# Questions tagged [hermitian]

The hermitian tag has no usage guidance.

55
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### Eigenvectors of tridiagonal hermitian matrix

In my paper, I investigate the coordinates of the eigenvectors of a hollow tridiagonal hermitian matrix, which is defined as:
\begin{align*}
Q_n =
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & q_{1,2} & 0 & 0 & ...

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### An "almost" true inequality for Hermitian matrices

Let $A$ be an $N\times N$ Hermitian matrix. For $p+q$ even, consider the following inequality:
$$\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N (A^p)_{ii} (A^q)_{ii} \geq \Big(\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N (A^p)_{ii} \Big) \Big(\...

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### Decomposition in two hermitian squares over ring of integer of CM fields

Let $k$ a CM-field of conjugation $\bar \cdot$ and maximal totally real subfield $k^+$ and $k^{++}$ its positive part $k^{++}$.
Given a totally positive element $x$ in the ring of integers of $k^+$, ...

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### Smallest eigenvalue of a certain Toeplitz Hermitian matrix

Let $G\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ such that $G_{k\ell}=\frac{1}{1+i(k-\ell)\varepsilon}$ (here $i=\sqrt{-1}$ while $k,\ell$ are indices). For example, if $n=3$ we obtain $$ G=\begin{bmatrix}1 & \...

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### How to compute the spectral norm of this matrix [closed]

Consider $$\left\|2\sum_{i<j}L_{ij}+4\sum_i \operatorname{diag}e_i \right\|,$$ where
(1) $L_{ij}=\operatorname{diag}e_i+\operatorname{diag}e_j-e_ie_j^T-e_je_i^T$
(2) $e_i$ denotes $n$-by-$1$ vector ...

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### Questions about hermitian positive semidefinite matrices

Motivation: I am faced with a $5 \times 5$ hermitian positive semidefinite matrix, depending on parameters, and I wish to show that it is positive definite, for any points in the parameter space (I ...

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### How does configuration or phase space change in pseudo-Hermitian (or just non-Hermtiian) QM vs Hermitian QM?

I was wondering if there is some relaxation of the configuration (or phase) space when considering pseudo-Hermitian physical situations vs Hermitian? For instance in "$C^*$-Algebras of Energy ...

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### Eigenvalues of two positive-definite Toeplitz matrices

Consider two positive-definite Toeplitz matrices $M_1$ and $M_2$ both with dimension $2^j \times 2^j$. Their matrix elements are:
$$M_1[x,y] = \frac{\text{sin}(\pi(x-y)/2^j)}{\pi(x-y)} \qquad M_2[x,y] ...

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### Inequalities involving traces of products of hermitian positive semidefinite matrices

$\DeclareMathOperator{\tr}{tr}$
Fix an integer $n \geq 2$. Let $A_1, \dotsc, A_n$ be hermitian positive semidefinite matrices, with each $A_i$ being $m$ by $m$.
Consider the symmetric group $S_n$ on $...

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### An inequality regarding operator concave function

Crossposted from math.SE
Let $\mathbb P_n$ be the space of all $n \times n$ self-adjoint positive definite matrices. Consider the function $\varphi: \mathbb P_n \longrightarrow \mathbb R$ defined by $...

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347
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### Spectral theorem and diagonal expansion for self adjoint operators

Asked by a physicist:
In physics we use the fact that, given a self adjoint operator $A$, every element in Hilbert space can be written as "generalized linear combination" of the eigenstates ...

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### Do any two hermitian matrices A and B commute with the support of their commutator?

Let $A$ and $B$ be Hermitian matrices. Let $[A,B] = AB - BA$ be their commutator and let $[A,B]^+$ be the Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse of $[A,B]$.
Is it then true that $A$ and $B$ both commute with the ...

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### Is there any property for the eigenvalues of an Hermitian matrix on which a well-structured binary mask has been applied?

While working on a quantum-focused article, I came accross the following problem. Let $\rho$ be a positive, semi-definite, $2^{n+m}$-Hermitian matrix with unit trace ($\rho$ is a density matrix). Let $...

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### Derivative of eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix built via the Lanczos-Arnoldi scheme

Suppose $\mathbf{A}(\mu)$ being a symmetric positive definite matrix of dimension $n$ where its elements depend parametrically on the real parameter $\mu$.
Suppose now to build the orthonormal basis ...

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### Formulas involving traces of products of singular hermitian positive semidefinite $2$ by $2$ matrices

While working on the Atiyah problem on configurations of points, I came across formulas involving products of traces of products of singular hermitian positive semidefinite $2$ by $2$ matrices.
To ...

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### Complete Hermitian manifolds with vanishing Chern curvature

An old theorem going back to Boothby states that a compact Hermitian manifold with Chern curvature vanishing identically is a compact quotient of a complex Lie group with a left invariant metric. Are ...

