continuation for integral operator

I accidentally met such question. Let's start from easy ones.
Let $\Omega$ be an open convex domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $u(x)$ satisfies that
$$u(x) = \int_{\partial\Omega} \nabla_y G(|x-y|)\cdot ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

143 views

### Conditions for continuity of an integral functional

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\nu,\mu$ be Borel measures on $X$, $f:X\times \mathbb{R}\rightarrow [0,\infty)$ be a measurable function. Under what conditions is the integral functional $F_f$, defined ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### A Fredholm equation with non-separable kernel [closed]

I'm trying to solve this form of Fredholm equation:
$$
g(v)=f_1(v)+\int\limits_{0}^{v_\mathrm{th}} g(v_s)\frac{e^{-\tfrac{\big[(v-v_\mathrm{init})-(1-v_\mathrm{leak})(v_s-v_\mathrm{init})\big]^2}{2v_\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Convolution Integral Equation on a compact subset of the real line

I am dealing with the following equation: $$ f(x) = g(x) + \intop_{X} dt K(x-t)f(t) \;,\qquad \left\lbrace \begin{array}{c}f(x)>0\;,\;x\in X \\ f(x)<0\;,\;x\notin X \end{array}\right.$$ where $X$...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Modified variational formulation of heat equation

The heat kernel $u:\mathbb{R}^n\times (0,\infty)$ is defined as the solution to
$$
u_t = \Delta u,
$$
subject to certain boundary conditions and can alternatively be described, in variational form, as ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

130 views

### Bifurcation points in parametric Hammerstein Integral equation

I am a theoretical physicist working on integrable systems, hence I preemptively ask forgiveness for the eventual lack of mathematical rigor.
My question concerns the properties of a particular ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### How does the constant bound on Hormander's $L^2$ estimate for non-degenerate phase depend on the cut-off function?

A classical estimate, due to Hormander, assets that the integral operator
$$Tu = \int_{\mathbb{R}^{d}} e^{i\varphi(x,y)/h} a(x,y) u(x) dx, \ \ a \in \mathcal{C}_{c}(\mathbb{R}^{2d}), \ \ \varphi \in \...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Injectivity of an integral operator

Consider the operator
$$K:L^2(0,1)\rightarrow L^2(0,1) \\ u\rightarrow\int_0^1k(s,x)u(s)ds.$$
with $k\in L^2((0,1)\times(0,1)).$
I want to know under what assumption the kernel is reduced to zero. i....

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Polar decomposition of the Volterra integral operator

Repost of this Math.SE question due to a lack of answers (No one was able to help me find the closed form of $U_T$ and $|T|$ after two bounties). I also searched extensively online but couldn't find ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Eigenvalues of an integral operator

Let $K\in L^2((0,1)\times(0,1))$ and consider the operator defined in $L^2(0,1)$ by
$$Lu(x):=u(x)-\int_0^1K(s,x)u(s)ds.$$
What kind of assumption might I impose on $K$ such that $\lambda=1$ will be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### A numerical calculation for an integral

I am interested in the numerical calculation of
$$
F(\eta)=\frac{2}{π}\int_0^{+\infty}\sin(t\eta-t^3)\frac{dt}{t}\quad\text{for $\eta\ge 0$}.
$$
I believe that the function $F$ is bounded, but I do ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### When the square root of integral operator becomes also integral operator (with continuous kernel)?

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and $\mu$ be strictly positive Borel measure on $X$. Let $T:L^2(X,\mu)\rightarrow L^2(X,\mu)$ be a self-adjoint, compact, and positive operator on the Hilbert space $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Existence of continuous integral kernel

Let $(X_i,\mathcal{F}_i,\mu_i)$, $i\in \{1,2\}$, be a $\sigma$-finite measure space and $E_i$ an ideal of measurable functions on $X_i$ with full carrier (for example $E_i=L^p(X_i,\mu_i)$).
A ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Run-away Volterra operator

For a continuous function $k:[0,1]^2\to \mathbb{R}$, let $A$ be the generalized Volterra integral operator on $C([0,1],\mathbb{R})$ defined by
$$
A(f)(t)\triangleq \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s) ds, \quad t \in [...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of an operator defined by a certain integral

Let $k :[0,1]^2 \rightarrow \bf{R} $ be a kernel function definded by
$ k(x,y)= (1- max(x,y))^2 .$ Now, let $ L $ be a linear operator defined on $ L^2 [0,1] $ by $$ Lf(x):=\int_0^1 k(x,y)f(y)dy$$. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Limit involving singular kernel: $\lim_{s\to 1}(1-s)\int_{\Omega}\frac{(u(x)-u(y))}{|x-y|^{d+2s}} d y. $

Let $\Omega\subset \Bbb R^d$ be a bounded $C^1$ domain. Let $u:\Bbb R^d\to \Bbb R$ be a function in $C^2_b(\Bbb R^d)$. I would like to compute the following limit: for $x\in \partial \Omega$
$$L= \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Angle between Fleming-Viot type 3-particle system

Consider $(X^1,X^2,X^3)\in (0,\infty)^3$ with each particle starting at $1$ and moving independently according to Brownian motion until random time $\tau_1:=\min \lbrace t>0: X_{t-}^1\wedge X_{t-}^...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Compactness of a special kind of Integral operators

Let $(S(t))_{t>0}$ be a continuous operator from $L^2(0,1)$ to its self and Let $K$ be the operator $$\eqalign{
& K:{L^2}(0,1) \to {L^2}(0,1) \cr
& f: \to (Kf)(x) = \int\limits_0^1 {k(...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### A Fredholm equation with a particular kernel

