# Questions tagged [hyperbolic-geometry]

The hyperbolic-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

661
questions

**4**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Are there examples of hyperbolic manifolds with finite Bowen-Margulis measure and fundamental group which is not relatively hyperbolic?

It is well known that a geometrically finite hyperbolic manifold (quotient of $H^n$) has finite Bowen-Margulis measure.
Marc Peigné [1] constructed examples of geometrically infinite hyperbolic ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

109 views

### Can a hyperbolic three-manifold have 𝑛 toric boundary components?

I'm wondering if I can construct a class of hyperbolic three-manifolds with $n$ toric boundaries. My idea is to take a bordered hyperbolic Riemann surface $\Sigma_{g,n}$, of genus $g$ with geodesic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Dirichlet domains of cusped hyperbolic surfaces

I'm used to think of cusped hyperbolic surfaces as equipped with ideal (all vertices are ideal) fundamental domain, but this is not in general a Dirichlet domain.
Is is true that any such surface has ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Is Tarskian hyperbolic geometry consistent, complete & decidable?

Tarski developed an axiomatic description of Euclidean geometry in first order logic. Its primitive notions are points and its primitive relations are betweeness and congruence of points. The Parallel ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

144 views

### References on Hyperbolic Geometry and Teichmuller Theory

I am asking a soft question here.
I am learning hyperbolic geometry on my own. Recently, I have completed the book "Fuchsian Groups" by Svetlana Katok. Also, I have background in Lee's three ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Definition of quasi-geodesics

I was going through the books Géométrie et théorie des groupes by Michel Coornaert, Thomas Delzant, Athanase Papadopoulos and Metric Spaces of Non-Positive Curvature by Martin R. Bridson, André ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

178 views

### References on Riemann surfaces

I have asked the question in MSE, but did not get an answer.
I am asking a soft question here. I am interested in learning about Hyperbolic Geometry. I have read the book named "Fuchsian Groups&...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Dirichlet region of a free group

Let $G$ be a non-uniform lattice Fuchsian group and let $P$ be a Dirichlet region for $G$. In particular $G$ has parabolic elements, $P$ is not compact and has finite area. We are in the unit disc. Is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Geometrical meaning of a question from Marden

Let $T \in SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ be a normalised Möbius transformation. Then, $$|T(z) - T(w)| =|z-w||T'(z)^{\frac{1}{2}}||T'(w)^{\frac{1}{2}}|$$.
The above is an exercise from Outer Circles by Marden (ex. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Random walks on the Poincaré disk

Let $G$ be the group of isometries of the Poincaré disk. Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on $G$, and consider $g_1,..,g_n$ i.i.d. random variables on $G$ distributed according to $\mu$. For $z\in \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### finding automorphisms of binary hermitian forms

Set $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Write $\mathcal{H}(\mathcal{O}_K)$ for the set of hermitian 2 x 2 matrices with entries in $\mathcal{O}_K$. Now, we ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

323 views

### Hyperbolic 3-manifolds inside algebraic varieties

I have a hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ that I'd like to see sit inside a complex algebraic variety $V$ as beautifully and snugly as possible. I don't want to specify attributes of "beauty" (e.g.,...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Relating different parametrizations of moduli space of Riemann surfaces

I would like to understand, as explicitly as possible, how different coordinates on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces are related:
On the one hand, there is a parametrization coming from hyperbolic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Classification of isometries of hyperbolic 3-space

Denote the upper half space by $\mathcal{H}_{3}=\Bbb{C}\times (0,\infty)$. A point $P \in \mathcal{H}_{3}$ is given as, $P=(z, t)=(x, y, t)=z+t j$ where $z=x+i y$ and $j=(0,0,1) .$ The group $P S L_{2}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### Maximum entropy distribution in the hyperbolic plane with given “mean” and “variance”

On the Euclidean sphere, by defining suitable analogs of the mean and variance in terms of the first circular moment, it can be shown that the von Mises distribution is the maximum entropy ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Can the Chern-Simons invariant of a cusped hyperbolic $3$-manfiold be defined mod $\mathbb Z$?

For a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$, the Chern-Simons invariant $CS(M)$ can be defined as an element of $\mathbb R/\mathbb Z$. When $M$ is cusped it can still be defined, but is now only defined ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Covering hyperbolic manifolds by round balls

This question is a natural follow up to the question asked here. I think it should not be too hard to answer it (negatively) in dimension 3, but higher dimensions will be probably challenging.
Let $M$...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Is the space of Euclidean polyhedra with a fixed $1$-skeleton connected?