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### finding automorphisms of binary hermitian forms

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Write $\mathcal{H}(\mathcal{O}_K)$ for the set of hermitian 2 x 2 matrices with entries in $\mathcal{O}_K$. Now, we ...

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### Derivative of eigenvectors of an Hermitian matrix

In the question "Derivative of eigenvectors of a matrix with respect to its components", Liviu Nicolaescu has provided an answer valid for a real matrix. As outlined in the following, the ...

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132
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### Embedding Hermitian forms into Hilbert spaces

Let $H$ be a nondegenerate, not positive definite, Hermitian form on a complex vector space $V$ such that
$$|H(x,y)|\le u(x)u(y)\tag{B}$$
for some map $u:V\to R_+$ with $u(\lambda x)=|\lambda|u(x)$ ...

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### Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula for exponential of general Hermitian operators

Let $A$ and $B$ be two anti-Hermitian operators on a finite-dimensional Hilbert space. BCH formula gives an explicit expression for $e^A e^B$ as $e^C=e^A e^B$, for $C$ in the Lie algebra generated by $...

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### Do matrices of the form $A^\ast A$ where $A$ has entries in $R\subset\Bbb C$ account for all positive semidefinite matrices with entries in $R$?

Let $R$ be a subring of $\Bbb C$ closed under complex conjugation and let $P$ be an $n\times n$ positive semidefinite matrix with entries in $R$. I'm curious if it is always possible to factor $P$ as $...

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### Is the motivic homotopy spectrum of Hermitian K-theory $\eta$-complete?

Theorem 1.2 of the paper "The motivic Hopf map solves the homotopy limit problem for K-theory" (see https://elibm.org/article/10011880) says that (under certain assumptions on the base field) the ...

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### References for a proof or interpretation of deficiency indices theorem (von Neumann)

I am looking for a proof or some interpretation around why the domain of the new extension $D(A_U)$ in the Theorem below is given by its specific formula.
I have already searched in papers and here ...

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### Homogenous Hermitian form on the KLR algebra

Does there exist a homogenous conjugate-linear automorphism of the KLR algebra? I want to be able to define a homogenous Hermitian form on the (Specht) modules of the (cyclotomic) KLR algebra.

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### Equality condition for Araki–Lieb–Thirring inequality

I'd like to have the equality condition in the Araki–Lieb–Thirring inequality
$$\operatorname{Tr} [(BAB)^r]\leq \operatorname{Tr} [(B^{r}A^{r}B^{r})],$$
valid for $A,B$ semidefinite positive and $r\...

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### Integral with product of two infinite sums

I am looking for references and results on integrals with product of two infinite sums:
$$S_1=\int_0^{\infty} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} f(nx) \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \overline{ g(kx)} dx$$
Above integral is ...

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### positive real matrix-valued function as linear combination of positive-real functions

In my question I am considering $z$ as the complex variable in the $z$-transform $X(z)$ of a discrete-time sequence $x[n]$:
I have $M$ square complex matrices $\mathbf{R}_m$ of size $N\times N$.
I ...

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493
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### Dimension (manifold) of matrices with exact $r$ positive and $r$ negative eigenvalues

For the vector space $M_{n,n}(\mathbb{C})$ of $n\times n$ matrices we know that the subset
$$M_{2r}:= \{A\in M_{n,n}(\mathbb{C}) \mid \mbox{rank} (A) = 2r \}$$
is a manifold of dimension $2n(2r)-(...

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### Hermitian forms over $K\times K$

Let $V$ be a finitely generated module over the ring $R=K\times K$ where $K$ is a field. We fix the switch involution on the ring $R$. Let $H$ be a hermitian form over $V$.
When $V$ is a free module, ...

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### Diagonalisation of invariant hermitian forms and irreducible representations of tori actions

here is my question:
Suppose that the torus $T^n = (S^1)^n$ acts on $\mathbb{C}^n$ by linear transformations $$(e^{i \theta_1},...,e^{i \theta_n}).(z_1,...,z_n) = (e^{i \theta_1}.z_1,...,e^{i \...

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### Eigenvalues of special sum of Hermitian matrices

In my research on linear algebra and its applications, I have come across the following problem which has stumped me:
Let $ A $ be a positive definite matrix and let $ D $ be a positive diagonal ...

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### Isotropy of skew-Hermitian forms over division algebras

Assume char(F) $\neq$ 2.
Let $D$ be a central division algebra over a field $F$ and $h: V \rightarrow D$ be an anisotropic skew-Hermitian form. We can easily see that $h_{\bar{F}}$ is totally ...

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### How the eigenvalues change when a Hermitian matrix is left multiplied and right multiplied by a diagonal matrix?

