# Questions tagged [homology]

Homology is a general way of associating a sequence of algebraic objects such as abelian groups or modules to other mathematical objects such as topological spaces.

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### Addition of two homology classes is zero in construction of Poincare Sphere

I ask here the question since it hasn't been answered in
Math Stack Exchange.
I am working through Greenberg and Harper, Lecture notes on Algebraic Topology, and I am having trouble with one ...

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### “Small” simplicial complex with torsion trees

I am giving an expository talk soon about Duval-Klivans-Martin's paper Simplicial Matrix Tree Theorems, and I've been struggling to find a good example to do at the board. An important aspect of the ...

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### why is $\cap \mu_B:H^k(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n\setminus B;R)\to H_{n-k}(\mathbb{R}^n;R)$ an isomorphism? [closed]

I asked this https://math.stackexchange.com/q/1694046/309968 question already on MSE, but received no answer and I hope it's ok if I ask here for once.
Let $R$ be commutative ring with $1_R$
Lemma: ...

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### kernel of the mod $2$ Bockstein on the first cohomology group

Let $M$ be a path-connected finite $CW$-complex. Suppose the first integral homology group is $H_1(M;\mathbb{Z})= \mathbb{Z}_2^{\oplus r}\oplus A$ where $r\geq 1$ and $A$ is a finite abelian group of ...

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### Obstructions to symplectically embedding compact manifolds of dimension $4$ or higher

It is known in Li's paper (http://arxiv.org/pdf/0812.4929v1.pdf) that in compact symplectic manifolds $(X^{2n},\omega)$ of dimension at least $2n\geq 4$, an immersed symplectic surface represents a $2$...

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### a question about Bockstein spectral sequence

I find the following theorem for Bockstein spectral sequence at http://pages.vassar.edu/mccleary/files/2011/04/MC10.fin_.pdf, page 459:
Question. for a fixed $k$, if $\beta$ does not hit $H_k(X;\...

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### coefficient of homology of configuration spaces over real projective spaces

In the slides Characteristic Classes of Surface Bundles
and Configuration Spaces, Miguel A. Xicot'encatl, page 38, what is the coefficient of the following homology?
Could the coefficient be an ...

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### Homology of the subcomplexes of the “diamond shaped” sphere under 1-norm in $R^n$ as a simplicial complex

The 1-norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is defined by $\|v\| = |v_1| + |v_2| + \cdots + |v_n|$ for a vector $v = (v_1, \ldots, v_n) \in \mathbb R^n$.
The unit sphere $S^{n-1}_1$ under the 1-norm is a simplicial ...

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### Rational homology sphere that is not Seifert manifold

I wonder if there is an example of rational homology sphere that is not a Seifert manifold. If there is, how can one construct such a rational homology sphere from a surgery of a knot in $S^3$?

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### A homology theory which satisfies Milnor's additivity axiom but not the direct limit axiom?

Let us agree on the following: a "homology theory" means a functor $h_*$ from the category of pointed CW complexes to the category of graded abelian groups, together with natural isomorphisms $h_{*+1}(...

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### Homology of $S^n/G_x$

I tried to find the homology groups of the quotient of the unit sphere $S^{n-1}$ by an action of a finite subgroup $G$ of $SO(n)$. I'm especially concerned with
$$H_i(S^{n-1}/G),\quad 1\leq i\leq n-2.$...

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### What is the formula for the homology class represented by the diagonal?

Let $M$ be a compact oriented manifold and $\{\mu_{i}\}$ a basis
for the homology $H_*(M, \mathbb{Z})$ (we are ignoring any torsion).
Now consider the diagonal $\Delta_{M}$ inside $M\times M$. ...

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### Is the “inverse” (i.e., the “cohomological”) numeration for singular (i.e., $H\mathbb{Z}$-)homology of spectra “acceptable”? [closed]

I have recently realized that in one of my (published) papers I have used the "inverse" numeration for the $H\mathbb{Z}$-homology of the objects of the stable homotopy category (so, if we consider ...

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### Do homology classes have “special” representatives?

Recall that, according to Hodge, de-Rham cohomology classes of "nice enough" manifolds have "special" representatives - namely, harmonic forms.
Now, how does one choose a "special" one among ...

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### group completion theorem of homology as Hopf algebras

Let $M$ be a topological monoid with product $\mu$. Then $H_*(M)$ is a Hopf algebra with product $\mu_*$ and coproduct $\Delta_*$. The group-completion theorem by McDuff-Segal, 1976 gives that as a ...