Let $\mathcal{A}_\Gamma$ be the space of convex (non-degenerate) Euclidean polyhedra with $1$-skeleton a certain polyhedral graph $\Gamma$. This space can be seen as a subset of $\mathcal{Gr}_2(\...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

559 views

### Can you cover a genus a billion hyperbolic surface with 15 balls?

Here's a question I was wondering about this week. Not sure how interesting it is, but I thought it was kind of curious.
Question: Given $k$, is there a number $N=N(k)$ such that if a closed ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### When does a subgroup of $\operatorname{GL}(n, \mathbb Q)$ have a bounded fundamental domain on $\mathbb R^n$?

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}$Let $G \subset M_{n\times n~}(\mathbb Z)$ be a finitely generated subgroup of $\GL(n,\mathbb Q)$ (i.e. $g\in G$ is an invertible matrix with entries in $\mathbb Z$). Then $...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Fixed point free involutions on Riemann surfaces

It is well known that a Riemann surface can have a fixed point
free holomorphic involution only if it has odd genus. If it has one, is it unique?
More generally, is any fixed point free automorphism ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Optimal $\delta$ for Gromov's $\delta$-hyperbolicity of the hyperbolic plane

What is the minimal $\delta$ such that the hyperbolic plane is $\delta$-hyperbolic, in the sense of the four point definition of Gromov?
Four point definition of Gromov: A metric space $(X, d)$ is $\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Mapping the hyperbolic plane onto the interior of a disk

In Chapter II of his book Non-Euclidean Geometry (1961; first published in Polish, 1956), Stefan Kulczycki defines a mapping of the hyperbolic plane onto the interior of a disk. Its construction ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### How to tile a plane such that moving from one tile to the next in any of the 8 cardinal directions is the same length?

When tiling the euclidean plane with squares (like most board games), moving diagonally to another tile is longer than moving vertically or horizontally. Is there a tiling such that moving in any of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

211 views

### Cross ratio in hyperbolic geometry

In the rough sketch four concurrent lines are drawn in the Poincaré disk model and in the Euclidean model.
If same angles $ (\alpha,\beta,\gamma,\delta) $ are enclosed at respective points of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Hyperbolic length of curve that does not enter a collar

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact surface of genus at least $1$ with one boundary component, equipped with a hyperbolic metric so that the boundary is geodesic. There is a version of the collar lemma that ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

633 views

### Explicit description of the group of deck transformations acting on the universal cover of a Riemann Surface

I am finding the explicit description of genus $2$ surface as the upper half plane modulo group of Deck Transformation. I did't find it anywhere. Also, I found a similar question here. But, there is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Hyperbolic metrics and the general Ahlfors-Bers theorem

Let $M$ be an oriented smooth compact 3-manifold with non-empty boundary and hyperbolizable interior such that all boundary components have genus greater than $1$. Denote $N:={\rm int}(M)$ and
$$HM_{...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Statements related to Thurston's work on the surface

If we have simple closed curves $\alpha$ and $\beta$ on a surface $\Sigma_g$, the intersection number $i(\alpha ,\beta)$ is defined to be the minimal cardinality of $\alpha_1\cap\beta_1$ as $\alpha_1$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Gromov hyperbolicity constant vs. Gromov-Hausdorff distance to a tree

Let $X$ be a compact, geodesic metric space which is Gromov hyperbolic with a constant $\delta>0$. To fix scaling, let us also assume that $X$ has diameter $1$.
To fix a definition of Gromov ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Efficiently find at least one lattice point on hyperbola of equation $axy+bx+cy+d=0$

I need an algorithm to efficiently find at least one lattice point on a hyperbola of equation $axy+bx+cy+d=0$.
Lattice point means integer coordinates and equation with integer means diophantine ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

847 views

### Equations defining hyperbolic geodesics in $\mathbb C \setminus\{0,1\}$

Let $X=\mathbb C\setminus\{0,1\}$, equipped with the hyperbolic structure it inherits from Klein's modular $\lambda$ function $\lambda:\mathbb H \to X$. In each (non-peripheral and nontrivial) free-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### What is the name of this geometric structure, where we identify each sphere of vision with the sphere at infinity?

If you consider hyperbolic $n$-space $H^n$, modeled by the open unit ball $B^n \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, then given any two distinct points $x_1$, $x_2$ in $H^n$, there is a natural way of identifying ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### When do the lengths of simple closed curves determine a hyperbolic surface?

