# Questions tagged [image-processing]

Mathematics of image processing, variational methods (i.e. methods from calculus of variations), questions about denoising, deblurring, segmentation, image registration, imaging modalities (e.g. computed tomography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance tomography)

24
questions

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Advantage of fractional Fourier transform over multiscale wavelet

What is the best argument of fractional Fourier transform over multiscale wavelet in data analysis purpose.
Optimization of the good time-frequency domain parameter ? "Good" will be, find the %time-%...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Suggestions for Math Equation OCR tool with API [closed]

I am looking forward to converting equation images to tex/mathml. All the equations are computer printed. So, not so worried about the clarity. We have around 100K images and hence looking for some ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### Calculating Average Ratios Of Human Faces From Images Of Differing Lengths To The Camera [closed]

For a project I'm creating a program that must analyse a database of images to define average ratios for certain parts of the face (i.e. distance between eyes, distance from nose to chin etc.). I've ...

**52**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### Mathematics of imaging the black hole

The first ever black hole was "pictured" recently, per an announcement made on 10th April, 2019. See for example: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47873592 .
It has been claimed that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Why do we consider some weakening frames like K-frames, frame sequences, and upper semi-frames?

I have found some applications of the Frame Theory in engineering sciences like signal processing, image processing, data compression, sampling theory, optics, filter-banks, signal detection.
As we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Updating Geman and Geman (1984) on image restoration

I am reading the seminal paper
Stuart Geman and Donald Geman, Stochastic Relaxation, Gibbs Distributions, and the Bayesian Restoration of Images, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Lower bound for the sum of cosines between singular vectors of diagonally dominant matrices

Let $A \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$ be a nonsymmetric diagonally dominant matrix with $a_{ij} < 0$ $\forall i \ne j$ and $a_{ii}>0$.
Let the singular value decomposition of $A$ be $A=U \Sigma V^...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

176 views

### Geometrical interpretation of pictures transforms and other “high dimensional everyday objects”

During the preparation of a general audience talk on why mathematicians use dimensions higher than three (or four) even for concrete applications, I came up with the following enjoyable observation : ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

345 views

### Mathematical physics applications in present-day image processing

During the past few years several important areas of image processing and image classification or generation became dominated by convolutional neural networks.
I'm interested if there are any methods ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

752 views

### Why does this Moiré pattern look this way?

I was making some gifs of Mobius transformations in Matlab, and some strange patterns began to appear. I'm not sure if a deeper knowledge of the filetype/algorithm is needed to understand this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### The jump set of $SBV$ function for different value of parameter in image denoising problem

The classical Mumford-Shah image denoisng problem study the minimizer of the following functional, for each $\alpha>0$ where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ is open bounded with sommth boundary,
$$
u_\...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

668 views

### When is a mapping the proximity operator of some convex function?

Is there a characterization of mappings $p : \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R^n$ which are proximity operators (in the sense of Moreau) of l.s.c (extended) real-valued functions ?
That is, given $p : ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Can Mumford-Shah functional be adapted to lower $L^1$ space?

The well know Mumford-Shah functional functional
$$
F(u)=\int_\Omega|\nabla u|^2+\mathcal H^{N-1}(S_u) \tag 1
$$
where $u\in SBV(\Omega)$ and $\nabla u$ is the absolutely continuous part of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Why is it important to know if a frame is a Parseval frame?

I understand that a Parseval frame is one in which both upper and lower frame bounds equal 1. What's the main advantage to having this be the case? Or, more specifically, if I'm constructing a frame ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### The best constant in Poincare-liked inequality in $BV$ and $BD$ space

This question has been posted on Math Stack exchange for a while and received no response. So I decide to move it here to get more attention.
Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open, bounded and with ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### question about $TGV^2$ space

Let us just stay in $\mathbb R^1$. The space $TGV^k$ is defined as the function $u\in L^1(I)$ and
$$
TGV^k(u,I):=\sup\left\{\int_I u\,\phi^{(k)}\,d\mu, \,\phi\in C_c^\infty(I),\,\|\phi\|_{L^{\infty}(...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Looking for techniques of How to measure the Similarity/Dissimilarity between two images?

I would like to compute the similarity/dissimilarity between two images L and R.
I know one way which is : computing the histogram of blocks of each image, and then using Bhattacharyya measure I ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### sets with positive reach with complementary set with positive reach

I am interested in bibliographical references about a special class of sets, those who have positive reach and which complementary has also positive reach.
I recall that the reach $R\geq 0$ of a set ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

140 views

### Indecomposability of image transformations (pure algebra). Open questions

W-transformations -- definitions
We will consider a class called finite window transformations $\ T:C^\mathbb Z\rightarrow C^\mathbb Z\ $ defined a paragraph below; $\ \mathbb Z\ $ is the ring of ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Switching from pure mathematics (e.g. geometry) to more applied areas (e.g imaging) after Ph.D., as postdoc and chance of getting such a postdoc?

Before I start my question, I should probably mention that this question might not be the right question to ask here, but I tried academiabeta, and stackoverflow, but without getting any to-the-point ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

894 views

### Optimal transport warping implementation in Matlab

I am implementing the paper "Optimal Mass Transport for Registration and Warping", my goal being to put it online as I just cannot find any eulerian mass transportation code online and this would be ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

281 views

### Smooth a matrix

I have a matrix in which each element contains the coordinates of a 3D surface. Sometimes, some points will be "out of line" meaning that they will not conform to the general shape. For example you ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

630 views

### Decomposing max-convolution of sum of functions ?

Hello.
$R, F_1, F_2, F_3$ are random (not-convex, not-concave) 2D matrices of size 100x100.
$R$ is a linear combination of $F_1, F_2, F_3$.
Explicitly, $R = w_1 F_1 + w_2 F_2 + w_3 F_3$
where $w_1,...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### How to un-pixelate pixelated regions in films?

Everybody knows the effect of pixelated objects (e.g. faces) on TV. Is there a way - and which mathematical method lies behind it - to un-pixelate the region? Beware: I am not talking about smoothing ...