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### Constructing a homology class of degree $d(d-1)/2$ in $H_3(S^3)$

There is a nice construction of a class of degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^3)$. Take a class $h$ of degree $d$ in $H_1(S^1)$, and then take its join with itself: $h*h$ is degree $d^2$ in $H_3(S^1*S^1)$, and $S^...

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### Counting chain maps

I initially asked this question over at math stack exchange, you can find it here. I haven't really gotten any traction and I'm beginning to wonder if maybe its a harder question than I originally ...

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### Configuration spaces of positive and negative particles

In the paper Mapping class group and function spaces: a survey, F. Cohen, M.A. Maldonado, page 3, line from bottom 1-3, it is given that for a $m$-manifold $M$, there is a map from the labelled ...

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### group completion theorem by using homology fibrations

In the paper Homology fibrations and group completion theorem, McDuff-Segal (www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/papers/mcdsegal.pdf), page 281:
Let $M$ be a topological monoid such that $\pi_0M$ is generated by ...

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### If a topological space has vanishing $n$th homology for every possible homology theory, does it have vanishing $n$th homotopy?

I don't have any strong preference as to whether or not the homology theories are required to be ordinary.
Also, if this does not hold in general, does it hold for some nice category of spaces, like ...

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### stable splitting into a wedge sum [closed]

Suppose $X$ is a CW-complex such that there is a stable splitting of $X$ into wedge sum
$$
\Sigma^t X\cong \bigvee _{k=1}^\infty Y_k.
$$
(1). Does this imply
$$
X\to \Sigma^tX\to \bigvee _{k=1}^\...

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### Homology of manifold with action of group

Sorry for my ignorance in advance, this should be a very naive question and I would be happy for a reference.
Let $G$ be an arbitrary group (not necessary finite) acting on two (connected) manifolds $...

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### Dyer-Lashof operations and the homology of GL_n

For any ring R, $\bigsqcup_n {BGL}_n(R)$ is an $E_\infty$-space. Are there examples of rings where people have calculated $H_*(\bigsqcup_n {BGL}_n(R);\mathbb{Z}/2)$ and determined the Dyer-Lashof ...

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### Homology and Burnside ring

If $G$ is a finite groupe, we denote $\mathcal{S}(G)$ the category of finite $G$-sets and $\mbox{I}(G)$ the set of isomorphism classes of it's objects. The Burnside ring of $G$, denoted by $\Omega(G)$,...

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### Strange problem about triplets of differential forms

Suppose we have the following map:
$$(\Omega^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^3\longrightarrow(\Omega^2(\mathbb{R}^n))^3$$
$$(\alpha,\beta,\gamma)\longmapsto(\mathrm{d}\alpha+\beta\wedge\gamma,\mathrm{d}\beta+\...

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### A lower-dimensional algebraic topology problem between homology group and fundamental group

Let
\begin{equation}
A\stackrel{\alpha}{\longrightarrow}B\stackrel{\beta}{\longrightarrow}C\quad\quad (1)
\end{equation}
be a short sequence of (abelian or nonabelian) groups and homomorphisms. We say ...

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### Homology of derivations of Differential Graded Lie algebra

Let $(L,d)$ be a Differential Graded Lie Algebra ($L=\bigoplus L_i$ and $d:L_i \to L_{i-1}$ satisfying the graded Leibniz rule).
On the algebra $\mathrm{Der}L$ of derivations of $L$ define a grading ...

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### Maps which induce the same homomorphism on homotopy and homology groups are homotopic

I am interested in the following question. Are maps which induce the same homomorphism on homotopy and homology groups homotopic? I am sure the answer is no, however I cannot imagine how to construct ...

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### Example of torsion in orientable manifolds?

An orientable manifold can have torsion in its integer homology. But I believe by Poincare duality the manifold must be at least 4-dimensional -- isn't that right? Anyway are there simple examples ...

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### Role of determinant of the matrix corresponding to $i$-th Homology group.

I was thinking about the proof of the Lefschetz's Fixed point theorem and the ingeniuty of the Hopf's Trace formula, i.e. associating the trace of the matrix for deciding about the fixed points. Now ...

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### Homology and Exterior Square

Let $G$ be a finite group and $G \wedge G$ denote the exterior square of $G$. It is well known that the second integral homology $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})$ is the kernel of homomorphism $x \wedge y \mapsto [...

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### Take contraction wrt a vector field twice and define kernel mod image. Does that give anything interesting?