Suppose there is a Hermitian matrix $S$ with eigenvalues $\lambda_1, \lambda_2, \dots, \lambda_K$. There is a diagonal matrix $D$ whose entries on the main diagonal are positive. What are the ...

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### On the spectrum of Hermitian matrices [closed]

I'm working on the adjacency matrix of some graphs and need some facts about Hermitian matrices which have exactly two distinct eigenvalues. Can anybody help me introduce source about spectrum of ...

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### Diagonalization of Hermitian Matrix Polynomials

I have a question on the decomposition of polynomial matrices.
Suppose $A(\lambda) = \sum_{j=0}^L \lambda^j A_j$ is an $n \times n$ matrix of polynomials, which is Hermitian on the real axis $\lambda ...

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### Conditions on a $n\times n$ Hermitian matrix such that its extremal eigenvectors have equal magnitude entries

Is it possible to find (necessary and sufficient) conditions on a general $n\times n$ Hermitian matrix $A$, such that its extremal eigenvectors (the eigenvectors corresponding to the maximum and ...

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### Restriction of a singular metric with minimal singularities

Let $X $ be a smooth complex algebraic variety and $L $ a pseudo-effective line bundle on $X $, consider $h $ to be a singular Hermitian metric with minimal singularities on $L$ and $|A|$ be the ...

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### Hermitic connections on complex line bundles with imaginary curvature form

It is a simple fact that if $L \to B$ is a complex line bundle endowed with an Hermitian product and a compatible connection $\nabla$, then the curvature $F_\nabla$ is imaginary (and so are the local ...

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### Hermitian Projections on $C[0,1]$

If $X$ is a normed linear space and $S(X)$ its unit sphere, $X′$ its dual space and $Π=\{(x,f)∈S(X)×S(X′) \ | \ f(x)=1\}$, then for an operator $T$ on $X$, the numerical range $V(T)$ is defined by $V(...

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### Meaning of $[A,B]$ when $A$, $B$ are self-adjoint

This is just a question about notation, but it got no useful answers on math.stackexchange.
Let $L$ be the Lie algebra of $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices, with Lie bracket $(A,B)\mapsto i(AB-BA)$.
...

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### Extending GUE to a measure on operators?

Let $\mathcal H_n$ denote the space of Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices and let $\mu_{GUE}$ denote the following measure on $\mathcal H_n$:
$$
\mu_{GUE}(dM) = \exp\left( -\frac{n}{2}\text{tr}\ M^2\right)...

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### Bound the expectation of trace norm of random Hermitian matrix

Suppose $H_i$ are traceless $d\times d$ Hermitians, $X_i$ are Standard normal distribution for $1\leq i\leq d^2$.
We would like to bound the following expectation on the trace norm
$\mathbb{E}|\sum_{...

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### Affine space structure on the space of Hermitian connections

I'm reading Gauduchon's paper Hermitian connections and Dirac operators.
For a fixed almost-Hermitian manifold $(M, g, J)$ let $\mathcal A(g, J)$ be the space of connections $\nabla$ s.t. $\nabla g = ...

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### Which $\frak{sl}_2$-Representations Arise From Hermitian Metrics

Recal that $\frak{sl}_2$ is the Lie algebra with basis elements $e,f,h$, and bracket
$$
[e,f] = h, ~~~ [h,e] = 2e, ~~~ [h,f] = -2f.
$$
For $M$ a $2n$-complex manifold, the Lefschetz identities tell us ...

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### Largest eigenvalue of the sum of Hermitian matrices [closed]

Is there an expression for the largest eigenvalue of the sum of two Hermitian matrices in terms of the spectrum of the same matrices?

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### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is $R$-...

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### Is it possible to find $h$ hermitian metric such that $Isom_{h}(X) \cong Aut(X)$?

I suspect this is true for some class of analytic manifolds (Riemann surfaces maybe), but my knowledge in differential geometry is very poor, so I could not conclude it. For complex manifolds, is it ...

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### Diagonalization for sums of Hermitian matrices

I found an interesting question about diagonalizable matrices,
Let $A,B\in \mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{C})$ Hermitian, such that $AB\neq BA$.
Do there exist complex numbers $u\neq v$, such that $A+uB$ and ...

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### Relationship of eigenvalue/eigenvector of hermitian matrix R and QRQ (Q is diagonal)

For a hermitian matrix R and a diagonal one Q, is there any relationship between eigenvalues/eigenvectors of R and QRQ?
To be specific, assuming the eigenvalue decomposition of R is R=VDV*, then can ...

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### Norm bound on eigen-vector change caused by rank-one update

Suppose $A$ is a positive semi-definite, Hermitian matrix with a unit-norm eigen vector $\textbf{v}$ corresponding to its largest eigen value $\lambda$. Let $B = A + \alpha \textbf{z}\textbf{z}^H$, ...