How to solve this kind of Fredholm’s equation?
$$
x(t)+\lambda \int\limits_{0}^{1}\! \big[ts - \min\{t,s\}\big]x(s)ds=t
$$
Thanks for any help.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Coupled partial differential and integro-differential equation

I have derived two equations of the following type
$$
\dfrac{\partial A}{\partial x}=a\dfrac{\partial B}{\partial t}-b\dfrac{\partial^3 B}{\partial x^2 \partial t}$$
and
$$
\dfrac{\partial B}{\partial ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Solving Fredholm integral equation in Lp

I have a very simple integral equation
$$
f(x) - \lambda \int_a^be^{x-y}f(y)dy=1
$$
which is Fredholm of the 2nd kind, with separable kernel. It is needed to find the values of $\lambda\in\mathbb R$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Numerical methods for IDE [closed]

I would like to read a popular literature on the topic "Numerical methods for integro-differential equations".
Could you recommend me any articles or book with a brief overview of some methods (maybe ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Trace-class properties of integral operator

Let $k$ be a smooth, compactly supported function defined on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ and let $Op(k)$ denote the integral operator on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ defined as $$Op(k)f(\cdot)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}k(y,\cdot)...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

100 views

### Delta-distribution composed with a function from the Fourier representation

A well known representation of Dirac's delta-distribution is via the Fourier transform of distributions:
\begin{equation}
\delta[f]:=f(0)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}\int_{\mathbb{R}} e^{\mathrm{i}xk}f(k)\mathrm{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Integral equation with kernel defined in a rectangle

Let us consider $$f(x) + \lambda \int_0^4 {K(s,x)f(s)ds=0} ,{\text{ x}} \in {\text{(0}}{\text{,1)}}$$
Observe that the kernel is not defined on a square.
My question: Can I apply the classical ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

83 views

### Uniqueness of solution of Volterra Integral Equation with deviating argument

In the context of a physics problem, I am looking at a linear integral equation 2nd kind Volterra equation with deviating (centrosymmetric) argument in the unknown $u(t) \in L^2[a,b]$:
\begin{equation}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### A special integral equation of Volterra type

Let $a,f \in L^2(0,t)$ (where $t \leqslant 1$), and consider the following integral equation:
$$
f(t)\int_0^t a(s)\,ds + \int_0^t a(t - s) f(s) \, ds = 0
$$
My question is : under what condition ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Cauchy path integral as a linear operator: kernel and image?

Let $\mathcal O(\Omega)$ be the algebra of functions holomorphic on the open set $\Omega\subset\mathbb C$. For $\gamma$ a simple compact curve in $\mathbb C$ consider the linear operator given by path-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### What is the trace of the integral operator $(\mathcal{L}f)(x)=\int_0^\infty (x \wedge y)f(y) \, d \pi(y)$?

Let $\pi$ denote a probability measure on $[0,+\infty)$ and let us assume that
$$m:=\int_0^\infty x \, \mathrm{d} \, \pi(x)<+\infty.$$
Let us consider the integral operator $\mathcal{L}$ on $L_2(\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### Does $K^{1/2} (t,s)$ inherit the continuity of $K(t,s)$?

Assume that $K(t,s)$ is a (1) symmetric, (2) continuous, and (3) positive definite kernel on $[0,1] \times [0,1]$. The spectral decomposition of $K(t,s)$ is:
$$
K (t,s) = \sum_{i=1}^\infty \lambda_i \...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Lower semi-continuity of integration

I've found many papers characterizing the weak lower semi-continuity of
$$
\Phi(u)\triangleq \int_{x \in \Omega} f(x,u(x))\,dx,
$$
on $L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$....

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Which utility functions are linearly transformed by normal perturbations?

I'll ask this question as pure economics, as pure math, and showing the translation.
Economics (micro):
Which utilities have the property that whenever $EU(X)>EU(Y)$, the same is true after ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### Reference for Existence and uniqueness of an Integro-Differential Equation

I have an Integro-Differential Equation (IDE) of the following form:
$$
x'(t) = f(t,x(t)) + \int_0^t K(t-s, x(s), x(t)) ds,
$$
I have found this classical reference, but the IDEs considered therein ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Injectivity of a Fredholm operator

While doing my study on the boundary-crossing time of a stochastic process, I happened to deal with the following question which is somehow related to Fredholm theory.
Question : Suppose $K$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Characterisation of functions for which the Fourier transform commutes with a particular operator

Defining the operator $\phi$ by: $\phi(f(x))=\frac{1}{|x|} f(\frac{1}{x})$, and noting $\mathcal{F}$ the Fourier transform on the real line, can we characterize all the functions (with real variable ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Functional equation involving integrals and exponential

Can we find on $\mathbb{R}^+$ a real positive function $f(x)$ (in $C^{\infty}$) such that:
$$\int_0^{\infty} f(x) e^{\lambda \int_1^{x} f(t)^2 dt} dx=0$$
where $\lambda$ is a complex number (with $0&...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

276 views

### BVPs for elliptic PDOs: When do Green functions ($L^2$ inverses) define pseudo-differential operators in the interior?

I asked the following question on math.SE (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2420298/bvps-for-elliptic-pdos-when-do-green-functions-l2-inverses-define-pseudo-d) just over two months ago, and it ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Calderon-Zygmund theorem for the kernel of spherical harmonics

I don't want to write precisely the formulation of the Calderon-Zygmund theorem for singular integrals. The details are not so important here.
So I consider the operator $T$ given by the following ...