# Questions tagged [heights]

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### Height functions on $\mathcal{M}_g(\overline{\Bbb{Q}})$ defined via dessins d'enfants?

Belyi's theorem establishes a correspondence between smooth projective curves defined over number fields and the so called dessins d'enfants which are bipartite graphs embedded on an oriented surface ...
154 views

### Rational points on varieties whose anticanonical bundle is nef but not ample

Is the following plausible? "If $X$ is a variety over $\mathbf{Q}$ whose anticanonical bundle $L$ is nef but not ample, there is a number field $K$ such that $X(K)$ contains an infinite set of ...
1k views

### Integration of a function over 7-sphere

Suppose we have $x_1^2 + y_1^2 + x_2^2 + y_2^2 + x_3^2 + y_3^2 + x_4^2 + y_4^2 = 1$ and we define $z_j = x_j + iy_j$, where $j = 1,\,2,\,3,\,4$. The problem is finding or approximating the ...
217 views

### What is the "geometric height" mentioned by Moriwaki?

Let $K$ be a finitely generated field over $\mathbb{Q}$ of transcendence degree 1, and take a curve $C$ over a number field $k$ such that $k(C)=K$. In "Arithmetic height functions over finitely ...
88 views

### how often can a fixed prime be anomalous?

Let $p$ be a fixed prime. Say for simplicity $p>5$. As we vary over all elliptic curves $E/\mathbb{Q}$ of height $< X$, can one (expect to) say anything about what proportion of elliptic curves ...
109 views

### Faltings' height theorem for isogenies over finite fields

For an Abelian scheme over a ring of integers in a number field, Faltings has a theorem that describes how the Faltings' height changes through an isogeny. There are multiple references for this ...
88 views

### Clarification regarding the definition of absolute height of an algebraic number

According to page 1-2 of this paper (https://arxiv.org/abs/0906.4286), Mahler has established the inequality $$|\alpha_1 - \alpha_2| \geq H(\alpha_1)^{-(d-1)} \tag 1$$ to be valid for all pairs of ...
147 views

### References for heights of algebraic or projective variety

In my research I am using the notion of a $\textbf{rational function f on a domain}\: U\subset \mathbb C^{n}$. By this I mean that the graph of $f$ is an analytic component of an affine variety $X$ ...
312 views

### Deligne's example of $\deg \pi_{*}\Omega_{X/Y}<0$

While reviewing Lang's book on Arakelov theory, I saw the following comment by Paul Vojta: "...Deligne has found an example when $\deg \pi_{*}\Omega_{X/Y}$ can be negative, because Green's functions ...
57 views

### Heights of semiabelian varieties

Fix a prime number $l$. Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and $R$ be the ring of integers in $K$. In Chapter 2 of the Storrs volume (Cornell-Silverman) it is claimed that it is not ...
248 views

### Number fields ordered by discriminant

Since the discriminant of a number field $K \neq \mathbb{Q}$ is bounded from below by an exponential of the degree $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$, for instance by Minkowski's Geometry of Numbers bound, there are ...
252 views

### Comparison between Faltings height and Modular Height

Motivation/Context: In Faltings’ proof of the Mordell conjecture, there is a theorem that establishes a finiteness of abelian varieties with respect to the Faltings height under certain conditions. ...
288 views

### Is this a possible strengthening of the Lehmer conjecture?

Here is another possible refinement of the Lehmer conjecture. For $\alpha \in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}^{\times}$, let $C_{\alpha} \subseteq \mathbb{Q}(\alpha)$ be the maximal cyclotomic field contained ...
211 views

### Faltings height variation "at place of bad reduction''

Is there any example in the literature where someone has considered the problem of bounding the variation of Faltings height at a place of bad reduction? Specifically, if $A_i$ for $i\in \{1,2\}$ are ...
125 views

### Transformation of height on projective varieties

I am trying to find a reference for the following statement: let $X$ and $Y$ be projective varieties defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $\phi: X \to Y$ be a rational map defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Denote ...
306 views

### Heights of multiples of rational points on elliptic curves

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve, given by some minimal Weierstrass equation (say $Y^2 = X^3 + aX + b$ for some integer $a$ and $b$), and let $P$ be a rational point on $E$ which is not the ...
334 views

### Mahler measure of a totally positive, expanding algebraic integer

Consider a degree-$d$ algebraic integer $\alpha$ all of whose conjugates (including itself) are real numbers greater than 1. Its Mahler measure $M(\alpha)$ is simply equal to the norm $N(\alpha)$. ...
321 views

### Can we define a height function for a variety over a finite field?

That is, is there a way to measure the complexity of a point over a finite field the same way we do it over number fields?
154 views

### algorithm to find a new point of small height in a number field extension

By the height of an algebraic number $\alpha$, I mean the absolute, logarithmic (additive) Weil height $h(\alpha)$; e.g. $h(2^{1/n}) = (\log 2)/n.$ If $K$ is a number field, let $\delta(K)$ denote ...
358 views

### Weil height of an Abelian Variety with everywhere (potentially) good reduction

Background: Suppose that $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with everywhere (potentially) good reduction. there are many ways to define the height of $E$, and I will be concerned with the ...
729 views

### How did height in algeb. number theory/elliptic curves started?

Maybe this is obvious but it isn't to me yet. What is the history of heights used in say points of the project plane over a number field or of elliptic curve over a number field? I would guess people ...
771 views

### Asymptotics for algebraic numbers of height less than one

The question. Is an asymptotic equivalent known or conjectured for the number $N(d)$ of $\alpha \in \bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ with $h(\alpha) < 1$ and $[\mathbb{Q}(\alpha):\mathbb{Q}] \leq d$? The rather ...
124 views

### Points with minimal height

Let $K$ be an algebraically number field and $$\phi : \mathbb P^n (K) \to \mathbb P^m (K)$$ a polynomial map, such that $\forall \alpha \in \mathbb P^n$, where $\alpha = [\alpha_0, \dots , \alpha_n]$, ...
163 views

### Lang's height conjecture over $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$?

Is the canonical height of a non-torsion $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$-rational point of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_q(T)$ known or supposed to be bounded from below by an absolute positive number (or ...
151 views

### Must the coordinates of a polynomial iteration have about the same size?

Original post. The following statements seem plausible (not to say intuitively obvious), but I do not see how to prove them. Let us say that a polynomial mapping of $\mathbb{C}^2$ is reducible if ...