Consider hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma_g$ a closed orientable surface of genus $g$. Let $[\gamma_1] , \cdots, [\gamma_n]$ be a finite collection of isotopy classes of simple closed curves on $\Sigma_g$...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### 2 dimensional Hausdorff measure and area measure on the hyperbolic plane

$\newcommand{\diam}{\operatorname{diam}}$From the Encyclopedia of Mathematics, the Hausdorff measure on a generic metric space (X,d) can be defined using
$H^\alpha_\delta (E):=\omega_\alpha \inf \{\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Exponential map and optimization

Apologies in advance for being somewhat vague. I'm trying to get pointers to establish a connection between a common trick used in practice in optimization, and the exponential map in differential ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Absolute and relative tilings of the hyperbolic plane

In Conway's Symmetries of Things on p. 265 I found these two tilings of the hyperbolic plane with the same vertex configuration $(3.5.3.5.3)$ (resp. vertex figure, as Conway calls it).
The ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

44 views

### What is sequential boundary of a $\delta$-hyperbolic space and how is the Gromov product extended to the boundary?

I have been reading up on $\delta$-hyperbolic spaces. But I am not getting a clear idea of sequential boundary of $\delta$-hyperbolic spaces and how the Gromov product is extended to it. Could ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Complete geodesics on hyperbolic a pair of pants

I have asked this question on MSE. But I think Mo is a better place to ask my question. Here is the link to my question on MSE. I will rewrite it here:
I am trying to understand the article by Maryam ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Cusps of hyperbolic surfaces under finite covers

The following statement seems true, but I don't know a proof or a reference for it (and I would like one).
Let $\Gamma< \operatorname{PSL}(2,\mathbb R)$ be a nonuniform lattice with one cusp. We ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Weil-Petersson metric with respect to covering

Let $S$ be a closed oriented surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Consider the Teichmuller space $T(S)$. Let $d_t$ be the Teichmuller metric and $d_{WP}$ be the Weil-Petersson metric on $T(S)$. Let $P:S_1\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### What is the representation of the generators of the triangle group for the uniform (4 4 4) tiling of hyperbolic disk as Mobius transformations?

I wonder how can one describe the generators of the triangle group for the tesselation of Poincare unit disk by triangles with angles $\pi/4, \pi/4 , \pi/4 $ in terms of the action of the modular ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

441 views

### Alternate proofs that hyperbolic plane can’t be isometrically immersed in $\mathbb{R}^3$

A famous theorem of Hilbert says that there is no smooth immersion of the hyperbolic plane in 3-dimensional Euclidean space. The expositions of this that I know of (in eg do Carmo’s book on curves/...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Presentations of $\mathbf{PGL}_3(\mathbb{F}_q)$ by three involutions

If I am not mistaken, the group $\mathbf{PGL}_3(\mathbb{F}_q)$, with $\mathbb{F}_q$ the finite field with $q$ elements, can be generated by three involutions.
Where could I find such representations ?
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

95 views

### Presentations of $\mathbf{𝐏𝐆𝐋}_3(\mathbb{F}_2)$ by three involutions, 2

I am searching for a presentation of the group $\mathbf{PGL}_3(\mathbb{F}_2)$ for which the generators are involutions $a, b, c$, and such that the following relations are present [among extra ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Bounded subsets of $\delta$-hyperbolic metric spaces

I was reading this book by Coorneart, Delzant, and Papadopoulos. I am stuck with this proposition in Chapter 1 (Proposition 1.5)
If $Y$ is a bounded $\delta$-hyperbolic subset of $X$, then $X$ is $\...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Reference for openness of subspace of PSL(2,R) representation variety corresponding to Teichmüller space

$\DeclareMathOperator\PSL{PSL}\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}$Let $S$ be a compact oriented surface with nonempty boundary. There are two variants of Teichmuller space for $S$ you might consider:
The ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### What is the explicit relationship between the shape parameters and the holonomy of a hyperbolic ideal triangulation?

Let $K$ be a hyperbolic knot in $S^3$. One way to describe the hyperbolic structure is to give a discrete, faithful representation $\pi_1(S^3 \setminus K) \to \operatorname{PSL}_2(\mathbb C)$, the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### An explicit (maybe algebraic) isometric embedding of the double torus with constant curvature K = -1

The following question is related to this previous question, Canonical immersion of the double torus:
Is there any known explicit (maybe algebraic) isometric embedding of a genus 2 surface endowed ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Number of Fuchsian groups with same trace field

Let $\Gamma,\Sigma\subset \mathrm{SL}_2({\mathbb R})$ be cocompact arithmetic subgroups. They are called commensurable in the wider sense, if there exists
$g\in \mathrm{SL}_2({\mathbb R})$, such that ...