First, we make the following observation: let $X: M \rightarrow TM $ be a vector
field on a smooth manifold. Taking the contraction with respect to $X$ twice gives zero, i.e.
$$ i_X \circ i_{X} =0.$$...

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### Tubular neighborhoods in the proof of the Morse homology theorem

I have a question regarding the proof of the Morse homology theorem given by D. Salamon in "Morse theory, the Conley index and Floer homology". The full text can be found here:
http://www.mtm.ufsc.br/...

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### The cohomology groups of $\Omega U(n)$

Let $\Omega U(n)$ be the loop space of $U(n)$. Is it true that the cohomology groups $H^*(\Omega U(n); \mathbb{Z})$ are torsion-free? How can one calculate these groups?

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### Software for computing Thurston's unit ball

Is there any software which can be used for computing Thurston's unit ball(for second homology of 3-manifolds) of link complements? In particular can I do that with SnapPy?
PS: even a table for ...

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### Naturality of a Kunneth formula for cohomology

Let $X,Y$ be CW complexes. By Kunneth formula, we have a group isomorphim
$$ H^n(X\times Y;G) \cong \oplus_{p+q=n} H^p(X;H^q(Y;G))$$
Is there a natural map realizing this isomorphism?

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### Interpretation of $H_1(A_\mathbb{C}^{top},\mathbb{Q})$

In the paper "Sato-Tate Distributions and Galois Endomorphism Modules in Genus 2" (arxiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.6638), the authors use the singular homology $H_1(A_\mathbb{C}^{top},\mathbb{Q})$ ($...

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### Homology of Lie groups

Let $G$ be a Lie group and $G^{\delta}$ the underlying group (with discrete topology). Obviously, we have a continuous map of groups $i:G^{\delta}\rightarrow G$ which induces a map between classifying ...

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### Second betti number of compact analytic spaces

Let $V$ be a proper singular complex algebraic variety, possibly nonprojective ($dim(V)=n>0$). I would like to know:
1) if its second Betti number is non zero,
2) same question but now $V$ is a ...

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### Why localize spaces with respect to homology?

A basic construction in algebraic topology is the localization of spaces or spectra with respect to a homology theory: one formally inverts the $E$-homology isomorphisms, reflecting each space into ...

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### Divisibility in homology/homotopy

I have a simply-connected CW-complex $F$ of finite-type, and I know that the imprimitivity of its particular integral homology is divisible by an odd prime $p$; that is,
$$ \forall n,\exists \delta, \...

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### some intuition about the degree of a map

Consider a map
$$ f: \Sigma \to X/\sigma,$$
where $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega$ is a quotient of a Riemann surface by an antiholomorphic involution,
$\sigma:X\to X$ is an antiholomorphic involution
of some ...

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### Cech homology (!) of the Warsaw Circle

Can anyone can give me a reference to the fact that first Cech homology (not cohomology!) group of the Warsaw Circle is $\mathbb{R}$? Thank you in advance :)

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### Homology of infinite intersection

If $X_1\supseteq X_2\supseteq \ldots$ is a sequence of "nice" compact spaces, I would like to know whether the natural map from $H_*(\cap X_i)$ to the inverse limit $\lim \, H_*(X_i)$ is surjective. ...

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### What are finite groups $H$ such that $H^n(H,\mathbb{Q/Z}) \cong H_n(G,\mathbb{Z})$?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $G^{\prime}$ be its commutator subgroup. Let $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ denote the integers and rationals. $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Q/Z}$ treated as trivial $G$-...

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### Universal coefficient theorem for local ring

Let $R$ be a commutative local artin $k$-algebra,where $k$ is a field with characteristic $0$.I wonder whether universal coefficient theorem holds in this case.Namely,if $C$ is a chain of flat $R$-...

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### worked out examples in borel-moore homology

I'm trying to learn about BM homology. I've found a few references and they are all quite abstract and high-powered. I am actually familiar with derived categories and sheaves so I don't mind thinking ...

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### 0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented 3-...

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### Are totally degenerate chains null-homologous?

Let $X$ be a CW complex.
Suppose $\gamma\in C_n(X)$ is a cycle which is a sum of maps $\sigma:\Delta^n\to X$ which factor as $\Delta^n\to\mathbb R^{n-1}\to X$. Does it follow that $\gamma$ is null-...

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### Singular chains generated by manifolds with corners — does it really work?

Usually we define singular homology via the complex of singular chains:
$$C_\ast(X)=\bigoplus_{n\geq 0}\mathbb Z\langle\sigma:\Delta^n\to X\rangle$$
where the right hand side denotes the free abelian ...